PACS. 42.79.Qx Range finders, remote sensing devices; laser Doppler velocimeters, SAR, and LIDAR [:AND:] 47.80.+v Instrumentation for fluid dynamics - 47.27.-i Turbulent flows, convection, and heat transfer
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract: Significant statistical bias in LDA measurements and how to adequately deal with it is a subtle problem when dealing with turbulent flows. In order to attempt a clarification we have performed measurements on a non-standard “grid experiment” where a clear bias effect is found. We have investigated the effect of several corrective measures and find that best results, in the sense of having the first moment converge to zero, are obtained when using the time between events as statistical weights. The corrected time series have been used to check for extended self-similarity (ESS). Even though no scaling regime is seen for the third moment and the flow certainly is neither isotropic nor homogeneous, perfect ESS scaling based on the absolute third moment is observed up to the twelfth moment, extending into a time domain regime where the Taylor hypothesis of frozen turbulence is obviously violated. Reversing the argument this indicates that the correction scheme needed can be experimentally decided on using the criterion stated above and especially so if ESS is to be expected. Finally we have used the corrected data to quantify the deviations from Gaussian behavior of the velocity difference probability density function for a weakly turbulent flow. Through comparison with results on the Gaussian-Lorentzian distribution we find that the even part of the experimental distribution can be reproduced quite well by a single-parameter family of distributions with second moment equal unity.
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