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Nanofluid Heat and Mass Transfer in Engineering Problems (2017)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: heat transfer ; mass transfer ; nanofluids
Notes: In the present book, nanofluid heat and mass transfer in engineering problems are investigated. The use of additives in the base fluid like water or ethylene glycol is one of the techniques applied to augment heat transfer. Newly, innovative nanometer-sized particles have been dispersed in the base fluid in heat transfer fluids. The fluids containing the solid nanometer-sized particle dispersion are called "nanofluids." At first, nanofluid heat and mass transfer over a stretching sheet are provided with various boundary conditions. Problems faced for simulating nanofluids are reported. Also, thermophysical properties of various nanofluids are presented. Nanofluid flow and heat transfer in the presence of magnetic field are investigated. Furthermore, applications for electrical and biomedical engineering are provided. Besides, applications of nanofluid in internal combustion engine are provided. | Contents: Chapter 1: Numerical Analysis of Three-Dimensional MHD Nanofluid Flow over a Stretching Sheet with Convective Boundary Conditions through a Porous Medium by Stanford Shateyi --- Chapter 2: Cattanneo-Christov Heat Flux Model Study for Water-Based CNT Suspended Nanofluid Past a Stretching Surface by Noreen Sher Akbar, C. M. Khalique and Zafar Hayat Khan --- Chapter 3: Thermophysical Properties of Metal Oxides Nanofluids by Zafar Said and Rahman Saidur --- Chapter 4: Measuring Nanofluid Thermal Diffusivity and Thermal Effusivity: The Reliability of the Photopyroelectric Technique by Monir Noroozi and Azmi Zakaria --- Chapter 5: Problems Faced While Simulating Nanofluids by Adil Loya --- Chapter 6: Enhancing Heat Transfer in Internal Combustion Engine by Applying Nanofluids by Wenzheng Cui, Zhaojie Shen, Jianguo Yang and Shaohua Wu --- Chapter 7: Heat Transfer of Ferrofluids by Seval Genc --- Chapter 8: Nanofluid with Colloidal Magnetic Fe3O4 Nanoparticles and Its Applications in Electrical Engineering by Lucian Pîslaru-Dănescu, Gabriela Telipan, Floriana D. Stoian, Sorin Holotescu and Oana Maria Marinică --- Chapter 9: Magnetic Nanofluids: Mechanism of Heat Generation and Transport and Their Biomedical Application by Prem P. Vaishnava and Ronald J. Tackett --- Chapter 10: Energy Transfer in Mixed Convection MHD Flow of Nanofluid Containing Different Shapes of Nanoparticles in a Channel Filled with Saturated Porous Medium by Aaiza Gul, Ilyas Khan and Sharidan Shafie
Pages: 282 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-3007-9
Developments in Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (2017)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: analytical chemistry ; near-infrared spectroscopy ; NIRS ; interferometry
Notes: Over the past few decades, exciting developments have taken place in the field of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). This has been enabled by the advent of robust Fourier transform interferometers and diode array solutions, coupled with complex chemometric methods that can easily be executed using modern microprocessors. The present edited volume intends to cover recent developments in NIRS and provide a broad perspective of some of the challenges that characterize the field. The volume comprises six chapters overall and covers several sectors. The target audience for this book includes engineers, practitioners, and researchers involved in NIRS system design and utilization in different applications. We believe that they will greatly benefit from the timely and accurate information provided in this work. | Contents: Chapter 1: The NIRS Cap: Key Part of Emerging Wearable Brain-Device Interfaces by Amal Kassab and Mohamad Sawan --- Chapter 2: Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS): A Novel Tool for Intravascular Coronary Imaging by Marie-Jeanne Bertrand, Philippe Lavoie-L’Allier and Jean-Claude Tardif --- Chapter 3: Highly Sensitive Singlet Oxygen Spectroscopic System Using InGaAs PIN Photodiode by Iwao Mizumoto, Hiroshi Oguma and Yostumi Yoshi --- Chapter 4: Carbohydrate Analysis by NIRS-Chemometrics by Mercedes G. López, Ana Sarahí García-González and Elena Franco- Robles --- Chapter 5: Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Agricultural Systems by Francisco García-Sánchez, Luis Galvez-Sola, Juan J. Martínez- Nicolás, Raquel Muelas-Domingo and Manuel Nieves --- Chapter 6: Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Combined with Multivariate Tools for Analysis of Trace Metals in Environmental Matrices by Philiswa N. Nomngongo, Tshimangadzo S. Munonde, Anele Mpupa and Nkositetile Raphael Biata
Pages: 150 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-3017-8
Dynamical Systems : Analytical and Computational Techniques (2017)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: dynamical systems
Notes: There has been a considerable progress made during the recent past on mathematical techniques for studying dynamical systems that arise in science and engineering. This progress has been, to a large extent, due to our increasing ability to mathematically model physical processes and to analyze and solve them, both analytically and numerically. With its eleven chapters, this book brings together important contributions from renowned international researchers to provide an excellent survey of recent advances in dynamical systems theory and applications. The first section consists of seven chapters that focus on analytical techniques, while the next section is composed of four chapters that center on computational techniques. | Contents: Chapter 1: On Nonoscillatory Solutions of Two-Dimensional Nonlinear Dynamical Systems by Elvan Akın and Özkan Öztürk --- Chapter 2: Oscillation Criteria for Second-Order Neutral Damped Differential Equations with Delay Argument by Said R. Grace and Irena Jadlovská --- Chapter 3: Preservation of Synchronization Using a Tracy-Singh Product in the Transformation on Their Linear Matrix by Guillermo Fernadez-Anaya, Luis Alberto Quezada-Téllez, Jorge Antonio López-Rentería, Oscar A. Rosas-Jaimes, Rodrigo Muñoz- Vega, Guillermo Manuel Mallen-Fullerton and José Job Flores- Godoy --- Chapter 4: Generalized Ratio Control of Discrete-Time Systems by Dušan Krokavec and Anna Filasová --- Chapter 5: Predictability in Deterministic Dynamical Systems with Application to Weather Forecasting and Climate Modelling by Sergei Soldatenko and Rafael Yusupov --- Chapter 6: Emergence of Classical Distributions from Quantum Distributions: The Continuous Energy Spectra Case by Gabino Torres-Vega --- Chapter 7: Recent Fixed Point Techniques in Fractional Set-Valued Dynamical Systems by Parin Chaipunya and Poom Kumam --- Chapter 8: Relationship between Interpolation and Differential Equations: A Class of Collocation Methods by Francesco Aldo Costabile, Maria Italia Gualtieri and Anna Napoli --- Chapter 9: Integral-Equation Formulations of Plasmonic Problems in the Visible Spectrum and Beyond by Abdulkerim Çekinmez, Barişcan Karaosmanoğlu and Özgür Ergül --- Chapter 10: Numerical Random Periodic Shadowing Orbits of a Class of Stochastic Differential Equations by Qingyi Zhan and Yuhong Li --- Chapter 11: Solution of Differential Equations with Applications to Engineering Problems by Cheng Yung Ming
Pages: 272 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-3015-4
Managing the Complexity of Critical Infrastructures : A Modelling and Simulation Approach (2016)
Cham, Heidelberg, Dordrecht, London, New York : SpringerOpen
Keywords: Complexity ; Simulation and Modeling ; Quality Control, Reliability, Safety and Risk ; Communications Engineering, Networks
Notes: This book summarizes work being pursued in the context of the CIPRNet (Critical Infrastructure Preparedness and Resilience Research Network) research project, co-funded by the European Union under the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7). The project is intended to provide concrete and on-going support to the Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) research communities, enhancing their preparedness for CI-related emergencies, while also providing expertise and technologies for other stakeholders to promote their understanding and mitigation of the consequences of CI disruptions, leading to enhanced resilience. The book collects the tutorial material developed by the authors for several courses on the modelling, simulation and analysis of CIs, representing extensive and integrated CIP expertise. It will help CI stakeholders, CI operators and civil protection authorities understand the complex system of CIs, and help them adapt to these changes and threats in order to be as prepared as possible for mitigating emergencies and crises affecting or arising from CIs.
Pages: VIII, 299 S., 19 schwarz-weiß Abbildungen, 117 Farbabbildungen
ISBN: 978-3-319-51042-2
Knowledge and Action (2017)
Cham, Heidelberg, Dordrecht, London, New York : SpringerOpen
Keywords: Humangeographie
Notes: This volume explores interdependencies between knowledge, action, and space from different interdisciplinary perspectives. Some of the contributors discuss knowledge as a social construct based on collective action, while others look at knowledge as an individual capacity for action. The chapters contain theoretical frameworks as well as experimental outcomes. Readers will gain insight into key questions such as: How does knowledge function as a prerequisite for action? Why are knowledge gaps growing and not diminishing in a knowledge society? How much knowledge is necessary for action? How do various types of knowledge influence the steps from cognition to action? How do different representations of knowledge shape action? What impact have spatial conditions for the formation of knowledge? What is the relationship between social and geographical space? The contributors consider rationality in social and economic theories as well as in everyday life. Attention is also given to action theoretic approaches and rationality from the viewpoints of psychology, post-structuralism, and human geography, making this an attractive book for students, researchers and academics of various backgrounds.
Pages: X, 300 S., 35 schwarz-weiß Abbildungen, 20 Farbabbildungen
ISBN: 978-3-319-44587-8
Mobilities of Knowledge (2017)
Cham, Heidelberg, Dordrecht, London, New York : SpringerOpen
Keywords: Humangeographie
Notes: This collection of essays examines how spatial mobilities of people and practices, technologies and objects, knowledge and ideas have shaped the production, circulation, and transfer of knowledge in different historical and geographical contexts. Targeting an interdisciplinary audience, Mobilities of Knowledge combines detailed empirical analyses with innovative conceptual approaches. The first part scrutinizes knowledge circulation, transfer, and adaption, focussing on the interpersonal communication process, early techniques of papermaking, a geographical text, indigenous knowledge in exploration, the genealogy of spatial analysis, and different disciplinary knowledges about the formation of cities, states, and agriculture. The second part analyses the interplay of mediators, networks, and learning by studying academic careers, travels, and collaborations within the British Empire, public internationalism in Geneva, the global transfer of corporate knowledge through expatriation, graduate mobility from the global south to the global north, and the international mobility of degree programs in higher education.
Pages: X, 303 S., 11 schwarz-weiß Abbildungen, 12 Farbabbildungen
ISBN: 978-3-319-44653-0
Terahertz Spectroscopy : A Cutting Edge Technology (2017)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: electromagnetic spectrum ; terahertz regime
Notes: The terahertz regime of the electromagnetic spectrum was largely unexplored due to the lack of technology needed to generate and detect the radiation. However, in the last couple of decades, there has been a dramatic increase in tools needed to harness the radiation. This remarkable progress made in the development of terahertz sources, components, and detectors has resulted in an ever-increasing inquisitiveness of the applications of terahertz technology in a wide range of fields including medicine, pharmaceuticals, security, sensing, and quality assurance. This book, Terahertz Spectroscopy - A Cutting Edge Technology, presents an overview of the recent advances in terahertz technology and their application in a vast array of fields. The scientists and students are encouraged to read and share the content of this volume. The book also provides a good starting point for researchers who are new to the terahertz regime. The various chapters of the book have been written by renowned scientists in different parts of the world who are at the forefront of terahertz research fields. It is our (InTech publisher, editor, and authors) hope that this book will enhance knowledge and stimulate more interest and future research in terahertz technology. | Contents: Chapter 1: Terahertz (THz) Spectroscopy: A Cutting-Edge Technology by William Ghann and Jamal Uddin --- Chapter 2: Terahertz Nanoantennas for Enhanced Spectroscopy by Riccardo Piccoli, Andrea Rovere, Andrea Toma, Roberto Morandotti and Luca Razzari --- Chapter 3: Research on Hydrogen-Bonded Materials Using Terahertz Technology by Kei Takeya and Kodo Kawase --- Chapter 4: Terahertz Fiber Sensing by Borwen You and Ja-Yu Lu --- Chapter 5: Terahertz Detectors (THzDs): Bridging the Gap for Energy Harvesting by Kapil Bhatt, Shilpi Shriwastava, Sandeep Kumar, Sandeep and Chandra Charu Tripathi --- Chapter 6: THz Metamaterial Characterization Using THz-TDS by Christopher H. Kodama and Ronald A. Coutu, Jr. --- Chapter 7: Determining the Complex Refractive Index of Materials in the Far-Infrared from Terahertz Time-Domain Data by Maxime Bernier, Frédéric Garet and Jean-Louis Coutaz --- Chapter 8: Terahertz Waveform Measurements Using a Chirped Optical Pulse and Terahertz Spectroscopy of Reverse Micellar Solution: Towards Time-resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy of Protein in Water by Hiroshi Murakami --- Chapter 9: Application of Terahertz Technology in Biomolecular Analysis and Medical Diagnosis by Xin Zhang and Zhuoyong Zhang --- Chapter 10: Broadly Tunable CW Terahertz Sources Using Intrinsic Josephson Junction Stacks in High-Temperature Superconductors by Manabu Tsujimoto, Takanari Kashiwagi, Hidetoshi Minami and Kazuo Kadowaki --- Chapter 11: Terahertz Pulse Detection Techniques and Imaging Applications by Sung-Liang Chen and L. Jay Guo --- Chapter 12: Semiconductor THz Lasers and Their Applications in Spectroscopy of Explosives by Mykhailo Klymenko, Oleksiy V. Shulika and Igor A. Sukhoivanov --- Chapter 13: Terahertz Spectroscopy for Gastrointestinal Cancer Diagnosis by Faustino Wahaia, Irmantas Kašalynas, Gintaras Valušis, Catia D. Carvalho Silva and Pedro L. Granja --- Chapter 14: Nanostructured Indium Tin Oxides and Other Transparent Conducting Oxides: Characteristics and Applications in the THz Frequency Range by Ci-Ling Pan, Chan-Shan Yang, Ru-Pin Pan, Peichen Yu and Gong-Ru Lin --- Chapter 15: Ultrafast Carrier Dynamics at p-n Junction of Cu(In,Ga)Se2- Based Solar Cells Measured by Optical Pump Terahertz Probe Spectroscopy by Woo-Jung Lee and Yong-Duck Chung
Pages: 316 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-3031-4
Energy without Conscience : Oil, Climate Change, and Complicity (2017)
Durham NC : Duke University Press
Keywords: climate change ; petro industry ; oil
Notes: "In Energy without Conscience" David McDermott Hughes investigates why climate change has yet to be seen as a moral issue. He examines the forces that render the use of fossil fuels ordinary and therefore exempt from ethical evaluation. Hughes centers his analysis on Trinidad and Tobago, which is the world's oldest petro-state, having drilled the first continuously producing oil well in 1866. Marrying historical research with interviews with Trinidadian petroleum scientists, policymakers, technicians, and managers, he draws parallels between Trinidad's eighteenth- and nineteenth-century slave labor energy economy and its contemporary oil industry. Hughes shows how both forms of energy rely upon a complicity that absolves producers and consumers from acknowledging the immoral nature of each. He passionately argues that like slavery, producing oil is a moral choice and that oil is at its most dangerous when it is accepted as an ordinary part of everyday life.
Pages: X, 191 pp.
ISBN: 9780822363064
Open Data and the Knowledge Society (2017)
Amsterdam : Amsterdam University Press
Keywords: Open access ; Data ; Knowledge ; Open data movement
Notes: This book considers the role of the open data movement in fostering transformation toward a "knowledge society".
Pages: 203 pp.
ISBN: 978-94-6298-018-1
Turn on the light on science : A research-based guide to break down popular stereotypes about science and scientists (2017)
London : Ubiquity Press
Keywords: Stereotypes ; Stereotypes on scientists ; Stereotypes' removal ; Gender stereotypes in science ; Interaction-based science communication ; Young people and STEM
Notes: Scientists deserve public recognition. The ways that they are depicted, however, are severely limited in physical and personal traits, helping to establish and enhance stereotypes under the general title of ‘scientist’. These stereotypes range from the arrogant researcher who wants to rule the world, to the lab coat wearing ‘nerdy’ genius, but all generally fall to an extreme view of an existing perception of what a scientist should look and be like. For example, the popular image of ‘a scientist’ overlooks the presence of women almost entirely unless attributed to specific subjects and/or with narrow character depictions. The implications can be far-reaching. Young people, being heavily swayed by what they see and hear in the media, may avoid scientific careers because of these limited or unflattering portrayals of the scientific community, regardless of whether they reflect real life.Based on findings from the Light’13 project, this book examines such stereotypes and questions whether it is possible to adjust people’s perception of scientists and to increase interest in science and scientific careers through a series of specific actions and events.
Pages: XVI, 103 pp.
ISBN: 978-1-911529-04-0