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  • 1
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Pr.
    Associated volumes
    Call number: M 95.0470 ; 11/M 93.0961
    In: Cambridge topics in mineral physics and chemistry
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: XXIII, 551 S. : graph. Darst.
    Edition: 2nd ed.
    ISBN: 0521430771
    Series Statement: Cambridge topics in mineral physics and chemistry 5
    Classification: A.3.6.
    Language: English
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Location: Reading room
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 2
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    Washington, D.C. : Mineralogical Society of America
    Associated volumes
    Call number: 11/M 19.92803
    In: Reviews in mineralogy, 6
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: ix, 380 Seiten , Illustrationen, Diagramme
    Edition: second printing
    ISBN: 978-0-939950-06-5
    Series Statement: Reviews in mineralogy 6
    Language: English
    Location: Reading room
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0967
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract Olivine inclusions in diamonds from kimberlites originating from the deep Upper Mantle contain significant amounts of chromium. It has been suggested that divalent chromium occurs in these olivines. This hypothesis is supported by recent Mössbauer and electronic spectral measurements at high pressures, which demonstrate that pressure-induced reduction takes place in compounds and minerals initially containing Fe3+, Mn3+, and Cu2+ ions. The process is facilitated at high temperatures. Low oxidation states of other metals such as Cr(II) are expected to be stabilized under the very high pressures and elevated temperature conditions in the Mantle. Since Cr2+ ions are susceptible to the Jahn-Teller effect, they are predicted by crystal field theory to be stabilized in certain distorted coordination sites, such as the olivine Ml site, all three sites of the β-spinel phase, and the 7-coordinated site of the strontium plumbate structure-type. The Cr2+ ions in olivines are stabilized in kimberlites intruded into the Crust by the high confining pressures in the diamond inclusions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
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    Unknown
    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Burns, Roger G; Fuerstenau, D W (1966): Electron-probe determination of inter-element relationships in manganese nodules. American Mineralogist, 51, 895-902, http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM51/AM51_895.pdf
    Publication Date: 2019-04-16
    Description: Manganese nodules have attracted considerable attention in recent years as a potential source of Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and other minor elements. These elements are enriched in manganese nodules relative to igneous rocks, sea-water, and deep-sea clays. The present paper describes methods by which element correlations may be determined with the electron-probe, and summarizes the results obtained by electron-beam scanning and specimen traversing. The results obtained in the present electron-probe investigation of manganese nodules may be summarized as follows: (l) The iron concentration fluctuates whereas the manganese concentration is relatively uniform throughout a manganese nodule, hbing slightly higher where iron is low. (2) There is a distinct correlation between Fe, Co, Ti, and Ca. (3) There is pronounced element coherence between Xi, Cu, Zn, and Mg, and between K and Ba. These elements are enriched with Mn and Al in regions of a nodule where the iron concentration is low. (4) The pronounced inter element relationships suggest that isomorphic substitution is an important factor controlling minor element distribution in manganese nodules. The ions Ni2+. Cu2+, Zn2+, Mg2+, K+ and Ba2+ substitute for Mn2+ in the "manganite" phases, Co(III) occurs with Fe(III) in hydrated iron oxide phases and Ti(IV) in delta-MnO2.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 14 data points
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 226 (1970), S. 73-75 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] Site population estimates for amphiboles by the infrared technique are based on stretching frequencies of hydroxyl groups in the O(3) position coordinated to cations in the one M(3) and two M(1) positions. The four combinations of Mg2+ and Fe2+ in these positions in cummingtonite give rise to four ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 320 (1986), S. 55-56 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] The red colour of the surface of Mars has long been attributed to Fe3+-bearing minerals in the regolith, implying that oxidizing conditions have prevailed. However, the apparent enrichment of iron in martian regolith, its mineralogy and the nature of the unweathered parent rocks remain poorly ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-01-25
    Description: Altitude-dependent, high radar-reflectivity surfaces on Venus are observed on most mountainous volcanic terranes above a planetary radius of about 6054 km. However, high radar-reflectivity areas also occur at lower altitudes in some impact craters and plain terranes. Pyrite (FeS2) is commonly believed to be responsible for the high radar reflectivities at high elevations on Venus, on account of large dielectric constants measured for sulfide-bearing rocks that were erroneously attributed to pyrite instead of pyrrhotite. Pentlandite-pyrrhotite assemblages may be responsible for high reflectivities associated with impact craters on the Venusian surface, by analogy with Fe-Ni sulfide deposits occurring in terrestrial astroblemes. Mixed-valence Fe(2+)-Fe(3+) silicates, including oxyhornblende, oxybiotite, and ilvaite, may contribute to high radar reflecting surfaces on mountain-tops of Venus.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F; p 233-234
    Format: text
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 305 (1983), S. 343-343 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] THE publication of a new edition of a very successful, widely acclaimed reference text some 15-20 years after the previous edition always arouses interest and curiosity. Have the authors, now well into or beyond their prime, kept abreast of rapid developments in their field? Have they been able to ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1520-510X
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-01-25
    Description: Salts believed to occur in Martian regolith imply that brines occur on Mars, which may have facilitated the oxidation of dissolved Fe(2+) ions after they were released during chemical weathering of basaltic ferromagnesian silicate and iron sulfide minerals. Calculations show that the rate of oxidation of Fe(2+) ions at -35 C in a 6M chloride-sulfate brine that might exist on Mars is about 10(exp 6) times slower that the oxidation rate of iron in ice-cold terrestrial seawater.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F; p 231-232
    Format: text
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