Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Addition of 5 to 250 micromolar adenosine to the culture medium resulted in a 30-80% inhibition of the rate of uptake of 2-deoxyglucose or 3-0-methylglucose by sparse or confluent 3T3 cells within three hours. The inhibition of deoxyglucose uptake could be reversed partially by changing the cells to medium without adenosine for two hours and could be prevented completely by the addition of persantin, an inhibitor of nucleoside uptake. The adenosine effect is not due to inhibition of pyrimidine synthesis, since it is not prevented by uridine. It is not seen in 3T6 cells lacking adenosine kinase. The inhibition could be observed on confluent cells whose deoxyglucose uptake was stimulated by insulin, epidermal growth factor (EGF), calf serum or calcium phosphate. Although the percentage stimulation over control by these factors varied, the percentage inhibition by addition of adenosine of the stimulated rates, as well as the unstimulated rate, was relatively constant. EGF, insulin and calcium phosphate caused little or no stimulation of deoxyglucose uptake by sparse cells, whether adenosine treated or untreated. The results suggest that adenosine acts intracellularly after phosphorylation to regulate sugar uptake through a mechanism which is independent of the regulation by hormones and cell density.
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