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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: An investigation was conducted in the Langley 16 foot Transonic Tunnel to determine the effects of tail span and empennage arrangement on drag of a single engine nozzle/afterbody model. Tests were conducted at Mach numbers from 0.50 to 1.20, nozzle pressures frm 1.0 (jet off) to 8.0, and angles of attack from -3 to 9 deg, depending upon Mach numbers. Three empennage arrangements (aft, staggered, and forward) were investigated with several different tail spans. The results of the investigation indicate that tail span and position have a significant effect on the drag at transonic speeds. Unfavorable tail interference was largely due to the outer portion of the tail surfaces. The inner portion near the nozzle and afterbody did little to increase drag other than surface skin friction. Tail positions forward of the nozzle generally had lower tail interference.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NAS 1.60:2352 , L-15742 , NASA-TP-2352
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A test has been conducted in the static test facility of the Langley 16-Foot Transonic Tunnel to determine the flow-turning capability and the effects on nozzle internal performance of several yaw vectoring concepts. Nonaxisymmetric convergent-divergent nozzles with throat areas simulating dry and afterburning power settings and single expansion ramp nozzles with a throat area simulating a dry power setting were modified for yaw thrust vectoring. Forward-thrust and pitch-vectored nozzle configurations were tested with each yaw vectoring concept. Four basic yaw vectoring concepts were investigated on the nonaxisymmetric convergent-divergent nozzles: (1) translating sidewall; (2) downstream (of throat) flaps; (3) upstream (of throat) port/flap; and (4) powered rudder. Selected combinations of the rudder with downstream flaps or upstream port/flap were also tested. A single yaw vectoring concept, post-exit flaps, was investigated on the single expansion ramp nozzles. All testing was conducted at static (no external flow) conditions and nozzle pressure ratios varied from 2.0 up to 10.0.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NASA-TP-2432 , NAS 1.60:2432 , L-15890
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: An investigation has been conducted at static conditions (wind off) in the static-test facility of the Langley 16-Foot Transonic Tunnel. The effects of geometric thrust-vector angle, sidewall containment, ramp curvature, lower-flap lip angle, and ramp length on the internal performance of nonaxisymmetric single-expansion-ramp nozzles were investigated. Geometric thrust-vector angle was varied from -20 deg. to 60 deg., and nozzle pressure ratio was varied from 1.0 (jet off) to approximately 10.0.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: L-15766 , NASA-TP-2364 , NAS 1.60:2364
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: An investigation has been conducted in the Langley 16 Foot Transonic Tunnel to determine the weight flow measurement characteristics of a multiple critical Venturi system and the nozzle discharge coefficient characteristics of a series of convergent calibration nozzles. The effects on model discharge coefficient of nozzle throat area, model choke plate open area, nozzle pressure ratio, jet total temperature, and number and combination of operating Venturis were investigated. Tests were conducted at static conditions (tunnel wind off) at nozzle pressure ratios from 1.3 to 7.0.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: L-15960 , NAS 1.15:86405 , NASA-TM-86405
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Effects of several geometric parameters on the internal performance of nonaxisymmetric convergent-divergent, single-ramp expansion, and wedge nozzles were investigated at nozzle pressure ratios up to approximately 10. In addition, two different thrust-vectoring schemes were investigated with the wedge nozzle. The results indicated that as with conventional round nozzles, peak nonaxisymmetric nozzle, internal performance occurred near the nozzle pressure ratio required for fully expanded exhaust flow. Nozzle sidewall length or area generally had little effect on the internal performance of the nozzles investigated.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NASA-TP-1468 , L-12810
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Plug and shroud geometry variables on plug nozzle performance at transonic speeds
    Keywords: PROPULSION SYSTEMS
    Type: NASA-TN-D-5098
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Effects of simulated jet exhaust flow on transonic aerodynamic characteristics of Apollo launch escape vehicle models
    Keywords: SPACE VEHICLES
    Type: NASA-TN-D-4843
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: An investigation was conducted in the Langley 16-Foot Transonic Tunnel to determine installation effects on convergent-divergent nozzles applicable to twin-engine reduced-power supersonic cruise aircraft. Tests were conducted at Mach numbers from 0.50 to 1.20, angles of attack from -5 deg to 9 deg, and at nozzle pressure ratios from jet off (1.0) to 8.0. The effects of empennage arrangement, nozzle length, and afterbody closure on total and component drag coefficients were investigated.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NAS 1.60:2205 , L-15609 , NASA-TP-2205
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The effect of empennage interference on the drag characteristics of a model with a single engine fighter aft end with convergent-divergent nozzles was studied. The dry and maximum afterburning nozzle power settings were investigated. A high pressure air system was used to provide jet total pressure ratios up to 20.0. In an attempt to quantify and reduce adverse empennage interference and decrease aft-end drag, several empennage arrangements (variable tail surface location), contour bump configurations, and locally contoured afterbodies were investigated. The results of the investigation indicate that empennage interference effects can be significant at transonic and supersonic speeds. The most effective means of reducing adverse empennage interference is the proper relocation of individual tail surfaces. The aft or conventional empennage arrangement produced the highest aft-end drag at all conditions investigated.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: L-11014 , NASA-TN-D-8326
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: An investigation has been conducted in the static-test facility of the Langley 16-Foot Transonic Tunnel to determine the effects of reverser port geometry on the internal performance of a nonaxisymmetric rotating-vane-type thrust reverser. Thrust reverser vane positions representing a spoiled-trust (partially deployed) position and a full-reverse-thrust (fully deployed) position were tested with each port geometry variable. The effects of upstream port corner radius and wall angle on internal performance were determined. In addition, the effect of the length of a simulated cooling liner (blunt-base step) near the reverser port entrance was investigated; five different lengths were tested. All tests were conducted with no external flows, and nozzle pressure ratio was varied from 1.2 to 5.0.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: L-16135 , NASA-TP-2624 , NAS 1.60:2624
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