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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2017-01-20
    Description: We estimate the impact of exposure to conflict on health outcomes using geographic information on households' distance from conflict sites – a more accurate measure of shock exposure – and compare the impact on children exposed in utero versus after birth. The identification strategy relies on exogenous variation in the conflict's geographic extent and timing. Conflict-exposed children have lower height-for-age, and impacts using GPS information are 2-3 times larger than if exposure is measured at the imprecise regional level. Results are robust to addressing endogenous migration. Health service disruptions and maternal stressors are potential explanations for the negative health effects on children.
    Keywords: I12 ; J13 ; O12 ; ddc:330 ; child health ; conflict ; fetal origins hypothesis ; Africa
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: In this paper we tackle the problems of dimensionality of welfare and that of identifying the multidimensionally poor by first finding the poor using the original space of attributes, and then reducing the welfare space. The starting point is the notion that the ‘poor’ constitutes a group of individuals that are essentially different from the ‘non-poor’ in a truly multidimensional framwework. Once this group has been identified, we propose reducing the dimension of the original welfare space by solving the problem of finding the smallest set of attributes that can reproduce as accurately as possible the ‘poor/non-poor’ classification in the first stage.
    Keywords: D31 ; I32 ; C49 ; ddc:330 ; Multidimensional welfare ; poverty ; factory analysis ; clusters
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2015-02-17
    Description: The understanding of the economic effect of formal institutional rules has progressed substantially in recent decades. These formal analyses have tended to take for granted that institutional arenas such as Congress are the places where decision-making takes place. That is a good approximation in some cases (such as many developed countries today) but not in others. If countries differ in how institutionalized their policymaking is, it is possible that the impact of formal political rules on policy outcomes might depend on that. This paper explores that hypothesis and finds that some important claims regarding the impact of constitutions on policy outcomes do not hold for countries in which institutionalization is low. The findings suggest the need to develop a broader class of policymaking models in which the degree to which decision-making follows 'the rules' is also endogenized.
    Keywords: D72 ; D73 ; D78 ; H20 ; H60 ; H62 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2015-09-02
    Description: This study estimates the effects of the 1970 Ancash earthquake on human capital accumulation on the affected and subsequent generation, 37 years after the shock, using the Peruvian censuses of 1993 and 2007. The main finding is that males affected by the earthquake in utero completed on average 0. 5 years less schooling while females affected by the earthquake completed 0. 8 years less schooling. Surprisingly, those whose mothers were affected at birth by the earthquake have 0. 4 less years of education, while those whose fathers were affected by the earthquake at birth have no effects on their education. The evaluation of other outcomes also suggests that the level of welfare of the affected individuals has been negatively impacted in the long run. The present investigation supports previous literature on shocks in early childhood, providing evidence of the existence of intergenerational transmission of shocks.
    Keywords: D31 ; I32 ; C49 ; ddc:330 ; Long-term effects ; Intergenerational transmission ; Natural disasters
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2017-05-16
    Print ISSN: 0002-8282
    Electronic ISSN: 1944-7981
    Topics: Economics
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