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  • 1
    Call number: MOP Per 38(48)
    In: Mémoires
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 31 S.
    Series Statement: Mémoires / Institut Royal Météorologique de Belgique 48
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 2
    Call number: MOP Per 38(37)
    In: Mémoires
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Series Statement: Mémoires / Institut Royal Météorologique de Belgique 37
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Acta mathematica 8 (1886), S. 387-392 
    ISSN: 1871-2509
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary The biodegradation of Ashtart crude oil by a mixed bacterial community (EH1) isolated from a marine sediment was investigated in varying concentration of sodium chloride (0 to 2 mol/l). Each fraction of Ashtart crude oil was biodegraded after a 30 day incubation period for a NaCl concentration equivalent to the one of seawater (0.4 mol/l). Saturates were more readily degraded than aromatics. The amount of oil degraded increased initially with increasing salt concentrations to a maximum level for 0.4 mol/l NaCl concentration. Thereafter the amount of oil degraded decreased with increasing salt concentrations. The polar fraction increased for the 0.4 to 1.4 mol/l NaCl concentration range. Asphaltenes were only slightly degraded (10%) for a NaCl concentration equivalent to the one of seawater (0.4 mol/l). NaCl concentrations seemed to affect the relative biodegradation of pristane and phytane. GC, UV fluorescence and FTIR techniques were used to study the evolution of each fraction of Ashtart crude oil.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-9724
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract Aggregate models of detailed scheduling problems are needed to support aggregate decision making such as customer order acceptance. In this paper, we explore the performance of various aggregate models in a decentralized control setting in batch chemical manufacturing (no-wait job shops). Using simulation experiments based on data extracted from an industry application, we conclude that a linear regression based model outperforms a workload based model with regard to capacity utilization and the need for replanning at the decentralized level, specifically in situations with increased capacity utilization and/or a high variety in the job mix.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1437-3262
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences
    Description / Table of Contents: Abstract The Pan-African orogenic belt of Hoggar, 800 km wide, represents an extremely tightened complex and composite mobile zone. In the western part, the earlier thick meta-sedimentary units and alkaline-peralkaline intrusives, both of middle Proterozoic age, account for the early mobility of a N-S trending ensialic domain. Later, large scale upper-mantle contribution was responsible for many magmatic complexes of basic to ultrabasic rocks intruded at c. a. 800 m. y. in cratonic platform sediments 1000 to 800 m. y. old. A very important volume of volcanoclastic deposits, andesites to dacites, and widespread calc-alkaline batholiths are supposed to derive from two assemblages of island-arc type upon basic crust and of Andean type upon granulite basement and this newly accreted material 800 to 650 m. y. old, may be related to subduction zones dipping East. A cryptic suture ist postulated along the margin of the West African craton. The central Hoggar is mainly composed of pre-Pan-African gneisses belonging to the Eburnean cycle andpro parte formed during a “Kibaran” cycle, and ensialic upper Proterozoic schist belts, which were subjected at varying degrees to the Pan-African deformation and metamorphism. Eastern Hoggar includes also pre-Pan-African gneisses and granites, and the narrow ensialic upper Proterozoic Tiririne belt formed during the late Pan-African along a N-S trending major shear zone. High structural level nappes, recumbent folding, anatexis and syn-kinematic granites emplaced at c. a. 650 m. y. define the early Pan-African, related to crustal thickening and crustal melting during the early stage of a continental collision. The late Pan-African E-W compression produced in the whole shield N-S trending folds geometrically linked to a mega-system of shear belts and strike-slip faults, which dissect the earlier edifices into N-S trending branches and blocks of many hundred kilometres lateral displacement. This pattern is the result of an extreme E-W tightening of the belt between two rigid plates: the West African craton and the East Saharian craton colliding with a sinistral confrontation. During this stage (600–550 m. y.) an unquantified E-W shortening may have been absorbed by lateral movements along conjugate shear zones with a main sinistral component. Mineral ages and diagenesis of molassic deposits point out to a post-Cambrian uplift of the belt.
    Abstract: Résumé La chaine Pan-Africaine affleure sur 800 km de large au Hoggar. Elle représente une zone mobile complexe et composite extrêmement raccourcie. Dans la partie Ouest, les premiers dépôts méta-sédimentaires épais, ainsi que des intrusions alcalines et hyperalcalines d'âge Protérozoique moyen témoignent de la mobilité précoce d'un domaine sud-méridien ensialique. Plus tard vers 800 Ma, la contribution à grande échelle du manteau supérieur est remarquable sous la forme d'intrusions basiques et ultrabasiques mises en place dans des sédiments cratoniques déposés entre 1000 et 800 Ma. Plus importants encore en volume, les dépôts volcano-détritiques, les roches volcaniques allant des andésites aux rhyo-dacites et de nombreux batholites calco-alcalins peuvent provenir de zones de type arc insulaire établies sur croûte basique et de type cordillére andine sur croûte granulitique. Ce matérial témoigne d'importants phénomènes d'accrétion continentale probablement liés à des zones de subduction pentées à l'Est ayant fonctionné entre environ 800 et 650 Ma. La bordure du craton Ouest-Africain correspondrait à une suture océanique. Le Hoggar central est principalement constitué par des gneiss pré-Pan-Africains appartenant à l'Eburnéen, et en partie au cycle «Kibarien» ainsi que par d'étroits sillons ensialiques de Protérozoique supérieur. Les déformations et le métamorphisme Pan-Africain affectent ces unités de manière variable. Le Hoggar oriental comprend des gneiss et granites d'âge pré-Pan-Africain, et l'étroite chaîne de Tiririne plissée au Pan-Africain tardif est controlée par une zone majeure de cisaillement. Chevauchements, plis couchés, anatexie et granites syn-tectoniques mis en place à 650 Ma sont en relation avec les premiers stades de collision continentale pendant le Pan-Africain précoce, engendrant un épaississement crustal important et des fusions anatectiques profondes. Le Pan-Africain tardif implique une compression globale E-W de la chaîne qui a produit des plis Nord-Sud géométriquement liés à un méga-systéme de cisaillements et de décrochements, qui découpent les édifices antérieurs en branches et blocs longitudinaux Nord-Sud avec des déplacements latéraux de plusieurs centaines de kilométres. Cette disposition résulte d'un serrage E—W extrême de la chaîne entre deux plaques rigides: le craton Ouest-Africain et le craton Est-Saharien qui s'affrontaient avec une composante sénestre. Au cours de ce stade (600–550 Ma) un raccourcissement E-W encore non quantifié a aussi été absorbé par le jeu de mouvements latéraux le long des zones de cisaillement conjuguées. Les âges des minéraux, et ceux de la diagenése des dépôts molassiques soulignent l'âge post-Cambrien du dernier soulévement de la chaîne.
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Der panafrikanische Orogen-Gürtel des Hoggar-Gebirges in Südalgerien erstreckt sich über eine Breite von ca. 800 km und entspricht einer extrem eingeengten, aus komplexen geologischen Einheiten aufgebauten mobilen Zone. In seinem westlichen Teil zeugen bereits die untersten mächtigen metasedimentären Ablagerungen sowie die alkalischen und hyperalkalischen Intrusionen des mittleren Proterozoikums von der frühen Mobilität eines N-S streichenden ensialischen Bereiches. Vor ca. 800 M. J. wurden die etwa 800–1000 M. J. alten Kratonsedimente von großen Mengen basischen und ultrabasischen Materials aus dem oberen Erdmantel intrudiert. Volumenmäßig noch bedeutender sind Vulkanite und Vulkanoklastite von andesitischer bis rhyodazitischer Zusammensetzung sowie zahlreiche batholitische Intrusivkörper kalkalkalischer Natur. Als Ursprung dieser Gesteine wird eine Zone vom Typus Inselbogen auf basischer (ozeanischer) Kruste sowie ein Orogen vom andinen Typus auf granulitischem Untergrund in Betracht gezogen. Dieses der Kruste vor ca. 650–800 M. J. neu zugeführte Material steht möglicherweise in Zusammenhang mit nach Osten einfallenden Subduktionszonen, und wir nehmen daher die Existenz einer tief abgetragenen Sutur am Ostrand des westafrikanischen Kratons an. Der zentrale Hoggar besteht hauptsächlich aus prä-panafrikanischen Gneisen, die dem eburnischen und teilweise auch dem kibaridischen Zyklus angehören; ferner enthält er schmale ensialische, mit spätproterozoischen Schiefern aufgefüllte Grabenzonen. Diese verschiedenen Elemente werden in unterschiedlichem Maße von der panafrikanischen Tektogenese und Metamorphose beansprucht. Der östliche Hoggar besteht ebenfalls aus Gneisen und Graniten prä-panafrikanischen Alters, wogegen die schmale Kette des Tiririne-Gebirges während der Endphase der panafrikanischen Faltung entlang einer N-S streichenden bedeutenden Scherzone gebildet wurde. Deckentektonik, liegende Falten, Anatexis sowie ca. 650 M. J. alte syntektonische Granitoide charakterisieren die frühe Phase der panafrikanischen Orogenese im Hoggar und können als Resultat von Krustenverdickung und Krustenaufschmelzung infolge von Plattenkollision interpretiert werden. Die spät-panafrikanische Tektonik beruht auf einer O-W gerichteten Einengung der gesamten Hoggar-Gebirgskette, wodurch N-S streichende Falten entstanden, die geometrisch mit einem Mega-System von Scherzonen und Brüchen in Verbindung stehen. Dabei wurden die alten Massive in langgestreckte N-S orientierte Blöcke zerschnitten, bei denen seitliche Verschiebungen bis zu mehreren hundert km vorkommen. Dieses Strukturbild ist das Ergebnis eines äußerst starken O-W gerichteten Zusammenschubs der mobilen Zone zwischen zwei starren Platten: dem westafrikanischen Kraton und dem Ostsahara-Kraton, die unter Linksdrehung aufeinander stießen. Während dieser Phase (550–600 M. J.) trat ferner eine quantitativ noch nicht abschätzbare O-W-Verkürzung der Gebirgskette ein, die möglicherweise durch seitliche Verschiebung entlang konjugierter Scherzonen mit dominierender Linkskomponente absorbiert wurde. Mineralalter sowie Diagenese-Alter der panafrikanischen Molasseablagerungen stellen die letzte post-orogene Hebung im Hoggar deutlich in das Post-Kambrium.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1573-515X
    Keywords: denitrification ; Mediterranean ; petroleum enrichment ; sediment ; sulfate-reduction
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract The denitrifying activity was measured in different types of sediment from the Mediterranean coast of France before, and after, a massive contamination (30–100 g kg-1 sediment) of hydrocarbons. A closed system was used in order to maintain anoxic conditions and to control substrates and gaseous products concentrations. We have demonstrated that the respiratory metabolism was inhibited in all cases following an incubation time of 20 to 50 days. At this time, the addition of lactate restore the denitrifying activity. The inhibitory effect of crude oil was not related to an alteration of bacterial cells, but to changes in environmental conditions allowing denitrification. The presence of hydrocarbons in the sediments causes a decrease in the redox potential and a concomitant stimulation of the sulfate reduction.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1573-0530
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract We consider a path integral in phase space involving a linear functional of the classical Hamiltonian and find the Schrödinger equation of which it is a propagator. Conversely, to any quantum Hamiltonian, we associate a whole family of functionals and hence of expressions of the same Schrödinger kernel; all this is carried out independently of any correspondence principle.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1573-0530
    Keywords: 58F06 ; 81S10
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract An analysis is presented of the cohomological underpinnings for the Weyl group of the canonical commutation relations on manifolds of constant negative curvature. Several uniqueness results are obtained leading from purely classical considerations to the group associated with the systems of imprimitivity of the orthodox approach to quantum mechanics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1573-0972
    Keywords: Adherence ; biodegradation ; biosurfactants ; marine bacterium ; n -alkane ; temperature effect
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract Three hydrocarbon uptake modes (adherence, emulsification and solubilization) were identified and quantified in cells and supernatants of a mesophilic marine bacterium Pseudomonas nautica strain 617 grown on eicosane. The adherence capacity was related to the enrichment of cells with wax esters and glycolipids. The emulsifying activity was related to the presence of extracellular biosurfactants composed of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids (35:63:2). The intensity of substrate uptake modes was sensitive to temperatures currently found in the original environment of P. nautica (16°C, 20°C and 32°C). When temperature decreased, a significant increase in adherence and emulsifying activity was observed in relation to biochemical changes, whereas solubilizing activity decreased. The marine bacterium was able to degrade 53–59% eicosane at the end of exponential growth after 13, 5 and 3 days incubation at 16°C, 20°C and 32°C respectively.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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