Key words 2n gametes
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The utility of two pollen genetic markers for estimating the extent of meiotic recombination between the centromere and a marker gene was tested in 2n pollen of diploid potato clones. One of these markers was the distal locus amylose-free (amf) on chromosome 8 and the other was the isozyme locus alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh-1) on chromosome 4. In the case of the amf locus, the gene-centromere distance was estimated in a normal synaptic and a desynaptic genotype. In both cases the genetic analysis was confined to: (1) a direct estimation of the phenotypic (blue vs red) segregation ratios in FDR (first-division restitution) 2n pollen and (2) a classification of the 4x progeny from 4x (nulliplex amf) × 2x (Amf/amf) crosses into duplex, simplex and nulliplex classes. The recombination frequency between the centromere and the amf locus in the normal synaptic genotype B92-7015-4 corresponded to a gene-centromere distance of 48.8 cM, whereas this distance amounted to 13.3 cM in the desynaptic genotype RS93-8025–1. Hence desynapsis reduced crossing-over by 73%. The observed genetic distance of 48.8 cM in the normal synaptic clone, B92-7015–4, is the highest gene-centromere distance reported so far in potato and this could be explained on the assumption of absolute chiasma interference. For the Adh-1 locus, it was found that heterozygous 2n pollen grains could be detected in pollen samples of the diploid clones, because of the occurrence of a heterodimeric band of the isozyme. Unlike the amf locus, the gene-centromere distance for the Adh-1 locus was estimated only on the basis of the duplex, simplex and nulliplex classes in the progenies from 4x (nulliplex Adh-1 2 ) × B92-7015–4 (Adh-1 1 /Adh-1 2 ) crosses and was found to be 19.4 cM. Because the accurate positions of centromeres in relation to other loci are not available in the existing genetic maps of potato, which are saturated with molecular markers, half-tetrad analysis is a promising additional approach to the basic genetics of this crop.
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