Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract Parenchymal cells (hepatocytes) are the sites at which the principal metabolic functions of the liver are located. In the perfused liver, responses (e.g. vasoconstriction and glycogenolysis) to stimulating agents such as zymosan, platelet-activating factor and arachidonic acid, are inhibited by indomethacin and bromophenacyl bromide, inhibitors of cyclo-oxygenase and phospholipase A2, respectively. Since cultured Kupffer and endothelial cells but not hepatocytes, produce eicosanoids, and since eicosanoids and especially prostaglandins induce similar patterns of responses when added directly to the perfused liver, an involvement of these nonparenchymal cells in mediating the above responses is considered likely. We propose that in most situations the responses induced by these stimulating agents are mediated through a combination of pathways that include interaction of the agents directly with hepatocytes or with vasoactive cells (endothelial and/or smooth muscle cells), or interaction of agents initially with non-parenchymal cells to produce and release eicosanoids, which then subsequently interact with hepatocytes or with vasoactive cells.
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