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  • 1
    Series available for loan
    Series available for loan
    Boulder, Colo. : Geological Society of America
    Associated volumes
    Call number: AWI G5-00-0046
    In: Special paper / The Geological Society of America, 317
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: v, 165 p. , ill.
    ISBN: 0-8137-2317-5
    Series Statement: Special paper / The Geological Society of America 317
    Language: English
    Note: Contents: Preface. - 1. Core OL-92 from Owens Lake: Project rationale, geologic setting, drilling procedures, and summary / G. I. Smith and J. L. Bischoff. - 2. Stratigraphy, lithologies, and sedimentary structures of Owens Lake core OL-92 / G. I. Smith. - 3. Climatic signals in clay mineralogy and grain-size variations in Owens Lake core OL-92, southeast California / K. M. Menking. - 4. Responses of sediment geochemistry to climate change in Owens Lake sediment: An 800-k.y. record of saline/fresh cycles in core OL-92 / J. L. Bischoff, J. P. Fitts, and J. A. Fitzpatrick. - 5. Movement and diffusion of pore fluids in Owens Lake sediments from core OL-92 as shown by salinity and deuterium-hydrogen ratios / I. Friedman, J. L. Bischoff, C. A. Johnson, S. W. Tyler, and J. P. Fitts. - 6. Paleomagnetism and magnetic susceptibility of Pleistocene sediments from drill hole OL-92, Owens Lake, California / J. M. Glen and R. S. Coe. - 7. Age and correlation of tephra layers, position of the Matuyama-Brunhes chron boundary, and effects of Bishop ash eruption on Owens Lake, as determined from drill hole OL-92, southeast California / A. M. Sarna-Wojcicki, C. E. Meyer, and E. Wan. - 8. A time-depth scale for Owens Lake sediments of core OL-92: Radiocarbon dates and constant mass-accumulation rate / J. L. Bischoff, T. W. Stafford, Jr., and M. Rubin. - 9. A diatom-based paleohydrologic record of climate change for the past 800 k.y. from Owens Lake, California / J. P. Bradbury. - 10. Ostracodes in Owens Lake core OL-92: Alternation of saline and freshwater forms through time / C. Carter. - 11. Paleobiotic and isotopic analysis of mollusks, fish, and plants from core OL-92: Indicators for an open or closed lake system / J. R. Firby, S. E. Sharpe, J. F. Whelan, G. R. Smith, and W. G. Spaulding. - 12. An 800,000-year pollen record from Owens Lake, California: Preliminary analyses / R. J. Litwin, D. P. Adam, N. O. Frederiksen, and W. B. Woolfenden. - 13. Synthesis of the paleoclimatic record from Owens Lake core OL-92 / G. I. Smith, J. L. Bischoff, and J. P. Bradbury. - Index.
    Location: AWI Reading room
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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  • 2
    Monograph available for loan
    Monograph available for loan
    New York [u.a.] : Plenum Press
    Associated volumes
    Call number: G 7824 ; G 7842
    In: Marine science
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: XII, 841 S. : Ill., graph. Darst. + 6 Mikrofiches
    ISBN: 0306401878
    Series Statement: Marine science 9
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 3
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Bischoff, James L; Rosenbauer, Robert J (1977): Recent metalliferous sediment in the North Pacific manganese nodule area. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 33(3), 379-388, https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(77)90089-9
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: Quaternary sediments cored in the northeast Pacific nodule area (DOMES site C, 14°N, 126°W) contain a significant amount of hydrothermal metalliferous mud. Water content, color, mineralogy, and chemical composition are analogous to metalliferous sediments of the subequatorial East Pacific Rise. Correction for contribution of pelagic clay indicates the metalliferous fraction to be about 40% of the sediment. SiO2 and Mg are major components in the corrected composition, as they are for other metalliferous sediments similarly corrected from a variety of East Pacific Rise and DSDP metalliferous sediments. A correlation between Mg and SiO2 for these corrected sediments could indicate a hydrothermal origin for a significant portion of the SiO2. Results from DSDP in the nodule area suggest that metalliferous globules are a ubiquitous minor component of the Clipperton Oceanic Formation, which underlies much of the Pacific ferromanganese nodule belt. This indicates that deposition of hydrothermal precipitates is not confined to spreading centers.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 28 data points
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  • 4
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Bischoff, James L; Piper, David Z (1976): Chemical composition of marine sediments of DOMES Site C. in: Deep Ocean Mining Environmental Study, N.E. Pacific Nodule Province, Site C, Geology and Geochemistry, U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report. U.S. Geological Survey, 113-130, http://store.pangaea.de/Projects/NOAA-MMS/bischoff2_DomesC_Analyses.pdf
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: The study of the chemical composition of DOMES Site C sediment was undertaken in order to establish important baseline parameters in the overall characterization of the sediment. Such general characterization and information concerning heterogeneity and local variation of this and related parameters such as mineralogy, sediment age, and pore water chemistry, are essential in formulating predictive models concerning environmental perturbations caused by resuspension of sediments during deep sea mining.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 1703 data points
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  • 5
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: De Jonge, Cindy; Talbot, Helen M; Bischoff, James L; Stadnitskaia, Alina; Cherkashov, Georgy A; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S (2016): Bacteriohopanepolyol distribution in Yenisei River and Kara Sea suspended particulate matter and sediments traces terrigenous organic matter input. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, 85-101, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2015.11.008
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: Bacteriohopanepolyols (BHPs) are ubiquitous bacterial membrane lipids, encountered in soils, river and marine suspended particulate matter (SPM) and sediments. Their abundance and distribution provides a direct means to identify bacterial inputs and can be used to trace soil-derived bacterial organic matter (OM) and in some cases the presence of bacterial groups and their activities in aquatic systems. We have studied the BHP distribution in the SPM of a major Siberian River (Yenisei River) that crosses a large latitudinal gradient, draining a large part of Mongolia and Siberian Russia. The Yenisei River is the main river to flow into the Kara Sea, a shelf sea of the Arctic Ocean. We show that the BHP distribution and concentration of SPM and surface sediments of the Yenisei Outflow in the Kara Sea allow to trace soil-marker BHPs and evaluate the performance of the R'soil index, a proxy developed to trace bacterial soil-derived OM. Soil-marker BHPs are present in the Yenisei River, and their concentration decreases from the Yenisei River Outflow into the offshore marine sediments. The R'soil correlates well with an independent proxy for bacterial OM, the BIT-index (r**2 = 0.82) and has a moderate correlation with the d13Corg values, a bulk OM proxy for terrigenous input (r**2 = 0.44). Consequently, the R'soil index performs well in the Kara Sea, strengthening its application for tracing bacterial OM in the Arctic Ocean, both in modern and downcore sediments. Furthermore, a suite of BHPs that are characteristic for methanotrophic bacteria, i.e. 35-aminobacteriohopane-30,31,32,33,34-pentol (aminopentol) and 35-aminobacteriohopane-31,32,33,34-tetrol (aminotetrol), is encountered in the Yenisei Outflow sediments. These components are partly sourced from terrigenous sources, but are likely also produced in-situ in the marine sediments. The distribution of the pentafunctionalized cyclitol ether BHP in the marine systems is noteworthy, and indicates that it can possibly be applied as a marker for cyanobacterial biomass in marine sediments.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: application/zip, 2 datasets
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 144 data points
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  • 7
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Bischoff, James L; Piper, David Z; Leong, Kam (1981): The aluminosilicate fraction of North Pacific manganese nodules. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 45(11), 2047-2063, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(81)90059-4
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: Nine nodules collected from throughout the deep North Pacific were analyzed for their mineralogy and major-element composition before and after leaching with Chester-Hughes solution. Data indicate that the mineral phillipsite accounts for the major part (〉 75%) of the aluminosilicate fraction of all nodules. It is suggested that formation of phillipsite takes place on growing nodule surfaces coupled with the oxidation of absorbed manganous ion. All the nodules could be described as ternary mixtures of amorphous iron fraction (Fe-Ti-P), manganese oxide fraction (Mn-Mg Cu-Ni), and phillipsite fraction (Al-Si-K-Na), these fractions accounting for 96% of the variability of the chemical composition.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: application/zip, 3 datasets
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  • 8
    facet.materialart.
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Piper, David Z; Basler, J R; Bischoff, James L (1984): Oxidation state of marine manganese nodules. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 48(11), 2347-2355, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(84)90230-8
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Description: Analyses of the bulk oxidation state of marine manganese nodules indicates that more than 98% of the Mn in deep ocean nodules is present as Mn(IV). The samples were collected from three quite different areas: the hemipelagic environment of the Guatemala Basin, the pelagic area of the North Pacific, and seamounts in the central Pacific. Results of the study suggest that todorokite in marine nodules is fully oxidized and has the following stoichiometry: (K, Na, Ca, Ba)0.33 (Mg, Cu, Ni)0.76 Mn5 O22 (H2O)3.2.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 269 data points
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 324 data points
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2020-01-17
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 368 data points
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