ad AWI A14-13-0083
Description / Table of Contents:
This handbook provides the first comprehensive review of measurement principles, instruments and processing techniques for airborne observation of the earth's atmosphere and surface. For each field, the major prinicples of measurement are presented and illustrated with commonly-used airborne instruments, to assess the present capabilities in terms of accuracy, to raise awareness of specific issues with the interpretation of measurements from airborne operations, and to review emerging measurement techniques. The authors are internationally-recognized experts in their field, who actively contribute to the design and developement of modern airborne instrumentation and processing techniques. While primarily intended for climate, geophysical and atmospheric researchers, its relevance to the solar system makes this work useful to astronomers studying planetary atmospheres with telescopes and space probes.
Type of Medium:
Monograph available for loan
XXXII, 655 S. : Ill., graph. Darst.
Wiley series in atmospheric physics and remote sensing
Contents: Preface. - A Tribute to Dr. Robert Knollenberg. - List of Contributors. - 1 Introduction to Airborne Measurements of the Earth Atmosphereand Surface. - 2 Measurement of Aircraft State and Thermodynamic and Dynamic Variables. - 2.1 Introduction. - 2.2 Historical. - 2.3 Aircraft State Variables. - 2.4 Static Air Pressure. - 2.5 Static Air Temperature. - 2.6 Water Vapor Measurements. - 2.7 Three-Dimensional Wind Vector. - 2.8 Small-Scale Turbulence. - 2.9 Flux Measurements. - 3 In SituTrace Gas Measurements. - 3.1 Introduction. - 3.2 Historical and Rationale. - 3.3 Aircraft Inlets for Trace Gases. - 3.4 Examples of Recent Airborne Missions. - 3.5 Optical In SituTechniques. - 3.6 Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry. - 3.7 Chemical Conversion Techniques. - 3.8 Whole Air Sampler and Chromatographic Techniques. - 4 In Situ Measurements of Aerosol Particles. - 4.1 Introduction. - 4.2 Aerosol Particle Number Concentration. - 4.3 Aerosol Particle Size Distribution. - 4.4 Chemical Composition of Aerosol Particles. - 4.5 Aerosol Optical Properties. - 4.6 CCN and IN. - 4.7 Challenges and Emerging Techniques. - 5 In Situ Measurements of Cloud and Precipitation Particles. - 5.1 Introduction. - 5.2 Impaction and Replication. - 5.3 Single-Particle Size and Morphology Measurements. - 5.4 Integral Properties of an Ensemble of Particles. - 5.5 Data Analysis. - 5.6 Emerging Technologies. - 6 Aerosol and Cloud Particle Sampling. - 6.1 Introduction. - 6.2 Aircraft Influence. - 6.3 Aerosol Particle Sampling. - 6.4 Cloud Particle Sampling. - 6.5 Summary and Guidelines. - 7 Atmospheric Radiation Measurements. - 7.1 Motivation. - 7.2 Fundamentals. - 7.3 Airborne Instruments for Solar Radiation. - 7.4 Terrestrial Radiation Measurements from Aircraft. - 8 Hyperspectral Remote Sensing. - 8.1 Introduction. - 8.2 Definition. - 8.3 History. - 8.4 Sensor Principles. - 8.5 HRS Sensors. - 8.6 Potential and Applications. - 8.7 Planning of an HRS Mission. - 8.8 Spectrally Based Information. - 8.9 Data Analysis. - 8.10 Sensor Calibration. - 8.11 Summary and Conclusion. - 9 LIDAR and RADAR Observations. - 9.1 Historical. - 9.2 Introduction. - 9.3 Principles of LIDAR and RADAR Remote Sensing. - 9.4 LIDAR Atmospheric Observations and Related Systems. - 9.5 Cloud and Precipitation Observations with RADAR. - 9.6 Results of Airborne RADAR Observations - Some Examples. - 9.7 Parameters Derived from Combined Use of LIDAR and RADAR. - 9.8 Conclusion and Perspectives. - Appendix A: Supplementary Online Material. - Color Plates. - List of Abbreviations. - Constants. - References. - Index