Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract A karyological study ofTrachurus trachurus andT. mediterraneus (Perciformes: Carangidae) was conducted by standard, fluorochrome staining (CMA3, mithramycin, quinacrine mustard, DAPI), C-, Ag-NOR, and Alu-I banding methods. The karyotypes of both species consisted of 2n = 48 chromosomes, but of different FN:T. trachurus possessed a chromosome complement of 2 metacentric and 46 acrocentric elements, fundamental number (FN) = 50 andT. mediterraneus, a chromosome complement of 4 metacentric, 4 submetacentric, 14 subtelocentric and 26 acrocentric chromosomes, FN = 70. In neither of the two taxa investigated were heteromorphic sex chromosomes observed. The nucleolar organizer region was interstitially located on the long arm of the Ist pair of chromosomes in both species, intermediate inT. mediterraneus and subterminal inT. trachurus. Constitutive heterochromatin was found in nearly all centromeric and telomeric regions inT. trachurus; inT. mediterraneus it formed less intense telomeric and centromeric bands and thin interstitial bands on eight chromosome pairs. In addition, the C-positive material reacted differently to the digestion with endonuclease Alu-l in the two species. The results are discussed and compared with karyological data known for other species of Carangidae.
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