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  • Polish  (136)
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  • 1
    Call number: MOP Per 116(113)
    In: Prace geograficzne
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 112 S. : graph. Darst.
    Series Statement: Prace geograficzne 113
    Language: Polish
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 2
    Monograph available for loan
    Warszawa : Wydawnictwa Politechniki Warszawskiej
    Call number: M 91.1235
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 387 S.
    Language: Polish
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 3
    Call number: SR 91.0236(11) / Regal 35
    In: Materialy i prace
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 76 S. + 2 Beil.
    Series Statement: Materialy i prace 11
    Language: Polish
    Location: Magazine - must be ordered
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 4
    Monograph non-lending collection
    Warszawa : Państwowego Instytutu Meteorologicznego
    Associated volumes
    Call number: AWI PY-1921-13 ; AWI PY-1921-13(2. Ex.)
    In: Wyniki spostrzeżeń polskiej wyprawy roku polarnego 1932/33 : na wyspie niedźwiedziej / Jean Lugeon; Czeslaw Centkiewicz; Władysław Łysakowski ; 2, z. 2
    Type of Medium: Monograph non-lending collection
    Pages: 73, 33, III S. , zahlr. graph. Darst.
    Language: Polish , German , French
    Note: Inhalt: Einleitung : die magnetische Station, die absolute Messungen, die Registrierungen und ihre Bearbeitung. - Magnetometer. - Vergleichsmessungen in Świder. - Absolute Messungen auf Björnöya. - Messungen der Horizontalkomponente. - Messungen von Deklination. - Messungen der Inklination. - Die Variometer. - Die Aufstellung der Variometer. - Die gegenseitige Einwirkung der Variometer. - Die Zeitinstallation. - Die Termographen und thermische Kompensation. - Die Eichung. - Tafeln. - Reproduktionen der Magnetogrammen. , In poln. und dt. Sprache
    Location: AWI Archive
    Location: AWI Archive
    Branch Library: AWI Library
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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  • 5
    Monograph non-lending collection
    Warszawa : Państwowego Instytutu Meteorologicznego
    Associated volumes
    Call number: AWI PY-1926-13
    In: Wyniki spostrzeżeń polskiej wyprawy roku polarnego 1932/33 na wyspie niedźwiedziej / Jean Lugeon; Czeslaw Centkiewicz; Władysław Łysakowski ; 3, z. 3
    Type of Medium: Monograph non-lending collection
    Pages: 18, 21, III S. , Ill., zahlr. graph. Darst., Kt.
    Language: Polish , French
    Note: Table des Matières: Introduction. - Considérations sur les méthodes de sondage par les parasites atmosphériques, en rapport avec les diagrammes de l'Année Polaire. La portée mondiale des parasites atmosphériques. - Planches. , In poln. und franz. Sprache
    Location: AWI Archive
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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  • 6
    Monograph non-lending collection
    Warszawa : Państwowego Instytutu Meteorologicznego
    Associated volumes
    Call number: AWI PY-1921-13 ; AWI PY-1926-13
    In: Wyniki spostrzeżeń polskiej wyprawy roku polarnego 1932/33 na wyspie niedźwiedziej / Jean Lugeon; Czeslaw Centkiewicz; Władysław Łysakowski ; 4, z. 4
    Type of Medium: Monograph non-lending collection
    Pages: IX, 21, 15 S , Ill., graph. Darst
    Language: Polish , French
    Note: Table des Matières: Introduction. - 1 Groupe Formes homogènes. - 2 Groupe Formes rayonnantes. - Journal d'observations des aurores polaires. - Planches. , In poln. und franz. Sprache
    Location: AWI Archive
    Location: AWI Archive
    Branch Library: AWI Library
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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  • 7
    Monograph available for loan
    Warszawa : Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe
    Call number: AWI P6-93-0291
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 224 Seiten , Illustrationen, graphische Darstellungen
    ISBN: 83-01-01231-5
    Series Statement: Biblioteka Problemów 252
    Language: Polish
    Note: In polnischer Sprache
    Location: AWI Reading room
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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  • 8
    Call number: 1.1/M 92.0729
    In: Langenscheidts Taschenwörterbuch der polnischen und deutschen Sprache
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 1215 S.
    Edition: 16. Aufl
    ISBN: 3468112602 , 3-468-10265-8
    Series Statement: Langenscheidts Taschenwörterbücher
    Classification: E.5.
    Language: Polish
    Location: Reading room
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 9
    Call number: MOP Per 116(129)
    In: Prace geograficzne Instytut Geografii Uniwersytetu Jagiello´nskiego
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 109 Seiten , Illustrationen, graphische Darstellungen, Karten
    Series Statement: Prace Geograficzne 129
    Language: Polish
    Note: Mit Zusammenfassung in englischer und russischer und Bildunterschrift in englischer Sprache.
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 10
    Call number: AWI P9-83-1080
    In: Prace naukowe Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 191 Seiten , Illustrationen, Karten
    ISBN: 83-00-00355-X
    Series Statement: Prace naukowe Uniwersytetu Śląskiego 543
    Language: Polish
    Note: Contents: Preface: Scientific activity of the Silesian University in the polar regions in 1977-1980. - PAPERS. - Ablation by calving and 20th century recession of glaciers in the Hornsund area (Spitsbergen). Preliminary results / Jacek Jania. - The occurence and origin of coarse crystalline calcite in the carbonate massiffs of Sørkappland (South Spitsbergen) / Łukasz Karwowski, Andrzej Kozik. - Surface run-off dynamics of the basin of the Nordfall Glacier steam (South Spitsbergen) / Jan Leszkiewicz. - Karst springs at the foot of Rasstupet wall in the South Spitsbergen in the investigations from 1978 / Jan Leszkiewicz. - Aeolian activity in the Gås Bay region (South Spitsbergen) / Tadeusz Szczypek. - Geomorphological activity of flowing waters on the Kaffiöyra plain (Spitsbergen) / Kazimierz Sendobry. - Preliminary characteristics of the basins in the vicinity of Henryk Arctowski Station on King George Island (South Shetlands) / Andrzej Kozik. - SCIENTIFIC DOCUMENTATION. - Meteorological investigations in South Spitsbergen in the summer of 1978. Specification / Andrzej Kaminski. - Meteorological materials collected in South Spitsbergen in the summer of 1979. Specification / Andrzej Kaminski. - Preliminary results of hydrological and hydrochemical investigations in Fugleberget basin (SW Spitsbergen) / Wiesława Krawczyk, Marian Pulina. - Karst springs at the foot of the Rasstupet wall. Specification of 1978-1979 / Jan Leszkiewicz, Jerzy Wach, Jan Waga. - Scientific publications from the polar expeditions of the Silesian University. , In polnischer Sprache , Zusammenfassung in englischer und russischer Sprache
    Location: AWI Reading room
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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  • 11
    Call number: AWI P9-83-1079
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 248 Seiten , Illustrationen, Karten
    Language: Polish
    Note: Contents: A snow cover in the region of Fiord Hornsund on Spitsbergen / J. Pereyma. - Temperature rations in summer on the Waldemar Glacier and on the Waldemar sea lowland / G. Wójcik, K. Marciniak, R. Przybylak. - Precipitation and evaporation in Werenskiold Glacier district / A. Szczepankiewicz-Szmyrka. - Biometeorological conditions on the Werenskiold Glacier forefield in summer of 1980 / A. Szczepankiewicz-Szmyrka. - Some notes on wind directions in the West Spitsbergen in 1980 / K. Gerstmann. - Radar measurements of the thickness of the Werenskiold Glacier / R. Czajkowski - The analysis of movements of the Werenskiold Glacier based on dating of fossil moss / H. Chmal - Increase in the mass of the firn snow in the glacial amphiteatre of the Penck Glacier in the period 1934 to 1958 / C. Lipert - Some automatic systems to collect and transmission stored data using various radio-links / J. Molski. - Würm and Holocene glaciations of North-Western Sörkappland exemplified by the Slakli Valley, Spitsbergen / P. Kłysz, L. Lindner. - The marine origin of Lisbetdalen mezorelief SW Spitsbergen / W. Stankowski - Raised marine terraces of Kulmstranda North-Western Sörkappland / P. Kłysz, L. Lindner - The geomorphological sketch map of the Gåsdalen region, South Spitsbergen / J. Jania, Z. Lentowicz, T. Szczypek, J. Wach. - Last deglaciation of Treskelen Peninsula, Hornsund, Svalbard / L. Marks. - The recession of Vitkovski Glacier as recorded in its marginal zone / L. Andrzejewski, w. Stankowski. - Degradation processes on the end moraine of the Werenskiold Glacier / J. Cegła, J. Kida. - Studies of the dessication crack on the forefield of the Werenskiold Glacier / J. Cegła. - The beginning and evolution of the marginal outwash on the forefield of the Eliza Glacier / A. Olazewski. K. Sendobry. - Summer thawing of the ground in the Kaffiöyra, SW Spitsbergen / K. Marciniak, W. Szczepanik, R. Przybylak - Morphology and sedimentary environments of the Baszkara ·and Dzankuat Glaciers in the High Kaukas / A. Karczewski, A. Kostrzewski,P. W. Kowalew. - Stratigraphic position and remarks on sedimentation of the Brentskardhaugen Bed, Spitsbergen / A. Wierzbowski, G. Biernat, C. Kulicki. - Some remarks concerning the structure of groups of the bottom fauna of the Admiralty Bay - King George Island, South Shetland / P. Presler, K. Jażdżewski·, W. Jurasz, W. Kittel, J. Siciński. - Biological indexes of the hydrological conditions - observations from Hornsund region, Spitsbergen / J. M. Węsławski. - The habitability of the littoraly rocks in region Steinvika and Hyttevika Bays, Vestspitsbergen / O. Różycki, M. Gruszczynski. - Some aspects of the acoustical estimation of the krill abundance / M. Brzozowska. - Liberation of carbon dioxide from tundra soils / H. Dziadowiec. - Exploration in the Hornsundfiord region / J. Szupryczyński. - , In polnischer Sprache
    Location: AWI Reading room
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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  • 12
    Monograph available for loan
    Warszawa : Panstwowe Przedsiebiorstwo Wydawnictw Kartograficznych
    Call number: MOP A2 43193/1 ; MOP A2 43193/1 (2. Ex.)
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: VII S., 141 Bl. : überw. Kt. ; mehrfarb.
    Language: Polish , Russian , English
    Note: In pol., russ. und engl. Sprache
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 13
    Call number: MOP 16942
    In: Prace Panstwowego Instytutu Hydrologiczno-Meteorologicznego
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 66 S. : Ill., graph. Darst.
    Series Statement: Prace Panstwowego Instytutu Hydrologiczno-Meteorologicznego 8
    Language: Polish
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 14
    Call number: 1.1/M 92.0730
    In: Langenscheidts Taschenwörterbuch der portugiesischen und deutschen Sprache
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Edition: 10. Aufl
    ISBN: 3468102712 , 3-468-10275-5
    Classification: E.5.
    Language: Polish
    Location: Reading room
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 15
    Publication Date: 2014-05-10
    Description: Unia Izb Łaby/Odry to związek 15 niemieckich, 6 polskich i 9 czeskich izb przemysłowo-handlowych, który za cel stawia sobie wspólne reprezentowanie interesów przedsiębiorstw z tego obszaru na szczeblu krajowym i europejskim. W roku 2010 na obszarach działalności poszczególnych Izb mieszkało 37 mln osób, co odpowiada 7,5 % ludności Unii Europejskiej (EU). Produkt krajowy brutto (PKB) Regionu wyniósł w 2008 roku 718 mld EUR, co stanowi 6 % PKB Unii Europejskiej.
    Description: The Elbe/Oder Chamber Union (KEO) is a consortium of German, Polish and Czech chambers of industry and commerce, which has set itself the goal of jointly representing the interests of companies in the region at a national and European level. In 2010, 37.6 million people lived in the represented region, representing a market share of 7.5% of the EU population. The gross domestic product of the KEO region in 2008 was 716.6 billion Euros, equal to 5.7% of the total EU GDP. Despite the overall strength of the region, there are pronounced differences within each member state which can be addressed and equalized through joint cooperation. Also, as both foreign and interregional trade is increasing in the KEO area, it is important that member states focus on their core competencies and, through doing so, work together towards an economically viable future. Many policy areas have been identified in order to strengthen the competitiveness of these regions, among them the development of research capabilities, the reduction of transaction costs for cross-border activities and the qualitative and quantitative improvement of the transport infrastructure are particularly relevant.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wirtschaftslage ; Regionale Entwicklung ; Handelskammer ; Elbe ; Oder
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 16
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Inflation ; Inflationsbekämpfung ; Polen ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 17
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Basler Akkord ; Polen
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 18
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Gesundheitswesen ; Gesundheitsfinanzierung ; Gesundheitskosten ; Polen ; OECD-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 19
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Internationale Bank ; Bank ; Wettbewerb ; Bankenaufsicht ; Polen ; EU-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 20
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Haushaltskonsolidierung ; Haushaltsdefizit ; Konvergenzkriterien ; Finanzpolitik ; Wirtschaftspolitik ; Polen
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 21
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Schuldenkrise ; Haushaltskonsolidierung ; Gesundheitsreform ; Bildungsreform ; Energiepolitik ; Bevölkerungsentwicklung ; EU-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 22
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bank ; Branchenentwicklung ; Moral Hazard ; Finanzkrise ; Polen ; Europa
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 23
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bankinsolvenz ; Bankrecht ; Bankenregulierung ; Einlagensicherung ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 24
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Eurozone ; Europäisches Währungssystem ; Europäische Integration ; EU-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 25
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bankenaufsicht ; Corporate Governance ; Bankmanagement ; Managervergütung ; Basler Akkord ; Welt ; Polen
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 26
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bank ; Internationale Bank ; Basler Akkord ; Bankenregulierung ; Polen ; Europa
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 27
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    Halle (Saale): Leibniz-Institut für Agrarentwicklung in Mittel- und Osteuropa (IAMO)
    Publication Date: 2016-08-30
    Description: Niniejsze opracowanie przyjmuje formę analizy porównawczej i przedstawia wyniki badań opinii ekspertów na temat stanu oraz kierunków rozwoju obszarów wiejskich i rolnictwa w gminach górskich położonych na terenie Karpat Polskich i Alp Niemieckich. Badania wskazują, iż rolnictwo oraz obszary wiejskie subregionu karpackiego wkracza powoli na drogę rozwojową, którą rolnictwo subregionu alpejskiego ma już w pewnym sensie za sobą. Wydaje się, iż krótki okres stosowania WPR nie spowodował w subregionie karpackim wyraźnych zmian strukturalnych. Rolnictwo Alp Niemieckich jest lepiej dostosowane do specyficznych warunków produkcji rolniczej oraz jest w stanie zapewnić odpowiednie dochody ludności rolniczej. Świadczy o tym chociażby wyższy odsetek rodzin utrzymujących się głównie z rolnictwa. Wyniki badań wskazują, iż rolnictwo w subregionie karpackim powinno, kształtując krajowe kryteria wsparcia rolnictwa i obszarów wiejskich, w dużej mierze korzystać z doświadczeń krajów alpejskich, a w tym Bawarii. Ogólnie rzecz biorąc eksperci w badanych subregionach pozytywnie oceniają perspektywy rozwoju obszarów górskich. Głównym i preferowanym kierunkiem rozwoju tych obszarów będzie turystyka wiejska, przy jednoczesnym zachowaniu gospodarowania na gruntach rolnych. Eksperci podkreślają, iż rezygnacja z produkcji rolniczej z racji świadczonej przez nią świadczeń na rzecz krajobrazu kulturowego, bioróżnorodności przyrodniczej nie jest akceptowalna i możliwa.
    Description: In diesem Beitrag werden Ergebnisse einer Expertenbefragung zur Bewertung des Zustands und der Entwicklungsperspektiven der Landwirtschaft und der ländlichen Räume in ausgewählten Gemeinden der polnischen Karpaten und der deutschen Alpen vorgestellt. Die Studie zeigt, dass die Landwirtschaft in der Alpen-Subregion im Vergleich zur Karpaten- Subregion besser an die spezifischen natürlichen Bedingungen angepasst ist; sie zeichnet sich durch höhere Leistungsfähigkeit aus und trägt bedeutsam zur Einkommenssicherung der landwirtschaftlichen Haushalte bei. Gegenüber der Landwirtschaft und der ländlichen Räume in den Alpen weist die Karpaten-Subregion eine Reihe Besonderheiten auf, die ihre Wurzeln sowohl in der Geschichte, als auch in den Bedingungen des Transformationsprozesses haben. Obwohl sich in beiden Subregionen Parallelen in den strukturellen Entwicklungslinien erkennen lassen, besteht in den Karpaten nach wie vor ein großer Nachholbedarf. Die relativ kurze Periode der Implementierung von Instrumenten der Gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik hat bis dato zu keinen relevanten strukturellen Veränderungen in den Karpaten geführt. Es wird empfohlen, dass die bayrischen Erfahrungen durch polnische Entscheidungsträger genutzt werden sollten, vor allem in Bezug auf die Weiterentwicklung des institutionellen Rahmens (u.a. Gesetzgebung für die Berglandwirtschaft, Governance-Strukturen). Die befragten Experten haben die Entwicklungsperspektiven für die Landwirtschaft in beiden Berggebieten als relativ positiv bewertet, gleichzeitig deuteten sie auf die Notwendigkeit einer weiteren Einkommensdiversifizierung im Rahmen integrierter ländlicher Entwicklungsansätze hin. Vor allem in Polen wird im Tourismus eine alternative Einkommensquelle gesehen. Die Experten betonen, dass der Erhalt und die Förderung der Landwirtschaft und der Agrarstrukturen in Berggebieten eine notwendige Voraussetzung ist, um die Lebens-, Arbeits-, Erholungs- und Naturräume in den Berggebieten zu sichern und weiter entwickeln zu können.
    Keywords: O13 ; Q18 ; Q28 ; R11 ; R23 ; ddc:330 ; Polska ; Bawaria ; Rolnictwo górskie ; perspektywy rozwoju ; wsparcie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 28
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    Halle (Saale): Leibniz-Institut für Agrarentwicklung in Mittel- und Osteuropa (IAMO)
    Publication Date: 2016-08-30
    Description: Niniejsza praca przedstawia wyniki studium przypadku lokalnego rozwoju gospodarczego w Dolinie Strugu w województwie Podkarpackim w Polsce. Celem pracy jest analiza problemów i szans w rozwoju lokalnym, zbadanie potencjału inicjatyw oddolnych we wspieraniu rozwoju gospodarczego, zbadanie perspektyw wdrożenia inicjatywy Unii Europejskiej Leader+. Studium przypadku przede wszystkim opiera się na wywiadach przeprowadzonych z lokalnymi władzami, organizacjami pozarządowymi, właścicielami przedsiębiorstw i rolnikami latem 2005 roku. Dotychczasowy problem niewystarczających dochodów w rolnictwie był szczególnie dotkliwy w tym regionie, gdyż dwie trzecie jego mieszkańców w wieku produkcyjnym zatrudnionych jest w rolnictwie i praktycznie brakuje alternatywnych możliwości znalezienia zatrudnienia. Aby stawić czoła tym problemom, lokalna organizacja non-profit "Dolina Strugu" rozpoczęła serię działań rozwojowych. Inicjatywą z dużym wpływem na lokalną sytuację zarobkową jest spółka rynkowa "Chmielnik Zdrój", która obecnie zatrudnia 400 mieszkańców regionu. Zakupuje ona produkty u okolicznych rolników, przetwarza i sprzedaje do 70 tys. gospodarstw domowych. "Dolina Strugu" i władze lokalne skutecznie wnioskowały o strategie pilotażowe w celu wdrożenia Leader+ w ramach Polskiego Sektorowego Planu Operacyjnego. Potrzeba lokalnej strategii rozwojowej i wewnętrzne zachęty Leader+ skierowane na poprawienie i tworzenie źródeł dochodu powodują, że jego wdrożenie jest celem pożądanym. Należy poprawić lokalną znajomość inicjatywy społecznej, perspektywa planów krótkoterminowych lokalnej społeczności musi zostać zaspokojona odpowiednią ideą, trzeba wzmocnić lokalną wiarę w instytucje i programy UE oraz ustabilizować współpracą pomiędzy organizacją non-profit "Dolina Strugu" i przedstawicielami samorządów lokalnych.
    Description: This paper presents the results of a case study of local economic development in Dolina Strugu, Podkarpackie voivodship, Poland. Its aim is to analyse local development problems and chances, to investigate the potential of endogenous initiatives to support economic development, and to examine the prospects for an implementation of the EU’s initiative Leader+. The case study primarily relies on interviews conducted with local government authorities, NGOs, business owners and farmers in summer 2005. The hitherto unsatisfactory income situation in agriculture has been particularly precarious for the region because two thirds of the people in working age are employed in agriculture and alternative job opportunities are mostly absent. To respond to these problems, a number of development activities have been initiated by a local non-profit organisation called "Dolina Strugu". The initiative with the biggest influence on the regional income situation is the marketing cooperative "Chmielnik Zdrój", which is currently employing 400 local people. It buys products from local peasant farms, processes them and sells them to 70 000 households in the further ambit. "Dolina Strugu" and the local authorities successfully applied for the pilot measure to implement Leader+ within the scope of the Polish Sectoral Operational Plan. The need for a local development strategy and Leader’s inherent incentives to improve and create income sources make its implementation a desirable objective. But there are also a number of barriers to successful implementation. Local knowledge of the community initiative should be improved, the local inhabitants’ short term planning perspective must be addressed by an appropriate vision, local trust in EU institutions and programmes should be strengthened, and the cooperation between the non-profit organisation "Dolina Strugu" and the representatives of local government should be stabilised.
    Keywords: P32 ; Q13 ; R11 ; ddc:330 ; Rozwój wsi ; inicjatywa lokalna ; Leader+ ; współpraca ; Polska
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Finanzkrise ; Geldpolitik ; Zinspolitik ; Geldpolitische Transmission ; Polen ; EU-Staaten ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Finanzsystem ; Bankenkrise ; Bankenregulierung ; Politisches System ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 31
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Schuldenkrise ; EU-Wirtschaftspolitik ; Europäischer Stabilitätsmechanismus ; Eurozone ; EU-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 32
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Zinspolitik ; Geldpolitik ; Wirkungsanalyse ; USA ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 33
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bankenregulierung ; Bankenaufsicht ; Finanzsystem ; Geldpolitik ; Eurozone ; Polen ; EU-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 34
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Energiewirtschaft ; Energiepolitik ; Energieversorgung ; Energiemarkt ; Erdgasgewinnung ; Polen
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 35
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; kryzys finansowy ; nadzorze nad bankami ; regulacje ; Finanzkrise ; Bankenregulierung ; Bankenaufsicht ; Polen ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 36
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Öffentliche Schulden ; Wirtschaftskrise ; Haushaltskonsolidierung ; Finanzpolitik ; Industrieländer ; Osteuropa
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 37
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; System emerytalny ; Finanse publiczne ; Długookresowe cele społeczne ; public finances ; pension system ; Gesetzliche Rentenversicherung ; Rentenreform ; Polen
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 38
    Publication Date: 2015-06-25
    Description: Unia Izb Łaby i Odry (KEO) jest transgranicznym zrzeszeniem należących do niej izb, działającym na rzecz wzmocnienia potencjału gospodarczego regionów objętych ich działaniem. W unii tej współpracuje ze sobą 17 niemieckich, 7 polskich i 10 czeskich izb przemysłowo-handlowych oraz izb rzemieślniczych. Celem inicjatywy jest wspólne reprezentowanie interesów firm z tego regionu na szczeblu krajowym i europejskim. Chodzi przy tym zwłaszcza o dalszy rozwój infrastruktury transportowej w obszarze KEO. Dzięki znacznej poprawie stanu sieci dróg i połączeń kolejowych, a także dróg wodnych, koszty transportu i transakcji mają zostać zmniejszone, co będzie bodźcem dla rozwoju gospodarczego i dla tworzenia transgranicznej sieci współpracy w regionie.
    Description: The Chamber Union Elbe/Oder (KEO) is a transnational federation including several chambers of commerce and associations with the aim to strengthen the economic performance of participating regions. 17 German, 7 Polish and 10 Czech chambers of industry and commerce as well as chambers of crafts are cooperating within this union. The initiative's goal is to represent the common interests of companies on the national and European level. The development of transport infrastructure in the KEO-region is thereby in the focus. Transportation and transaction costs shall be reduced by means of a far reaching improvement of the waterways and the road- and rail network to expedite the economic progress and the transboundary networking of the region.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 39
    Publication Date: 2015-06-08
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 40
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The following report is an attempt at analysing the situation of Polish immigrants on the Italian labour market prior to and after Poland's accession to the European Union. The relatively short period that has elapsed since May 1st 2004 and, consequently, a scarce number of materials and sources which could provide evidence for the possible existence of changes in migration trends in Italy, are undoubtedly a significant barrier to research on the subject matter. At the same time, however, it would be difficult to fail to notice the conspicuous changes which have taken place towards Polish immigrants in Italy after accession, both of legal-administrative nature, as well as regarding the reality of the labour market. In order to acknowledge that such changes have taken place, the author of this report carried out qualitative research among Polish immigrants working in the area of the whole Apennine Peninsula. Both specific life-histories of Poles arriving to Italy prior to and after May 1st 2004, and their perception of the possible changes connected with the reality of stay and everyday as well as professional life have been analysed. Moreover, in order to complete the picture of this new migratory situation, various legal and strictly bureaucratic issues connected with the recent alteration of Poles in Italy from 'immigrants from third countries' into 'European Union citizens' have been presented. In the course of the qualitative research different techniques have been applied, including general surveys, in-depth biographical interviews, interviews with experts, and participant observation.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Migranten ; Polen (Personen) ; Arbeitsmigranten ; Arbeitsmarkt ; Soziale Sicherheit ; EU-Mitgliedschaft ; Italien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 41
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: This paper is devoted to an analysis of the 2002 National Census data regarding immigration to Poland and some aspects of emigration from Poland. The paper presents a detailed discussion on emigration and the role of migrant networks in the process of inflow and outflow; the impact of migration on human resources and human capital; return migration; immigration of students. It also includes a comparison of Census data on migration with other sources of data related to this issue.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Einwanderung ; Auswanderung ; Migranten ; Bevölkerungsstatistik ; Volkszählung ; Polen
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 42
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Internationale Migration ; Sozialer Wandel ; Bevölkerungsentwicklung ; Technischer Fortschritt ; Wirtschaftliche Konvergenz ; Polen ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 43
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Rückwanderung ; Migranten ; Migrationspolitik ; Polen ; Spanien ; Irland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 44
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Internationale Migration ; Migrationspolitik ; Politikwissenschaft ; Interdisziplinäre Forschung ; Polen ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Polen (Personen) ; Einwanderung ; Kanada
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 46
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Flüchtlinge ; Asylrecht ; Migrationspolitik ; Polen
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 47
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: This paper presents theoretical background for studying consequences of highly-skilled migration for individual and aggregated human capital. Contrary to the brain drain discussion, which stresses the loss for the sending countries resulting from the outflow of specialists abroad, the paper focuses on the positive impacts of migration on the countries of origin. These could be a result of acquisition of new competences (resulting in higher salaries after return), of human capital stimulation in the sending country (of both migrants and non-migrants) or of remittances sent to the country of origin. Decreased costs of highly-skilled migration due to the automatic recognition of qualifications in selected professions in the European Union (e.g. for healthcare professionals) could result in increased temporality of migration. Temporality and circularity of migration together with lack of mass migration and high transferability of experience and skills between the countries could further result in brain gain for the sending countries.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; brain drain ; brain gain ; human capital ; healthcare professionals ; Brain Drain ; Internationale Migration ; Hochqualifizierte Arbeitskräfte ; Gesundheitsberufe ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Humankapital
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 48
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The paper analyses contemporary inflows of citizens of Ukraine to Poland in the context of socio-economic development of both countries. It consists of three chapters: the first portrays the general patterns and dynamics of Ukrainian migration to Poland including their presence in labour market and in society; the second discusses Polish migration policy and its influence on course and character of Ukrainians' inflows; the third analyses the issue of remittances and their impact on Ukrainian society, economy, and financial sector especially. Each chapter includes the recommendations regarding the possible legal and political changes.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; migration ; Ukrainians ; migration policy ; money transfers ; socio-economic development ; Internationale Migration ; Migrationspolitik ; Migranten ; Ukrainer ; Rücküberweisungen ; Polen
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 49
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: Until the fall of 2008, Iceland was described as a prosperous nation, with a very high standard of living. The island's favourable economic situation and the opening in 2006 of the labour market to nationals of the new member states of the European Union caused a large flow of Polish immigrants into the country, where they soon became the largest ethnic group apart from the natives. Iceland's economic situation underwent a dramatic change in 2008, with the onset of the financial crisis. This, however, did not trigger any massive outflow of Poles from the island. The present work is a report on a sociological study, conducted among Polish immigrants in Reykjavik in April and May of 2010. In the first part of the work we describe the origins and phases of Iceland's crisis and the economic and social consequences of the financial collapse. In the second part we present the theoretical and methodological bases of this investigation. In the third part, based on our research, we reconstruct the adaptation strategies used by Polish immigrants during the economic crisis. In spite of suffering a higher unemployment rate than native Icelanders, Poles in Iceland coped rather well with this time and paradoxically, many of them were less affected by the economic downturn than most of the natives, mainly as a result of their more traditional economic behaviour. As a result of the crisis, part of the Polish diaspora in Iceland began a transformation from temporary settlement to permanent.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; migration ; Iceland ; financial crisis ; adaptation strategies
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The text, consisting of two parts, presents conclusions from the exploratory research on the Polish female niche on the New York City immigrant labor market - cleaning. Part 1 points out the crucial character of the working class niches on the Western labor markets for the image of Poland and for Polish identity itself. Critically referring to Waldinger's theory of ethnic queue, ethnic niche and immigrant and ethnic enterprise as well as to historical research on transformation of the domestic workers' social status, the study attempts at explaining why Polish immigrants have not established a niche in the sector of Manhattan's office cleaning. The circumstances of the change in the ethnic queue that were not identified by Waldinger are pointed out and discussed.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; labor migrants ; New York City (United States) ; cleaners ; ethnic niche ; ethnic queue
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The text analyzes the political discourse in Poland for the presence of the topic of emigration and diaspora. The study is a qualitative content analysis, the subject of the analysis are programs of political parties, materials and documents created for election campaigns and exposé of prime ministers, forming successive governments. The analysis covers the period from election 1991 to the 2011-2015 parliamentary term. A more detailed analysis covers the years 2005-2011, the period after the Polish accession to the EU, symbolizing the beginning of the last wave of mass emigration. The main research questions concern the space, form and the recipients of political message on the theme of emigration and diaspora, its changes over time and the relationship between the declarations contained in the political parties programs, prime ministers exposé and later in government initiatives. The analysis showed that subjects relating to emigration and diaspora were present (though to varying degrees) during each election campaign, and the greatest interest in them took place during the elections in 2007. These topics were also not the subject of political controversy: the various political parties were rather consistent in the diagnosis of the situation and the solutions proposed in the programs, government initiatives on emigration and Poles living abroad met with symbolic resistance from the political opponents.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; emigration ; Polish diaspora ; political discourse ; political programs and parties
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 52
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The text presents a comparative analysis of participation of Poles residing abroad in national elections in Poland (both parliamentary and presidential) over the last two decades (1990-2011). There were seven parliamentary and five presidential elections in Poland during this period. The text contains a detailed analysis of particular elections based on the State Electoral Commission database, including the number of registered voters and votes cast abroad, the turnout level and the number of polling stations established out of Poland. Taking into account the long-term trends, there is a noticeable increase in the number of votes cast abroad in state elections after 2004. This is a direct effect of the growing number of Poles living abroad after Poland's accession to the EU, but it is also due to the fact that diaspora became an important target group for political elites and media during the electoral campaigns. Thus, the changing number of votes cast abroad has been influenced by various factors related on the one hand to the socio-political situation and, on the other - to the elections organization process, including the voter's registration scheme, the number of polling stations established abroad and the system of voting. The political preferences of Polish voters abroad are different from the population voting in the country. Additionally, when the political parties' support is examined, there are visible differences between Poles residing in American and European countries. The text consists of three main parts. The first presents general trends in electoral participation of Poles abroad in national elections. In the second part, there is a detailed data analysis (both qualitative and quantitative) of all elections (presidential and parliamentary) in the years 1990-2011. The concluding part summarizes the internal and external factors which determine the dynamics of the participation level of Poles abroad in national elections.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; electoral participation ; Polish diaspora and Poles abroad ; parliamentary and presidential elections ; voting abroad
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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  • 53
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    Białystok: Teatr Dramatyczny im. Aleksandra Węgierki w Białymstoku Fundacja Laboratorium Badań i Działań Społecznych „SocLab”
    Publication Date: 2016-08-26
    Description: "Celem diagnozy było: - przeprowadzenie badań dostarczających pełnej i rzetelnej wiedzy z zakresu potrzeb kulturalnych mieszkańców woj. podlaskiego; - wskazanie głównych barier uczestnictwa w kulturze wysokiej; - ilościowo-jakościowe określenie wizerunku instytucji kulturalnych, w tym Teatru Dramatycznego, i ocena ich działalności artystycznej; - zmierzenie poziomu kapitał kulturowego regionu na podstawie wskaźnika korzystania przez mieszkańców woj. podlaskiego z instytucji kulturalnych."
    Description: The purpose of diagnosis was: conduct studies that provide full and accurate knowledge of the cultural needs of the residents of Podlasie Voivodship; identify the main barriers to participation in high culture; quantitative and qualitative definition of cultural institutions image, including the Drama Theatre, and the evaluation of their artistic activity; measure the region's cultural capital by an index of cultural institutions use by residents of Podlasie Voivodship.
    Keywords: L38 ; A14 ; Z1 ; ddc:300 ; Podlasie Region ; Social Capital ; High Culture ; Cultural Capital ; Artists ; Cultural Institutions ; Culture ; Creativity ; Mass Culture ; Cultural Participation ; Cultural Policy ; Cultural Services ; G.01.03.02 Central-Eastern Europe ; N.06.02 Society and Social Change ; W.28 Cultural Industries ; N.08.03 Culture and the Arts ; N.06.04 Special Sociologies and Issues in the Social Sciences ; N.07 Psychology ; N.04.03.05 Cultural, Educational, and Science Policy
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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    Kiel und Hamburg: ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft
    Publication Date: 2016-08-26
    Description: Wzrost popularności gier typu „Second Life” przyczynił się nie tylko do znacznych przemian w rozwoju branży rozrywki elektronicznej. Upowszechnianie Games 2.0, nowego nurtu produkcji gier wideo które z założenia mają stanowić wirtualne światy zawierające treści tworzone przez użytkowników (np. grafikę, muzykę, animacje) sprawia, że mierzymy się zarówno z określoną innowacją technologiczną, jak też z poważną zmianą organizacji życia społeczno-kulturowego. Artykuł przedstawia problematykę istniejących trudności terminologicznych, konsekwencje dostępności Games 2.0 dla życia społecznego, pojęcie rozrywki jako pracy w nowej gospodarce niematerialnej i twórczej oraz charakterystykę „generacji C”. Praca podkreśla potrzebę dyskusji nad kierunkami rozwoju gier wideo - określanymi jako wybór między projektami „ideologii społeczno-kulturowego perpetuum mobile” i „utopii powszechnej twórczości”. Podejścia te pozwalają na wskazanie podstaw metodologicznych do prowadzenia analiz relacji między operatorami, a użytkownikami Games 2.0 przy uwzględnieniu szerszego otoczenia społecznego.
    Description: Increase in popularity of games like "Second Life" has contributed not only to significant changes in the development of the electronic entertainment industry. Promoting Games 2.0, the new trend of video game production that are assumed to be the virtual worlds that contain user-generated content (eg, graphics, music, animations) makes both measured with a specific technological innovation, as well as a serious change in the organization of socio-cultural heritage. The article presents problems of the existing difficulties of terminology, the implications of the availability of Games 2.0 for social life, the concept of leisure as work in the new economy and creative non-material and the characteristics of "Generation C". Work stresses the need for discussion on trends in the development of video games - defined as a choice between the projects' of "socio-cultural ideology of perpetual motion" and "utopia of universal creativity". These approaches allow to identify the methodological basis for analysis of relations between the operators and users of Games 2.0, taking into account the wider social environment.
    Keywords: Z1 ; L86 ; ddc:300 ; Games 2.0 ; Wikinomics ; User-Generated Content ; Generation C
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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    Kiel und Hamburg: ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft
    Publication Date: 2016-08-26
    Description: Raport powstał z inicjatywy Fundacji Pomocy Matematykom i Informatykom Niesprawnym Ruchowo w ramach projektu „Centrum Edukacji i Aktywizacji Zawodowej Osób Niepełnosprawnych - Oddziały Bydgoszcz i Łódź". Stanowi on rezultat badań zjawiska niepełnosprawności i kategorii społecznej, jaką stanowią osoby niepełnosprawne, oraz funkcjonowania ponad 30 agencji zatrudnienia wyspecjalizowanych we wsparciu osób niepełnosprawnych na rynku pracy. Pierwszy rozdział ekspertyzy dotyczy sposobów definiowania zjawiska niepełnosprawności, w drugim zaś - podjęto zagadnienie budowania potencjału niepublicznych służb zatrudnienia osób niepełnosprawnych. Trzeci rozdział raportu zawiera informacje dotyczące przyjętej metodologii badań, a czwarty prezentuje wyniki analiz zebranego materiału empirycznego w odniesieniu do oferty agencji zatrudnienia i jej klientów. Tematem piątego rozdziału pracy jest kondycja agencji zatrudnienia osób niepełnosprawnych, prowadzonych przez organizacje pozarządowe. Motyw przewodni kolejnego rozdziału to otoczenie zewnętrzne agencji zatrudnienia. Ostatnia cześć raportu dotyczy rekomendacji wspomagających rozwiązywanie dylematów rozwojowych, przed którymi stoją agencje zatrudnienia.
    Description: This report was made on the initiative of the Foundation Supporting Disabled Mathematicians and IT professionals in the project "Centre for Education and Vocational Activation of Persons with Disabilities - Branches Bydgoszcz and Lodz." It is the result of research on disability phenomenon and people with disabilities social category. It contains information about operations of more than 30 employment agencies specialized in helping people with disabilities into the labor market. First chapter of expertise relates to methods for defining the prevalence of disability and in the second - it was the issue of capacity building for non-disabled employment services. Third chapter of the report provides information on the methodology of research, and the fourth presents the results of an empirical analysis of the collected material in relation to the offer of employment agencies and their clients. Theme of the fifth chapter of the work is the condition of the disabled employment agency run by NGOs. Theme of the next chapter is the external environment of employment agencies. Last part of the report focuses on solving a recommendation supporting development dilemmas faced by agencies employment.
    Keywords: E24 ; J68 ; Z13 ; ddc:300 ; employment agencies ; disability ; non-governmental organizations ; persons with disabilities ; employment services ; third sector ; employment offices ; labor market ; V.13.01 Labour Market ; V.14.01.01 Social Policy ; V.13.01.02 Labour Market Policy
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:report
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    Poznań: Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk
    Publication Date: 2016-11-24
    Description: Growth in popularity of computer (video) games is a noticeable change in recent years. Electronic entertainment increasingly engages the wider society and reaches to new audiences by offering them satisfy of wide variety of needs and aspirations. As a mass media games not only provide entertainment, but they are also an important source of income, knowledge and social problems. Article aims to bring closer look on the common areas of games and comics. On the one hand designers and artists working on games are often inspired by comic books, as well as they create their licensed adaptations and separate „interactive issues”. On the other hand more and more often we can see comics based on popular games. Study present the areas of agreement, cooperation or dependence like: technologies used to create games and comic books, use of comic books to comment events in the gaming industry and organization of exhibitions or events popularizing the works from both fields.
    Description: W ostatnich latach dostrzegalny jest wzrost popularności gier komputerowych (wideo). Elektroniczna rozrywka angażuje uwagę coraz to szerszych kręgów społecznych i dociera do nowych grup odbiorców oferując im zaspokojenie najrozmaitszych potrzeb i aspiracji. Jako środek masowego przekazu gry dostarczają nie tylko rozrywki, ale stanowią też istotne źródło dochodów, wiedzy i problemów społecznych. Celem artykułu jest przybliżenie wspólnych obszarów gier i komiksu. Z jednej strony projektanci i artyści pracujący nad grami często czerpią inspirację z komiksów, jak również tworzą ich licencjonowane adaptacje i odrębne, „interaktywne numery”. Z drugiej zaś coraz częściej publikowane są komiksy bazujące na popularnych grach. Opracowanie przedstawia również takie obszary porozumienia, współpracy, bądź zależności jak: technologie wykorzystywane przy tworzeniu gier i komiksów, zastosowanie komiksów w komentowaniu wydarzeń branży gier oraz organizowanie wystaw i imprez popularyzujących twórczość z obu dziedzin.
    Keywords: Z11 ; L82 ; ddc:330 ; ICT ; Ludology ; Social Capital ; Video Games ; Mass media ; Stereotypes and Prejudice ; Game Concepts ; Theory of Network & Participation Culture ; serious games ; e-learning ; User-Generated Content ; Technoculture ; Comics Arts Education ; Comics/Sequential Art ; games industry ; Leisure Industries
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:bookPart
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    Halle (Saale): Leibniz-Institut für Agrarentwicklung in Mittel- und Osteuropa (IAMO)
    Publication Date: 2016-08-30
    Description: Od początku lat 90-tych XX wieku nieprzerwanie rośnie przepaść pomiędzy rozwojem gospodarczym terenów miejskich i wiejskich. Powiększające się różnice w poziomach zarobków i brak perspektyw znalezienia pracy spowodowały już odpływ młodych ludzi ze wsi oraz coraz bardziej zauważalne starzenie się terenów wiejskich. Inicjatywy lokalne, jak pokazują udane przypadki z różnych regionów Polski, mogą mieć trwały wpływ na rozwój gospodarczy terenów wiejskich i skutecznie przeciwdziałać wyżej wymienionym zjawiskom. Niniejsza praca przedstawia wyniki studium przypadku, które analizuje inicjatywy lokalne w gminie Debrzno w województwie pomorskim. Wyniki studium przypadku opierają się przede wszystkim na otwartych wywiadach przeprowadzonych wśród mieszkańców, przedstawicieli samorządu lokalnego oraz członków lokalnego stowarzyszenia rozwojowego. Poważnym problemem w regionie okalnym. W 2004 roku stowarzyszenie wraz z przedstawicielami dziesięciu innych gmin złożyło podanie o działania pilotażowe wdrażające Inicjatywę Wspólnotową Leader+. Konferencje przeprowadzone z potencjalnymi partnerami przyszłej grupy działania typu Leader, doświadczenie z inicjatywami lokalnymi w stowarzyszeniu oraz programie Naszyjnika Północy, a także wysoki poziom wiedzy zainteresowanych stron o projektach typu Leader stanowią obiecujące przesłanki dla skutecznego wdrożenia strategii pilotażowej w regionie.
    Keywords: J43 ; P32 ; R11 ; ddc:330 ; Rozwój wsi ; inicjatywa lokalna ; współpraca ; Leader+ ; Polska
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Auswanderung ; Migranten ; Polen (Personen) ; USA ; Chicago (Ill.)
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Arbeitsmigranten ; Migranten ; Frauen ; Polen (Personen) ; Hauspersonal ; Neapel
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: Throughout the history of the European Union quite a few cases of transformation of typical emigration countries into countries of both emigration and immigration have been noted. This regards Italy (end of 60s/beginning of 70s), Ireland (end of 80s/beginning of 90s), Greece (in the 80s) and Spain and Portugal (in the 90s), especially. Such transformation of these countries was directly related to their acquisition of EU-membership. In the case of all the countries, gaining EU-membership ultimately resulted in a fall in the level of emigration and the phenomenon of return migration. However, there were noticeable variations in the time frame within which the latter process took place in a given country. The economic situation of the country, and especially prognoses as to the situation on the labour market, appears to be a decisive factor in shaping the process of return migration. Also political factors, inter alia connected with the perception of the direction in which the country was proceeding, proved to be of crucial importance. The experiences of other European countries may be analysed with a view to ascertaining the current standing of Poland. At the same time, however, it must be underlined that the Greek, Spanish and Portuguese cases differed greatly from the Polish one in terms of the duration of the transition periods for the free movement of labour, which were considerably longer than for Poland. Hence, definite conclusions as to the Polish case cannot be drawn on the basis of this analysis, particularly with reference to the time-frame within which return migration tom Poland might start taking place. Considering the current situation of Poland, the Spanish case appears the most analogous.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Rückwanderung ; Internationale Migration ; EU-Mitgliedschaft ; EU-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: Post accession migration movements into UK and Ireland have been recognized in Poland as an important social issue. The scale of the departures also makes the problem increasingly important for social researchers. This paper attempts to recognize dynamics of the migration process taking into account the duration of migration project, migration motives, labour market positions of polish migrants in the UK and Ireland, characteristics of social relations and plans for the reverse migration. Data reported in this paper have been collected from online survey. Methodological background of the study argues this data collection technique can be regarded as an alternate source of information on polish citizens migration movements we have been observing lately. The most important argument supporting this thesis is the similarity of demographic profiles of polish internet users and polish migrants leaving country after EU accession, especially those who choose the UK and Ireland as their destinations.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Internationale Migration ; Migranten ; Polen (Personen) ; Großbritannien ; Irland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: Postaccession migration from Poland into the United Kingdom has been perceived by British experts as the most intensive and rapid inflow of foreigners in the whole postwar period of this country. Also from the Polish perspective emigration to the United Kingdom has been a large, if not the largest, outflow of Polish citizens in recent years. On the basis of comprehensive statistical data, this paper pertains to performance of the Polish migrants at the British labour market. The starting point of the analysis is a very good economic situation in the United Kingdom, due to which since the beginning of the 1990s the employment rate and the number of vacancies have increased. The next analysed issue is the recent migration policy of the United Kingdom that excluded labour market restrictions toward the citizens of the new EU member states. As a result of this decision, the mass inflow from those countries, especially from Poland, took place. In this section the following issues are discussed: the postwar flow from Poland into the United Kingdom, the main characteristics of Polish migrants living in this country, the performance of Polish migrants at the British labour market (including economic sectors of employment, occupations undertaken, the wage level, the seasonality of work). Subsequently, the impact of migration from the new EU member states, especially from Poland, on the British population structure and economy is analysed. Collected statistical data indicate that this impact is positive, but rather marginal: neither increase in unemployment at regional labour markets of the United Kingdom, nor decrease in the wage level, nor obtaining of social benefits under false pretences were observed. However, the inflow of Polish labour migrants did not eliminate the problem of huge number of vacancies in the British economy. Finally, the issue of potential return migration from the United Kingdom to Poland is discussed. This phenomenon, also called remigration, to a great extent depends on individual socio-demographic and occupational characteristics of migrants, migration strategies and future situation at the British and Polish labour markets. The conclusions on the future remigration are based on the previous return migration to Poland since 1989 and the past experiences of the South European countries, where large outflow after the accession into the EU took place.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Arbeitsmigranten ; Migranten ; Polen (Personen) ; Arbeitsmarktintegration ; Rückwanderung ; Großbritannien
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Polish
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: This study analyses the Norwegian labour market, focusing on changes that have taken place, and on problems that have surfaced in the past decade. The study helps identify the main determinants of the demand for foreign labour in Norway, as well as of factors that are likely to shape the scale and the composition of the demand for foreign labour in Norway in the near future. The study includes a short description of the history of migration to Norway, and a description of the main migrant groups in the country. It also presents results of research carried out on the position of migrant workers in the Norwegian labour market. In view of the substantial increase in the past three years in the inflow of Polish migrants to Norway, the last part of the study offers a detailed analysis of this group of migrants.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Arbeitsmarkt ;