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1.
PAPER (OA)
Knowledge about aerosol injection does not reduce individual mitigation efforts (2016)
IOP Publishing Bristol
Publication Date: 2016-05-31
Description: Stratospheric aerosol injection (SAI) is a climate engineering method that is reputed to be very effective in cooling the planet but is also thought to involve major risks and side effects. As a new option in the bid to counter climate change, it has attracted an increasing amount of research and the debate on its potential gained momentum after it was referred to in the 5th IPCC assessment report (IPCC 2013). One major objection to SAI and the research done on it is that it could undermine commitment to the mitigation of greenhouse gases. Policymakers, interest groups or individuals might wrongly perceive SAI as an easy fix for climate change and accordingly reduce their mitigation efforts. This is the first study to provide an empirical evaluation of this claim for individuals. In a large-scale framed field experiment with more than 650 participants, we provide evidence that people do not back-pedal on mitigation when they are told that the climate change problem could be partly addressed via SAI. Instead, we observe that people who have been informed about SAI mitigate more than people who have not. Our data suggest that the increase is driven by a perception of SAI as potential threat.
Keywords: ddc:330 ; climate engineering ; stratospheric aerosol injection ; risk compensation ; climate change mitigation ; moral hazard
Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
Language: eng
Type: doc-type:article
2.
PAPER (OA)
Indicators for monitoring sustainable development goals: An application to oceanic development in the European Union (2016)
Wiley Hoboken
Publication Date: 2016-05-31
Description: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes a set of 17 sustainable development goals (SDG) with 169 specific targets. As such, it could be a step forward in achieving efficient governance and policies for global sustainable development. However, the current indicator framework with its broad set of individual indicators prevents straightforward assessment of synergies and trade-offs between the various indicators, targets, and goals, thus, heightening the significance of policy guidance in achieving sustainable development. With our detailed analysis of SDG 14 (Ocean) for European Union (EU) coastal states, we demonstrate how the (complementary) inclusion of composite indicators that aggregate the individual indicators by applying a generalized mean can provide important additional information and facilitate the assessment of sustainable development in general and in the SDG context in particular. Embedded in the context of social choice theory, the generalized mean varies the specification of substitution elasticity and thus allows: (a) for a straightforward distinction between a concept of weak and strong sustainability and (b) for straightforward sensitivity analysis. We show that while in general the EU coastal states have a fairly balanced record at the SDG 14 level, certain countries like Slovenia and Portugal with a fairly balanced and a fairly unbalanced showing, respectively, rank very differently in terms of the two concepts of strong sustainability.
Keywords: ddc:330
Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
Language: eng
Type: doc-type:article
3.
PAPER (OA)
Social preferences under risk: Minimizing collective risk vs. reducing ex-post inequality (2016)
Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Publication Date: 2016-05-31
Description: We refine the understanding of individual preferences across social lotteries, whereby the payoffs of a pair of subjects are exposed to random shocks. We find that aggregate behavior is ex-post and ex-ante inequality averse, but also that there is a wide variety of individual preferences and that the majority of subjects are indifferent to social concerns under risk. Furthermore, we determine whether subjects are averse to collective risk - the variability in the sum of payoffs of the pair. We do so by varying the presentation of payoffs. They are shown side by side in one treatment and added-up in the other. The first presentation draws attention to inequality in payoffs, the second to collective risk. We find that subjects dislike lotteries that lead to ex-post unequal distributions of payoffs in both cases and that emphasizing collective risk changes choice only marginally and not significantly, though in the direction of collective risk reduction. We conclude that ex-post inequality aversion is the primary concern in the evaluation of social lotteries while collective risk is only of secondary interest.
Keywords: C91 ; D63 ; D81 ; ddc:330 ; Altruism ; Collective Risk ; Experimental Economics ; Fairness ; Inequality ; Risk ; Social Lotteries ; Social Preferences
Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
Language: eng
Type: doc-type:workingPaper
4.
PAPER (OA)
Heterogeneous Motives in the Trust Game: A Tale of Two Roles (2016)
Frontiers Lausanne
Publication Date: 2016-05-31
Description: Trustful and trustworthy behaviors have important externalities for the society. But what exactly drives people to behave in a trustful and trustworthy manner? Building on research suggesting that individuals’ social preferences might be a common factor informing both behaviors, we study the impact of a set of different motives on individuals’ choices in a dual-role Trust Game (TG). We employ data from a large-scale representative experiment (N = 774), where all subjects played both roles of a binary TG with real monetary incentives. Subjects’ social motives were inferred using their decisions in a Dictator Game and a dual-role Ultimatum Game. Next to self-interest and strategic motives we consider preferences for altruism, spitefulness, egalitarianism, and efficiency. We demonstrate that there exists considerable heterogeneity in motives in the TG. Most importantly, among individuals who choose to trust as trustors, social motives can differ dramatically as there is a non-negligible proportion of them who seem to act out of (strategic) self-interest whereas others are driven more by efficiency considerations. Subjects’ elicited trustworthiness, however, can be used to infer such motivations: while the former are not trustworthy as trustees, the latter are. We discuss that research on trust can benefit from adding the second player’s choice in TG designs.
Keywords: ddc:330 ; trust game ; dictator game ; ultimatum game ; social preferences ; self-interest
Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
Language: eng
Type: doc-type:article
5.
PAPER (OA)
Validity of Willingness to Pay Measures under Preference Uncertainty (2016)
Public Library of Science San Francisco
Publication Date: 2016-05-31
Description: Recent studies in the marketing literature developed a new method for eliciting willingness to pay (WTP) with an open-ended elicitation format: the Range-WTP method. In contrast to the traditional approach of eliciting WTP as a single value (Point-WTP), Range-WTP explicitly allows for preference uncertainty in responses. The aim of this paper is to apply Range- WTP to the domain of contingent valuation and to test for its theoretical validity and robustness in comparison to the Point-WTP. Using data from two novel large-scale surveys on the perception of solar radiation management (SRM), a little-known technique for counteracting climate change, we compare the performance of both methods in the field. In addition to the theoretical validity (i.e. the degree to which WTP values are consistent with theoretical expectations), we analyse the test-retest reliability and stability of our results over time. Our evidence suggests that the Range-WTP method clearly outperforms the Point-WTP method.
Keywords: ddc:330 ; Surveys ; Climate Change ; Emotions ; Research Validity ; Chocolate ; Payment ; Alternative Energy ; Wine
Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
Language: eng
Type: doc-type:article
6.
BOOK
get availability status
Call number: S 98.0095(2015-2)
Series Statement: [DGMK Tagungsbericht 2015,2]
Type of Medium: Series available for loan
Pages: IV, 300 S., zahlr. Ill. u. graph. Darst.
Edition: Als Ms. gedr.
ISBN: 9783941721562
URL: Inhaltsverzeichnis &  (bstracts)
Branch Library: GFZ Library
7.
PAPER (OA)
Brief des Sachverständigenrates vom 23. Mai 1997 an den Bundeskanzler: Fehlentwicklungen bei den öffentlichen Finanzen beheben (1997)
Statistisches Bundesamt Wiesbaden
Publication Date: 2016-05-30
Keywords: ddc:330
Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
Language: deu
Type: doc-type:report
8.
PAPER (OA)
Sondergutachten vom Juli 1968: dem Herrn Bundeskanzler am 3. Juli 1968 mündlich vorgetragen (1969)
Statistisches Bundesamt Wiesbaden
Publication Date: 2016-05-30
Keywords: ddc:330
Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
Language: deu
Type: doc-type:report
9.
PAPER (OA)
Zur lohn- und preispolitischen Situation Ende September 1969. Sondergutachten vom 25. September 1969 (1969)
Statistisches Bundesamt Wiesbaden
Publication Date: 2016-05-30
Keywords: ddc:330
Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
Language: deu
Type: doc-type:report
10.
PAPER (OA)
Zur wirtschaftlichen Lage im Oktober 1982. Sondergutachten vom 9. Oktober 1982 (1982)
Statistisches Bundesamt Wiesbaden
Publication Date: 2016-05-30
Keywords: ddc:330
Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
Language: deu
Type: doc-type:report