Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
Abstract Laboratory experiments wer conducted to determine the effects of Kepone on the larval development of the mud-crab,Rhithropanopeus harrisii, and the commercial blue crab,Callinectes sapidus, from the time of hatching until the 1st crab stage was reached. Differential survival ofR. harrisii from hatching to 1st crab stage occurred in a range of 35 to 125 ppb Kepone, whereas differential survival ofC. sapidus over the same period of development occurred in a range of 0.1 to 1.0 ppb. Statistical analysis indicated that, for every 10 ppb Kepone added, duration from hatching to 1st crab stage ofR. harrisii was increased by 0.391±0.043 days; whereas for each increase of 0.1 ppb, the duration from hatching to 1st crab stage ofC. sapidus is prolonged by 0.38±0.10 days. The 1st and 2nd zoeal stages ofR. harrisii were the most sensitive developmental stages to Kepone, but the 1st zoeal stage ofC. sapidus was not sensitive, statistically, to any concentration of Kepone tested. In zoeal stages II, III and IV, there were significant increases in mortality ofC. sapidus over the previous stage in all media tested.
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