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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Averages taken over full orbit data spans of the pitch and roll residual measurement errors of the two conical Earth sensors operating on the LANDSAT 4 spacecraft are described. The variability of these full orbit averages over representative data throughtout the year is analyzed to demonstrate the long term stability of the sensor measurements. The data analyzed consist of 23 segments of sensor measurements made at 2 to 4 week intervals. Each segment is roughly 24 hours in length. The variation of full orbit average as a function of orbit within a day as a function of day of year is examined. The dependence on day of year is based on association the start date of each segment with the mean full orbit average for the segment. The peak-to-peak and standard deviation values of the averages for each data segment are computed and their variation with day of year are also examined.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: E84-10080 , NASA-CR-173230 , NAS 1.26:173230
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The software design for the conical scanner evaluation system is presented. The purpose of this system is to support the performance analysis of the LANDSAT-D conical scanners, which are infrared horizon detection attitude sensors designed for improved accuracy. The system consists of six functionally independent subsystems and five interface data bases. The system structure and interfaces of each of the subsystems is described and the content, format, and file structure of each of the data bases is specified. For each subsystem, the functional logic, the control parameters, the baseline structure, and each of the subroutines are described. The subroutine descriptions include a procedure definition and the input and output parameters.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: NASA-CR-170439 , E83-10175 , GSC-TR8206 , NAS 1.26:170439
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Representative data spans covering a little more than a year since the LANDSAT-4 launch were analyzed to evaluate the flight performance of the satellite's horizon scanner. High frequency noise was filtered out by 128-point averaging. The effects of Earth oblateness and spacecraft altitude variations are modeled, and residual systematic errors are analyzed. A model for the predicted radiance effects is compared with the flight data and deficiencies in the radiance effects modeling are noted. Correction coefficients are provided for a finite Fourier series representation of the systematic errors in the data. Analysis of the seasonal dependence of the coefficients indicates the effects of some early mission problems with the reference attitudes which were computed by the onboard computer using star trackers and gyro data. The effects of sun and moon interference, unexplained anomalies in the data, and sensor noise characteristics and their power spectrum are described. The variability of full orbit data averages is shown. Plots of the sensor data for all the available data spans are included.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: NASA-CR-173229 , E84-10079 , NAS 1.26:173229
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 4
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    In:  CASI
    Publication Date: 2016-03-09
    Description: The planned activities involved in the inflight sensor calibration and performance evaluation are discussed and the supporting software requirements are specified. The possible sensor error sources and their effects on sensor measurements are summarized. The methods by which the inflight sensor performance will be analyzed and the sensor modeling parameters will be calibrated are presented. In addition, a brief discussion on the data requirement for the study is provided.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: E82-10340 , NAS 1.26:166790 , GSC-TR8203 , NASA-CR-166790
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: Cold clouds over the Earth are shown to be the principal cause of pitch and roll measurement noise in flight data from the infrared horizon scanners onboard Seasat and Magsat. The observed effects of clouds on the fixed threshold horizon detection logic of the Magsat scanner and on the variable threshold detection logic of the Seasat scanner are discussed. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Earth photographs marked with the scanner ground trace clearly confirm the relationship between measurement errors and Earth clouds. A one to one correspondence can be seen between excursion in the pitch and roll data and cloud crossings. The characteristics of the cloud-induced noise are discussed, and the response of the satellite control systems to the cloud errors is described. Changes to the horizon scanner designs that would reduce the effects of clouds are noted.
    Keywords: ASTRODYNAMICS
    Type: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center Fifth Ann. Flight Mech.(Estimation Theory Symp.; 23 p
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 6
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: This paper presents an analysis of the flight data from a new design of horizon scanner flown on Landsat-4. The salient features in the data are described and demonstrated by data plots. High frequency noise must be filtered out to achieve good accuracy, but this is effectively done by 128-point averaging. Sun and moon interference effects are identified. The effects of earth oblateness and spacecraft altitude variations are modeled, and the residual systematic errors are analyzed. Most of the residual errors are apparently explained by the effects of earth radiance variation, with the winter polar regions showing the highest variability in the attitude measurements due to winter stratosphere temperature variations. In general, this sensor provides improved accuracy over those flown on previous missions.
    Keywords: SPACECRAFT INSTRUMENTATION
    Type: AAS PAPER 83-320
    Format: text
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has always included data reprocessing as a major component of every science mission. A final reprocessing is typically a part of mission closeout (known as phase F).The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) is currently in phase F, and NASA is preparing for the last reprocessing of all the TRMM precipitation data as part of the closeout. This reprocessing includes improvements in calibration of both the TRMM Microwave Imager (TMI) and the TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR). An initial step in the version 8 reprocessing is the improvement of geolocation. The PR calibration is being updated by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) using data collected as part of the calibration of the Dual-Frequency Precipitation Radar (DPR) on the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Core Observatory. JAXA undertook a major effort to ensure TRMM PR and GPM Ku-band calibration is consistent. A major component of the TRMM version 8 reprocessing is to create consistent retrievals with the GPM version 05 (V05) retrievals. To this end, the TRMM version 8 reprocessing uses retrieval algorithms based on the GPM V05 algorithms. This approach ensures consistent retrievals from December 1997 (the beginning of TRMM) through the current ongoing GPM retrievals. An outcome of this reprocessing is the incorporation of TRMM data products into the GPM data suite. Incorporation also means that GPM file naming conventions and reprocessed TRMM data carry the V05 data product version. This paper describes the TRMM version 8 reprocessing, focusing on the improvements in TMI level 1 products.
    Keywords: Mathematical and Computer Sciences (General); Earth Resources and Remote Sensing
    Type: GSFC-E-DAA-TN63592 , Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology (ISSN 0739-0572) (e-ISSN 1520-0426); 35; 6; 1181–1199
    Format: text
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-02-16
    Print ISSN: 0739-0572
    Electronic ISSN: 1520-0426
    Topics: Geography , Geosciences , Physics
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2009-11-01
    Print ISSN: 0196-2892
    Electronic ISSN: 1558-0644
    Topics: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying , Geography
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