Electrolyte and protein contents
Cyclic AMP and hormonal preparations
Endosteal bone cells
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The mean transmembrane potential of cultured osteoblastlike cells isolated from the cortical endosteal surface of rabbit long bones was −16.9±0.64 mV (n=335). Elevation of potassium concentration in medium caused a decrease in potential. As the external concentration of potassium reached 15 mmol/liter and above, there was a linear relationship between the potassium concentration in log scale and the membrane potential with a slope of −13 mV per 10-fold change in external potassium concentration. Dibutyryladenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate, parathyroid extract, hydrocortisone, and sodium fluoride all depolarized the membrane of osteoblast-like cells after both short (1–2 h) and long (24 h) exposures at suitable doses, whereas calcitonin and prostaglandin E2 hyperpolarized the membrane after long exposures. The Na+, K+ and Cl− concentrations of cultured osteoblastlike cells were 0.538, 0.984, and 0.358 mmol/g protein or 52.6, 96.3, and 35.0 mmol/liter cell water, respectively. The protein content of these cells was 8.18±0.6 g/100 g cells and the water content was 83.7 g/100 g cells. The above-mentioned chemical and hormonal preparations in doses that produced significant changes in the membrane potential of these cultured cells did not alter their electrolyte or protein contents 24 h after exposure. Intracellular pH of cultured osteoblastlike cells as determined by [14C]-dimethyloxazolidine-2,4-dione and3H2O averaged 7.03 ± 0.11 when the pH of culture medium was maintained at 7.4. Calculations based on the values for the membrane potential and the electrolyte concentrations observed in this study indicate that Na+, and H+, and Cl− are actively transported out of the cells and K+ into the cells.
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