Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
A methacrylic monomer containing three iodine atoms, 2-[2′,3′,5′-triiodobenzoyl]-ethyl methacrylate (compound 1), was prepared in pure form. Compound 1 can be reacted with other methacrylates, such as methyl methacrylate (MMA), and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) with high conversion. Typically, less than 0.5% of free monomer is left after polymerization. For example, compound 1 was reacted with MMA and HEMA in the molar ratio 7:73:20, respectively. This yielded a terpolymer with Tg = 86°C, Mw = 47,000 g/mol and Mn = 22,800 g/mol. This material was characterized by various physicochemical techniques, including gel permeation chromatography, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy (1H at 400 MHz, DMSO-d6 solution). In addition the material was found to exhibit low surface thrombogenicity in vitro and a low propensity to activate contacting blood platelets. Furthermore it was found that the terpolymer is markedly radiopaque: even thin objects (〈0.5 mm) could be easily visualized using X-ray fluoroscopic techniques as are routinely used in the clinic, e.g., during coronary angiography. The combined results obtained with the present terpolymer (particularly its in vitro hemocompatibility and its radiopacity) leads to the suggestion that this type of polymer could be used as cardiovascular biomaterials, for instance for the construction of a new type of endovascular stents. These would be expected to show improved biocompatibility if compared with metallic stents which are currently used, for instance in conjunction with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). A stent prototype, constructed from the present radiopaque terpolymer, is shown and discussed briefly. © 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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