ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • Portuguese  (1,123)
Collection
Keywords
Language
  • 1
    Call number: M 17.90738
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 287 Seiten
    ISSN: 0870-0397
    Language: Portuguese
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    Call number: Z 93.0375
    ISSN: 0375-7535
    Language: Portuguese
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Call number: M 91.1290
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Series Statement: Publicações do Observatório Astronómico "Prof. Manuel de Barros" da Faculdade de Ciências do Porto 36
    Language: Portuguese
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Monograph available for loan
    Brasilia : Synergia Editora | Rio de Janeiro : Empresa de Pesquisa Energética (EPE)
    Call number: IASS 17.90863
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: XXXI, 310 S. , Ill., graph. Dast.
    Edition: 2ª Edição
    ISBN: 9788568483060
    Language: Portuguese
    Branch Library: IASS Library
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Call number: AWI G2-17-91267
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 24 S , Ill., graph. Darst., Kt
    Language: German , Portuguese
    Location: AWI Reading room
    Branch Library: AWI Library
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Call number: PIK N 630-15-89512
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: XVI, 799 S , zahlr. farbige Ill
    ISBN: 8521100116
    Language: Portuguese
    Branch Library: PIK Library
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    Call number: 1.1/M 93.0640
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Edition: 1. Aufl.
    ISBN: 3468122705
    Series Statement: Langenscheidts Eurowörterbücher
    Classification: E.5.
    Language: Portuguese
    Location: Reading room
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Call number: A1 12 ; MOP A1 44957 ; MOP A1 44957 (2. Ex.)
    In: Atlas climático de América del Sur
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 28 Kt.
    Classification: E.6.
    Language: English , Spanish , French , Portuguese
    Note: In span., engl., franz. und port. Sprache
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    facet.materialart.
    Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung
    In:  Integração Energética Regional: desafios geopolíticos e climáticos
    Publication Date: 2018-01-24
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: http://purl.org/eprint/type/BookItem
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    facet.materialart.
    Rio de Janeiro: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Departamento de Economia
    Publication Date: 2018-03-22
    Keywords: I21 ; ddc:330 ; Qualidade da Educação ; Funções de Produção de Educação ; Modelos Hierárquicos Lineares ; Bildungsökonomik ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 11
    facet.materialart.
    Rio de Janeiro: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Departamento de Economia
    Publication Date: 2018-03-22
    Description: 1. AGENDA FISCAL E REFORMA TRIBUTÁRIA 2. A MOBILIZAÇÃO TRIBUTÁRIA DA ESTABILIZAÇÃO 3. RECONVERSÃO DO SISTEMA TRIBUTÁRIO: PROPORÇÕES DO DESAFIO 4. FEDERALISMO E ECONOMIA POLÍTICA 5. AVERSÃO AO RISCO, CONFORMISMO E OUSADIAr the real interest rates and achieve sustained growth.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Steuerreform ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 12
    facet.materialart.
    Rio de Janeiro: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Departamento de Economia
    Publication Date: 2018-03-22
    Description: 1. Introduction 2. Contrasts in the hemisphere: size and trade 3. The political economy of protection in Latin America: the inertia of history 4. The political economy of protection in the US: ominous developments 5. The FTAA negotiation process 6. Conclusions
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Freihandelszone ; Amerika ; Lateinamerika
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 13
    facet.materialart.
    Rio de Janeiro: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Departamento de Economia
    Publication Date: 2018-03-22
    Description: O ensaio discute a regulamentação da conta de capitais, e procura contribuir para os debates recentes no sentido do aprimoramento do funcionamento do mercado de câmbio. A partir de um exame da literatura acadêmica remota e recente, e de um retrospecto das normas cambiais, discute-se os passos concretos, méritos e as questões operacionais envolvidas em avanços maiores no sentido da conversibilidade da conta de capitais. Destaca-se o ceticismo da literatura acadêmica recente sobre os impactos macroeconômicos da conversibilidade da conta de capitais e analisa-se os aspectos especificamente regulatórios, tendo em vista não apenas a pesada herança regulatória brasileira no terreno cambial mas também novas fronteiras e prioridades na regulação do sistema financeiro. O ensaio examina a trajetória e as limitações inerentes às transferências internacionais de Reais e também analisa os possíveis efeitos da revogação da obrigatoriedade de cobertura cambial para as exportações.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Kapitalverkehrskontrolle
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 14
    facet.materialart.
    Rio de Janeiro: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Departamento de Economia
    Publication Date: 2018-03-22
    Description: More than eleven years after the end of hyperinflation in Brazil, domestic bond markets have been unable to lengthen the average maturity of both public and private bonds. This paper shows that the lengthening is theoretically and practically (we analyzed the experiences of Israel, Mexico and Poland), a consequence of persistent stabilization programs that successfully reduced systemic risk. Therefore, it is pointless to try to achieve the lengthening as an objective in isolation. It is necessary to improve the economic fundamentals that maintain a high level of systemic risk. Only in this context, measures that aim at lengthening bonds’ maturity will indeed produce positive results.
    Keywords: E43 ; E44 ; F34 ; H63 ; G15 ; ddc:330 ; Rentenmarkt ; Öffentliche Anleihe ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 15
    facet.materialart.
    Rio de Janeiro: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Departamento de Economia
    Publication Date: 2018-03-22
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 16
    facet.materialart.
    Rio de Janeiro: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Departamento de Economia
    Publication Date: 2018-03-22
    Description: We thoroughly describe the workings of the Brazilian interbank exchange rate market: agents, products, regulation, operation and risks. We analyse the recent evolution of the exchange rate market and came to a negative evaluation of the current exchange rate trading system, thereby suggesting an alternative centralized system, more liquid and transparent. We show econometrically that the exchange rate is firstly formed in the exchange rate futures market at the Commodities and Futures Exchange (BM&F), being then transmitted through arbitrage to the spot market.
    Keywords: F31 ; F33 ; G13 ; G15 ; G18 ; ddc:330 ; Câmbio ; Microestrutura do Mercado de Câmbio no Brasil ; Regulação ; Mercado de câmbio à vista e futuro ; Devisenmarkt ; Devisenmarkt ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 17
    facet.materialart.
    Rio de Janeiro: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Departamento de Economia
    Publication Date: 2018-03-22
    Description: No Brasil, o efeito mais grave da recente crise econômica mundial adveio da onda de afrouxamento generalizado de restrições orçamentárias que teve origem nas economias avançadas. A crise deu ao governo pretexto para mudanças substanciais no regime fiscal e nas relações entre o Estado e a economia. A metade final do segundo mandato do Presidente Lula tem sido marcada por clara deterioração de contas públicas, com expansão mais acelerada de gastos primários e compromisso cada vez mais frouxo com o cumprimento estrito de metas fiscais. Revelando preferência inequívoca por soluções de project financing intensivas em recursos públicos, o governo tem recorrido à emissão de dívida pelo Tesouro para promover rápida expansão do crédito estatal subsidiado. As mudanças vêm implicando reversões de avanços institucionais importantes que chegaram a parecer definitivos, como a absoluta separação entre as contas do setor público não-financeiro e das instituições financeiras federais. O artigo analisa a extensão dessa multifacetada deterioração do regime fiscal e seus possíveis desdobramentos
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Finanzpolitik ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 18
    facet.materialart.
    Rio de Janeiro: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), Departamento de Economia
    Publication Date: 2018-03-22
    Description: Tendo em vista o padrão de comércio da economia brasileira, o aumento paulatino daparticipação de bens importados na oferta de produtos industriais no País é simples einexorável decorrência lógica do processo de abertura. Mas a resistência política a esseaumento de participação das importações vem sendo exacerbada pela perda decompetitividade da indústria de transformação que, só muito recentemente, deixou deser associada exclusivamente ao câmbio.Passou agora a ser percebido com mais clareza que o aumento persistente do CustoBrasil – decorrente, em boa parte, da elevação sem fim da carga tributária e dasdeficiências dos três níveis de governo no desempenho das funções que lhes cabem –vem tendo papel crucial na perda de competitividade. E certamente foi um grandeavanço que, afinal, o governo tenha entendido que algum esforço de desoneração fiscalse tornara imprescindível. O que é lamentável é que as medidas de desoneração parafazer face à perda de competitividade da indústria tenham sido tão mal concebidas.Sem condições de conciliar seu projeto político com um programa de reduçãohorizontal, efetiva e substancial da carga tributária, o governo vem manipulando umapolítica espalhafatosa e pouco transparente de desoneração da folha que, em meio amuita poeira, pouco desonera. Em vez de simples redução da alíquota de contribuiçãopatronal, o que vem sendo oferecido é uma injustificável mudança de base fiscal. Contribuição paga sobre faturamento e não mais sobre a folha de pagamento, comalguma desoneração embutida na troca, e alíquotas fixadas setor a setor, na medida daestridência do protesto de cada um. Arranjo peculiar e primitivo que pode transformaro sistema tributário nacional numa colcha de retalhos ainda mais caótica do que já é.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Internationale Wirtschaft ; Handelsliberalisierung ; Internationaler Wettbewerb ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 19
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The versions of 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 of the Household Budget Survey (POF) from the IBGE bring two questions on the subjective evaluation of Brazilian families about the sufficiency of their income. While the first question draws direct information on the degree of family's satisfaction with its monthly income, allowing to build from it a qualitative indicator of income sufficiency, the second question extracts information on the income value evaluated by the family as minimally necessary for covering their monthly expenses, allowing to build from it a quantitative indicator of income sufficiency, defined as the proportion to which the actual income exceeds that value. In looking into the empirical relationship between these two subjective indicators, the work can contribute not only to support these indicators as reliable measures of quality of life of Brazilian families in its material dimension, but also to explain the mismatch between quality objective and subjective indicators of life.
    Keywords: I30 ; I31 ; I39 ; ddc:330 ; life quality indicators ; household income sufficiency
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 20
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This paper aims to reapproach the external vulnerability of the brazilian economy, based on the the theory and considering the new conditions of the world economy and the transformations that carachterized the Brazilian economy in this century, in the period or rapid growth (until 2010) as well as in the period of deceleration and crisis that followed. Departing from a digression about the historical behavior of the current account balance and from a brief revision of the theoretical and empirical literature concerning the theme, the paper evaluates de degree of external vulnerability of the country through the analysis of a group of variables usually referred in the literature as external vulnerability Two main conclusions are highlighted. First, the country faces, today, a reasonably comfortable situation in terms of external vulnerability, especially due to the accumulation of a huge volume of international reserves and to a more favorable profile of the external financing flows. This made the country less vulnerable to currency crises or to short term problems of external financing. The second conclusion is that there were no advances in overcoming the structural problems with the aim of mitigating the external vulnerability in a more perennial manner, which would mean developing conditions to control the cycles of expansion and contraction of the current account balance, providing a more balanced trajectory and one that were compatible with a reasonable and sustained rate of economic growth in the long term.
    Keywords: F32 ; F34 ; ddc:330 ; external vulnerability ; current account ; balance of payments ; exports ; external liabilities
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 21
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The current paper starts from the premise that the dynamic of the construction of informality and semiformality in the Brazilian economy cannot be understood simply from facts of economical nature. To these must be added, as codetermining, factors of historical and cultural order. The central hypothesis of this study is that formal and informal economies articulate and complement each other, through semiformality, in a single economic space in which the "Brazilian way of doing things" (jeitinho brasileiro) acts as the instrument responsible for the updating of the elements of said spaces in relation to one another. Thus, informality is not, in the Brazilian case, a necessarily pernicious phenomenon that must be "eradicated" so that the country can reproduce the development trajectories of central nations. It is, on the contrary, a fact of national history and culture, an integral and indissoluble part of its economic order and whose "overcoming" will only be possible from its perfect comprehension, acceptance and, only then, from the conformation of an institutionality, of a regulating apparatus, that comes close to this informality, so that it can be integrated in the rule of law, as it is of the real world.
    Keywords: E26 ; N80 ; L51 ; ddc:330 ; informality ; semiformality ; economy and culture
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 22
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: With a figure of over 4 million housing units contracted as of September 2015, of which 2.4 million were already delivered, the Minha Casa Minha Vida Program (PMCMV) has generated a considerable impact on the economic, social and urban infrastructure of Brazil. In this regard, we emphasize the importance of constant monitoring its results through post-occupancy evaluation (POE), in order to improve its implementation and, thus, to achieve the promotion of development with equality, recognizing the role of the State, of public policy and of planning as key ingredients in the process of changing and persuing of social equity. The main objective of this research was the development of an evaluation methodology of the PMCMV, funded by the Residential Lease Fund (FAR) and intended for families with income range of up to R$ 1,600 per month - the salary range in which the Brazilian housing deficit is more concentrated -, from obtaining primary data on a sample of program beneficiaries. Within this overall goal, this research intended to support the development and the implementation of post-occupational assessment of housing focusing on functional, behavioral and environmental aspects, as well as data analysis in order to support future improvements in the quality of such dwellings.
    Keywords: R31 ; ddc:330 ; post-occupancy evaluation ; spatial and environmental quality ; methodology ; Minha Casa Minha Vida Program
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 23
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The main objective in this study is to analyze the sources of growth of Brazilian exports of soybeans, maize, sugar, wheat, orange, cotton, coffee and meat (beef, pork and poultry) during 1992 to 2013. The methodological procedures involved the application of Constant Market Share model to decompose the exports growth as the effects of global growth, exports composition, market distribution and competitiveness. In the 1990s, global growth was relatively low; however, with the trade liberalization and monetary stabilization, Brazilian exports achieved positive rates driven by the exports composition and market destination. From 2000s onwards, the growth of world trade was very significant, driven by increased demand from emerging countries, which provided the commodity boom. The favorable performance of Brazilian agricultural exports was not only related to global growth, but also to the competitive gains that are associated with technological modernization which promoted the expansion of productivity. However, when comparing the first decade with the second, there was a reduction in competitiveness, which indicates the need to encourage productive investments.
    Keywords: Q13 ; Q17 ; F10 ; ddc:330 ; foreign trade ; growth ; agriculture ; market share
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 24
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This study aims to analyze the technological differences in agricultural production between the municipalities in the semiarid and non-semiarid regions of Brazil's Northeast. It uses the technological meta-frontier model proposed by Battese, Rao e O'Donnell (2004), and O'Donnell, Rao e Battese (2008), for responding to what extent these regional differences influence the efficiency of production and what is its impact on municipalities. It was observed the hypothesis that municipalities belonging to the semiarid and non-semiarid have different production opportunities. The results indicated that when compared the two regions, the non-semiarid region has the highest average technical efficiency with reference to meta-frontier.
    Keywords: D24 ; Q10 ; ddc:330 ; agriculture ; technology ; semi-arid northeast ; production meta-frontier
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 25
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Keywords: H7 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 26
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This paper describes the implementation process of the Transnordestina Railway, which has been built under the scope of the Institutional Constraints on Implementation of Investment in Infrastructure project in Brazil. It looks for answering questions as such: Which institutional factors conditioned the implementation pace of the Transnordestina Railway project? What are the institutional innovations that were used to start up the project? These questions organize up the text around a list of institutional analysis variables, which were detected during the research process. The railway construction is lagging from its initial completion date of 2010 and its implementation value rised up. The text points out that many problems have arisen during the stages of planning and execution of the project. One of the research fidings is that the lack of knowledge about the implementation difficulties extended the project completion deadline, such as increased its financial, social and environmental cost.
    Keywords: H54 ; J68 ; O18 ; R42 ; ddc:330 ; infrastructure ; transports ; railways
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 27
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: Capital stock in residential structures, as well as the distribution of its appropriation and ownership among families are fundamental determinants of the wealth, welfare and productivity of the economy. As part of a broad project on the stock of capital of the Brazilian economy in the 20th Century, this paper presents estimates of the value of the stock in residential structures in Brazil from 1970 to 1999. The macroeconomic focus neglects the distributive and allocative effects of residential property and use. The model of hedonic prices is applied to data on the values of rents and other characteristic of the residences - number of rooms and bathroom, construction material, accesss to public servies such as electricity, water, garbage collection, among other - to estimate the hedonic prices of these attributes. After the introduction, the models discusss the specification of the hedonic model as well as of other hypothesis used in the estimation. The third section describes the database. The fourth section discusses estimation methods and problems. The fifth section analyses the results showing, on the one hand, that they seem to be quite reasonable in international perspective, and on the other that attributes related to the public infrastructure have fundamental impactos on the value to residential stock. The paper concludes calling attention to the high social return of public investments in infrastructure, and in particular of the investments and financing of housing projects for low income families which can have substantial effectos on the wealth, productive capacity, and welfare of Brazilian society.
    Keywords: G32 ; G38 ; L22 ; G31 ; ddc:330 ; residential structure ; housing wealth ; hedonic prices ; Brazil
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 28
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: Capital stock in residential structures, as well as the distribution of its appropriation and ownership among families are fundamental determinants of the wealth, welfare and productivity of the economy. As part of a broad project on the stock of capital of the Brazilian economy in the 20th Century, this paper presents estimates of the value of the stock in residential structures in Brazil from 1970 to 1999. The macroeconomic focus neglects the distributive and allocative effects of residential property and use. The model of hedonic prices is applied to data on the values of rents and other characteristic of the residences - number of rooms and bathroom, construction material, accesss to public servies such as electricity, water, garbage collection, among other - to estimate the hedonic prices of these attributes. After the introduction, the models discusss the specification of the hedonic model as well as of other hypothesis used in the estimation. The third section describes the database. The fourth section discusses estimation methods and problems. The fifth section analyses the results showing, on the one hand, that they seem to be quite reasonable in international perspective, and on the other that attributes related to the public infrastructure have fundamental impactos on the value to residential stock. The paper concludes calling attention to the high social return of public investments in infrastructure, and in particular of the investments and financing of housing projects for low income families which can have substantial effectos on the wealth, productive capacity, and welfare of Brazilian society.
    Keywords: E01 ; C21 ; G12 ; R31 ; ddc:330 ; residential structure ; housing wealth ; hedonic prices ; Brazil
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 29
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This study examines the relationship between institutional quality and capital flows to emerging economies. Such index correspond to a structural long-run determinant to capital flows and is actually little discussed in the literature. The 13 economies analyzed between 2000-2014 accounted for over 70% of the JPMorgan Emerging Markets Bond Index Global in September 2016. The model specification has the merit to measure the direct and indirect effects of the variables considered exogenous in domestic fundamentals which according to our knowledge is an innovative approach. The main results suggest that improved institutional quality of the emerging economy is closely linked to increased capital inflow, particularly to foreign direct investment. A typical increase in institutional quality could compensate emerging economies for an adverse international liquidity or global risk aversion shocks.
    Keywords: F21 ; F36 ; G38 ; C23 ; ddc:330 ; capital flow ; emerging economies ; governance and institutional qualities
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 30
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Keywords: J15 ; K14 ; ddc:330 ; Sterblichkeit ; Gewalt ; Schwarze ; Ethnische Diskriminierung ; Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung ; Rio de Janeiro ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 31
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This article presents a simulation of Public-Private Partnership for the maintenance and operation of all paved federal highways. To do so, we evaluate the distribution of benefits and costs between taxpayers, government and road users as a way to set toll values bankable by users, easing the tax burden on all taxpayers with regard to spending on highways. Then, we propose the use of a concession model in which part of the concessionaire's revenue comes from toll collection and part from payment for availability by the government. In addition, the concessionaire must pay the government a grant value per vehicle, so that the total amount of the grant is variable with the demand. Such a mechanism, in addition to reducing the demand risk allocated to the concessionaire, allows cross-subsidization of highways with high traffic volume for the low volume ones. Considering the average costs of operation and maintenance of highways under concession, we evaluate if the collection with the proposed tolls would be sufficient to cover the costs. The results indicate that even considering only the roads not conceded yet, generally low traffic, the fiscal costs of such a model would be smaller than the average expenditures executed by DNIT with maintenance and operation of federal highways. And also ensure higher level of quality, with direct benefits to users and indirect ones to the whole society.
    Keywords: H54 ; H43 ; O22 ; ddc:330 ; concessions ; roadways ; costs and benefits distribution
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 32
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The demand for sustainable mobility in Brazil is driven by the Brazilian cities growing urban density, the increased travel time in different transportation modes, the increasing number of motorcyclists deaths who migrated from active modes driven by household income growth as well as drivers, pedestrians and cyclists deaths, and the worsening air pollution level linked to combustion engines which has serious consequences for health. Brazil has more bikes than cars, respectively 50 million to 41 million. Around 7% of all trips are made by bicycle with a potential to reach 40%. This qualitative research tried to understand what are the cycling networks future scenarios and sustainability factors that can guide the empowering of cycling policies and the sustainable mobility in Brazil. It used the pressure-state-response methodology associated with life cycle thinking methodology (PCV) to understand the cycling networks stakeholder perceptions from academia, government, cycling associations and business associations. Short-term scenarios indicated a database construction to support the development of social, economic and environmental indicators, and the empowering of the social actors' participation in the cycling policy institutionalization. Medium-term scenarios indicated the construction of strategic alliances among stakeholders and the strengthening of bicycle culture or "bike wave" through events and production of information to social actors in different territory scales (local, national and international). The sustainability factors to empower cycling policies were: the policy implementation timing; the mobility approach strand used to guide the cycling policy; the levels of economic and tax incentives; the participatory methodologies use; the database on number and location conflicts among drivers, pedestrians and cyclists; the level of cycling policy integration with other public policies; and the urban space available area for the expansion of cycling networks. Moreover, the Life Cycle Thinking methodology indicated the development of a life cycle assessment (LCA) that models the impacts on each transportation mode and its available urban space (pedestrian, bicycle, subway, train, and bus). This LCA can produce indicators that support an integrated sustainable mobility where the bicycle may have multiple roles: transportation mode, integration vehicle among modes and sustainability symbol.
    Keywords: R40 ; ddc:330 ; mobility ; sustainable ; urban ; bike ; bicycle path
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 33
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This study, which belongs to the series new generation of infrastructure, reflects the major advances of information technology, biotechnology and nanotechnology in the development of sanitation and water resources sectors. International and notorious cases have been catalogued in compared studies with the case of southeastern Brazil, the State and the city of Rio de Janeiro. The research made it possible to identify conceptual models of ecological sanitation that approximate human actions to natural systems. The evaluation was extended to management mechanisms for water production, sewerage, drainage and solid waste systems, in anticipation of the need for addressing future challenges, such as extreme events and climate change. Finally, propositions are designed along the study, urging reflection on the range of possible choices.
    Keywords: L95 ; ddc:330 ; sustainable infrastructure ; sanitation models ; water resources ; Rio
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 34
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This study explains the intensity of redistributive policies of Latin American leftist governments during the so-called "left turn" in the region. Based on theoretical models that analyze the implications of inequality in democracies with different economic and institutional structures, it argues that the left's redistributive policies were more intense in countries where capital has low mobility and the legislature was not a veto player. This explanation is supported by evidence from econometric models of a proxy measure of the intensity of redistributive policy, based on data from twenty leftist governments from eleven Latin American countries, during the 2000-2014 period.
    Keywords: E6 ; Y8 ; ddc:330 ; redistribution ; capital mobility ; veto player ; Latin America
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 35
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This article estimates the market value of public education by comparing standardized test scores of students in public and private schools. The idea is to assign to the education of each public school student a market value equivalent to the tuition paid by private school students with similar test score results. The implementation requires an expenditure survey, or other database to provide information on tuitions, and standardized test scores available for both private and public schools. This article uses Brazilian test score data, which are particularly good. The main results are not surprising. Pre-school, primary, and secondary education are all highly progressive government transfers. Furthermore, since their market value is superior to public expenditures in each of these educational levels, they are also welfare enhancing. The flip side is that public higher education is both highly regressive and welfare reducing.
    Keywords: I24 ; ddc:330 ; public education ; value of education ; educational proficiency
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 36
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Keywords: E44 ; O40 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 37
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: In Brazil, it has been difficult to elaborate governmental planning surpassing the four-year spectrum from the Pluriannual Plans. Despite the fact of long-term planning attracting a wide range of sectors, it still occupies a small space in both political and bureaucratic agendas. Hence, the present study proposes to initiate a new cycle of debates regarding the issue as it presents questions and factors to subsidy long-term strategies. Using methodological tools from Strategic Prospective, we present trends and uncertainties regarding Brazil's international insertion, contemplating topics such as the organization of the international system, foreign policy, international security and national defense. This study is part of Brasil 2035, a project whose objective is to provide subsidies to formulate long-term strategies for Brazil through Prospective Scenarios. Thus, this text presents a preliminary stage of a prospective process regarding the identification and analysis of the main variables. We do not intend to be conclusive, but rather to present some key factors and questions, which will affect Brazilian development until 2035.
    Keywords: C53 ; F59 ; F02 ; K33 ; ddc:330 ; strategic prospective ; prospective scenarios ; long-term planning ; international relations ; international insertion ; regional integration ; international security ; national defense
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 38
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of broadband on the GDP taking into account regional differences. This is done by using the econometric model of panel data based on database of 5564 municipalities from 2007 to 2014. In order to incorporate the regional differences we use information derived from cluster analysis that isolates homogeneous groups of municipalities. Simultaneous causality between broadband and GDP is identified through instrumental variable method. Regional differentiated effects of broadband among municipalities were observed. The greatest impact of broadband occurs on those municipalities with the highest income per capita and high urban concentration followed by ones with a strong concentration in the service, commerce and construction sectors. The impact of broadband is also significant in the municipalities linked to the dynamic agricultural sector. In poorer municipalities the effect of broadband also occurs although with less intensity. Finally, we test the hypothesis that the effect of broadband on the output has an "inverted U" form that indicates that the effect rises to a certain level of access, but decreases after it is exceeded. The econometric results do not indicate that this hypothesis can be denied so that the impact is more intense in the intermediate levels of access of broadband.
    Keywords: C21 ; O33 ; ddc:330 ; broadband ; cluster analysis ; K-means ; panel data ; instrumental variable
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 39
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The urban population growth in developing countries, the middle class expansion and the increase in per capita income have increased the demand for food. This work aims to identify, from the Constant Market Share (CMS) method, the sources of growth of agricultural exports among the main countries that operate in international trade. This paper analyses two periods: i) from 1992 to 2001; and ii) from 2002 to 2013. At the same time, it was studied the following countries: Brazil, Argentina, Germany, France, United States, India and Argentina. It was verified that Brazil and Argentina stood out in the comparison, although the competitiveness has reduced in the time. On the other hand, India has maintained a strong rise, which has been first associated to world growth than to gains in competitiveness. The United States had a growth rate exports lower than the world average, a factor that can be explained by the loss of competitiveness. In European Union, France has lost ground to Germany, which unlike the French economy presented notorious performance in exports. China experienced a decline in its exports in the whole period analyzed, a movement associated to the expansion of domestic market. Finally, the results point to a growing representation of emerging countries with natural resource potential (Brazil, Argentina and India), while developed economies (the United States and European countries) plus China (this country due to its own internal dynamics) lose space in international market.
    Keywords: Q17 ; Q10 ; F10 ; ddc:330 ; foreign trade ; growth ; agriculture ; market share ; agribusiness
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 40
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The functioning of the labor market can be represented by worker flows, and the fluctuation of these flows determines the fluctuation of unemployment. The literature measures the importance of a flow such as the proportion of the variance of long-term or stationary unemployment that is explained by the fluctuation of this component. This result is useful for analyzing short-term unemployment when long-term unemployment is a good proxy for short-term unemployment. Our contribution was to propose a decomposition of these kind of proxies using any period (h), which allows to explain the effect of the estimated transition in the period (t) on the unemployment rate in the periods (t + h). This construction puts in the same environment the effect of the short and long term transition on unemployment. It is worth mentioning that the trajectory of the decomposition factors does not always follow a monotonous trend, which makes more important the consideration of the intermediate periods.
    Keywords: E24 ; E32 ; J63 ; ddc:330 ; unemployment ; flows ; decomposition
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 41
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: Since the 1930s, the Brazilian State has built a national system of labour relations. In the following decades, this system underwent many changes, as well the country itself (which became urbanized, industrialized etc.). At the present time, there is a new wave of changes in the labour relations system - which will be analyzed, in this article, only in its aspects more directly related to the work realm. This new wave, initiated with a set of legislative proposals, will alter the balance between workers' protections and freedoms of employers. Assuming the perspective of the former, this article analyzes the possibilities opened by Law no 13.467/2017 (recently approved), as well as its problems and contradictions.
    Keywords: J00 ; J50 ; J80 ; ddc:330 ; labor relations ; workers ; employers
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 42
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Keywords: Y80 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 43
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The main purpose of this paper is to calculate the effective total factor productivity (ETFP) of the Brazilian agricultural and industrial sectors during 1990-2009. The results are the following: all sectors have reached high ETFPs, with a few exceptions; however, the ETFPs have not mobilized many or all sectors of their supply chains. So the main policy recommendation is the development in Brazil of regulatory and contract legal rules that constitute actual and appropriate benchmarks.
    Keywords: D2 ; D4 ; ddc:330 ; effective total factor productivity ; brazilian agriculture ; brazilian manufacturing
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 44
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: A subject that has gained prominence in the fields of political science and public administration is the Core of Government (CoG), that is, units and/or individuals responsible for the alignment and coordination of the main objectives of the president or first-minister. Although the topic has several names, a question still deserves to be better addressed: how do the planning, coordination and management of the Executive branch's priorities operate? However, the literature of CoG is still in early stage, especially in Brazil. In order to contribute to this debate, this paper develops a broad literature review with three primary goals: to present the concepts and findings of the international literature of core of government; to map the advances of the field of study of the Executive branch in Brazil and to indicate the future research agenda in the country. As a conclusion, the diversity of analytical strategies must be seen as constructive to the extent which there is a consensus that the frameworks' variations of the core of government are the rule, not the exception. In addition, the Brazilian case constitutes an excellent research laboratory on the Executive dynamics, due to its political-institutional particularities. Therefore, this research agenda tends to contribute to the description and explanation of how the political system operates and, above all, its effects on the decision-making processes and their outputs and outcomes in terms of public policies.
    Keywords: H83 ; ddc:330 ; core of government ; coordination ; Executive branch ; Brazil
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 45
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: We use data from the period 2009-15 to estimate the impact of the public policy aiming to decrease the taxes paid by companies over their payroll. The objective of this program, so called Less Taxes on the Payroll ("Desoneração da Folha de Pagamento"), was to burst the employment in the firms benefited by the tax cut. Overall our econometric results show no employment effect of this program.
    Keywords: C32 ; D04 ; ddc:330 ; tax cut ; employment ; payroll taxes ; public program evaluation ; difference in difference
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 46
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The Índice de Vulnerabilidade Social (IVS) and the Atlas da Vulnerabilidade Social (AVS) of the municipalities and metropolitan regions arise by an effort of selection, development and georeferencing of indicators that could express conditions of social vulnerability in the different scales of brazilian territory. Such conditions may emerge from plural factors that are part of the social issue, like the contexts of income and labour, education and health, mobility, habitation and sanitation. The IVS is a sinthetic index constructed with indicators that express fragilities of this social factors. The text below presentes the process of criation of the IVS from your conceptual, methodological and statiscal aspects and limitations. After this presentation, the work will show na analysis of some IVS results, as well as your dimensions and indicatores for the years of 2000 e 2010, in order to delineate the conditions of social vulnerability in the brazilian territory and exemplify ways of data analysis available in the AVS.
    Keywords: O15 ; O18 ; R23 ; J15 ; ddc:330 ; social vulnerability ; sinthetic index ; Brazil ; public policy ; regional development
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 47
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: This paper aims to identify the profile of innovation in Brazil in 2014, positioning the country in relation to the countries of the European Union. The paper analysed the indicators resulting from the innovation surveys carried out in Brazil and in these countries in 2014. Based on the results found in a study performed with the 2000 indicators, considering Evolutionary approach as the theoretical reference and the Oslo manual in its third version, the study points out to a dynamic of innovation based on typical processes of imitative economies. The results of the innovation, which presented innovation rates similar to the average of the countries analysed, as well as the low degree of novelty and the innovation based mostly in process innovative enterprises only, show that Brazil still has a profile similar to that found in 2000. The innovative process is also similar, despite the significant increase in the percentage of innovative enterprises that received public funding for innovation, with little cooperation and innovative efforts based on the acquisition of machines, equipment and software in detriment of research and development. The results of the study, which must to be in-depth, indicate the need to review and improve the innovation policy developed in the period 2000-2014.
    Keywords: O31 ; O32 ; O33 ; O38 ; ddc:330 ; innovation indicators ; innovation surveys ; innovation dynamic
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 48
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The IMF has always supported the free financial flows of capital, based on the concept that they improve economic growth in itself. This perception has debilitated since the global economic crisis beginning in 2007. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the evolution of the IMF's way of understanding this issue; weather it were or not an important improvement to guide the future exchange policies of their shareholders. Still, it's relevant to highlight the impacts of these flows on the volatility of the exchange markets, and consequently on the macroeconomic consistence of developing countries.
    Keywords: F32 ; F38 ; ddc:330 ; international capital flows ; emergent countries ; exchange markets volatility
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 49
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: Regarding one of the most renowned mechanisms of social participation in the recent Brazilian democracy, this paper aims to offer a typological proposal for national conferences, considering the broadened definition established by the Decree no 8243/2014 and ex post aspects of conferential processes. Thus, databases hosted by Ipea were updated and expanded, reaching the conferences held until 2016 and its approved resolutions from 2011 to 2016. This data collecting process put together a documental collection of 154 national conferences realized from 1941 to 2016, besides a database of 5,369 resolutions approved in 28 of the 42 conferences finished in the past five years. This table was submitted to a lexical analysis through the IRAMuTeQ software, according to the ALCESTE method. Briefly, five lexical worlds were observed, each holding its own characteristics. Also, the position of a specific conference in the class map can change between its editions, and this lexical displacement can occur under different ways. Some hypotheses - about lexical displacement and implicit territoriality - could be raised for further research, after this analysis. Thus, the availability of data, in a public and accessible way, may be a stimulus to the development of studies about this phenomenon or, at least, a factor for reduction of costs and efforts involved in this data collection.
    Keywords: C88 ; D73 ; Z18 ; ddc:330 ; national conferences ; databases ; lexical analysis ; social participation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 50
    Publication Date: 2018-04-18
    Description: The adequate availability of infrastructure and its related services, is mandatory condition for further development of the country's competitive advantages, intensifying the productive specialization. Due to limited financial capacity, in the course of the last three decades, there have been an increasing private participation in these sectors under privatizations, concessions and Private-Public Partnerships (PPPs). This work has the following goals: i) to summarize the evolution of the concession's system in Brazil, Mexico, Chile, Colombia and USA, aiming to identify the characteristics and alternatives developed by each country; and ii) to conduct an economic analyze of the concession contracts between the public and private entities, focusing on the economic regulation aspects. We found a learning historic evolution, based in continuous enhancement of the public policy and in different degrees of success. The economic regulation aims to evolve in several issues as the risk-sharing, application of incentives and penalization and selection criteria, in despite of the difficulties created by economic crises. It's worth highlighting some innovations as: (Brazil) use of an "Investment trigger" to require capacity expansion; Use of real demand to reset the Financial-Economic Equilibrium (EEF); Distribution of productivity gains (Factor X); Use of the concession length as a tool to reset the EEF; (Chile) MVPR as selection criteria and risk-sharing tool; MCC as exchange rate risk-sharing tool; (Mexico) use of an account to accommodate the facility return at the concession end; Penalties grading system; (Colombia) use of a Trust Fund; Minimum revenue guarantee mechanism (MGR); (USA) Legislation and financial innovations; DBFOM mechanism. Part of the foreigner experience may contribute for the improvement of the Brazilian concession model. Notoriously, learning from the Mexican and Colombian experience, there are some policies shouldn't be carried out in Brazil. From the Chilean, the MVPR stands out as a solid success, commonly replicated by other countries. It's worth noting that Brazil has the largest share of highways under concession. Furthermore, it's possible that the share is near to its own limit (around 25%), as the highways that can attract the private sector, based on the vehicle flow, are mostly already contracted. To the left part of the share there are two alternatives: sponsored PPP and/or public resources. The PPPs mechanism, which includes fee payment from the private investor and requires the highway availability, would involve a cross-subsidy between the financially viable and non-viable projects using a trust fund. This mechanism failed in Chile. Beyond that, it's worth noting that the use of cross-subsidy creates unwelcome economic signs and, since Adam Smith, it's well known that it doesn't stimulates good results. The majority of the highway network is not attractive for private investor, thanks to low intensity traffic, requiring the use of public resources.
    Keywords: L51 ; L92 ; R48 ; ddc:330 ; highway concessions ; economic regulation ; concession's agreement ; public-private partnership
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 51
    facet.materialart.
    Brasilia: International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG)
    Publication Date: 2014-09-06
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Armut ; Soziale Sicherheit ; Sozialpolitik ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 52
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Description: Our objective is to analyze the gravity of panel attrition in the Brazilian Monthly Employment Survey (PME). There are three types of panel attrition: a) random, that does not produce any selection bias; b) function of observables, whose bias can be corrected through an appropriate re-weighing scheme; and c) function of unobservable variables, whose bias can be corrected through a bivariate probit for discrete variables or a Heckman correction for continuous ones. To test the gravity of panel attrition bias we estimated a transition to unemployment model both with and without attrition bias controls. Our results are that attrition tends to increase during school vacations and that attrition is strongly correlated to geographical mobility. Our conclusion is that while attrition bias does exist, its magnitude is small and its elimination does not substantially change analysis made using the models. In addition, in some cases, since it is not possible to control simultaneously for observable and non-observable attrition bias, in some cases the best procedure is not use on controls at all.
    Keywords: C33 ; C81 ; ddc:330 ; Arbeitsmarktstatistik ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 53
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Description: The Monitoring and Evaluation Committee demanded to the participants of the Technical Chamber the development of a methodological proposal for the program evaluation of the Plurianual Plan (PPA). At that occasion, it was stressed the necessity of an evaluation proposal less complex and with low cost. Such evaluation methodology, to be applied to every kind of governmental program, must focus the improvement of aspects related to program design and management, but with potential to systematize the demand for results evaluation of government actions. For the methodological development, the main foundation adopted was the methodology of Evaluability Assessment of Joseph S. Wholey, which was initially formulated as a kind of pre-evaluation to verify if a program is designed to be managed for results and to identify what changes are needed to achieve results. A crucial stage of this methodology is the elaboration of logic model, which has the function of making explicit the program theory and to assess its quality, verifying if the program is well designed and presents a plausible plan of results achievement. The actual experience of methodological development, presented in this text, incorporated new aspects to the basic theory of logic model. A result to be reported is the adoption, by the Ministry of Planning, of the Ipea proposal for building logic model. This instrument was experimentally applied, in 2007, to 20 programs and is currently being applied to 50 federal programs.
    Keywords: O21 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 54
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 55
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Description: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the evolution of labour conditions in public and private security systems in Brazil (and, inside public system, labour conditions in federal and local sub-systems). The number of workers in security services has increased between the 1990?ies and 2000`ies. In private services, the increase has been faster than in the public. Despite this, nowadays, labour conditions in private services are worse than that registered in the public. This situation points out some problems involving the efforts to guarantee the constitutional right to security to all citizens. To some extent, in the last two decades, the Brazilian approach has been pro-private security services. However, nowadays, this approach seems to be problematic, because labour conditions are the worst in private services. Obviously, this fact has consequences to the efforts to guarantee the right to security, as it is established in Brazilian Federal Constitution.
    Keywords: J21 ; J45 ; Z13 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 56
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Description: The aim of this work is to provide an overview of the challenges of bioprospecting in Brazil by discussing the successes and difficulties encountered in the quest for it development. Several challenges arise: to improve the legislation for access to genetic resources and sharing of benefits; to invest in regional research infrastructure; to incorporate a concern with the use of biodiversity in industrial and regional development policies; to encourage the legal participation of private capital; to repress the illegal appropriation of information and biological material; and to press international bodies to regulate the patenting of products arising from biodiversity. Overcome it mean an important contribution to Brazilian economic development, coupled with the reduction of regional inequalities and environmental preservation.
    Keywords: Q01 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 57
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wirtschaftspolitik ; Regulierung ; Wirtschaftswachstum ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 58
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Description: This paper aims to understand and examine one of the domestic determinants of Brazilian foreign trade policy strategies from 1995 to 2010, focusing on the articulation of its trade policy with its foreign policy at large. Thus, the role of multilateralism and regionalism in Brazilian foreign policy is analyzed in order to identify and understand Brazil's trade negotiation strategies in the period under review. With this work, I try to shed light on the debate about domestic determinants of foreign trade policy in Brazil in recent decades, explaining the adoption of a three-tracks negotiating strategy, which combines the multilateral approach with a two-speed regionalism.
    Keywords: F50 ; F13 ; F10 ; ddc:330 ; foreign trade policy ; Brazil ; multilateralism ; regionalism ; Außenwirtschaftspolitik ; Brasilien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 59
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Description: This paper offers new estimates of the main macroeconomic aggregates related to the federal public administration accounts; it adopts the methodology of the National Accounts System, but, differently from the IBGE, it measures the expenditure on a cash basis rather than on a accrual basis. The results are monthly and disaggregated series of government consumption, capital expenditures, family transfers, private institutions and intergovernmental transfers, from 2002 to 2009. The series complement the Public Finances series of the IBGE that were interrupted in 2003. The preliminary conclusions point out a change in the federal expenditure profile - intergovernmental transfers replaced the direct consumption, and family transfers now absorb 56,3% of the growth in nonfinancial expenditure.
    Keywords: C82 ; E69 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 60
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 61
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Description: Many public policies seek to promote, maintain, modify or improve collective actions. The development of a country requires actions that are complex and wide in scope. This and following texts sort out: i) two general classes of problem-situations that lack collective action; and ii) kinds of mechanisms that are useful as possible solutions to such problem-situations; i.e., mechanisms for acting upon institutions (organizations; formal or legal norms; formal practices) or upon cultural elements (social customs; customary morality; customary values and beliefs) of a society. In these texts, a leitmotif is the strategic dimension, one of the dimensions of building or changing institutions and cultural elements. To this end, one takes advantage of basic games of strategy as simple models for assigning those problems into classes. This first text deals with the problem-situation of cooperation vs. defection, modeled as prisoner's dilemma games. It covers situations of disputes for exits during disasters; of party leaders that become candidates for losing elections; of groupthink in committees; of lack of interest in training employees; of bottlenecks in urban traffic; of creating new city or state governments; of bank runs to financial safety; of tragedies of commons, be they environmental or otherwise.
    Keywords: H41 ; Z13 ; Z18 ; ddc:330 ; collective action ; institutional change ; prisoner's dilemma
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 62
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Description: The UN (Organization of United Nations) established 2011 as the International Year of Afrodescendent. The main part of this work is to analyze treaties, conferences and documents related to the issue in the UN system, as also as in the Organization of American States (OAS), mostly considered as an international regime to struggle against racial discrimination.
    Keywords: F53 ; ddc:330 ; fight against racism ; international regime ; racial discriminacion
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 63
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Description: The panel data of the Brazilian Monthly Employment Survey - Pesquisa Mensal de Emprego (PME/IBGE) is actually one of the richest datasets for analysis of labor market in Brazil. The reason is its longitudinal design. Since it is only addressed to labor market investigations, its questionnaire fields only information related to labor income though, not considering other types of income sources, such as pensions, retirement benefits, social transfers etc. Given such a limitation, this paper presents a proposal to improve PME`s utility. This proposal consists of imputing non-labor income at PME, based on an equation system estimated by means of the Brazilian Household Survey - Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (Pnad/IBGE). Besides describing this imputation model and its consistency in reproducing the same statistics at both PME and Pnad, the paper presents some stylized facts on the dynamics of poverty and inequality in Brazilian Metropolitan Regions (MRs). Due to their dynamic feature, it is indeed impossible to estimate these facts using another Brazilian data that not the imputed PME. Our results basically regard the following issues: seasonality and tendency of poverty and inequality; rates of transition into and out of poverty; and comparison between the incidence rates of chronic poverty and observed poverty.
    Keywords: C30 ; C81 ; I32 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 64
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Description: This paper discusses different ways to obtain military technology, examining: the autonomous development; the cooperative development in international governmental level; the cooperative development in international business; and technology transfer. For that, the article presents the demand for military equipment for current and future combats, visualizing an emphasis in employment of military resources with increasing sophistication and complexity, using technologies based on robotics, in systemization and in automation, in addition to the defense in cybernetic war. This article analyzes the technological retrenchment, related to sensitive technologies, and opens an alternate port, giving access to the development of these technologies, through the creation of mobilizing programs. This work evaluates eight projects to obtain military technology and draws lessons in different sectors of technology: the missiles MSS1.2 and A-Darter, besides the project Astros II, in the missile sector; the Urutu, Guarani and Gaúcho, in the land vehicles of combat sector; the Tupi class, in the submarine sector; and the AMX aircraft, in air sector.
    Keywords: H56 ; O32 ; O33 ; ddc:330 ; technology obtainment ; autonomous development ; cooperative development ; technology transfer ; technological retrenchment ; mobilizing programs ; technological sector
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 65
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Keywords: H8 ; H80 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 66
    facet.materialart.
    Brasília: Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA)
    Publication Date: 2014-02-01
    Description: The growing interest of Brazilian companies in the Argentine market has attracted the attention of the both economies on the implications and the reasons behind of this phenomenon. Recent data show a marked increased tendency flow of foreign direct investment (FDI) in Brazil toward the neighboring country, either through new production facilities or by resources for mergers and acquisitions of local companies. In 2008, Brazil recorded an increase of 43% of investment sent to Argentina and since 2005 has accounted for more than 25% of the total amount of foreign capital applied in purchasing of corporations in this country. With this in mind, this text provides some information about the movement of FDI in Latin America and discusses some of its characteristics, showing the recent evolution of these investments mainly in the two mentioned economies. Several reasons, linked mainly to historical conditions placed for companies in the both countries during the 1990s explain the persistence of diametrically opposed positions assumed by Brazil and Argentina at the scene of the regional flows of these capitals.
    Keywords: F21 ; F36 ; ddc:330 ; Multinationales Unternehmen ; Auslandsinvestition ; Brasilien ; Argentinien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Portuguese