Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The oxidation of poly(styryl)lithium with molecular oxygen was investigated in the solid state (with and without N,N,N′, N′-tetramethylethylenediamine) in benzene (with and without N,N,N′, N′-tetramethylethylenediamine) and in benzene/tetrahydrofuran (THF) solutions. The oxidation products included the corresponding polystyrene dimer [(PS)2], the dimeric poly(styrene) peroxide (PSO2PS), poly(styrene) hydroperoxide (PSO2H), and the hydroxyl-terminated polymer (PSOH). The hithertofore unreported macroperoxide (PSO2PS) accounts for approximately 50% of the dimeric product obtained from poly(styryl)lithium oxidations in the presence of Lewis bases. The total amount of peroxide products was determined by iodometric titration in the presence of a phase-transfer catalyst, dicyclohexyl-18-crown-6. On the basis of the effect of polar additives on the amount of dimeric products, it is concluded that dimer formation in the air termination of polymeric organolithium compounds results from oxidation and not carbonation reactions.
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