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  • 1
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract A new selective and sensitive spectrofluorimetric method for the determination of warfarin at trace levels (0.2–50.0 ng/ml) in water is proposed. Warfarin is fixed on Sephadex QAE A-25 gel (at pH = 7.0) and its fluorescence is measured directly in the solid-phase using a 1-mm silica cell at 312/385 nm with a detection/quantification limit of 0.06/0.2 ng/ml, a relative standard deviation of 2.3% and recoveries between 95 and 105%. The method is applied to the determination of warfarin residues in water.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1436-5073
    Keywords: benzo(a)pyrene ; pyrene ; solid-phase spectrofluorimetry ; water analysis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) and pyrene (Pyr) are two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) showing native fluorescence in solution. Both compounds have been determined in water at trace levels by solid-phase spectrofluorimetry, in which BaP and Pyr are fixed on Sephadex G-25 gel and the relative fluorescence intensity is measured after the system is packed in a 1-mm silica cell. First-derivative synchronous spectra obtained at Δλ=38 nm were used to determine BaP and Pyr in the presence of other potentially interferent PAHs. The spectral characteristics of the PAHs-gel system are described, the applicable concentration ranges being 0.4–2.5 ng/ml for BaP and 0.7–4.5 ng/ml for Pyr. The relative standard deviations were 1.1% and 1.4% for BaP and Pyr respectively. The detection limits were 0.04 ng/ml for BaP and 0.1 ng/ml for Pyr. The method was applied to the analysis of both compounds in water at trace levels and a recovery study on tap, natural and sea waters was carried out.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract A method is proposed for the simultaneous determination of the pesticides carbaryl (CBL) and azinphos-methyl (AZM) in water by first-derivative synchronous spectrofluorimetry. It is based on the alkaline hydrolysis of both pesticides to their metabolites 1-naphthol (from CBL) and anthranilic acid (from AZM). The constant wavelength difference chosen to optimize the determination is Δλ=λem−λex=103 nm. CBL is measured at 302/405 nm and AZM at 333/436 nm. The calibration graphs are linear between 2.0 and 500.0 ng/ml for CBL and between 1.2 and 500.0 ng/ml for AZM with detection limits of 0.62 ng/ml and 0.35 ng/ml, respectively. The precision of the method (RSD) is 2.4% at the 80.0 ng/ml level for CBL and 2.5% at the 80.0 ng/ml level for AZM. The method is applied to the determination of both analytes in samples of natural waters.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0031-9422
    Keywords: Compositae ; Stevia subpubescens ; isolation ; longipinene derivatives ; preparation. ; sesquiterpenes
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1013-9826
    Source: Scientific.Net: Materials Science & Technology / Trans Tech Publications Archiv 1984-2008
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Sol-Gel coatings are a good choice for protection and bioactivation of metals used as dentistry and standard surgical implant materials. These films should both prevent degradation of the substrates by wear or corrosion, and bioactivate the material for inducing the formation of a hydroxyapatite (HA) rich layer onto the material surface, thereby permitting a natural bonding to living tissues. The aim of this work was to estimate the clastogenicity in vitro by Single Cell Gel lectrophoresisAssay (SCGE) or “comet” assay of coatings of TiN applied by magnetron sputtering and of hybrid layers obtained by Sol-Gel containing glass, glass-ceramic and HA particles on stainless steel AISI 304.Six test specimens were prepared: AISI 304 Stainless Steel coated with an hybrid silica single film (SF), applied by sol-gel process, AISI 304 SS coated with double film with bioactive glass (DFG), glass-ceramics (DFGC) and HA (DFHA) particles, AISI 304 SS coated with TiN multi films (MFTiN) applied by PVD and bare AISI 304 SS (304SS). Significantly lower DNA migration (p〉0.005) was observed in the cells of the cultures corresponding to the samples coated with SF, DFG, DFGC, DFHA and MFTiN respect to the bare 304 SS. The comparison between negative control and the same coated samples did not reveal anystatistically significant difference (p〉0.005) in clastogenicity in vitro evaluated by SCGE
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-05-24
    Description: The expansion of aquaculture in the last 10 years has made it an important source of protein worldwide. However, increased production, and the culture intensification it carries, results in higher risk of infectious disease due to poor water quality and high stocking densities. ... Marigold (Tagetes erecta L.) is a plant native to Mexico whose flowers accumulate carotenoids. Natural carotenoids extracted from marigold have been used in aquaculture to help in the survival of fish juvenile stages by strengthening their immunological system, thus reducing mortality rates. The effect of carotenoids in fish health may exert a positive effect on fish growth indices; however, these effects on growth parameters have not been studied in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus), which is the most cultured fish species in north-eastern Mexico, and one of the most cultured on the southern United States. Consequently, the aim of this study was to investigate if there were significant differences in growth among channel catfish juveniles when fed diets containing various carotenoid doses from a natural source.
    Keywords: Aquaculture ; Biology ; Fisheries
    Repository Name: Aquatic Commons
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-10-27
    Description: Geopolymers have great potential for the development of sustainable building materials due the utilization of industrial by-products and waste materials for their production. The introduction of natural fibers to geopolymer matrices has shown interesting results for producing alternative building materials with improved mechanical properties. This research explores the use of linen (flax) fibers as reinforcement of clay brick powder based-geopolymers and fly-ash based geopolymers. Linen fibers were obtained from the Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants while clay brick powder were obtained from construction waste in Lima (Peru) and fly ash were extracted from Skawina (Poland). The influence of the addition of linen fibers on the mechanical properties of geopolymer matrix was studied by unconfined compression tests and three-point bending tests. The results show that addition of flax fibers significantly enhanced both compressive and flexural strengths of fly ash and ...
    Print ISSN: 1757-8981
    Electronic ISSN: 1757-899X
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2015-07-01
    Description: We review and concurrently discuss two recent works conducted by us, which apparently give opposite results. Specifically, we have investigated how extreme thermal histories in glasses can affect their universal properties at low temperatures, by studying: (i) amber, the fossilized natural resin, which is a glass which has experienced a hyperaging process for about one hundred million years; and (ii) ultrastable thin-film glasses of indomethacin. Specific heat C p measurements in the temperature range 0.07 K 〈 T 〈 30 K showed that the amount of two-level systems, assessed from the linear term at the lowest temperatures, was exactly the same for the pristine hyperaged amber glass as for the subsequently rejuvenated samples, whereas just a modest increase of the boson-peak height (in C p / T 3 ) with increasing rejuvenation was observed, related to a corresponding increase of the Debye coefficient. On the other hand, we have observed an unexpected suppression of the two-level systems in the ultrastable glass of indomethacin, whereas conventionally prepared thin films of the same material exhibit the usual linear term in the specific heat below 1 K ascribed to these universal two-level systems in glasses. By comparing both highly-stable kinds of glass, we conclude that the disappearance of the tunneling two-level systems in ultrastable thin films of indomethacin may be due to the quasi-2D and anisotropic behavior of this glass, what could support the idea of a phonon-mediated interaction between two-level systems.
    Print ISSN: 1063-777X
    Electronic ISSN: 1090-6517
    Topics: Physics
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-07-19
    Description: We are conducting ongoing experiments in which we are performing structural and functional magnetic resonance brain imaging to identify the relationships between changes in neurocognitive function and neural structural alterations following a six month International Space Station mission and following 70 days exposure to a spaceflight analog, head down tilt bedrest. Our central hypothesis is that measures of brain structure, function, and network integrity will change from pre to post intervention (spaceflight, bedrest). Moreover, we predict that these changes will correlate with indices of cognitive, sensory, and motor function in a neuroanatomically selective fashion. Our interdisciplinary approach utilizes cutting edge neuroimaging techniques and a broad ranging battery of sensory, motor, and cognitive assessments that will be conducted pre flight, during flight, and post flight to investigate potential neuroplastic and maladaptive brain changes in crewmembers following long-duration spaceflight. Success in this endeavor would 1) result in identification of the underlying neural mechanisms and operational risks of spaceflight-induced changes in behavior, and 2) identify whether a return to normative behavioral function following re-adaptation to Earth's gravitational environment is associated with a restitution of brain structure and function or instead is supported by substitution with compensatory brain processes. With the bedrest study, we will be able to determine the neural and neurocognitive effects of extended duration unloading, reduced sensory inputs, and increased cephalic fluid distribution. This will enable us to parse out the multiple mechanisms contributing to any spaceflight-induced neural structural and behavioral changes that we observe in the flight study. In this presentation I will discuss preliminary results from six participants who have undergone the bed rest protocol. These individuals show decrements in balance and functional mobility, and alterations in brain structure and function, in association with extended bed rest.
    Keywords: Aerospace Medicine
    Type: JSC-CN-30023 , 2014 NASA Human Research Program Investigators'' Workshop (HRP 2014; Feb 12, 2014 - Feb 13, 2014; Galveston, TX; United States
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-07-19
    Description: We have recently completed a long duration head down tilt bed rest (HDBR) study in which we performed structural and functional magnetic resonance brain imaging to identify the relationships between changes in neurocognitive function and neural structural alterations in a spaceflight analog environment. We are also collecting the same measures in crewmembers prior to and following a six month International Space Station mission. We will present data demonstrating that bed rest resulted in functional mobility and balance deterioration with recovery post-HDBR. We observed numerous changes in brain structure, function, and connectivity relative to a control group which were associated with pre to post bed rest changes in sensorimotor function. For example, gray matter volume (GMv) increased in posterior parietal areas and decreased in frontal regions. GMv increases largely overlapped with fluid decreases and vice versa. Larger increases in precentral gyrus (M1)/ postcentral gyrus (S1+2) GMv and fluid decreases were associated with smaller balance decrements. Vestibular activation in the bilateral insular cortex increased with bed rest and subsequently recovered. Larger increases in vestibular activation in multiple brain regions were associated with greater decrements in balance and mobility. We found connectivity increases between left M1 with right S1+2 and the superior parietal lobule, and right vestibular cortex with the cerebellum. Decreases were observed between right Lobule VIII with right S1+2 and the supramarginal gyrus, right posterior parietal cortex (PPC) with occipital regions, and the right superior posterior fissure with right Crus I and II. Connectivity strength between left M1 and right S1+2/superior parietal lobule increased the most in individuals that exhibited the least balance impairments. In sum, we observed HDBR-related changes in measures of brain structure, function, and network connectivity, which correlated with indices of sensorimotor function. Recovery was observed post HDBR but remained incomplete at 12 days post-HDBR. Preliminary findings from our parallel ongoing flight study will be compared and contrasted with bed rest results during this presentation.
    Keywords: Aerospace Medicine; Behavioral Sciences
    Type: JSC-CN-38007 , 2017 Human Research Program Investigators'' Workshop (HRP IWS 2017); Jan 23, 2017 - Jan 26, 2017; Galveston, TX; United States
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