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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2020-01-20
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 34 data points
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2020-01-20
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 6 data points
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2020-01-18
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 125 data points
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2020-01-18
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 799 data points
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2020-01-18
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 1607 data points
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  • 7
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Burns, Stephen J; Baker, Paul A; Elderfield, Henry (1992): Timing of carbonate mineral precipitation and fluid flow in sea-floor basalts, northwest Indian Ocean. Geology, 20(3), 255-258, https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1992)020%3C0255:TOCMPA%3E2.3.CO;2
    Publication Date: 2020-01-18
    Description: The strontium isotope ratios of authigenic carbonates from Indian Ocean sea-floor basalts have been used to determine the timing of carbonate mineral precipitation and fluid flow. The samples include calcites from 57.2 Ma crust from Ocean Drilling Project (ODP) Site 715, and calcites, aragonites, and siderites from 63.7 Ma crust from ODP Site 707. At Site 715, calcite precipitation may have begun at any time after the basalts cooled, and it continued until approximately 31 Ma, or 26 m.y. after basalt eruption. At Site 707, aragonite and siderite did not begin to precipitate until about 36 Ma, almost 30 m.y. after basalt eruption, and continued to precipitate until at least 30 and 28 Ma, respectively. Calcite precipitation began at approximately 32 Ma and continued until 22 Ma. These ages suggest that vein mineral deposition and low-temperature fluid circulation in the ocean crust may continue for much longer periods of time than previously observed.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: application/zip, 3 datasets
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  • 8
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Burns, Stephen J; Swart, Peter K; Baker, Paul A (1990): Geochemistry of secondary carbonates in Leg 115 basalts: tracers of basalt/seawater interaction. In: Duncan, RA; Backmann, J; Peterson, LC; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 115, 93-101, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.115.183.1990
    Publication Date: 2020-01-18
    Description: This report presents the results of a study of the stable isotopic and chemical composition of secondary carbonate minerals precipitated within basalts at Ocean Drilling Program Sites 707 and 715. At Site 715, the secondary carbonates are all composed of calcite and display a narrow range of carbon and oxygen stable isotope ratios, with values ranging from -2.75 per mil to 1.95 per mil PDB and -0.27 per mil to 2.86 per mil PDB, respectively. Strontium, iron, and manganese values of the samples are generally low. The geochemistry of Site 715 samples indicates that they precipitated from seawater-domi- nated fluids, at low temperatures, as is typical of secondary carbonates from most Deep Sea Drilling Project sites. In contrast, at Site 707, aragonite, siderite, and manganese-rich calcite occur as secondary carbonates in addition to calcite. The carbon isotopes of the Site 707 carbonates of all rock types are depleted in 13C. Values range from -2.79 per mil to -16.43 per mil PDB. Oxygen isotope values do not show a wide variation, ranging from -1.78 per mil to 1.17 per mil. The strontium contents of the samples range from 5200 to 8100 ppm for aragonites, and from 145 to 862 ppm for calcites. Iron and manganese contents are high in calcites and siderites and low in aragonites. Site 707 carbonates precipitated at low temperatures in a fairly closed system, in which basalt-seawater interaction has greatly influenced the chemistry of the pore fluids. The reactions occurring within the system before and in conjunction with secondary carbonate precipita- tion include oxidation of isotopically light methane, derived from fluids circulating within the basalts, and reduction of substantial amounts of iron and manganese oxides from the basalts.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: application/zip, 2 datasets
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  • 9
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Malone, Mitchell J; Baker, Paul A; Burns, Stephen J; Swart, Peter K (1990): Geochemistry of periplatform carbonate sediments, Leg 115, Site 716 (Maldives Archipelago, Indian Ocean). In: Duncan, RA; Backmann, J; Peterson, LC; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 115, 647-659, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.115.184.1990
    Publication Date: 2020-01-18
    Description: Site 716 is a continuous sequence (upper Miocene to Holocene) of periplatform oozes and chalks from the Maldives Ridge, Indian Ocean. Mineralogical and geochemical studies of these carbonate sediments indicate that submarine burial diagenesis has played an important role in the induration of sediments at this site. Metastable carbonates, high-magnesium calcite (HMC) and aragonite, convert to low-magnesium calcite (LMC) rapidly, within 1.1 and 6.0 Ma, respectively. Strontium concentrations in carbonate decrease with depth as the result of the burial diagenesis of calcium car- bonate, primarily aragonite, with excess strontium being expelled into pore waters. The formation of celestite at depth indicates that sufficient diagenesis of carbonate sediments has occurred to saturate or supersaturate pore waters with re- spect to this authigenic mineral. Sodium also decreases monotonically with depth as a result of the burial diagenesis of calcium carbonate. Magnesium and carbon and oxygen isotopic curves are remarkably similar. Carbon isotopic compositions record inputs of 13C-enriched components from shallow carbonate banks. Magnesium concentrations vary widely, recording enhanced episodes of cementation by LMC with slightly elevated magnesium contents. Positive shifts in oxygen isotopic composition also record episodes of cementation during burial diagenesis. Intervals with increased accumulation rates of metastable components have undergone more rapid diagenesis than intervals with predominately pelagic deposition.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 3035 data points
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  • 10
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Schwalb, Antje; Burns, Stephen J; Cusminsky, Gabriela; Kelts, Kerry; Markgraf, Vera (2002): Assemblage diversity and isotopic signals of modern ostracodes and host waters from Patagonia, Argentina. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 187(3-4), 323-339, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-0182(02)00484-4
    Publication Date: 2020-01-18
    Description: Ostracode species assemblages and stable oxygen and carbon isotope ratios of living and recent ostracodes, together with delta18O and delta13C_DIC values of host water samples, provide a first data set that characterizes a wide range of modern aquatic environments in the Laguna Cari-Laufquen (41°S, 68 - 69°W) and the Lago Cardiel area (48 - 49°S, 70 - 71°W) in Patagonia, Argentina. This data set will ultimately be used to interpret and calibrate data acquired from lake sediment cores with the goal of reconstructing past climate. Species assemblages and isotope values can be assigned to three groups; (1) springs, seeps and streams, (2) permanent ponds and lakes, and (3) ephemeral ponds and lakes. Springs, seeps and streams are characterized by Darwinula sp., Heterocypris incongruens, Eucypris fontana, Amphicypris nobilis and Ilyocypris ramirezi. Ostracode and water isotope values range between –13 and –5 per mil for oxygen, and between –15 and –3 per mil for carbon. They are the most negative of the entire sample set, reflecting ground water input with little or no evaporative enrichment. Limnocythere patagonica, Eucypris labyrinthica, Limnocythere sp. and Eucypris aff. fontana are typical species of permanent ponds and lakes. Isotope values indicate high degree of evaporation of lake waters relative to feeder springs and streams and range between –7 and +5 per mil for oxygen, and –5 and +4 per mil for carbon. Limnocythere rionegroensis is the dominant species in ephemeral ponds and lakes. These systems display the most enriched isotope values in both ostracodes and host waters, extending from –5 to +7 per mil for oxygen, and from –5 to +6 per mil for carbon. Living ostracodes show a positive offset from equilibrium values of up to 2 per mil for oxygen. Carbon-isotope values are up to 6‰ more negative than equilibrium values in highly productive pools. Comparison of ostracode and host water isotope signals permits assessment of the life span of the aquatic environments. Valves from dead ostracodes collected from ephemeral ponds and lakes show a wide scatter with each sample providing a snapshot of the seasonal history of the host water. The presence of the stream species Ilyocypris ramirezi and a wide range of ostracode isotope values suggest that ephemeral ponds and lakes are fed by streams during spring run-off and seasonally dry. A temporary character is also indicated by Heterocypris incongruens, a drought-resistant species that occupies most springs and seeps. In addition, Limnocythere rionegroensis has adjusted its reproduction strategies to its environment. Whereas only females were collected in fresh host waters, males were found in ephemeral ponds and lakes with higher solute content. Sexual reproduction seems to be the more successful reproduction strategy in high and variable salinities and seasonal droughts. The temporary character of the aquatic environments shows that the availability of meteoric water controls the life span of host waters and underlines the sensitivity of the area to changes in precipitation.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: application/zip, 4 datasets
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