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  • Danish  (134)
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  • 1
    Call number: K 96.0086/1-4
    In: Geologisk kort over Danmark
    Pages: 4 Spezialbl. + Erl.-H. (7 S.)
    ISBN: 8789813308
    Series Statement: Danmarks Geologiske Undersøgelse: DGU kortserie nr. 50
    Language: Danish
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 2
    Call number: SR 91.1609(37/1)
    In: Mededelingen
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 159 S. + 1 Kt.-Beil. + 1 Beil.
    ISBN: 9012045975
    Series Statement: Mededelingen / Rijks Geologische Dienst N.S., vol. 37, no. 1
    Language: Danish
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 3
    Call number: SR 90.1076(21)
    In: Geoskrifter
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 36 S.
    ISBN: 8787529459
    Series Statement: Geoskrifter 21
    Language: Danish
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 4
    Call number: SR 90.1076(27)
    In: Geoskrifter
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 39 S.
    ISBN: 8787529602
    Series Statement: Geoskrifter 27
    Language: Danish
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 5
    Call number: SR 90.1076(28)
    In: Geoskrifter
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 29 S.
    ISBN: 8787529629
    Series Statement: Geoskrifter 28
    Language: Danish
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 6
    Call number: SR 90.1076(26)
    In: Geoskrifter
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 24 S.
    ISBN: 8787529564
    Series Statement: Geoskrifter 26
    Language: Danish
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 7
    Call number: SR 90.1076(29)
    In: Geoskrifter
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 35 S.
    ISBN: 8787529637
    Series Statement: Geoskrifter 29
    Language: Danish
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 8
    Call number: SR 90.1076(32)
    In: Geoskrifter
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 46 S.
    ISBN: 8787529688
    Series Statement: Geoskrifter 32
    Language: Danish
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 9
    Monograph available for loan
    Berlin [u.a.] : Langenscheidt
    Associated volumes
    Call number: 1.1/M 93.0631
    In: Langenscheidts Taschenwörterbuch der Dänischen und Deutschen Sprache
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 170 S.
    Edition: 20. Aufl
    ISBN: 3468111010
    Classification: E.5.
    Language: Danish
    Location: Reading room
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  • 10
    Call number: K 96.0084/1-4
    In: Geologisk kort over Danmark
    Pages: 4 Spezialbl. + Erl.-H. (7 S.)
    ISBN: 8789813286
    Series Statement: Danmarks Geologiske Undersøgelse: DGU kortserie nr. 48
    Language: Danish
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 11
    Monograph available for loan
    Berlin [u.a.] : Langenscheidt
    Associated volumes
    Call number: 1.1/M 92.0727
    In: Langenscheidts Taschenwörterbuch der dänischen und deutschen Sprache
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 1070 S.
    Edition: 19. Aufl
    ISBN: 3468101007
    Classification: E.5.
    Language: Danish
    Location: Reading room
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  • 12
    Series available for loan
    Aarhus : Geologisk Inst., Univ.
    Associated volumes
    Call number: SR 90.1076(22)
    In: Geoskrifter
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 33 S.
    ISBN: 8787529467
    Series Statement: Geoskrifter 22
    Language: Danish
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 13
    Call number: SR 90.1076(33)
    In: Geoskrifter
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 84 S.
    ISBN: 8787529696
    Series Statement: Geoskrifter 33
    Language: Danish
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 14
    Call number: SR 90.1076(39)
    In: Geoskrifter
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 25 S.
    ISBN: 8787529777
    Series Statement: Geoskrifter 39
    Language: Danish
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 15
    Call number: K 96.0160(41) / R13
    In: Geologisk kort over Danmark
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 5 S. + 1 Kt.
    ISBN: 8789813189
    Series Statement: 41
    Language: Danish
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 16
    Call number: SR 91.1185(2)
    In: Danmarks Geologiske Undersoegelse. Serie A
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 78 S.
    ISBN: 8742107091
    Series Statement: Danmarks Geologiske Undersoegelse : Serie A 2
    Language: Danish
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 17
    Call number: SR 91.1185(3)
    In: Danmarks Geologiske Undersoegelse. Serie A
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 19 S.
    ISBN: 8742107148
    Series Statement: Danmarks Geologiske Undersoegelse : Serie A 3
    Language: Danish
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 18
    Call number: SR 90.1076(23)
    In: Geoskrifter
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 61 S.
    ISBN: 8787529475
    Series Statement: Geoskrifter 23
    Language: Danish
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 19
    Call number: SR 90.1076(38)
    In: Geoskrifter
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 50 S.
    ISBN: 8787529769
    Series Statement: Geoskrifter 38
    Language: Danish
    Location: Lower compact magazine
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  • 20
    Call number: MOP 21697
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 1069 S.
    Language: Danish
    Location: MOP - must be ordered
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  • 21
    Call number: K 96.0083/1-3
    In: Geologisk kort over Danmark
    Pages: 3 Spezialbl + Erl.-H. (7 S.)
    ISBN: 8789813278
    Series Statement: Danmarks Geologiske Undersøgelse: DGU kortserie nr. 47
    Language: Danish
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  • 22
    Call number: K 96.0085/1-4
    In: Geologisk kort over Danmark
    Pages: 4 Spezialbl. + Erl.-H. (7 S.)
    ISBN: 8789813244
    Series Statement: Danmarks Geologiske Undersøgelse: DGU kortserie nr. 49
    Language: Danish
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 23
    Call number: 1.1/M 93.0642
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Edition: 1. Aufl.
    ISBN: 3468121008
    Classification: E.5.
    Language: Danish
    Location: Reading room
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  • 24
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: Islamistisk terror har ramt Europa. Den har terroriseret og skræmt den europæiske befolkning. At europæisk fødte teenagedrenge føler en trang til at hævne sig mod det samfund de lever i, ved at sprænge sig selv og en masse civile i luften, giver for os absolut ingen mening. Formålet med dette working paper er at klargøre den logiske sammenhæng i islamisternes tankegang og demonstrere, hvordan islamisterne kan tro, at det de foretager sig, er godt og legitimt i islam. For at kunne gøre dette, er det nødvendigt at forstå kernebegreberne i islam, eftersom det er de samme begreber, islamisterne bruger til at retfærdiggøre deres handlinger. Dette working paper er derfor delt i tre dele. De første to dele har til formål at redegøre for grundbegreberne i islam g hvordan islamisk jura skal forstås og fortolkes. Den sidste del vil redegøre for de islamiske krigsbegreber, som islamisterne bruger til at forklare og legitimere deres handlinger med.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 25
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: The paper maps practically all European states between, on the one hand, the US and UK belligerents in the Iraq operation 2003 and, on the other hand, their main critics France, Germany, and Russia. We describe these patterns and tentatively try to explain them. Whereas we reject public opinion, government ideology or state capability (small state vs. great power) as explanations, a geopolitical explanation turns out to account much better for the observed pattern. A political conflict between inner and outer Europe is a future possibility.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Geopolitik ; Irak ; Europa
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 26
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: The region of Southeast Asia is faced with a complex set of challenges stemming from political, economic and religious developments at the national, regional and global level. This paper sets out to examine trade-, foreign- and security policy implications of the issues confronting the region. In ASEAN, the Southeast Asian countries are continuing their ambitious attempts at further integration. Plans outlining deeper security and economic communities have been adopted. However, huge differences in political systems, economic development and ethnic/religious structures are hampering prospects of closer cooperation. The highly controversial conflict case of Burma/Myanmar is testing the much adhered-to principle of non-interference and at the same time complicating relations with external powers. Among these, the United States and China are dramatically strengthening their interests in the region. American influence is not least manifesting itself in light of the war against terrorism, which the region is adapting to in different ways and at different speeds. By contrast, the European Union does not seem to answer Southeast Asian calls for further engagement. A flurry of bilateral and regional trade agreements is another prominent feature of the economic landscape of the region. This is to a certain degree a reflex ion of impatience with trade liberalization in the WTO and within ASEAN itself. Structures of economic cooperation are under rapid alteration in Southeast Asia. The paper analyses the above-mentioned developments with a view to assessing the prospects of future stability, economic development and integration in and among ASEAN countries. It is concluded that although the scope for increased economic benefit and political harmonization through ASEAN integration alone is limited, the organization could still prove useful as a common regional point of reference in tackling more important policy determinants at national and global level.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wirtschaftsintegration ; Politische Gewalt ; Internationale Zusammenarbeit ; ASEAN-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 27
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: Fra flere sider bliver udenlandske investeringer trukket frem som en væsentlig bidragyder til udviklingsprocessen i udviklingslande. Argumentet er, at visse udviklingslande, især i Afrika, har brug for langt større og mere stabile kapitalstrømme for at finansiere udviklingen. Udenlandske investeringer kan ifølge fortalere levere begge dele. Sideløbende hermed er der kommet stadigt større fokus på Syd-Syd investeringer i Afrika. Dette papir søger at sammenholde argumenterne for og imod udenlandske inverteringers potentiale for at bidrage positivt til Afrikas udviklingsproces. Papiret påpeger, at ikke alle typer investeringer er lige gavnlige, at bistand stadig spiller en meget vigtig rolle, og at virkningerne af Syd-Syd investeringer ikke er væsensforskellige fra virkningerne af andre investeringer. Investeringer kan altså katalysere en udviklingsproces. Det kræver dog visse forudsætninger, såsom tilpasset teknologi, lokale underleverandører, positiv påvirkning af betalingsbalancen. Som situationen er i dag, fremstår Afrika dog stadig som en region, hvor udenlandske investeringer søger at udnytte lokale ressourcer snarere end at opgradere lokal kapacitet.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 28
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalbank
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: This paper sets out by looking at the purchasing power parity theory applied on Denmark, using real effective exchange rate measures published by Danmarks Nationalbank. Following this, two commonly used methods of determining equilibrium exchange rates are examined. First, a model of time-varying equilibrium exchange rates is explored, whereby the development of real effective exchange rates is sought explained by a number of variables. Secondly, the so-called macroeconomic balance approach, which has often been used by the IMF, is examined. Overall, it is found that the real effective exchange rate for Denmark is not far from equilibrium, even though the real effective exchange rate of the krone has strengthened over the past 25 years.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Kaufkraftparität ; Wechselkurspolitik ; Dänemark
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 29
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: Access to finance and the financing terms are important for firms' in-vestments and thus the business cycle developments. Danish non-financial corporations to a large extent finance their non-financial investments internally e.g. via retained earnings. During a business cycle expansion the analysis indicates, that corporations firstly finance themselves internally. Hereafter more expensive exter-nal debt financing is applied as the possibilities for internal financing gradually are exhausted. The costs of equity financing are normally higher than debt financing. However, for listed companies the results are consistent with at pat-tern where equity financing precede debt financing during an eco-nomic expansion. This is related to the fact that the cost of equity financing tend to fall at times of a rising stock market as it is typically the case already in the early phase of a economic expansion. Non-financial corporations normally increase their short-term borrow-ing in the early phase of an economic downturn. For corporations as a whole other short-term borrowing is rising more than short-term borrowing in banks, while the substitution away from short-term bank loans to other short-term loans does not seem to apply for borrowing by listed companies. Compared with large enterprises small and medium-sized enter-prises have a larger share of debt in relation to their total balance and apply banks and mortgage-credit institutions relatively more.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Unternehmensfinanzierung ; Kapitalstruktur ; Dänemark
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 30
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalbank
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: Several countries at the core of the Euro area have experienced coincident business cycles during the most recent decades, while the Danish economy seemed detached from these cycles during the 1980's and part of the 1990's. To a large degree, the decoupling of the Danish economy reflects fundamental changes in the Danish economic policy during this period. Towards the end of the 1990's a remarkable business-cycle convergence occurred between most of the industrialised countries, as documented in a series of empirical analyses. In the same period, the correlation between Danish and Euro area business cycles increased markedly. Over the most recent years, however, this global convergence has decreased again, while the correlation between Euro-area core economies has remained high. The Danish economy has also maintained a relatively high business-cycle correlation with the Euro-area core countries.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Konjunkturzusammenhang ; Clusteranalyse ; Dänemark ; Eurozone ; EU-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 31
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: The working paper investigates the relationship between export performance and wage competitiveness in the manufacturing sector. Analyses in the paper show that among industrialised countries for the period since 1995 countries with the greatest deterioration in wage competitiveness have also had a tendency to do relatively poorly in the export market measured in volumes. Data for Denmark show that our loss of export market shares in volumes has been particularly high in times when the Danish labour costs have risen significantly more than abroad. When looking at current prices, the link between export performance and wage competitiveness in the Danish manufacturing sector is less clear. This applies to both the Danish manufactured exports in total, and to industrial sectors. An empirical analysis based on data across countries, industrial sectors and time shows that the Danish manufactured exports are less sensitive to changes in wage competitiveness than that of our main trading partners Germany, Sweden and United Kingdom.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Verarbeitendes Gewerbe ; Export ; Arbeitskosten ; Standortfaktor ; Internationaler Wettbewerb ; Dänemark
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 32
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalbank
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: Cash are socially less costly than payment cards for all payments below DKK 29, while Dankort, the national Danish debit card, are cheaper for all other point-of-sale payments. These results are derived from calculations that divide costs of payments into fixed, variable-transaction-dependent, and variable-amount-dependent costs. Such a division makes it possible to calculate marginal costs, i.e. the social costs of one additional payment with cash and different types of payment cards, and how the marginal costs depend on the size of the payment. Furthermore, the calculations can be used to show the potential savings in terms of social cost from transferring payments from expensive to cheap types of payments. For instance, if one fourth of all larger cash payments (above DKK 200) were to be paid by Dankort instead of cash, DKK 145 million in social costs could be saved.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Zahlungsverkehr ; Kreditkarte ; Soziale Kosten ; Dänemark
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 33
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: This Working Paper compares the Danish financial system with that of the Euro area countries using three different analytical approaches. The structure of the financial system is analyzed showing who saves, how the savings are processed to the users, and who the users of capital are. The integration of the Danish financial system with that of the Euro area is tested using - among different approaches - The law of one price. Finally, the framework for the development of the financial system is compared. It is concluded that the Danish financial system has many common characteristics with that of the Euro area countries. Despite the similarities there is some way to go before exactly the same retail products are marketed within all countries in the Euro area and in Denmark. To quote a colleague, there is some way to the level in the fast-food business, which is why the McLoan and McDeposit ain't there yet.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Finanzmarkt ; Wirtschaftsintegration ; Vergleich ; Dänemark ; EU-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 34
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalbank
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: In this paper, we estimate a consumption function based on a new set of data for household wealth. The basis is a standard error correction model where consumption is driven by income and wealth developments in the long run. The model which is estimated on quarterly data for the period 1973-2005 is characterized by a long-run relationship which is significant and stable over time. Moreover, the model satisfies a homogeneity requirement, implying that consumption is proportional to income and wealth in the long-run. The model can, basically, be interpreted as a re-estimated version of the existing consumption function in Mona, which is based on income and wealth data for the aggregate private sector. However, the latter model has difficulties in explaining consumption developments in the years after 1998 where the relationship between consumption and wealth ratios for the private sector has turned out not longer to be valid. The use of data for households is theoretically more adequate when modelling private consumption and, at the same time, solves the problem of model instability over the most recent years.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; consumption function ; household wealth ; model stability ; Vermögen ; Mikroökonomische Konsumfunktion ; Dänemark
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 35
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalbank
    Publication Date: 2013-10-26
    Description: This paper describes how the two most important clearing and settlement systems in Denmark, VP and the Sumclearing, work in practice. Further it analyses, how the legal framework in the Securities Trading Act, STA, based on directive 98/26/EC on settlement finality in payment and securities settlement systems works in relation to the functionality of VP and the Sumclearing. The functionality for both systems encompasses net settlement (multilateral netting). The description of the two systems explains not only the multiple batches processing in the systems, but also the systems terms and conditions and the cash settlement in Danmarks Nationalbank. The conclusion is that both systems have entered into fully valid and binding agreements of multilateral netting with its participants according to the requirements in STA. Further the moments, when transfer orders become binding and irrevocable, are identified. In a separate section the important link established between VP Securities Services and Euroclear in Belgium is described, including an elaboration of the cross-system settlement of trades between participants of VP Securities Services and Euroclear, whereby Danish book entry securities electronically are moved to Belgium or back again. Finally the paper analyses what happens in case a participant of VP or the Sumclearing is declared bankrupt. The conclusion is that both VP and the Sumclearing are structured in a way, so the legal and practical consequences of a participant's bankruptcy are predictable in all standard cases. For the other participants this is crucial for the possibility to adapt to the situation. The bibliography contains a list of relevant homepages, and a glossary of some of the most important terms in the paper has been compiled.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 36
    Publication Date: 2013-10-26
    Description: The paper describes the activities of central counterparties (CCPs) and the international framework for those activities. It also provides an overview of the activities of the CCPs in the EU. Against this background, an initial assessment is performed of the possibilities of introducing a CCP in the Danish market. The preliminary conclusion is that there seems to be a limited need for a CCP in the Danish market. Furthermore, the initial costs involved seem to be relatively high. However, a more detailed analysis is recommended concerning the expediency of introducing a CCP on the repo market, where higher risks are involved. Here, the introduction of a CCP would also offer administrative or capital-adequacy benefits. After the publication of the paper, one or more meetings will be held with market representatives with a view to discussing the preliminary conclusions to the paper and the assumptions on which they are based.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wertpapierhandel ; Clearing ; Risikomanagement ; Dänemark ; EU-Staaten
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 37
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalbank
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: The mobile phone can now be used as a payment instrument to purchase goods and services. Several factors have supported this use of mobile phones. Firstly, the mobile phone has a market penetration close to 100 per cent. Secondly, technological developments have enabled new payment services to mobile phones and expanded the range of goods and services that can be purchased by means of a mobile phone. Thirdly, payments made by mobile phones - known as mobile payments - are in many contexts a more simple and faster way of making payments than other payment methods. The volume of mobile payments is still relatively limited in Denmark. However, pilot projects have shown that consumers are willing to use their mobile phones for payments. Yet, Denmark is still lagging behind several countries when it comes to mobile payments. This applies especially to the so-called proximity payments where the mobile phone is used instead of cash and/or payment cards for point of sales transactions.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Mobiltelefon ; Zahlungsverkehr ; Dänemark
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 38
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalbank
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: In Denmark the most frequent means of payment are cash and dankort. A survey study of Danish payment behaviour reveals that older citizens as well as low-income groups in particular prefer cash. A recent change in Danish surcharge regulation permits retailers to charge a fee when receiving credit card payments, but not when receiving debit card, including dankort, payments. A statistical analysis of Danish payment patterns indicate that such a change will not incite more people to pay in cash.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Zahlungsverkehr ; Geld ; Bargeldloser Zahlungsverkehr ; Altersgruppe ; Dänemark
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 39
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalbank
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: The Working Paper analyses the use of cash in Denmark since 1990 and compares with the development in other EU-countries. The retail cash payments have decreased in the last 10 years, but cash still make up a significant part of the total retail sales. About half of the cash outstanding is held by households for registered transactions, by financial institutions, other companies, public authorities etc. The remaining part of the cash outstanding is supposed to be used for saving or other non-registered purposes. Cash usage in Denmark is approximately the same as in the UK but is lower than the use of cash in the Euro Area.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 40
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: This paper deals with Danish Government Foreign Borrowing and Debt Administration in the period 1959 to 1991 the Nationalbank succeeded the Ministry of Finance as the administrator.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Öffentliche Schulden ; Internationale Staatsschulden ; Dänemark
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 41
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2015-02-17
    Description: Der dukker til stadighed nye forslag til finansiering af udvikling op. Forslagene er ikke blevet færre - eller mindre opfindsomme - i takt med at det er blevet åbenlyst, at opfyldelsen af 2015-målene kræver øget finansiering. Dette arbejdspapir skitserer baggrunden for disse forslags oprindelse og deres konkrete design. Forslagene systematiseres, diskuteres og vurderes. Papiret peger på, at innovativ finansiering handler om andet og mere end f.eks. lokal absorptionskapacitet og appreciering af lokal valuta. Det handler om politisk vilje, om transaktionsomkostninger, om forudsigelighed, om incitamentsstrukturer, om modsatrettede interesser, og om etiske problemer. Om et forslag er godt eller skidt, afhænger derfor i høj grad af, hvad formålet er, og om hvordan det relaterer sig til allerede eksisterende finansieringsformer.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 42
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: Regeringens Afrikapalitik har faet mange roser ag er blevet udrabt sam en succes, nxsten f0r den blev affentliggjart. Artiklen bidrager til farstaelsen af, hvarfor Afrikapalitikken betragtes sam en succes, selvam det er tvivlsamt am den hjxlper Afrikas fattigste. Derudaver prxsenteres kankrete initiativer, hvar mrusxtningen er st0tte til udvikling far kantinentets fattigste. Fakus i de kankrete fattigdamsreducerende initiativer er etablering af mekanismer, hvarved de fattigste kann profitere af kantinentets enorme naturrigdomme. Artiklens konklusian er, at regeringens Afrikapolitik nxppe bliver et gennembrud far fattigdomsbekxmpelsen i Afrika. Der efterlyses nytxnkning, der i hojere grad tager udgangspunkt i Afrikas muligheder end begrxnsninger samt at Danmark mruretter indsatsen sa den st0tter Afrikas fattigste.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 43
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: I marts 2005 var det 20 år, siden Mikhail Gorbatjov kom til magten i Sovjetunionen som generalsekretær for Sovjetunionens Kommunistiske Parti og fremlagde sit program til reform af det sovjetiske system. Nøgleordene i reformen var perestrojka, glasnost og demokratisering. De fik ikke alene betydning indadtil, men også udadtil i forholdet til omverdenen, der hurtigt fattede lid til Gorbatjov og hans nyskabelser. Dette working paper giver et overblik over Gorbatjovs og hans meningsfællers opfattelse af udviklingen siden da og deres vurdering af reformernes skæbne og skildrer Ruslands stilling på verdensscenen i dag. Dette indebærer også en kritisk vurdering af præsident Vladimir Putins indenrigs- og udenrigspolitik. Der tegnes et billede af et svagt Rusland, der ikke har frigjort sig fra den sovjetiske arvs byrde, men tværtimod på mange måder søger tilbage til den autoritære styreform, et Rusland, der ved inertiens kraft stadig nyder en vis respekt, om end ikke anseelse i det internationale samfund.
    Description: In March 2005 it was 20 years since Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in the Soviet Union as Secretary-General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and presented his programme for reform of the Soviet system. Key words in the reform were perestroika, glasnost and democratization. They became important not only internally but also externally in the relations to the outside world that swiftly put its trust in Gorbachev and his innovations. This working paper gives an overview of the perception that Gorbachev and his like-minded have of the development since then, presents their evaluation of the fate of the reforms and of the position of Russia on the world scene today. This also includes a critical evaluation of the domestic and foreign policies of President Vladimir Putin. The paper outlines a weak Russia that has not released itself from the burden of the Soviet heritage but on the contrary in many ways goes back to the authoritarian form of government, a Russia that by inertia still enjoys a certain respect although not esteem in the international community.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 44
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalbank
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: Danish business cycles from 1974 to 2000 are studied. The HP-filter and the Baxter-king filter are applied and several empirical regularities are identified: Consumption tends to lead the business cycle while investment, especially construction, follows with a lag. Export does not covariate systematically with activity, but high activity is followed by a low market share, indicating a domestic capacity effect. Prices are in general found to be counter cyclical, reflecting i.a. a long lag in the price impact of demand shocks. Demand shocks seem to impact prices mainly via the labour market rather than pulling prices directly. It is also established that real interest rates based on realised inflation have little co-variation with activity and it is suggested to use a real interest rate based on filtered inflation instead. Rolling 10-year sample periods are used to check all results for robustness over time.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Schätzung ; Dänemark
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 45
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalbank
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: Based on data on the living space of dwellings compiled by Statistics Denmark and data on housing prices compiled by Realkreditraadet (the Association of Danish Mortgage Banks), we calculate three measures of housing wealth for Denmark in the period from 1981 to 2006. These measures include total housing wealth, the housing wealth of households and the value of owner-occupied homes with a breakdown by type of dwelling (detached one-family houses, terraced houses, farmhouses, freehold flats, holiday dwellings and multi-family buildings excluding freehold flats). This paper provides a documentation of methodology and presents results. Moreover, we apply the wealth figures when calculating capital gains on housing and the amount of non-mortgaged housing wealth of households (home-equity). Finally, we discuss alternative housing wealth measures that are publicly available.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; housing wealth ; capital gains ; home-equity
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 46
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: This working paper addresses the question of how the Euro has performed internationally since its introduction on the financial markets in 1999 and its introduction as a means of cash-payment in 2002. It is shown that in the period 1999-2006 the international role of the Euro grew steadily compared to the former European currencies that took part in the creation of the single currency. The paper illustrates that the increasing role of the Euro enhances the economic capacities of the Eurozone; this is illustrated among other things by the fact that the Euro has improved the seignorage and liquidity premium of the Eurozone. It is further argued that the Euro has reduced transaction costs on the markets for currency, finance and goods by making currency exchange obsolete within the single market. Besides this the Euro has made markets more transparent and prices more comparable within the Eurozone, and the Growth- and Stability Pact has ensured a policy of price stability. On the other hand, some critical arguments are put forward. These arguments are related to the fact that the Eurozone does not constitute an optimal currency area. They are also related to the derived restrictions on the economic policy of the member states related to the Growth- and Stability Pact. The paper argues that the member states have faced similar restrictions since the early 1980s and would have been likely to continue doing so in the review period, which makes the argument less relevant. In conclusion it is argued that the introduction of the Euro has enhanced the economic performance of the Eurozone. Part of the aim of the working paper is to shed light on what made twelve European countries enter an empirically atypical currency union that is historically unparalleled in proportions. Thus, it is illustrated that the economic advantages related to the introduction of the Euro can very likely explain the introduction of the single currency.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 47
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: Migranters og flygtninges pengeoverførelser til deres hjemlande, også kaldet remitter, er en vigtig pengemæssig indsprøjtning til trængte afrikanske økonomier og får derfor stigende opmærksomhed i disse år. Hovedparten af remitter går til forbrug og ikke til direkte produktive investeringer. Makroøkonomiske analyser af remitters betydning for vækst og fattigdomsbekæmpelse er mangelfulde, hvilket ikke mindst skyldes dårligt datamateriale. Alligevel er der klare tendenser, der peger mod remitters positive udviklingseffekter, og at disse bidrager til opfyldelse af 2015-målene. Der er imidlertid tale om private midler, der kan betragtes som komplementære til, og ikke som en substitut for, udviklingsbistand. I en afrikansk kontekst er der tale om store beløb. Officielle opgørelser over remitter anslår, at bistand og udenlandske investeringer er af relativt større betydning i Afrika. Medregnes uformelle remitter kan der dog måske lægges helt op til 70% til de officielle opgørelser, hvilket i givet fald betyder, at omfanget af remitter overstiger udenlandske investeringer i Afrika syd for Sahara.1 Remitter har nogle helt særlige karakteristika: De er baseret på personlige relationer og afsendt ud fra forskellige motiver, og de er meget stabile og ikke afhængige af den øvrige økonomiske eller politiske udvikling i udviklingslandet – erfaringer fra konflikt- og postkonfliktlande indikerer tværtimod, at de er modcykliske. Udviklingsbistand vil, med fokus på at forbedre rammebetingelser, kunne bidrage til at øge udviklingseffekten af remitter – gøre dem mere tilgængelige, billigere at overføre og give incitament til at øge andelen af remitter, der går til produktive investeringer.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 48
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: Bekæmpelse af den transnationale Al-Qaida inspirerede terrorisme har stået højt på den Europæiske Unions dagsorden siden angrebene på USA i 2001. EU-samarbejde er påkrævet, ikke blot fordi Al-Qaida bevægelsen opererer på tværs af grænser og derfor kræver et svar, der er afstemt internationalt, men også fordi den europæiske integrationsproces i sig selv har skabt en række nye sårbarheder. Fri bevægelighed og fri konkurrence indenfor det fri marked modsvares nemlig ikke af et fælles retshåndhævelsessystem eller fælles standarder for infrastruktur- og civilbeskyttelse. Til trods for den megen politiske opmærksomhed og en lang række initiativer, der på papiret ser imponerende ud, spiller EU dog i realiteten fortsat en begrænset rolle. Dette working paper giver et overblik over EU indsats mod den nye terrorisme, diskuterer, hvad det er for nogle faktorer, der lægger begrænsninger på EU’s indsats – politisk uenighed mellem medlemsstaterne om EU’s rolle, at medlemsstaterne sidder tungt på de fleste af terrorbekæmpelsens kernekompetencer, begrænset tillid mellem nationale politi- og efterretningsmyndigheder, komplicerede EU-strukturer og svag koordination af de forskellige tiltag – og diskuterer, hvorledes samarbejdet kunne gøres mere effektivt ved at klargøre og styrke den europæiske anti-terrorkoordinators rolle.
    Description: Since the terrorist attacks on the US in 2001 counterterrorism has been high on the European Union’s political agenda. Rightly so. An effective response to a transnational problem like the Al-Qaida movement requires cross-national cooperation. Moreover, the European integration process has created new vulnerabilities by establishing an area of free movement for goods, services and people without having in place a common law-enforcement system or common standards for infrastructure protection and civil protection. Despite a high level of political attention and numerous different EU initiatives to combat terrorism, however, the Union still plays a limited role. This working paper first provides an overview over EU efforts against terrorism, then discusses the factors hampering those efforts – political disagreement about the role of the Union among the member states, resistance against giving the Union a role in key areas of counterterrorism like law enforcement and intelligence collection, lack of trust between national agencies, a complicated organizational EU structure, and weak coordination of the various EU initiatives – and, finally suggests ways of improving the effectiveness of the Union’s efforts by strengthening the mandate and powers of the EU’s anti-terrorism coordinator.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 49
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: Dette arbejdspapir belyser konsekvenserne for bistandsmodtageme i Afrika af genkomsten af ikke-DAC donorer i Afrika. Det g0res gennem en kategorisering af ikke-DAC donorerne, som papeger ligheder og forskelle mellem donorerne, isrer hvad angar form, indhold, st0rrelse og modalitet. Papiret papeger, at genkomsten af DAC donorer pa den ene side viI 0ge pengestmmmen til Afrika, isrer tillande, der kun i begrrenset omfang modtager DAC-bistand og at denne pengestmm er tret knyttet til handels- og investeringsstmmme. Pa den anden side viI den 0gede mrengde donorer 0ge transaktionsomkostningerne for modtageme i Syd samtidig med at den i mange tilfrelde viI modarbejde harmoniseringstendenser i bistanden.
    Description: This working paper examines the consequences for the recipients of the return of non-DAC donors to Africa. It categorises non-DAC donors according to the form, content, size and modality of aid in order to reveal similarities and differences. On the one hand, the paper finds that the return of non-DAC donors ceteris paribus will increase the external financial flows to Africa. In particular, it will increase the flows to countries not targeted by the majority of DAC donors. Moreover, these flows are closely related to other financial flows, such as trade and investments. On the other hand, the paper finds that the return of non-DAC donors may conflict with plans to harmonise aid and will simultaneously raise transaction costs for the recipients.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 50
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: Det klassiske småstatsdilemma – valget mellem autonomi og indflydelse – danner udgangspunkt for artiklens forsøg på at forstå Danmarks ambivalente forhold til EU’s sikkerhedspolitik. Siden 1989 har Danmark ført en særdeles aktivistisk udenrigspolitik, også på det militære område, for at styrke landets internationale indflydelse. Det er sket indenfor rammerne af EU, NATO og FN. Danmark synes at have valgt indflydelse over autonomi. På et område står Danmark imidlertid udenfor: Siden 1993 har Danmark været undtaget fra EU’s Fælles Sikkerheds- og Forsvarspolitik. Forbeholdet var oprindeligt symbolsk, men pga. EU’s rivende udvikling på netop dette område, står Danmark i et stadig tydeligere dilemma: På netop det område hvor Danmarks muligheder for at udøve international indflydelse er størst, har skiftende regeringer af indenrigspolitiske hensyn vægten autonomien over indflydelsen. Dilemmaet og Danmarks ’besynderlige’ håndtering af samme er til skade for Danmarks internationale indflydelse, ikke blot i EU, men også i andre multilaterale organisationer.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 51
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: Dette papir peger på en stigende skepsis for, hvorvidt Afrika som kontinent står til at vinde eller måske endda tabe på en øget handelsliberalisering som følge af WTOs Doha udviklingsrunde. De primære årsager er: præferenceerosion, nettofødevareimportørstatus og ikke mindst en lave produktiv kapacitet. Det er en gængs policyanbefaling fra OECD, Verdensbanken mfl., at regionale handelsaftaler i Afrika er vigtige for øget eksport og vækst i Afrika og et skridt på vejen mod øget global økonomisk integration. Men det er ikke omkostningsfrit for de afrikanske lande at forhandle og implementere regionale handelsaftaler, og deres succes er ikke givet - en dybere økonomisk integration er nødvendig. Præferenceaftaler er igen populære også blandt handelsøkonomer. De Økonomiske Partnerskabsaftaler, som EU pt. Forhandler med AVS-landene, kan få stor positiv betydning, men der er stadig mange vigtige udestående spørgsmål, herunder ikke mindst oprindelsesreglerne og fortolkningen af den gensidige markedsåbning i aftalerne. Men gode præferenceaftaler afskaffer ikke udbudssideproblemerne, så både i relation til generel handelsliberalisering og præferenceaftaler bliver handelsrelateret bistand central – en bistandsdagsorden, der måske, måske ikke er under reel ekspansion.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 52
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: Der er blevet lukket og slukket i Al-Qaidas træningslejre i Afghanistan og en del af organisationens ledere er sat ud af spillet. Men Al-Qaidas styrke hvilede ikke blot på de centrale strukturer og nu anholdte ledere, men også på et slagkraftigt budskab om voldelig jihad mod Vesten samt et vidtforgrenet netværk af støtter og sympatisører opbygget over 1990erne. Budskabet og det decentrale netværk eksisterer fortsat i bedste velgående. Krigen i Irak og den efterfølgende opstand gav ikke blot netværkets potentielle og eksisterende støtter endnu en sag at samles om, den forsynede dem også med en træningslejr på størrelse med Frankrig. Dette working paper fortæller historien om Al-Qaidas opkomst, styrke og fald, den arv organisationen har efterladt og den konkrete trussel, vi står overfor i dag. Formålet er at tegne et portræt af den nye transnationale Al-Qaida inspirerede terrorisme, dens selvforståelse, operationsform og slagkraft.
    Description: l Since the U.S. initiated its “war on terrorism” Al-Qaida has lost its headquarters and camps in Afghanistan as well as several top leaders. Yet, the strength of the organization rested on more than these central structures. Al-Qaida’s unprecedented reach and broad appeal were also due to a compelling political message about violent jihad against the Western World as well as a farflung network of members and sympathizers build over the 1990’s. The appeal of Al-Qaida’s message and the decentralized network have not been dismantled by Western efforts. On the contrary, the war in Iraq has turned into a new cause for the network while granting existing and aspiring members an arena for practicing jihad and building new ties. This working paper tells the story about Al-Qaida’s genesis, strengths, and partial demise in Afghanistan. It portrays the new decentralized Al-Qaida network, its ideology, modus operandi, and strength in order to gauge the current threat to Europe.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 53
    facet.materialart.
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2014-09-08
    Description: Frankrig er det land af alle EL' -landene, som har flest muslimske ind,-andrere. Det skyldes Frankrigs koloniale fortid i Nordafrika, Libanon og Syrien. Algeriet var oven i k0bet en administrativ del af Frankrig. Forst i 1962 - efter en ufattelig blodig uafhaongighedskrig blev Algeriet selvstaondigt. Denne forhistorie pra:ger stadig en del af den franske politiske elite, der med stor mistro ser pa algerieres integrationsvilje. Mistroen er blevet yderligere ska:rpet pga. volden i Algeriet, som bmd ud i 1992. Fmst i 1999 fik den algeriske stat nogenlunde kontrol aver det meste af det algeriske territorium. Men inden da var mange algeriske islamister flygtet til Frankrig. Nogle af disse tlygtninge var ag er stadig tilhxngere af enten en konservativ ell er radikal udgave af islam. Algeriske radikale islamister udf,me desuden terrorangreb pa fransk territorium i midten af 1990erne, hvad der yderligere har oget mistroen mod algeriere i al almindelighed. Mistroen kontrasterer amerikanske og franske opinionsundersogelser, der ,~ser, at de franske muslimer - og is,r de algeriske - forst og fremmest opfatter sig som franske republikanere og forst derefter som muslimer. Parallelt med denne opbakning til franske poliriske vxrdier konstaterer framke saciologer samt opinionsundersogelser, at unge muslimske franskma:nd bliver mere religi0se. Religi0sitet anskues hyppigt i Frankrig som formorkelse og dermed som et anf,>reb mod Oplysningstiden, den franske Revolutions (1789) idealer og verdslighedsbegrebet. Det er et faktum, at der blandt nogle unge - isxr i forsta:derne til de store franske byer - udvikler sig forskellige udgaver af salafisme (se nedenfor). Det er et faktum, at der sker en srigende religiositet, der kan antage mange forskellige udtryksformer - det ga:lder blandt de kristne som blandt joder. Det er agsa et faktum, at Frankrig ikke er ble,-et ramt af de samme store islamiske terrorangreb som Storbritannien og Spanien. Det betyder ikke, at der ikke er risiko herfor. :\!ange radikale islamiske netvxrk er blevet optrevlet i Frankrig. De franske efterretningstjenester harmange arriers erfaringer med radikalisme og dermed med overvagning. Dette arbejdspapir viI g0re rede for, hvordan den franske nationalstats identitet, verdslighedsbegrebet og isa:r den algeriske kolonihistorie sa:lter rammerne for debatterne am franske muslimers integrationsviIje. Arbejdspapiret viI desuden pavise karakteristika ,-ed de unge muslimers religi0sitet samt diskutere, hvorfor nogle grupper af unge muslimer tiltra:kkes af diverse udgaver af salafismen samt i hvor h0j grad salafisterne arbejder sammen med is:r:r algeriske salafister. Konklusionen advarer mod at g0re den konservative saJafisme tiJ et sikkerhedsproblem
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 54
    facet.materialart.
    Luxembourg: Luxembourg Income Study (LIS)
    Publication Date: 2014-04-04
    Description: The purpose of this project is to develop a quantitative model for poverty measurement in Denmark which takes into account social mobility and social heritage. As such the main goal is to define, measure and forecast the poverty development in Denmark, as well as identify and analyse the factors influencing poverty. Furthermore it is the purpose of this paper to inspire the academic fields working with poverty to use sophisticated quantitative statistical models to gain a more detailed picture of poverty. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330
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    Language: Danish
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  • 55
    facet.materialart.
    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: [Resumé] Denne note tager udgangspunkt i Stern Review. Rapporten er på ca. 700 sider, og jeg vil ikke kunne gennemgå alt i denne. Fokus bliver lagt på især to områder, for det første den beslutningsteoretiske diskussion, og hvordan den iboende usikkerhed anvendes. For det andet hvilken betydning innovation og udvikling af ny teknologi har for at håndtere klimaproblematikken. Det bliver dermed gennem disse metodologiske briller, jeg vil analysere rapporten og perspektivere dens hovedbudskab og den kritik, den har mødt. Endelig vil denne note forsøge at indplacere rapporten i den strøm af vidnesbyrd, konklusioner på baggrund af disse vidnesbyrd, partsindlæg, policy anbefalinger som næsten dagligt fremkommer vedrørende klimaspørgsmål.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Klimawandel ; Technischer Fortschritt ; Internationale Umweltpolitik ; Umweltökonomik ; Bibliometrie ; Welt
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 56
    facet.materialart.
    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Ofte fremhæves det, at økonomi som fagdisciplin har vundet videnskabelig sta-tus og progressivitet gennem specialisering (fra generalist til partiel ekspert) og anvendelse af en naturvidenskabelig inspireret metodologisk approach. Med en sådan udviklingstendens har økonomer da også i dag brug for en viden om de-res fags historiske udvikling? Eller bør man med rette betragte økonomisk teo-rihistorie som et degenererende forskningsprogram, som man ikke bør spilde sin knappe arbejdskraftressource på?
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wirtschaftstheorie ; Dogmengeschichte ; Theorie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 57
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: I sin samtid blev Jens Warming anset som en tør, kedelig og måske også noget utilbens deskriptiv økonom. Men efterfølgende skulle han komme til at høste økonomisk teoretisk anerkendelse i et omfang, der bringer ham frem på en af de fremmeste pladser, som danske økonomer har indtaget på den internationale arena. På i hvert tilfælde tre områder var Jens Warming med på den internatio-nale forskningsfronts forkant: påpegning af identifikationsproblemet i økono-metrisk arbejder, formuleringen af grundlaget for den moderne fiskeri- og res-sourceøkonomi og væsentlige bidrag til forståelse af indkomstdannelsesproces-serne på makroplanet i en industriel økonomi. I nærværende bidrag er fokus især sat på Warmings makroøkonomiske bidrag fra 1924 og fremefter som en betydende keynesiansk forerunner. Endelig belyses også indholdet af en hidtil ubehandlet prisbesvarelse om løndannelse fra midten af 1920’erne for at af-dække, hvorvidt der allerede i denne tidlige (og større teoretiske) fremstilling fra Warmings hånd kan anes vægtige makroøkonomiske spor, som kan have dannet fundamentet for hans senere forfatterskab.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Ökonomen ; Dänemark
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 58
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Rudolf Christiani er i dag vel ikke kendt af særlig mange. Sikkert ikke mange vil vide, at han var medstifter af ingeniør- og entreprenørfirmaet Christiani & Nielsen, færre endnu vil huske, at han i to perioder var medlem af rigsdagen valgt for Venstre og kun et fåtal er bekendt med nogle bidrag fra hans hånd i begyndelsen af 1930’erne omhandlende økonomiske forhold. Nærværende note har til hensigt at sætte fokus på netop disse bidrag for at afdække om disse eventuelt indeholder tanker og argumenter af et tidligt præ-keynesiansk tilsnit.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 59
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Med mellemrum blusser diskussion om den økonomiske fagdisciplins videnskabelighed op. Er main stream tankegangen nu tilstrækkelig nuanceret i sit indhold og sin approach til at kunne fange og på relevant vis belyse de væsentligste forekomne økonomiske fænomener? På den ene side vokser tilslutningen til den fremherskende makroøkonomiske tankegang til stadighed. På den anden side lyder de kritiske røster, der påpeger denne tankegangs eksplicitte fravær af etiske og moralske overvejelser, højere og højere. I nærværende note afdækkes udvalgte træk af den nyere danske kritik af main stream retningen inden for makroteorien, ligesom det påpeges, at økonomisk teori, selv i sin spæde fragmenterede præklassiske begyndelse, til alle tider har indeholdt en betydende normativ dimension.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 60
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Do tax competition lead to a lowering of tax revenues and to suboptimal levels of public goods and social policies? This paper examines the impact of tax competition on tax structures and social policy financing in the European Union from 1980 to 1997. The expectations of tax structure development are deduced from a simple model of economic integration. The model consists of two countries, each applying two kinds of taxes to finance a public good and a governmental social policy transfer. A market of social insurance is included in the model as an alternative way to finance the social policy transfer. The tax base related to the two taxes are mobile and immobile respectively. In contradiction to expectation the average share of corporate and capital taxation in the EU tax structure has increased from 1980 to 1997, the excise duty share has been constant and the labour income tax share has decreased. Less surprising but evident is the gradual convergence in the tax structures among EU member countries. But the findings show no impact from tax competition on social policy financing.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Steuerwettbewerb ; Steuersystem ; EU-Steuerrecht
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 61
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Som bekendt er anvendelsen af en matematisk formalisme i mikro- som i makroøkonomisk teori i dag særdeles udbredt. Herved hævdes det ofte, at økonomi som fagdisciplin betragtet har vundet en uomtvistelig videnskabelig status, der bringer økonomi i en klasse for sig blandt de samfundsvidenskabelige fagdiscipliner. Om udbredelsen af den matematiske formalisme og en heterodoks skepsis hertil handler denne kommentar til den løbende debat om, hvorledes den økonomiske metodologi bør udformes. Den heterodokse skepsis repræsenteres i papiret især af den post keynesianske tænkning.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wissenschaftliche Methode ; Wirtschaftswissenschaft ; Mathematische Ökonomie ; Mathematik ; Kritik ; Postkeynesianismus
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 62
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: In the history of economic thought Post Keynesianism offers a different inter-pretation of John Maynard Keynes’s General Theory than what is known as mainstream Keynesianism. One of the fundamentals of Post Keynesianism in this regard is the statement that the economic universe of Keynes can not be understood correctly if one does not take the methodology of Keynes into ac-count. According to at least some of the Post Keynesians we ought to let our methodology to be inspired by what is called critical realism. This paper tries to give a discussion of this kind of methodology and of its possible connection to the writings of Keynes. And finally, has Post Keynesianism reached a kind of coherence that makes it reasonable to characterise this group of economists as a theoretical research programme in the Lakatosian sense of the term?
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 63
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Kjeld Philip er kendt som såvel fagøkonom som politiker. I den brede offent-lighed nok mest i den sidste sammenhæng som en radikal minister i slutningen af 1950’erne og begyndelsen af 1960’erne. Blandt fagfæller er Philip dels kendt som en tidlig dansk bidragsyder til det gryende keynesianske paradigme med en svensk præget ex ante/ex post teoretisk tilgang dels for sit internationale ud-viklingsøkonomiske arbejde i FN regi, som optog ham efter hans tid som minis-ter var afsluttet. I nærværende note er fokus sat på en belysning af Kjeld Philips bidrag til keynesianismen. Dette sker med udgangspunkt i hans disputats fra 1942. Derudover påpeges også hans tilsyneladende meget moderne syn på fun-damentale arbejdsmarkedssammenhænge.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 64
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Om end den generelle holdning blandt økonomer til, hvilken videnskabelig me-tode man bør anvende inden for vores fagdisciplin synes klar: ved at anvende matematisk formalisme sikres en videnskabelig progressivitet, stiller nogle dog fortsat et spørgsmålstegn ved det ubetinget hensigtsmæssige i en sådan ap-proach. Skal den økonomiske virkelighed beskrives som et åbent og et organisk system, hævdes det, bringer matematisk formalisme ikke nødvendigvis den teo-retiske og empiriske progressivitet, som alle efterstræber.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 65
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Denne rapport er en afrapportering af et forskningssamarbejde mellem 15 dag-institutionsledere i Varde Kommune og undertegnede i perioden november 2001 – maj 2002. De 15 er lederne fra alle kommunens børnehaver. Emnet har været Organisationskulturens betydning for vidensdelingen mellem daginstitu-tionsledere i Varde Kommune. Samarbejdet har haft karakter af at være et pro-cessuelt forløb, da den gensidige forståelse forventes opbygget undervejs og ik-ke først, når konklusionen afsløres til sidst. Af denne grund er der slet ikke no-gen decideret normativ konklusion i nærværende artikel. Derimod er der en be-skrivelse af den forståelse, som jeg løbende har mødt, suppleret med min egen. Artiklen vil basere sig på et større antal kvalitative data i form af citater fra mi-ne dialogreferater. Alle disse er skrevet i kursiv.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 66
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Isi Grünbaum er kendt for sit livslange arbejde med den politiske økonomi. I dette forsøgte han på marxistisk økonomisk baggrund at beskrive de økonomi-ske sammenhænge og udviklingstræk af en kapitalistisk markedsøkonomi. På mere traditionel økonomisk vis bidrog han dog også med tre makroøkonomiske arbejder fra 1939, 1940/41 og 1942, som i deres indhold bærer mange keyne-sianske kendetegn. Dermed kan man sige, at Isi Grünbaum, om end med en kortvarig og blot periferisk tilknytning, bidrog til udbredelsen af den nye key-nesianske tankegang i Danmark.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 67
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: [Resumé] Længe har den post keynesianske tænkning angrebet den makroteoretiske mainstream for at have misforstået det fundamentale budskab – teoretisk som metodologisk – som Keynes gav i sin The General Theory. Ifølge post keynesianerne har mainstream en for harmonisk opfattelse af, hvorledes det makroøkonomiske systems tilpasningsprocesser forløber. Og dette er en kritik, som har fået en fornyet aktualitet de sidste års internationale finanskrise og økonomiske recession in mente. En af de mest markante røster i dette kor af mere eller mindre heterodoks tænkende økonomer er og har været Paul Davidson. I nærværende bidrag sættes der fokus på Davidsons bog om Keynes i serien Great Thinkers in Economis.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Keynesianismus ; Dogmengeschichte ; Bibliometrie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 68
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Mens moderne mainstream makroteori - ny-klassisk som ny-keynesiansk – begge gør brug af den samme metodologi, giver den post keynesianske tænkning et alternativ hertil. Med sit fokus på 'path dependency' udvikler og forandrer det økonomiske set up sig over tiden. Nye institutioner kommer til og gamle udvikler sig og får nye opgaver. Dermed kan man sige, at ’History matters’ for disse mere heterodokse økonomers makroforståelse. Og en sådan accept af den historiske unikhed har rødder tilbage i den økonomiske teorihistorie. Især bør her fremhæves den tyske historiske skole. Om, hvorledes 'History matters' også for økonomer handler dette papir. Det sker dels ved at præsentere udvalgte synspunkter fra såvel den gamle som den yngre tyske historiske skole dels ved at debattere disse oprindelige synspunkter på, hvad økonomi nu er for en størrelse ved at inddrage nyere bidrag fra litteraturen samt dels ved at afdække en eventuel kobling over til den post keynesianske tænkning.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Historische Schule ; Dogmengeschichte ; Deutschland
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 69
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: [Indledning] Udnyttelsen af vedvarende energi (VE) er et område, der nyder stor politisk bevågenhed. Jævnligt kommer der politiske tiltag, der skal fremme udbredelsen heraf. Vindmøller er en af de teknologier, der i Danmark har været benyttet mest til at fremme produktionen af vedvarende energi. Vindmøller er imidlertid ikke altid en lige velkommen nabo. Det giver jævnligt anledning til lokal modstand, når der skal opstilles vindmøller på land. I visse tilfælde kan det medføre så stor lokalpolitisk modstand, at projekter må opgives. Der er derfor en vis interesse for at etablere vindmøller til havs, hvor der i sagens natur er færre naboer og desuden også i reglen bedre vind. Desværre er omkostningerne også højere. Fordelene ved havvind har medført, at det gennem en årrække har været en del af den danske energipolitik at udnytte vindenergien på havet. Danmark har da også været pioner på havvindmølleområdet, og de to danske vindmølleproducenter Siemens og Vestas dominerer markedet for havvindmøller. At gøre politikken operationel indebærer forskellige tiltag, som alle i et eller andet omfang bringer juraen på banen. Forenklet sagt fastlægger juraen rammevilkårene for udnyttelsesmulighederne. Dette arbejde vedrører netop disse rammevilkår.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Windenergieanlage ; Förderung erneuerbarer Energien ; Energierecht ; Dänemark
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Danish
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  • 70
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Med marginalismens gennembrud i 1870’erne skifter fokus i økonomisk teori. Fra nu af er det mikroøkonomiske perspektiv sat i højsæde: hvorledes sikres en effektiv allokering af ressourcerne i økonomien? Og dermed træder den klassiske æras makroøkonomiske dimension i baggrunden indtil keynesianismen i 1930’erne på ny revolutionerede den økonomiske fagdisciplin. Om end marginalismens gennembrud er tæt knyttet til Jevons, Menger og Walras, var der dog også danske bidrag, som måske kunne have påvirket udviklingen af det nye paradigme kraftigere og mere markant, end det nu rent faktisk blev tilfældet. Især Harald Westergaards bidrag må i denne forbindelse fremhæves, men også Julius Petersen og Frederik Bing bør nævnes. Om disse handler nærværende artikel.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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  • 71
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    Esbjerg: University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics (IME)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Med marginalismens gennembrud i 1870’erne (Jevons, Walras og Menger) sættes det klassisk økonomiske paradigme under pres. Også i Danmark rejser kritiske røster sig imod den klassiske ortodoksi. I Samfundsspørgsmaal fra 1885 giver således eksempelvis Ernst Brandes en kritisk belysning af Malthus’ befolkningslære og den ricardianske værditeori.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
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