PACS: 61.16.Ch; 68.35.Bs; 81.05.Tp
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract. The shape and the atomic arrangement of monolayer steps of graphite have been characterized by STM. The origin of the appearance of the imaged features along the steps is discussed, addressing for the first time both morphological and electronic considerations. Extended Hückel theoretical calculations of nanotubes are used to identify the contribution of the electronic structure to the STM image of monolayer steps. We show that mechanical tip–sample interactions dominate the imaging process of graphite, leading to step deformation during scanning and negative STM contrast of the atom positions in the hexagonal unit cell.
Type of Medium: