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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The Marfan syndrome, an autosomal dominant heritable disorder of connective tissue, is caused by mutations in the gene for fibrillin-1, FBN1. A novel FBN1 mutation was identified using temperature-gradient gel electrophoresis of a reverse-transcribed polymerase chain reaction product spanning exons 14 to 16. The mutation, G1760A, is predicted to result in the amino acid substitution C587Y and thus to disrupt one of the disulfide bonds of the calcium-binding epidermal growth factor-like module encoded by exon 14. C587Y was found to be a de novo mutation in a relatively mildly affected 15-year-old girl whose clinical phenotype was characterized mainly by ectopia lentis and thoracic scoliosis. Metabolic labeling of cultured dermal fibroblasts from the affected patient demonstrated delayed secretion of fibrillin with normal synthesis and no decrease in incorporation into the extracellular matrix compartment. Fibrillin immunostaining of confluent dermal fibroblast cultures revealed no visible difference between the patient’s cells and control cells. Characterization of many different FBN1 mutations from different regions of the gene may provide a better understanding of clinical and biochemical genotype-phenotype relationships.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0173-0835
    Keywords: Temperature gradient gel electrophoresis ; Psoralen ; Bipolar clamping ; Heteroduplex ; Melting ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TGGE) is a rapid and sensitive screening method for point mutations and other small DNA alterations. Usually a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-product of 150 to 500 bp that has been clamped at one end by a psoralen molecule or a “GC-clamp” is tested for abnormal melting characteristics by electrophoresis in a temperature gradient. Under optimal conditions, a heterozygous mutation within the fragment is detected through the presence of three additional bands in the TGGE gel, the mutant homoduplex and two heteroduplex bands. However, the ideal pattern of four sharp bands is not always found due to inconsistencies in melting behavior along the sequence of the DNA fragment under study. Some of these fragments show fuzzy bands that may impede or even prevent the detection of a mutation. Here, we describe a method to overcome this problem by utilizing one psoralen clamp at each end of the PCR product. Using TGGE assays established for exons 16, 17, and 18 of the NF1 gene and for exon 14 of the FBN1 gene as examples, we show that bipolar clamping may transform blurred bands into sharp ones and may visualize mutations that could not be detected by conventional single-sided clamping.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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