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  • 1
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    Kiel: Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-06
    Description: Das Institut für Weltwirtschaft ist im Januar 1990 vom Amt Sønderjylland in Åbenrå beauftragt worden, eine Untersuchung über die Struktur und Entwicklungsmöglichkeiten der Wirtschaft in der deutsch-dänischen Grenzregion durchzuführen. Ziel dieser Untersuchung, die zur Vorbereitung eines grenzüberschreitenden Entwicklungsprogramms dienen sollte, war zum einen, die bisherige wirtschaftliche und soziale Entwicklung sowie die Entwicklungsperspektiven der Grenzregion eingehend zu analysieren. Dabei galt es, die wichtigsten Bestimmungsgründe der Entwicklung von Einkommen und Beschäftigung sowie die spezifischen Standortfaktoren herauszuarbeiten. Zum anderen sollten Ziele und Ansatzpunkte von Maßnahmen zur Förderung der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung der Grenzregion dargelegt und erörtert werden. Die Ergebnisse werden in Teil I der Arbeit vorgestellt. Darüber hinaus sollten Lage und Entwicklungsaussichten des Fremdenverkehrs in der Grenzregion umfassend untersucht und ein Maßnahmenkatalog für diesen Bereich erarbeitet werden. Dieser Teil der Untersuchung, der in Teil II der Arbeit gekürzt wiedergegeben wird, wurde vom Institut for Grænseregionsforskning in Åbenrå erstellt.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Tourismus ; Grenzgebiet ; Schleswig (Region) ; Nordschleswig
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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  • 2
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    Tübingen: Mohr | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-06
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Deregulierung ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:book
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-05-17
    Description: This study investigates how the digital revolution, which is characterized by artificial intelligence, big data, cloud computing and mobile robotics, will affect gender equality in G20 countries, and how governments and non-governmental initiatives may exploit the new digital technologies to narrow these gender gaps in the future. The study focuses on four areas to derive its policy recommendations. First, it assesses if digital technologies will affect gender equality in the foreseeable future by replacing women’s jobs to a different extent than men’s jobs. Second, it determines the state of the art in gender equality and gender-oriented policies in labor markets, financial inclusion and entrepreneurship in the G20 countries. Third, it identifies deficits in women’s digital inclusion that may impair the effectiveness of digitally empowered gender policies. It also shows how digital technologies may empower women. And fourth, it provides three detailed case studies. Two case studies, coauthored by Urvashi Aneja and Vidisha Mishra, zoom deeper into the options for digitally empowered gender policies in two selected countries, India and South Africa, while the third, coauthored by Susan Coleman and Alicia Robb, highlights digitally empowered strategies for reducing the gender gap in angel investment, a promising tool for fostering female entrepreneurship...
    Description: This study is a joint project by the Women20 and the Think Tank 20 initiatives under the German G20 presidency, supported financially by the Emerging Market Sustainability Dialogues (EMSD) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). This study is the final report. An executive summary has been published on occasion of the Women20 summit in Berlin.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2020-01-15
    Description: Die Bruttowertschöpfung im Verarbeitenden Gewerbe ist bereits seit fünf Quartalen rückläufig und in diesem Zeitraum um knapp 5 Prozent gesunken. Damit ging die konjunkturelle Abkühlung in Deutschland zu einem Gutteil vom Verarbeitenden Gewerbe aus. Freilich hat sich in diesem Zeitraum auch die Dynamik in den Dienstleistungsbranchen abgeschwächt: Insgesamt haben sie deutlich geringere Beiträge zum Zuwachs des Bruttoinlandsprodukts als zuvor geleistet. Eine Ausnahme stellt lediglich das erste Quartal des laufenden Jahres dar, in dem hohe Einkommenszuwächse die Wertschöpfung in den Bereichen Handel, Verkehr und Gastgewerbe stimuliert hatten. Vor diesem Hintergrund stellt sich die Frage, inwieweit die Abschwächung im Verarbeitenden Gewerbe auf die Dienstleistungsbranchen ausgestrahlt hat und angesichts des deutlichen und persistenten Rückgangs der Bruttowertschöpfung dort noch mit weiteren dämpfenden Effekten in den kommenden Quartalen zu rechnen ist.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-01-17
    Description: Das über einen längeren Zeitraum rückläufige Wachstum der Arbeitsproduktivität in Deutschland ist durch die Abfolge mehrerer, jeweils temporär wirksamer Faktoren erklärbar. Die Autoren sehen den Produktivitätsrückgang dabei nicht als Ergebnis eines dauerhaften Trends an. Sie machen für den Zeitraum seit der Wiedervereinigung fünf Hauptgründe aus, die den Produktivitätsfortschritt in verschiedenen Phasen gedämpft haben.
    Description: The trend decline of productivity growth in Germany is not due to a single cause but is the result of the interplay of multiple factors with time-varying relative importance. Notwithstanding severe measurement issues, the evidence is real and not a statistical artefact. As a major part of the explanation of the weak productivity performance in recent years is a temporary process of successful integration of relatively low qualified workers into the labour market, there is no reason to expect productivity growth in Germany to remain depressed in the longer term.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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  • 6
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    Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW)
    Publication Date: 2016-01-20
    Description: Night lights could be a valuable proxy of economic activity at the subnational level when GDP data are lacking or of poor quality. Supplementing Henderson et al.'s (2012) analysis at the national level, we assess the stability of the elasticity of GDP with regard to night lights across regions in Brazil, India, the United States, and Western Europe. The relationship between regional GDP and night lights proves to be unstable, not only where regional GDP data may be unreliable but also where such data are of high quality. This suggests that night lights tend to be a poor proxy of regional economic activity.
    Keywords: R11 ; E01 ; ddc:330 ; night lights ; regional GDP data ; stability of lights elasticities ; emerging markets ; developed economies
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2016-07-20
    Description: This paper solves one of the puzzles in the analysis of regional and industrial distributions of economic activity, the discrepancy between absolute and relative measures. It shows that the difference between an absolute and a relative Theil index of localization can be expressed in terms of absolute and relative concentration and specialization measures. This helps understand and explore why absolute and relative measures frequently evolve in opposite directions. The paper shows for the EU-15 and for UK manufacturing that this divergence originates mainly from the industrial dimension and is largely a statistical artifact inherited from the characteristics of industry classifications.
    Keywords: C43 ; R12 ; ddc:330 ; Localization ; Concentration ; Specialization ; Theil index ; Regionale Konzentration ; Wirtschaftskonzentration ; Arbeitsteilung ; Disparitätsmaß ; Index ; Theorie ; EU-Staaten ; Großbritannien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-01-17
    Description: Deutschland weist seit mehreren Jahren einen anhaltenden Leistungsbilanzüberschuss auf. Im Vorfeld der Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise stieg der Überschuss über mehrere Jahre deutlich an und hatte im Jahr 2007 über 7 Prozent des Bruttoinlandsprodukts (BIP) erreicht. Neben Deutschland wiesen auch weitere EU-Länder, z.B. Österreich, Schweden oder Finnland anhaltende und steigende Leistungsbilanzüberschüsse auf. Gleichzeitig hatten andere, vor allem südeuropäische, EU-Länder wachsende und anhaltende Leistungsbilanzdefizite. Seit 2007 haben sich zwar die Leistungsbilanzsalden fast aller europäischen Länder wieder verringert, Deutschland verzeichnet jedoch nach wie vor einen Überschuss von 6 bis 7 Prozent des BIP. Leistungsbilanzungleichgewichte sind oftmals Ausdruck unterschiedlicher Wettbewerbsfähigkeit. Gerade Deutschland wird häufig vorgeworfen, seine Wettbewerbsfähigkeit mittels übermäßiger Lohnzurückhaltung gestärkt zu haben. Deutschlands Exporte seien dadurch relativ preiswert geworden und der Leistungsbilanzüberschuss gewachsen. Gleichzeitig hätten andere Länder an Wettbewerbsfähigkeit verloren (z.B. durch zu hohe Lohnabschlüsse). Ihre Exporte seien deshalb relativ teuer geworden und ihre Leistungsbilanzdefizite gewachsen. So hätten die Ungleichgewichte zugenommen. [...]
    Description: This study analyzes to what extend the rising share of foreign value added in exports and various factors of non-price competitiveness are related to exports and current account balances in the European Union and other large exporting economies. It also asks whether Germany is special with regard to these relationships. We answer these questions by means of descriptive and econometric analyses. In particular, we carry out export regressions for 12 manufacturing industries in a sample of 14 EU countries and in a sample of 8 large exporting economies. Moreover, we carry out regressions for the current account balance in 14 EU countries. The study looks at the period 1995 to 2007. We calculate an indicator for the share of foreign value added in exports (degree of vertical specialization) based on the World Input Output Database (WIOD). The indicator is calculated for individual industries and countries. Using the WIOD, it is possible to allocate the actual imported value added to the respective origin country, irrespective of whether it has been channeled through other countries in previous stages of the production process. Hence, we can distinguish the imported intermediates by country of origin. In this study, we distinguish between imports from high-wage countries, low-wage countries, and Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs). The share of imported value added from CEECs is particularly high in Germany. It has also grown most strongly in Germany. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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  • 9
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    Kiel: Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW)
    Publication Date: 2016-01-20
    Description: This paper substantiates the debate following Richard Florida's suggestion to measure regional human capital by creative occupations rather than education. Consistent with Florida's notion of creativity, it suggests a microfoundation that relates creativity to workers' cognitive and noncognitive skills. It shows that this microfoundation is similar to that of human capital in recent labor economics, which has facilitated important new insights. It also shows that Florida's measure is too crude to make a difference. Nonethe-less, it is time to rethink regional human capital. Occupations may help project workers' cognitive and noncognitive skills from the micro to the regional level.
    Keywords: I21 ; I25 ; J24 ; R12 ; R23 ; ddc:330 ; Human Capital ; Education ; Creativity ; Cognitive Skills ; Noncognitive Skills ; Occupation ; Regional Wages ; Regional Growth
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
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  • 10
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    Kiel: Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-06
    Description: The paper surveys the recent theoretical and empirical literature on the economic determinants of interregional labor migration. In the first part, theoretical approaches are outlined, in the second part, results of several empirical investigations are surveyed. The authors conclude that regional wage differences do, indeed, induce interregional labor migration, as theoretical approaches suggest. However, the impact of wages on migration seems to be limited. More important are regional differences in employment opportunities. Regions with comparatively low unemployment rates, resp. high employment probabilities, tend to exhibit net in-migration, whereas regions with higher unemployment rates tend to exhibit net out-migration. Other important factors influencing migration decisions are - at least at the microeconomic level - the migrant's age and qualification. At the macro level, however, these determinants often are insignificant. The same holds for several region-specific determinants such as urbanization, climate, or social benefits.
    Keywords: J24 ; J61 ; R23 ; ddc:330 ; Regionale Arbeitsmobilität ; Regionale Lohnstruktur ; Regionale Arbeitslosigkeit ; Theorie ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
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