AIP Digital Archive
Solid-phase epitaxial growth was studied in germanium-implanted 〈100〉 silicon wafers as a function of germanium fluence, annealing temperature, and time. MeV He Rutherford backscattering in channeling conditions, cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy, double-crystal x-ray diffraction, and secondary-ion mass spectroscopy techniques were used to characterize the samples. At low fluences, up to 1×1015 cm−2 at 130 keV, the crystallization kinetics is similar to that measured on self-amorphized silicon. In the high-dose samples, prepared by multiple implants with a total dose of 3.12×1016 cm−2, the growth rate at fixed temperatures decreases. A comparison with literature data, obtained by similar experiments performed on amorphized uniform GexSi100−x films prepared by molecular-beam epitaxy or chemical-vapor deposition, reveals that the concentration gradient, unavoidable in implanted samples mainly at the end of the ion range region, is strictly connected with the observed decrease.
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