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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Molecular genetics and genomics 1 (1908), S. 261-261 
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0030-493X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0951-4198
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0951-4198
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: The work presented here introduces a new variable parameter in the design of quadrupole collision cells. A brief summary of the mathematical theory is given to demonstrate how the maximum value of the parameter q may be altered. This is achieved through changing the driving function used for the rod potentials.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0951-4198
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: A brief introduction to the mathematical theory of quadrupole systems is given and the configuration of hyperbolic and circular cross-section rods is considered. Application of the theory of electrostatics to the latter case indicates that multipole contributions to the field occur which influence the ion trajectories. We have considered motion in the x-z plane of a static quadrupole (DC-only) for the simplest case of a 1:1 combination of quadrupole and dodecapole contributions. The quadrupole contribution to ion motion is simple harmonic and may be described as a sine function, whereas the dodecapole contribution may only be obtained by solving the appropriate elliptic integral. This solution gives rise to a sine (amplitude) or sn function. In the case of collision cells (RF-only) we have attempted to solve the Mathieu equation both analytically and numerically. Both stable and unstable trajectories may be calculated from these solutions and are presented in various formats. Some consideration is also given to the problems of collisional interaction and the associated difficulties likely to be encountered when the study is expanded to include this phenomenon.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0951-4198
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0197-8462
    Keywords: ELF ; embryonic development ; PMF ; abnormalities ; 60 Hz ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Occupational Health and Environmental Toxicology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Physics
    Notes: Several investigators have reported robust, statistically significant results that indicate that weak (∼ 1 μT) magnetic fields (MFs) increase the rate of morphological abnormalities in chick embryos. However, other investigators have reported that weak MFs do not appear to affect embryo morphology at all. We present the results of experiments conducted over five years in five distinct campaigns spanning several months each. In four of the campaigns, exposure was to a pulsed magnetic field (PMF); and in the final campaign, exposure was to a 60 Hz sinusoidal magnetic field (MF). A total of over 2500 White Leghorn chick embryos were examined. When the results of the campaigns were analyzed separately, a range of responses was observed. Four campaigns (three PMF campaigns and one 60 Hz campaign) exhibited statistically significant increases (P ≥ 0.01), ranging from 2-fold to 7-fold, in the abnormality rate in MF-exposed embryos. In the remaining PMF campaign, there was only a slight (roughly 50%), statistically insignificant (P = 0.2) increase in the abnormality rate due to MF exposure. When the morphological abnormality rate of all of the PMF-exposed embryos was compared to that of all of the corresponding control embryos, a statistically significant (P ≥ .001) result was obtained, indicating that PMF exposure approximately doubled the abnormality rate. Likewise, when the abnormality rate of the sinusoid-exposed embryos was compared to the corresponding control embryos, the abnormality rate was increased (approximately tripled). This robust result indicates that weak EMFs can induce morphological abnormalities in developing chick embryos. We have attempted to analyze some of the confounding factors that may have contributed to the lack of response in one of the campaigns. The genetic composition of the breeding stock was altered by the breeder before the start of the nonresponding campaign. We hypothesize that the genetic composition of the breeding stock determines the susceptibility of any given flock to EMF-induced abnormalities and therefore could represent a confounding factor in studies of EMF-induced bioeffects in chick embryos. Bioelectromagnetics 18:431-438, 1997. © 1997 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0306-042X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Field desorption and fast atom bombardment mass spectrometric procedures have been applied to the analysis of hydroxamate containing siderophores as their iron (III) complexes. Molecular ion species predominate in both field desorption and fast atom bombardment spectra. The results reported demonstrate the potential of these soft ionization techniques for the characterization of novel siderophores and siderophores metabolites.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0538-8066
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The title reaction has been investigated in the temperature range of 490-573 K. Initial reactant pressures were varied in the range of 0.2-5.2 torr (I2) and 2-20 torr (C6H5SiH3). The rate of iodine consumption, monitored spectrophotometrically, was found to obey \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$ - \frac{{d[{\rm I}_{\rm 2}]}}{{dt}} = \frac{{k_{3/2} [{\rm I}_{\rm 2}]^{{\raise0.7ex\hbox{$1$} \!\mathord{\left/ {\vphantom {1 2}}\right.\kern-\nulldelimiterspace} \!\lower0.7ex\hbox{$2$}}} [{\rm C}_{\rm 6} {\rm H}_{\rm 5} {\rm SiH}_{\rm 3}]}}{{1 + k'[HI]/[I_2]}}$$\end{document} both by initial rate and integrated equation fitting procedures. The effect of added initial HI conformed to this expression. The data are consistent with a conventional I-atom propagated chain reaction, and for the step \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$${\rm I}^{\rm .} + {\rm C}_{\rm 6} {\rm H}_{\rm 5} {\rm SiH}_{\rm 3} \to {\rm C}_{\rm 6} {\rm H}_{\rm 5} \mathop {\rm S}\limits^{\rm .} {\rm iH}_{\rm 2} + {\rm HI}$$\end{document} the rate constant is given by \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$${\rm log}k_1 (dm^3 /mol \cdot s) = (11.52 \pm 0.08) - (76.8 \pm 0.8{\rm kJ/mol})/RT{\rm ln}10$$\end{document} From this is derived the bond dissociation energy value C6H5SiH2—H = 374 kJ/mol(88 kcal/mol). A comparison with other Si—H dissociation energy values indicates that the “silabenzyl” stabilization energy is small, ≈7 kJ/mol.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0197-8462
    Keywords: ELF ; ODC ; EMF ; Noise ; embryonic development ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Occupational Health and Environmental Toxicology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Physics
    Notes: Previously, we have shown that the application of a weak (4 μT) 60 Hz magnetic field (MF) can alter the magnitudes of the ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity peaks which occur during gastrulation and neurulation of chick embryos. We report here the ODC activity of chick embryos which were exposed to the superposition of a weak noise MF over a 60 Hz MF of equal (rms strength). In contrast to the results we obtain with a 60 Hz field alone, the activity of ODC in embryos exposed to the superposition of the incoherent and 60 Hz fields was indistinguishable from the control activity during both gastrulation and neurulation. This result adds to the body of experimental evidence which demonstrates that the superposition of an incoherent field inhibits the response of biological systems to a coherent MF. The observation that a noise field inhibits ODC activity changes is consistent with our speculation that MF-induced ODC activity changes during early development may be related to MF-induced neural tube defects at slightly later stages (which are also inhibited by the superposition of a noise field). Bioelectromagnetics 19:53-56, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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