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  • 1
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven
    Publication Date: 2019-02-13
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 1979 data points
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-09-27
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 3586 data points
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-01-12
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 960 data points
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  • 4
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Matousu, Anna; Osudar, Roman; Simek, Karel; Bussmann, Ingeborg (2016): Methane distribution and methane oxidation in the water column of the Elbe estuary, Germany. Aquatic Sciences, 1-16, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00027-016-0509-9
    Publication Date: 2018-10-29
    Description: Rivers represent a transition zone between terrestric and aquatic environments, and between methane rich and methane poor environments. The Elbe River is one of the important rivers draining into the North Sea and with the Elbe potentially high amounts of methane could be imported into the water column of the North Sea. Twelve cruises from October 2010 until June 2013 were conducted from Hamburg towards the Elbe mouth at Cuxhaven. The dynamic of methane concentration in the water column and its consumption via methane oxidation was measured. In addition, physico-chemical parameters were used to estimate their influence on the methanotrophic activity. We observed high methane concentrations at the stations in the area of Hamburg harbor ("inner estuary") and about 10 times lower concentrations in the outer estuary (median of 416 versus 40 nmol/L). The methane oxidation (MOX) rate mirrowed the methane distribution with high values in the inner estuary and low values in the outer estuary (median of 161 versus 10 nmol/L/d respectively) Methane concentrations were significantly influenced by the river hydrology (falling water level) and the trophic state of the water (biological oxygen demand). In contrast to other studies no clear relation to the amount of suspendended particulate matter (SPM) was found. Methane oxidation rates were significantly influenced by methane concentration and to a weaker extent by temperature. Methane oxidation accounted for 41 ± 12% of the total loss of methane in summer/fall, but only for 5 ± 3% of the total loss in winter/spring. We applied a modified box model taking into account the residence times of a water parcel depending on discharge and tidal impact. We observed almost stable methane concentrations in the outer estuary, despite a strong loss of methane through diffusion and oxidation. Thus we postulate that in the outer Elbe estuary a strong additional input of methane is required, which could be provided by the extensive salt marshes near the river mouth.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 475 data points
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  • 5
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Osudar, Roman; Liebner, Susanne; Alawi, Mashal; Yang, Sizhong; Bussmann, Ingeborg; Wagner, Dirk (2016): Methane turnover and methanotrophic communities in arctic aquatic ecosystems of the Lena Delta, Northeast Siberia. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, fiw116, https://doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiw116
    Publication Date: 2018-09-27
    Description: Large amounts of organic carbon are stored in Arctic permafrost environments, and microbial activity can potentially mineralize this carbon into methane, a potent greenhouse gas. In this study, we assessed the methane budget, the bacterial methane oxidation (MOX) and the underlying environmental controls of arctic lake systems, which represent substantial sources of methane. Five lake systems located on Samoylov Island (Lena Delta, Siberia) and the connected river sites were analyzed using radiotracers to estimate the MOX rates, and molecular biology methods to characterize the abundance and the community composition of methane-oxidizing bacteria (MOB). In contrast to the river, the lake systems had high variation in the methane concentrations, the abundance and composition of the MOB communities, and consequently, the MOX rates. The highest methane concentrations and the highest MOX rates were detected in the lake outlets and in a lake complex in a floodplain area. Though, in all aquatic systems we detected both, Type I and II MOB, in lake systems we observed a higher diversity including MOB, typical of the soil environments. The inoculation of soil MOB into the aquatic systems, resulting from permafrost thawing, might be an additional factor controlling the MOB community composition and potentially methanotrophic capacity.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 297 data points
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-09-27
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 644 data points
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2015-07-08
    Description: Microbial methane oxidation rates in ocean and freshwater systems reveal how much of emitted methane from the sediments is oxidized to CO2 and how much can reach the atmosphere directly. The tracer-method using 3H-CH4 provides a way to measure MOX-rates even in water with low methane concentrations without needing any specific instrumentation. We assessed this method by implementing several experiments, collecting data from various environments, and including recent literature concerning the method to identify any uncertainties that should be considered. Our assessment reveals some difficulties of the method but also reassures previous assumptions to be correct. Some of the difficulties are hardly to be avoided, such as incubating all samples at the right in-situ temperature or limiting the variability of MOX-rate measurements in water of low methanotrophic activity. Other details, e.g. quickly measuring the total radioactivity after stopping the incubation, are easy to adapt in each laboratory. And yet other details as shaking during incubation and bottle size seem to be irrelevant. With our study we hope to improve and to encourage future measurements of MOX-rates in different environments and to provide a standard procedure of MOX measurements to make data of MOX better comparable.
    Repository Name: EPIC Alfred Wegener Institut
    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2015-09-23
    Description: Rivers represent a transition zone between terrestric and aquatic environments, as well as a transition zone between methane rich and methane poor environments. Methane concentrations in freshwater systems are in general higher than in marine systems. The Elbe River is one of the important rivers draining into the North Sea and with the Elbe river high amounts of methane are imported into the water column of the North Sea. The major biological sink is the oxidation of methane by aerobic methanotrophic bacteria. Eight cruises from November 2013 until November 2014 were conducted from Hamburg towards Helgoland. Methane oxidation rate was measured with radiotracers and methanotrophic abundance was assessed by q-PCR. Community fingerprinting was performed with monooxygenase intergenic spacer analysis (MISA). Combining all the data we could identify four environments (marine, coast, outer and inner estuary) with significantly different abundances. The marine environment had lowest abundances and highest abundances were found in the inner estuary. Comparison of the corresponding communities is in progress.
    Repository Name: EPIC Alfred Wegener Institut
    Type: Conference , NonPeerReviewed
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: Large quantities of methane are stored in hydrates and permafrost within shallow marine sediments in the Arctic Ocean. These reservoirs are highly sensitive to climate warming, but the fate of methane released from sediments is uncertain. Here, we review the principal physical and biogeochemical processes that regulate methane fluxes across the seabed, the fate of this methane in the water column, and potential for its release to the atmosphere. We find that, at present, fluxes of dissolved methane are significantly moderated by anaerobic and aerobic oxidation of methane. If methane fluxes increase then a greater proportion of methane will be transported by advection or in the gas phase, which reduces the efficiency of the methanotrophic sink. Higher freshwater discharge to Arctic shelf seas may increase stratification and inhibit transfer of methane gas to surface waters, although there is some evidence that increased stratification may lead to warming of sub-pycnocline waters, increasing the potential for hydrate dissociation. Loss of sea-ice is likely to increase wind speeds and sea-air exchange of methane will consequently increase. Studies of the distribution and cycling of methane beneath and within sea ice are limited, but it seems likely that the sea-air methane flux is higher during melting in seasonally ice-covered regions. Our review reveals that increased observations around especially the anaerobic and aerobic oxidation of methane, bubble transport, and the effects of ice cover, are required to fully understand the linkages and feedback pathways between climate warming and release of methane from marine sediments.
    Repository Name: EPIC Alfred Wegener Institut
    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2016-10-13
    Description: Rivers represent a transition zone between terrestric and aquatic environments, and between methane rich and methane poor environments. The Elbe River is one of the most important rivers draining into the North Sea and, along with the Elbe, a potential importer of high amounts of methane into the water column of the North Sea. Twelve sampling cruises from October 2010 until June 2013 were conducted from Hamburg towards the mouth of the Elbe at Cuxhaven. The dynamic of methane concentration in the water column and its consumption via methane oxidation was measured. In addition, physico-chemical parameters were used to estimate their influence on the methanotrophic activity. We observed high methane concentrations at the stations in the area of Hamburg harbor (“inner estuary”) and about 10 times lower concentrations in the outer estuary (median of 416 versus 40 nmol/L, respectively). The methane oxidation (MOX) rate mirrored the methane distribution with high values in the inner estuary and low values in the outer estuary (median of 161 versus 10 nmol/L/d, respectively). Methane concentrations were significantly influenced by the river hydrology (falling water level) and the trophic state of the water (biological oxygen demand). In contrast to other studies no clear relation to the amount of suspended particulate matter (SPM) was found. Methane oxidation rates were significantly influenced by methane concentration and to a lesser extent by temperature. Methane oxidation accounted for 41 ± 12% of the total loss of methane in the summer/fall, but for only 5 ± 3% of the total loss in the winter/spring. We applied a modified box model taking into account the residence times of each water parcel depending on discharge and tidal impact. We observed almost stable methane concentrations in the outer estuary, despite a strong loss of methane through diffusion and oxidation. Thus, we postulate that the water column undergoes a balancing out in the outer Elbe estuary due to a strong additional input of methane, which could be provided by the extensive salt marshes near the river mouth.
    Repository Name: EPIC Alfred Wegener Institut
    Type: Article , NonPeerReviewed
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