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  • 1
    Call number: 1.1/M 92.0733
    In: Langenscheidts Taschenwörterbuch der türkischen und deutschen Sprache
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 1037 S.
    Edition: 25 Aufl.
    ISBN: 3468103700 , 3-468-10376-X
    Series Statement: Langenscheidts Taschenwörterbücher
    Classification: E.5.
    Language: Turkish
    Location: Reading room
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 2
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    Istanbul: Koç University-TÜSİAD Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Publication Date: 2017-08-04
    Description: Bu calisma, Turkiye'nin 2001 krizi sonrasinda uyguladigi maliye politikasina butce harcamalari perspektifinden baktiktan sonra, 2016 ve sonrasinda beklenen dusuk buyume doneminde genisleyici bir maliye politikasinin ekonomik buyume uzerindeki etkilerini tartismaktadir. Calismanin son bolumunde ise kamu harcamalarinin buyumeye katki verecek sekilde dagitilmasi, dinamik bir model cercevesinde incelenmektedir. Sonuclar, 2001 sonrasinda izlenen maliye politikasinin butce disiplini uzerindeki olumlu etkilerini gostermekle beraber, son donemde butcenin harcama katiliginda ve yapisal butce dengesinde bazi olumsuzluklari da tartismaya acmaktadir. Bununla beraber, mevcut kamu borc stoku ve butce disiplini altinda, kamunun tuketim harcamalari yoluyla onumuzdeki dusuk buyume doneminde ekonomiye bir ivme kazandirabilecegi sonucu da elde edilmektedir. Yuksek buyume doneminde ise genisleyici bir maliye politikasinin olumsuz bir etki yapacagi da bulgular arasindadir. Kamu harcamalarinin dagiliminin incelendigi son bolumde, kamunun uretimi arttiracak altyapi yatirimlarina daha fazla agirlik vermesi gerektigi bulunmaktadir. Egitim ve sagliga ayrilan kamu sermaye stokunun buyume uzerindeki etkileri ise fiziksel altyapi yatirimlarina ayrilan kamu sermaye stoku kadar yuksek degildir. Harcama dagilimi ile ilgili bir baska bulgu ise kamunun sermaye yatirimlarina daha fazla agirlik verirken hane halki transferlerini azaltmasi gerektigidir. Son olarak, kamunun idari harcamalarinda verimlilik yoluyla saglanacak bir azalmanin toplumsal fayda uzerinde onemli ve pozitif etkileri gorulmektedir. Bu sonuc da, onumuzdeki donemde kamu verimliligini arttirip idari harcamalari kisacak onlemlerin bir politika onceligi olmasi gerektigini soylemektedir.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 3
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    Istanbul: Koç University-TÜSİAD Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Publication Date: 2015-03-28
    Description: Increasing income inequality has made economists focus on income mobility issue which enables individuals to relocate their income position up to higher income groups. Income mobility and its effects on inequalities have begun to be investigated following 2000s and rather for developed countries while there are only a limited number of studies to reach a general conclusion regarding the issue. This study aims to contribute to the literature by analyzing income inequality and income mobility together for a developing country Turkey which is one of the countries having most unequal income distributions. The results of this study can be summarized as follows; i) income mobility increases over time but this mobility raises income inequality instead of reducing it. ii) the individuals at the two tails of the distribution are more mobile with respect to the ones in the middle. iii) 30 percent of the individuals at the lowest income group become unemployed while only 1.5 percent of them move up to the highest income group in the considering sub-periods.
    Keywords: D31 ; D63 ; J60 ; ddc:330 ; Income Mobility ; Income Inequality ; Turkey
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-02-20
    Keywords: ddc:650
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 5
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    Istanbul: Koç University-TÜSİAD Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Publication Date: 2015-03-28
    Description: Fiyat seviyelerinin belirlenmesinde, FTPL teorisindeki geliþmeleri takiben miktar teorisinin eski mevcudiyeti sorgulanýr olmuþtur. FTPL Teorisi fiyat seviyelerinin sadece parasal büyüklüklerle deðil ayný zamanda maliye politikalarý etkisiyle de deðiþebileceðini göstermiþtir. FTPL Teorisine göre mali politikalarýn baskýn olduðu ekonomilerde fiyat seviyeleri baðýmsýz olarak uygulanan maliye politikalarýyla belirlenebilecektir. Bu görüþ hükümetlerin uyguladýðý ekonomi politikalarýný tekrar sorgulanýr hale getirmiþtir. Bu çalýþmanýn amacý Türkiye ekonomisinde 1985.01–2008.10 döneminde FTPL teorisi çerçevesinde Mali disiplini analiz etmektir. Çalýþma doðrusal modeller yerine doðrusal olmayan modeller kullanmayý amaçlamaktadýr. Bu modeller içinde belirgin olan STAR, LSTAR modelleri kullanýlacak, MLSTAR modelleri ile Stokastik Yapay Sinir Aðlarý ve MLP yöntemlerinden hareket ile SANN-MLSTAR modelleri geliþtirilecektir.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; FTPL ; SANN ; STAR ; LSTAR ; MLSTAR ; MLP
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 6
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    Istanbul: Koç University-TÜSİAD Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Publication Date: 2015-03-28
    Description: Turkiye, 1980 askeri darbesiyle ara verilen demokrasiye yedi yil sonra yapilan serbest secimlerle geri dondu. Bu makalede, Turkiye imalat sanayiinde reel ucretler ve isyeri duzeyinde emek ve toplam faktor verimliliginin 1987’de demokrasiye gecis sonrasindaki hareketleri incelenmektedir. 1988’den 1993’e imalat sanayiinde ortalama reel ucretler %120 artti. Yine ayni donemde toplam faktor ve emek verimliliginde daha once rastlanmayan duzeyde artislar gerceklesti. O donemdeki siyasi ve ekonomik gelismeleri yakindan izleyen iktisatcilar olarak, bu gozlemlerden yola cikarak reel ucret artislarinin rekabet guclerini kaybetmek istemeyen sirketleri, emek ve toplam faktor verimliligini artirmaya zorladigi hipotezini test ediyoruz. Isyeri duzeyinde zaman serilerini kullanarak yaptigimiz Granger nedensellik testleri, nedenselligin reel ucretlerden verimlilige dogru oldugunu ortaya koymaktadir. Bu bulgular, Turkiye’nin yani sira 1980’lerin sonunda demokrasiye gecis surecini sorunsuz bir sekilde gerceklestiren G. Kore, Sili ve Tayvan gibi ulkelerde gecis doneminde yasanan hizli verimlilik artislarini da dolayli olarak aciklamakta, “demokrasiler daha yuksek ucret oderler” hipotezini (Rodrik, 1999) desteklemektedir.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Demokratik gecis ; Sendikalar ve grevler ; Reel ucretler ; Toplam faktor verimliligi ; Emek verimliligi ; Uzun-vadeli buyume.
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2016-04-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie
    Language: Turkish
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2016-04-21
    Description: Das Bedürfnis nach einem Büchlein, wie das vorliegende, wurde von hunderten türkischsprachigen Betriebsratsmitgliedern bei jeder Gelegenheit wiederholt bekundet. Nun ist uns endlich gelungen, diesem Bedarf zu entsprechen. Wichtig ist an dieser vorliegenden Arbeit zunächst, dass sie sich an alle türkischsprachigen Betriebsräte und Vertrauensleute richtet, ohne zwischen denjenigen, die gut, und denen die weniger gut Deutsch können, zu unterscheiden. Denn die Schwierigkeit, mit Gesetzestexten umzugehen, kann nicht immer auf sprachliche Unzulänglichkeiten zurückgeführt werden. Die Schwierigkeit des Verstehens liegt vielmehr in der Natur der Gesetzestexte. Überall auf dieser Welt haben Laien in juristischen Angelegenheiten Schwierigkeiten, mit Gesetzestexten umzugehen. Daher bezweckt die vorliegende Arbeit zum einen, sprachliche Mängel zu beheben und zum anderen, einige wichtige und schwer verständliche Vorschriften zu erläutern. In der Hoffnung, dass dasBüchlein eure Arbeit für eure Kolleginnen und Kollegen und damit für unsere Gesellschaft erleichtert, mögen alle Erfolge die eurigen sein.
    Keywords: ddc:340
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 9
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    Istanbul: TÜSİAD-Koç University Economic Research Forum
    Publication Date: 2011-09-06
    Description: In this paper, we investigate the responsiveness of financial markets to monetary policy expectations in Turkey. According to the efficient markets hypothesis, financial markets respond to anticipated policy actions prior to a policy announcement. As a result, they are expected to respond only to the unanticipated component of the interest rate change following the announcement. By measuring monetary policy expectations through surveys conducted by the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, we find that the bond market behaves in accordance with the efficient markets hypothesis in Turkey in the 2002-2009 period. Our results suggest that the same is not necessarily true for the stock market. We check the robustness of our results to different survey types in the post-2005 period.
    Keywords: E44 ; E52 ; ddc:330 ; Monetary policy ; Expectations survey ; Financial Markets ; Geldpolitik ; Transmissionsmechanismus ; Effizienzmarktthese ; Türkei
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 10
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    Istanbul: TÜSİAD-Koç University Economic Research Forum
    Publication Date: 2011-05-10
    Keywords: J08 ; J68 ; J24 ; ddc:330 ; Arbeitslosigkeit ; Arbeitsmarktpolitik ; Wirtschaftskrise ; Humankapital ; Türkei
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 11
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    Istanbul: TÜSİAD-Koç University Economic Research Forum
    Publication Date: 2011-05-10
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 12
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    Istanbul: TÜSİAD-Koç University Economic Research Forum
    Publication Date: 2011-05-10
    Description: As a result of the current global financial crisis, in 2009 the world economy is likely to experience the largest contraction since World War II and the unemployment rate to reach historical highs in many countries. The fact that the current global crisis is originated from the U.S. and followed another intensive wave of globalization, has led to an unprecedented public interest towards the Great Depression of 1929-1933. These parallels between the two episodes further fueled the fears that the current crisis would deepen and last a couple of years, similar to the Great Depression. The aim of this paper is to discuss the validity of these worries by studying the root causes of the current crisis in the light of the causes of the Great Depression as laid out by the related literature. The paper concludes that the factors that deepen and widen the Great Depression are not valid anymore to a great extent. Together with the decisions taken by the leaders of the world's largest economies at the London Summit in April, the conclusions of the paper keep the hope that the current global crisis will not turn into a severe global depression.
    Keywords: N72 ; F13 ; E32 ; ddc:330 ; Great Depression ; Global Criisis ; International Trade ; Protectionism ; Weltkonjunktur ; Wirtschaftskrise ; Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen ; Protektionismus ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 13
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    In:  Cahiers du Centre Européen de Géodynamique et de Séismologie
    Publication Date: 2013-01-30
    Language: Turkish
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  • 14
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 15
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: In this study, the main purpose is to analyze the factors that stimulate the probability of financial crises. The period of analysis covers the years of 1970-2008, thereby including the impact of recent global financial crisis. The analysis aims to make a comparison for the developed and developing country financial crises separately. Panel logit estimation technique is used for the analysis which includes 24 developed and 26 developing countries, amounting to 50 countries as total. According to estimation results, current account deficit carries the risk of raising the probability of financial crises significantly both in advanced countries and developing countries. Furthermore, credit booms during the last five-year period, as well as monetary expansion, contributed to the probability of financial crises especially in developed countries.
    Keywords: G01 ; C33 ; G18 ; G21 ; G28 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 16
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Cari açık/GSYH oranının yükselmesini bekliyorsak, bu yükselmeyi önemsemeli miyiz? Türkiye’'de uzun yıllar “Borçlanma ile finanse edilebilirse kamu açığından çok kaygı duymak gerekmez” görüşü hakim oldu. Þimdi de, farklı gerekçelerle, “Özel kesim borçlanması ile finanse edilebiliyorsa, cari açıktan çok kaygı duymak gerekmez” görüşü mü var? Cari açık için makroiktisatta hangi modeller ve açıklamalar var? Cari açığa hangi makroekonomik değişkenler yoluyla bakmalıyız? Cari açığın sürdürülebilir olması ne demek? Cari açık net yabancı sermaye girişini, döviz kurunu ve Türkiye’'nin hassas konusu iç ve dış borç oranlarını nasıl etkiler? Bu etkileme ile cari açık bir bunalıma katkı yapar mı? Konu cari açık olduğunda, akla doğal olarak dış ödemelerde aksama olasılığını izleyen IMF de gelir. IMF bu konulara nasıl bakıyor? Bu çalışmanın amacı yukarıdaki gibi sorulara ve birlikte gelen tartışmalara bakmaktır.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 17
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Iktisat yazınında bireylerin belirsizlik altında karar alma davranışları çok uzun süredir incelenmektedir. Yazında standartlaşmış olan Beklenen Değer Teorisi gerçek yaşamı açıklayamadığı gerekçesiyle yoğun eleştirilere maruz kalmış, insan davranışlarıyla daha tutarlı olan Beklenti Teorisi kendisine alternatif olarak ortaya atılmıştır. Günümüzde halen gelişmekte olan nöroiktisat da iktisadi davranışların nöroloji temelli olarak açıklama getirilmesi üzerine çalışmalar yapmaktadır. Bu makalede, belirsizlik altında karar alma literatürü ele alındıktan sonra, bireylerin karar alma davranışlarını açıklayan Beklenen Değer Teorisi, Beklenti Teorisi ve nöroiktisat geniş bir şekilde incelenmiştir. Beklenen Değer Teorisinin eksiklikleri vurgulandıktan sonra alternatif yaklaşım olan Beklenti Teorisinin temel özellikleri irdelenmiş ve ardından, nöroiktisadın beklenti teorisiyle olan ilişkisine değinilmiştir.
    Keywords: D81 ; D87 ; ddc:330 ; Beklenen Değer Teorisi ; Beklenti Teorisi ; Nöroiktisat
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 18
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: C22 ; E21 ; E22 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 20
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 21
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Küreselleşme süreci, bir taraftan ulus-devletlerin kendi aralarındaki bölgesel bütünleşme hareketlerini hızlandırırken, diğer taraftan da bu devletlerin yerel yönetimlere (mahalli idarelere) verdikleri önemi artırmıştır. Gelişen teknoloji ile birlikte, bölge ve alt bölgeler dünya sistemi ile doğrudan etkileşim içerisine girmiştir. Sanayi toplumundan bilgi toplumuna geçiş olarak da karakterize edilebile-cek olan bu süreçte, gerek bölge kavramının tanımı ve gerekse bölgesel geliş-me alanındaki yaklaşımlar değişmiştir. Artık büyük ölçekli kamu/özel kesim yatırımlarının ağırlıkta olduğu bölge planları yerine, daha küçük ölçekli, sür-dürülebilirlik, katılımcılık ve her (alt) bölgenin kendine özgü potansiyelleri olabileceği ve bu yörelerin bilgi toplumunda rekabet edebileceği prensiplerini benimseyen, mekansal sürekliliğin geri planda olduğu strateji ağırlıklı planlar önem kazanmaya başlamıştır. Böylece, planların müdahale alanının standart bir yaklaşım yerine, o yörenin kendine özgü koşulları, ekonomik, sosyal, çevre ve mekansal yapıları ile insan kaynaklarının durumu gözönünde bulundurula-rak belirlenmesi yaklaşımı önem kazanmıştır. Bu anlayış değişikliği ile birlikte, bölgesel kalkınma amacıyla kullanılan araçlar da, söz konusu bölgenin potansiyellerine, özelliğine ve bölge dışı fak-törlerle etkileşimine bağlı olarak, değişiklik göstermeye başlamıştır. Son yıllar-da, özellikle gelişmiş ülkelerde bölgesel gelişme alanında, “Kalkınma Ajansla-rı”, “Tek Köy-Tek Ürün” ve “Girişimciler Için Tek Durak Ofis” gibi araçlar yaygın olarak kullanılır olmuştur. Bu çalışma ortaya çıkan yeni anlayış ve po-litika araçlarını değerlendirmektedir.
    Description: Glabalization has accelerated the process towards regional integrations among the nations by bringing to the fore the complementarity between the nations. Furthermore, thanks to the rapid developments in transportation and commu-nication technologies, regions and sub-regions within each nation have been able to develop direct interaction with the world. During this process, both the definition of the region and the approaches to regional development have changed considerably: Ambitious regional de-velopment plans that are extensive in their coverage and have been replaced by regional plans that are smaller in scale, emphasizing the principles of sustaina-bility, complementarity and participation with a view that sub-regions could have specific potentials and be competitive. Under the new approach, the in-tervention area is accordingly determined with regard to specific economic, social and environmental conditions, as well as spatial structures and human resources within th region under consideration. This paper reviews various policy tools and institutional set-ups that are be-ing used for the purpose of regional development in relation to potential and specific features of the region and their interaction with external factors.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bölgesel kalkınma ; Bölgesel plan ; Kurumlar ve politika araçları ; Regional development ; Policy tools and agencies
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 22
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 23
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 24
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 25
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 26
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 27
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 28
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 29
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 30
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 31
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Bu çalışmanın başlıca iki amacı vardır. Birincisi, Türkiye’'nin geçmişten bugüne DYY çekmek için gösterdiği çabaları ve DYY’deki gelişmeleri dünyadaki gelişmeler ışığında irdelemektir. Ikincisi, DYY’yi çeken unsurları araştırmaktır. Bu araştırmayı yapmak üzere bir VAR sistemi tahmin edilmektedir. Tahmin sonuçlarına göre, Türkiye’'de DYY’yi en çok makroekonomik ortam, daha somut olarak reel faiz ve bütçe açığındaki gelişmeler çekmektedir. Reel faizin düşmesiyle DYY belirgin olarak artıyor. Daha gecikmeli olsa da, bütçe dengesinde iyileşme de DYY’yi olumlu etkilemektedir.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 32
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Gaziantep is one of the cities that have not got a serious public investment. While having capital accumulation over time, Gaziantep has never been supported in terms of investment by the Government and its economic growth profile is greater than the Turkey's average economic performance. In this study, relationships between some selected macroeconomics variables and regional employment for Gaziantep province are investigated.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Economic Development ; Regional Development ; Employment
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 33
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, Türkiye'de özel ve kamu tasarruflarının zaman içinde seyrini ortaya koymak ve bunları etkileyen makro unsurları araştırmaktır. Bu amaç çerçevesinde önce bu değişkenlerin yıllık verilerinden üç-aylık değerleri hesaplanmış, sonra özel tasarrufları açıklamak üzere elde edilen bir denklem, uzun ve kısa dönemler için tahmin edilmiştir. Bu tahminler, reel kur ve kamu tasarruf dengesinin özel tasarrufları önemli ölçüde etkilediğini göstermiştir.
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 34
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 35
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 36
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 37
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Klasik gelenek, konjonktür dalgalarını piyasa mekanizmasının kendiliğinden ortadan kaldırabileceği geçici sapmalar olarak değerlendirirken; kapitalizmin doğası gereği istikrarsız olduğunu kabul eden Keynesçi gelenek, aktivist politikalarla konjonktür dalgalarının önlenmesi gerektiğini ileri sürmektedir. 2007-2009 Küresel Krizi, iktisat çevrelerinde ana akım konjonktür teorileri konusunda büyük bir hayal kırıklığı yaratmıştır. Krizi öngörmeye, anlamaya, açıklamaya, hafifletmeye ve önlemeye çalışan ortodoks makro iktisat teorilerinin yetersizliği, bu teorileri krize düşürmüştür. Keynesçi aktivist politikalar dışında, ana akım makro iktisat teorileri kriz karşısında suskunluk içindedir. Krizin açıklanmasında post Keynesçi ve Avusturyacı konjonktür teorileri gibi heterodoks yaklaşımlar, ana akım makro iktisat teorilerine meydan okumaktadır. Iktisat biliminde ortodoks yaklaşımlarla heterodoks yaklaşımları uyumlaştırmanın zamanı gelmiştir.
    Keywords: B51 ; B53 ; B59 ; E32 ; E44 ; E52 ; E58 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 38
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Bu yazı, 2008'de başlayan küresel bunalımla birlikte iktisatta ortaya çıkan bazı zayıflıkları, eksiklikleri ve kirlenmeleri açıklamaya çalışmaktadır. Bu bağlamda bunalımın öngörülmesiyle ilgili tartışmalar, kullanılan modeller, bunalımla birlikte uygulanan iktisat politikaları ve bunalımın iktisat eğitimi üzerindeki etkileri ele alınmaktadır.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 39
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Privater Haushalt ; Beschäftigung ; Haushaltseinkommen ; Verbraucherausgaben ; Armut ; Türkei
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 40
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 41
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 42
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 43
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 44
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Bu makalede 2025’e dek olan dönemdeki büyüme olanakları araştırılan ve çalışmada kısaca Çanakkale (ya da ÇAN) bölgesi diye anılan bölge, Çanakkale ve sınır komşusu olan Balıkesir, Tekirdağ ve Edirne illerini kapsar. Bölgede fert başına gelir 1999 yılı verilerine göre 3.100 dolarla Türkiye ortalamasının (2.900 dolar) yaklaşık yüzde 7 üstündedir. Ancak bölgenin fert başına geliri Marmara Bölgesi’nin diğer illerindeki 4.100 dolarlık rakama kıyasla yaklaşık yüzde 24 daha düşüktür. Öte yandan, komşu ülke Yunanistan'ın ulaştığı 12 bin dolarlık fert başına gelirin sadece dörtte biri kadardır. Çanakkale bölgesinin, Marmara Bölgesi ve sınır komşusu Yunanistan'a kı-yasla gözlenen bu gelişmişlik farkını azaltması için, Sanayi ve Hizmetler sek-törlerinin yakın geçmişte gerçekleştirdikleri hızları aşan yüksek düzeyde bü-yüme hızlarına ulaşması gerekir. Kalkınma için zorunlu görülen ve gelecek 25 yılda (2001 - 2025) başarılabilecek büyüme hızı yılda ortalama yüzde 6,3 ve birikimli olarak yüzde 387,9 olmalıdır. Bunun için gerekli gayri-safi yatırımla-rın tutarı 25 yılda birikimli olarak 111 milyar doları bulacaktır.
    Description: This paper considers the economy of the region, ÇAN, containing Çanakkale and three neighbouring provinces, namely Bal¸kesir, Edirne and Tekirdaæg, and investigates the regional prospects for growth over a time horizon covering the first quarter of the 21st century. While the 1999 value of regional per capita income standing at $3,100 is slightly greater than the national average of $2,900, it is about 75% of the per capita income in the greater Marmara region. To complete the picture, one should add that in the same year per capita in-come in Greece is $12 thousand, or about four times as high as that in ÇAN. In order for the ÇAN region to catch up with the greater Marmara region and Greece, and to secure a sustainable growth path, the economic structure of the region should be transformed in such a way to increase the regional GDP and employment shares of Industry an Services. To envisage such a growth path, a simple multi-sector economic planning model is constructed and solved over the next 25 years (2001 - 2025) under a growth scenario allowing the economy of the region to grow at about 6.3 percent per annum over the plan-ning horizon. The required amount of gross investment for this ambitious growth scenario is shown to be about $111 billion.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bölgesel kalkınma ; Çanakkale ; Marmara bölgesi ; Çok sektörlü büyüme modeli ; Çanakkale region ; Regional development ; Multisector growth model
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 45
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 46
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 47
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 48
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 49
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 50
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Türkiye'de son birkaç yıldır en çok tartışılan konulardan biri faiz oranı ile döviz kuru arasındaki ilişkidir. Bazı iktisatçılar döviz kurlarının uzun süredir yerinde saymasının nedenini faiz oranlarının yüksekliğine bağlamakta ve Merkez Bankası'nın kısa vadeli faiz oranlarını daha fazla ve daha hızlı indirmesi gerektiğini savunmaktadır. Buna karşılık Merkez Bankası ise kısa vadeli faiz oranları ile döviz kuru arasındaki ilişkinin çok boyutlu ve karmaşık bir niteliğe sahip olduğunu ileri sürmekte ve faiz oranlarının daha hızlı düşürülmesi halinde kurların yükselmesi yerine düşmesinin de söz konusu olabileceğini belirtmektedir. Bu çalışmada Türkiye’deki döviz kuru ile faiz oranı arasındaki ilişki araştırılmış ve Merkez Bankası'nın görüşünü destekleyen bulgulara ulaşılmıştır. Ocak 1990-Temmuz 2005 dönemine ait verilerle yapılan analizde döviz kuru ile faiz oranı arasında anlamlı bir ilişki tespit edilememiştir. Araştırma sadece dalgalı kur dönemi için yapıldığında ise iki değişken arasında pozitif yönlü fakat zayıf bir ilişki bulunmuştur.
    Keywords: E40 ; F31 ; ddc:330 ; Döviz kuru ; faiz oranı ; eşbütünleşme ; sınır testi ; ARDL modeli
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 51
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: In this paper, Turkish high and persistent inflation experience and its impact on inflation uncertainty and growth have been investigated. GARCH models are used to generate a measure of inflation uncertainty and quarterly data covers the period of 1987:1-2003:3. According to the results from this study, inflation and inflation uncertainty are of negative impacts on growth in Turkey in the analyzed period. However, inflation uncertainty has much more negative effect on growth in comparison with inflation. In other words, while 1% increase in inflation rate decrease growth 0.56%, an 1% increase in inflation uncertainty diminishes growth 3.95%.
    Keywords: E3 ; O4 ; C2 ; ddc:330 ; Inflation ; Inflation uncertainty ; Growth ; Time series analysis
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 52
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This paper attempts to test Wagnerian and Keynesian hypotheses by examining the relationship between economic growth and total government expenditure as well as its various components, such as current, investment, and transfer expenditures for Turkey during the period 1950-2003. This study finds a unidirectional causality (except for total government expenditure) from economic growth to disaggregated public expenditure that total current, investment, transfer expenditures, non-transfer total public expenditures in the long run. Although the results of this study do not support the existence of any long run casual relationship between economic growth and total public expenditures, they do support the existence of long run relationship between economic growth and the disaggregated public expenditure variables. The result of this study provide evidence to support the proposition in the literature that causality runs from economic growth to disaggregated public expenditure called as Wagner hypothesis.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wagnerian and Keynesian hypotheses ; dissagregated public expenditure ; growth ; causality ; co-integration ; error correction model
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 53
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 54
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 55
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: G01 ; G15 ; E50 ; F32 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 56
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Increasing income inequality has made economists focus on income mobility issue which enables individuals to relocate their income position up to higher income groups. Income mobility and its effects on inequalities have begun to be investigated following 2000s and rather for developed countries while there are only a limited number of studies to reach a general conclusion regarding the issue. This study aims to contribute to the literature by analyzing income inequality and income mobility together for a developing country Turkey which is one of the countries having most unequal income distributions. The results of this study can be summarized as follows; i) income mobility increases over time but this mobility raises income inequality instead of reducing it. ii) the individuals at the two tails of the distribution are more mobile with respect to the ones in the middle. iii) 30 percent of the individuals at the lowest income group become unemployed while only 1.5 percent of them move up to the highest income group in the considering sub-periods.
    Keywords: D31 ; D63 ; J60 ; ddc:330 ; Income Mobility ; Income Inequality ; Turkey
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 57
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 58
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 59
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 60
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 61
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Today it is seen that local development policies have been very important concept in macroeconomic policies of the countries. Countries spend great effort to integrate with global economy on one side and to integrate internally on the other side. On the other hand, globalization process in the world economy since 1970s has brought substantial changes about the local development concept and policies. Thus, uncovering and activating new local dynamics have become very important in this respect.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Local Economic Development
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  • 63
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 65
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Son yıllarda iktisat yazınında disiplinler arası çalışmaların sayısı giderek artmaktadır. Bu ilginin altında, doğrusal ve statik modellere dayanan klasik iktisat teorisinin modellerinin, gerçekte kompleks/karmaşık özellik gösteren yapıları çözümlemede yetersiz kalması yatmaktadır. Ekonomi doğası gereği heterojen aktörlerden müteşekkil, birbirinden etkilenen ve birbirini etkileyen çeşitli değişkenler üzerine kurulu sistemlerden ve yapılardan oluşmaktadır. Son yıllarda birçok iktisatçı klasik iktisat teorisinin yetersizliğinin farkına vararak, doğrusal olmayan süreçlerin anlaşılmasına yönelik modeller geliştirmeye çalışmışlardır. Oyun teorisi, davranışsal iktisat, davranışsal oyun teorisi, evrimci oyun teorisi, nöro-iktisat, deneysel iktisat, ağ iktisadı, hesaplanabilir iktisat gibi yeni alanlarla birlikte özellikle karmaşıklık iktisadı ve ajan-temelli hesaplanabilir iktisadın (AHI) giderek önem kazanmaya başlaması bu gelişmelerin bir sonucudur. Karmaşıklık iktisadı ve AHI, özellikle doğrusal olmama ve çoklu denge gibi unsurları içermeleri açısından iktisat bilimine önemli açılımlar getirmektedirler. Bu çalışmada ilk önce 1930’lu yıllardaki Avusturya Okulu-Neo Klasik iktisat tartışmalarına kompleksite, AHI tartışmaları çerçevesinde yeniden bakılacaktır. Tartışma birçok açıdan Post Keynesci iktisat ve Neo klasik iktisat tartışmasını da çağrıştırmaktadır. Daha sonra Kompleksite iktisadı ve AHI ele alınacaktır.
    Description: The number of interdisciplinary studies in the economics literature is increasing in the recent years. The reason for this increasing interest is the inadequecy of the linear and static models of classical economics for representing the complex structures of the real world. Economy is composed of systems and structures that consist of heterogeneous agents and variables interacting with each other. In recent years, many economists have come to realize the insufficiency of the classical economic models and started to develop new models for understanding the nonlinear processes. Along with the new topics such as game theory, behavioral economics, behavioral game theory, evolutionary game theory, neuroeconomics, experimental economics, network economics, computational economics; especially the rise of complexity economics and agent-based computational economics (ACE) is a result of these developments. Since complexity economics and ACE include the concepts such as nonlinearity and multiple equilibrium, they provide new oportunities to the theory of economics. In this study, firstly, Austrian School of Economics and Neoclassical Economics debate of 1930's will be reconsidered from the viewpoint of complexity and ACE. This debate also evokes the Post-Keynesian and Neoclassical economics debate in many respects. Then complexity economics and ACE will be discussed.
    Keywords: B41 ; D50 ; C60 ; ddc:330 ; competition ; compexity ; agent-based modeling ; Agentenbasierte Modellierung ; Dogmengeschichte ; Theorie
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    Keywords: ddc:330
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    Keywords: ddc:330
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    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 70
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 71
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Bu çalışmada, yerel ekonomilerin rekabet gücünün bileşenleri ele alınarak, bunların global sistemdeki yeri ve konumunu değerlendirmek üzere Porter’ca (1990) geliştirilen bir çerçeve sunulmaktadır. Ekonominin rekabet gücünü belirleyen farklı boyutlardaki faktörleri gözönüne alan bu yaklaşım, daha sonra Çanakkale ekonomisinin rekabet gücünün ölçülmesinde kullanılmakta ve bu gücün sürdürülebilir olup olmadığı irdelenmektedir. Çalışmadan elde edilen ve yerel politika belirleyicileri açısından aydınlatıcı olması beklenen sonuçlara göre, Çanakkale sürdürülebilir bir nitelik arz etmeyen, sadece kısa vadeli bir rekabet edebilirlik gücüne sahiptir ki bu da her türlü gelişmeden çok çabuk etkilenebilecek bir ekonomik yapıyı ifade etmektedir.
    Description: This study attempts to measure the strength of Çanakkale economy against local/national and global competition, by using the dynamic diamond approach developed by Porter (1990). Under this approach which takes different dimensions of the competitiveness into account, Çanakkale's economy is found to be competitive at the local/national level only to a modest degree, and not competitive on a global scale. Furthermore, the current degree of competitiveness turns out to be vulnerable to exogenous changes and is not likely to be maintained in the long-run, unless local policy makers take the necessary steps to increase the competitive power.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Yerel ekonomiler ; Porter’ın modeli ; Yerel ve küresel rekabet ; Competitiveness of local economies ; Porter's model ; Competition at local and global scales
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 72
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 73
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 74
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 75
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 76
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This paper aims to contribute understanding of industrial dynamics of Gaziantep Province. The analysis is based on the survey data obtained in the research project named Industrial Inventory of SEAP and Transformation Tendencies in Industry funded by TUBITAK. The survey data was obtained by face to face interviews in 2057 companies in Gaziantep. But, the response rate was % 51,35 , in other words, 1056 companies were included in this paper. The inquiry consisted of 120 questions that are either multiple choice or short answer. For this study, 40 variables were chosen from the survey results which might indicate industrialization dynamics of Gaziantep. SPSS software version 15.0 was used to perform statistical analysis. First, frequency distribution tables were composed for each question and comparisons through cross-tabulations were performed to assess relations between categorical variables. At this stage, main findings were discussed and illustrated with summary tables and figures. Then, a logistic regression model was created and to formalize the study, variables that can possibly have influences on the competitiveness and export dynamics of the companies in Gaziantep were determined. According to this analysis; working capital, capacity use ratio, firm scale, ownership of firms' property, computerization of firms and educational attainment are found to be important variables for competitiveness of the firms in the district of Gaziantep.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Regional Economics ; Industry of Gaziantep ; Logistic Regression Analysis
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 77
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Doğrusal olmayan yapıdaki iktisadi değişkenler uzun yıllar doğrusal modeller araçları ile analiz edilmiş bu nedenle de gerçek hayatı açıklamada yetersiz kalmıştır. Son dönemde yapılan çalışmalar sonucunda doğrusal olmayan zaman serileri analizlerinin özellikle makro ekonomik modellerin oluşturulmasında daha başarılı olduğu görülmektedir. Her geçen gün bu konudaki teorik literatürün gelişmekte olması iktisat literatüründe de uygulama alanlarının genişlemesine katkıda bulunmaktadır. Bu noktada öne çıkan çalışmalar TAR ailesi modelleridir. Bu modellerin çıkış ve popüler hale gelmesinde Tong (1978), Tsay (1989) ve sonrasında Terasvirta (1994) çalışmalarının önemi büyüktür. Bu konu üzerine çalışmalar hızla ilerlerken 20. yy’ın son çeyreğinden itibaren doğrusal yapıya sahip olmadığı saptanan değişkenlerin modellenmesinin bir adım ötesine geçilerek değişkenlerin uzun dönemli analizlerinin yapıldığı görülmektedir. Bu çalışma ise 1990:01 – 2007:06 döneminde Türkiye’'de Reel ücretlerin yapısını doğrusal olmayan zaman serileri analizi yöntemleri ile ortaya koymayı amaçlamaktadır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda çalışmanın ilk bölümünde doğrusal olmayan zaman serilerinden, uygulamada kullanılacak olan TAR model ile ilgili bilgi verildikten sonra geleneksel birim kök testleri ve doğrusal olmayan birim kök testleri ile ilgili literatüre ve test prosedürlerine yer verilmiştir. 3kinci kısımda ise uygulanan geleneksel birim kök testleri ile TAR modellerine uygulanan Caner ve Hansen (2001) çalışmasında geliştirmiş oldukları birim kök testi sonuçları sunulmaktadır
    Description: Nonlinear economic variables have been tested for many years with linear models, thus making them insufficient in providing an explanation for real life. As a result of the recently conducted studies, nonlinear time series analyses are observed to be more successful in forming especially the macroeconomic models. The fact that, every passing day, the theoretical literature is developing also contributes to the expansion of application areas of economic literature. The studies that become prominent at this point are TAR family models. The studies by Tsay (1989) and, later on, Terasvista (1994) play an important role in the emergence and popularization of these models. While studies on the issue are in a rapid progress, it is observed that the long-term analyses of the variables have been made by taking one step ahead of modeling the variables that were determined not to have a nonlinear structure since the last quarter of the 20th century. Whereas, this study aims at manifesting the structure of reel wages in Turkey between the periods of 1990:01 - 2007:06 via the nonlinear time series analysis methods. To this end, the first part of this study will cite TAR model among the nonlinear time series to be used in the application, and then refer to the literature concerning conventional unit root tests and nonlinear unit root tests and to the test procedures. In the second part, references will be made to the applied conventional unit root tests and the results of unit root test developed in the study by Caner and Hansen (2001) that was implemented to the TAR models.
    Keywords: J3 ; C1 ; C5 ; ddc:330 ; Ücretler ; TAR Modelleri ; TAR Birim Kök ; Wages ; TAR Models ; TAR Unit Root ; Reallohn ; Zeitreihenanalyse ; Unit Root Test ; Zeitreihenanalyse ; Türkei
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 78
    facet.materialart.
    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
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  • 79
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    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Turkish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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