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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2016-03-08
    Description: The author has identified the following significant results. First order benefits can generally be quantified, thus allowing quantitative comparisons of candidate land cover data systems. A meaningful dollar evaluation of LANDSAT can be made by a cost comparison with equally effective data systems. Users of LANDSAT data can be usefully categorized as performing three general functions: planning, permitting, and enforcing. The value of LANDSAT data to the State of Georgia is most sensitive to the parameters: discount rate, digitization cost, and photo acquisition cost. Under a constrained budget, LANDSAT could provide digitized land cover information roughly seven times more frequently than could otherwise be obtained. Thus on one hand, while the services derived from LANDSAT data in comparison to the baseline system has a positive net present value, on the other hand if the budget were constrained, more frequent information could be provided using the LANDSAT system than otherwise be obtained.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: NASA-CR-151615 , E78-10076
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: Readout of CID imaging arrays was first performed by injecting and detecting the signal charge from each sensing site in sequence. A new readout method, termed parallel injection, has been developed in which the functions of signal charge detection and injection have been separated. The level of signal charge at each sensing site is detected during a line scan, and during the line retrace interval, all charge in the selected line is injected. The parallel injection technique is well adapted to TV scan formats in that the signal is read out at high speed, line by line. A 244 line by 248 element TV compatible imager, employing this technique and including an on chip preamplifier, has been constructed and operation demonstrated.
    Keywords: OPTICS
    Type: JPL Proc.: Symp. on Charge-Coupled Device Technol. for Sci. Imaging Appl.; p 106-115
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-05-24
    Description: Proton damage effects in silicon and gallium arsenide solar cells
    Keywords: AUXILIARY SYSTEMS
    Type: NASA-TM-X-56779
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-05-23
    Description: Proton damage to silicon and gallium arsenide solar cells
    Keywords: AUXILIARY SYSTEMS
    Type: NASA-TM-X-54990
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-07-27
    Description: A 128 x 128 element CID imager was operated in a simulated stellar trackling environment and evaluated for temporal and pattern noise and spectral response over a temperature range of -40 C to +25 C. The test devices were fabricated on long-lifetime bulk silicon material and utilized very thin upper-level polysilicon electrodes for enhanced spectral response. A standard microcomputer was used to generate all control signals and to collect and process performance data. The results of this program were used to predict the performance of a 400 x 400 CID array designed specifically for stellar-tracking.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
    Type: Recent advances in TV sensors and systems; August 27, 28, 1979; San Diego, CA
    Format: text
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-04-13
    Description: There is no treatment available for vision loss associated with advanced dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or geographic atrophy (GA). In a pilot, proof of concept phase 2 study, we evaluated ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) delivered via an intraocular encapsulated cell technology implant for the treatment of GA. We designed a multicenter, 1-y, double-masked, sham-controlled dose-ranging study. Patients with GA were randomly assigned to receive a high-or low-dose implant or sham surgery. The primary endpoint was the change in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at 12 mo. CNTF treatment resulted in a dose-dependent increase in retinal thickness. This change was followed by visual acuity stabilization (loss of less than 15 letters) in the high-dose group (96.3%) compared with low-dose (83.3%) and sham (75%) group. A subgroup analysis of those with baseline BCVA at 20/63 or better revealed that 100% of patients in the high-dose group lost
    Print ISSN: 0027-8424
    Electronic ISSN: 1091-6490
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2018-04-19
    Description: Author(s): L. Clark, H. G. Brown, D. M. Paganin, M. J. Morgan, T. Matsumoto, N. Shibata, T. C. Petersen, and S. D. Findlay The rigid-intensity-shift model of differential-phase-contrast imaging assumes that the phase gradient imposed on the transmitted probe by the sample causes the diffraction pattern intensity to shift rigidly by an amount proportional to that phase gradient. This behavior is seldom realized exactly i... [Phys. Rev. A 97, 043843] Published Wed Apr 18, 2018
    Keywords: Quantum optics, physics of lasers, nonlinear optics, classical optics
    Print ISSN: 1050-2947
    Electronic ISSN: 1094-1622
    Topics: Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2017-08-12
    Description: Heavy hydrocarbons are a heterogeneous mixture of compounds consisting mainly of alkylated cyclics, resins and asphaltenes and, depending on the source, can form a significant proportion of crude oil. Their prevalence is expected to increase in the future as heavy oil reserves are increasingly exploited for growing worldwide energy demands. Despite their growing use, heavy hydrocarbons are generally overlooked when assessing the risk of hydrocarbons to human health, ecology and water reserves. Although their human and environmental health risks are considered low, heavy hydrocarbons are known to persist in the environment. This review considers the fate, transport and toxicity of heavy hydrocarbons. It provides a description of the possible mechanisms involved in heavy hydrocarbon attenuation and offers some interpretation of data that provides insight into their persistence in the environment. Supplementary material: The effect of hydrocarbon concentration and soil organic content on the partitioning of heavy hydrocarbon (EC 〉44) into soils is available at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.3791473 .
    Print ISSN: 1470-9236
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1871-4528
    Keywords: minimum stomatal resistance ; soil water ; Solanum tuberosum L. ; photosynthetic photon flux density ; vapour pressure deficit
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Summary Leaf stomatal resistance varies considerably in response to changes in environmental conditions. Understanding cultivar differences in the response of stomata to these conditions is important for effectively simulating water-use and growth. In this study the stomatal resistance of three field grown potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivars Atlantic. Monona and Norchip was observed in response to photosynthetic photon flux density, leaf to air vapour pressure difference and root zone available soil water. Substantial variation in stomatal resistance was accounted for by functions of the environmental variables for both Monona and Norchip. The explained variation for Atlantic was considerably less. Light saturation occurred near 500 μmol m−2 s−1. Increasing stomatal resistance above 1000 μmol m−2s−1 was also observed but is likely an artifact of stomatal closure on days in which mid-day leaf water potentials dropped below critical levels. Although the leaf presumably insufficient to obtain substantial effects. The soil water status was partially linked to the average 1000 h to 1500 h stomatal resistance on clear, sunny days. Significant differences were observed among the cultivars in the response of stomata to changes in the available soil water.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1871-4528
    Keywords: measurement ; LAI ; Solanum tuberosum L
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Summary Leaf area index (LAI) is widely used in many facets of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) modelling but direct measurements have historically been difficult. This investigation tested the accuracy of a commercially available instrument (LI-COR LAI-2000) for measuring LAI non-destructively on a potato crop. Accurate estimates of LAI were difficult to obtain with small plots of≈1 m2. Results from larger field plots were extremely favourable and indicate that non-destructive measurements of LAI in situ can routinely be estimated within 5 to 10% of the destructively measured LAI. Six thinning tests performed on four potato cultivars produced average root mean square error measurements of LAI that ranged from 0.09 to 0.27.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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