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  • 1
    Call number: 9/S 90.0095(401)
    In: Special paper
    Description / Table of Contents: This volume is a key contribution to anyone interested in the Near East and its changing environments, climate change, natural hazards and lacustrine processes, salt diapirs, and age dating. It presents new data and syntheses by active researchers of the Dead Sea basin, one of the most historically, geologically and hydrologically interesting lake basins in the world. The Dead Sea holds a few records: its shores are at the lowest elevation on the continents and its water is among the most saline and dense in the world. It is a place where humans have interacted with harsh environments and rough landscapes for a very long time; this extremely arid lake basin is a challenge to modern societies. Some chapters cover natural hazards such as earthquakes and collapse sinkholes, floods, and flood-producing storms; others contribute to understanding the scarce water resources of surface and ground water in the area. Shore and lake depositional processes, the evolution of the lake water, and age dating methods also are presented and are used in reconstructing the lake levels and the Near East climate change in historical and prehistorical times. The interaction of people and their use of the shores and the fascination nineteenth century travelers had with the lake are also presented.
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: x, 253 S. Ill., graph. Darst., Kt.
    ISBN: 0813724015 , 978-0-8137-2401-0
    Series Statement: Special paper / Geological Society of America (GSA) 401
    Classification: A.3.10.
    Location: Reading room
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Terra nova 14 (2002), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-3121
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Geosciences
    Notes: Fanning structures radiating from a central perturbation are known in various geological environments, where different processes have produced similar geometry. The present contribution describes and analyses fanning clastic dykes in the Dead Sea Rift, a new example of diapir-related deformation. The dykes are opening-mode fractures exposed in lacustrine varved marl of the Lisan Formation, deposited 70–15 ka. They are arranged mainly in a radial and tangential geometry. The radial traces converge at the ‘Black Hill’ structural dome. The geometry of the fractures is consistent with stresses exerted by the rise of a salt diapir located underneath the Black Hill. The estimated extension of the radial fractures is in good agreement with the present topographic elevation of the hill. The absence of fractures in the overlying Holocene alluvium probably indicates that either the rise of the Black Hill salt diapir paused or is associated now with a different style of deformation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] The lateral flow of magma and ductile deformation of the lower crust along oceanic spreading axes has been thought to play a significant role in suppressing both mid-ocean ridge segmentation and variations in crustal thickness. Direct investigation of such flow patterns is hampered by the ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2016-11-25
    Description: Abstract
    Description: This data publication includes the DESERVE Earthquake Catalogue of historical and recent earthquakes and the DESERVE Macroseismic Intensity Dataset. The DESERVE Earthquake Catalogue is a catalog of historical earthquakes in the region around the Dead Sea. It was compiled from several sources, including recent events (> Mw 3) for the region between 24.55° and 37.80° N and between 29.95° and 40.80° E. The catalogue includes events that occurred between the year 23 C.E. and 2014 C.E. and their magnitude was harmonized to moment magnitude. Details on how duplicates were removed, which magnitude conversions were applied, about the original data sources and the catalog completeness can be found in Haas et al. (2016). The DESERVE Macroseismic Intensity Data set consists of macroseismic intensity observations for historical earthquakes in the region around the Dead Sea. It was compiled from several sources, including seismic events (Mw 4.2 - 7.9) that occurred between the year 23 C.E. and 1995 C.E for the region between 23.78° and 41.01° N and between 24.81° and 50.16°. Details on the the original sources can be found in Haas et al. (2016). Both datasets are available in csv format and accompanied by explanatory files.
    Description: Other
    Description: The Virtual Institute DEad SEa Research Venue DESERVE is a cross-disciplinary and cooperative international project of the Helmholtz Centers KIT, GFZ, and UFZ with well-established partners in the Dead Sea region. The region faces big natural challenges. Among them are sea level decline, desertification, flash floods, ascending brines polluting freshwater, sinkhole development, and the repeated occurrence of earthquakes. Climate change and extensive exploitation of groundwater and surface water even aggravate the situation. These challenges can be only mastered in an interdisciplinary research effort involving all neighbouring countries. DESERVE is offering the unique opportunity to integrate the scientific results already achieved or presently elaborated in the Dead Sea region into a joint scientific approach based on earth, water, and environmental sciences. DESERVE is aimed at studying coupled atmospheric, hydrological, and lithospheric processes, such as sinkholes, flash floods, and earthquakes. This interdisciplinary research approach will contribute to a sound scientific understanding of the ongoing processes. Furthermore, it enables the development of prediction models, remediation strategies, and risk assessments with respect to environmental risk, water availability, and climate change. DESERVE is funded by the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centers.
    Keywords: historical seismicity ; seismic catalogue ; Dead Sea ; Middle East ; macroseismic intensity ; DESERVE
    Language: English
    Type: Dataset
    Format: 1358642 Bytes
    Format: 3 Files
    Format: application/pdf
    Format: application/
    Format: application/
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2014-05-27
    Description: We present new results from a paleoseismic trenching campaign at a site across the Jordan Gorge Fault (JGF), the primary strand of the Dead Sea Transform in northern Israel. In addition to the previously recognized earthquakes of 1202 and 1759 C.E., we observe evidence for eight surface-rupturing earthquakes prior to the second millennium C.E. The past millennium appears deficient in strain release with the occurrence of only two large ruptures, when compared with the preceding 1200 years. Assuming Gutenberg-Richter magnitude-frequency distribution, there is a discrepancy between measured rate of small-magnitude earthquakes (M〈4) from instrumental records and large earthquake rates from paleoseismic records. The interevent time of surface-rupturing earthquakes varies by a factor of two to four during the past 2 ka at our site, and the fault's behavior is not time predictable. The JGF may be capable of rupturing in conjunction with both of its southern and northern neighboring segments, and there is tentative evidence that earthquakes nucleating in the Jordan Valley (e.g., the 749 C.E. earthquake) could either rupture through the stepover between the faults or trigger a smaller event on the JGF. We offer a model of earthquake production for this segment in which the long-term slip rate remains constant while differing earthquake sizes can occur, depending on the segment from which they originated and the time since the last large event. The rate of earthquake occurrence in this model does not produce a time-predictable pattern over a period of 2 ka as a result of the interplay between fault segments to the south and north of the JGF.
    Print ISSN: 0037-1106
    Electronic ISSN: 1943-3573
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2017-12-08
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
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