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  • Keywords: Actic region ; natural resources ; petroleum industry ; oil industry
    Notes: The Arctic region contains large amounts of natural resources considered necessary to sustain global economic growth, so it is unsurprising that it is increasingly susceptible to political, economic, environmental, and even military conflicts. This book looks in detail at the preconditions and outlook for international cooperation on the development of Arctic petroleum resources, focusing on Norwegian–Russian cooperation in the Barents Sea towards 2025. The authors provide a cross-disciplinary approach including geopolitical, institutional, technological, corporate and environmental perspectives to analyse the underlying factors that shape the future development of the region. Three future scenarios are developed, exploring various levels of cooperation and development influenced by and resulting from potential political, commercial and environmental circumstances. Through these scenarios, the book improves understanding of the challenges and opportunities for Arctic petroleum resource development and promotes further consideration of the possible outcomes of future cooperation. | Contents: Table of Contents --- Introduction --- Barents Sea oil and gas 2025 : Three scenarios --- Norwegian–Russian political relations and Barents oil and gas developments
    Pages: XXV, 291 S.
    ISBN: 978-1-138-78326-3
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  • Clayton, Victoria (Australia) : Monash University Publishing
    Keywords: History ; Antipodes ; ancient geography ; southern exploration ; geographical exploration ; exploration by sea ; discoveries in geography ; discovery of Australia ; cartography ; historical cartography ; imaginative cartography ; southern continent
    Notes: This book is a new history of an ancient geography. It reassesses the evidence for why Europeans believed a massive southern continent existed, and why they advocated for its discovery. When ships were equal to ambitions, explorers set out to find and claim Terra Australis. Antipodes charts these voyages—voyages both through the imagination and across the High Seas—in pursuit of the mythical Terra Australis. In doing so, the question is asked: how could so many fail to see the realities they encountered? And how is it a mythical land held the gaze of an era famed for breaking free the shackles of superstition? That Terra Australis did not exist didn’t stop explorers pursuing the continent, unwilling to abandon the promise of such a rich and magnificent land till it was stripped of every ounce of value it had ever promised. In the process, the southern continent—an imaginary land—became one of the shaping forces of early modern history. Includes 48 pages of b&w and colour images.
    Pages: XVIII, 264 S. : Ill., graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 978-1-925377-32-3
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  • Keywords: lithosphere ; tectonics ; circum-Arctic tectonics
    Notes: This volume presents a set of onshore-to-offshore geological and geophysical transects and the science behind them generated during the CALE program. The papers summarize the ‘state-of-the-art’ of circum-Arctic tectonics and lithosphere evolution. This collection will be a data resource and provide the foundation for the next generation of research investigations in the region.
    Edition: online first
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  • Keywords: subsurface deformation ; subseismic deformation
    Notes: The book highlights the current thinking on the characterization and understanding of complex small-scale subsurface deformation. It will appeal to geoscientists, petrophysicists and engineers working in reservoir appraisal and development, where understanding of structural features is necessary to define better subsurface flow characteristics, to improve reservoir models and constrain the range of subseismic uncertainty.
    Edition: online first
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  • Keywords: Antarctica ; India ; supercontinent
    Notes: This Special Publication brings together recent research focused on tectono-magmatic and metamorphic events during the Proterozoic supercontinent evolution of India and Antarctica and related terranes, and will provide a framework for Indo-Antarctic correlation as well as aid in understanding the sub-glacial geology of the east Antarctic shield.
    Edition: online first
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  • Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
    Keywords: forest ecology ; forest conservation
    Notes: This book is dedicated to forest ecology and conservation on ecological and conservation aspects of forest. The book is divided into two sections: the first section "Forest Ecology" with four chapters deals with forest ecological aspects, while the second section "Forest Conservation" with two chapters looks into new techniques for conserving the forests. This book will bridge the gaps in the knowledge about some new emerging issues on forest ecology and conservation. It will be an interesting and helpful resource to all those in the field of forestry working for its sustainable use and conservation. | Contents: Chapter 1: Multi-Species Stand Classification: Definition and Perspectives by Ana Cristina Gonçalves --- Chapter 2: Effects of Experimental Sowing on Agroforestry Ecosystem Primary Production during Recovery from Agricultural Abandonment in a Semi-Arid Region of Central Western Spain by Jimmy-Edgar Alvarez-Diaz, María del Carmen Santa-Regina and Ignacio Santa-Regina --- Chapter 3: Methodological Considerations in the Study of Earthworms in Forest Ecosystems by Dylan Rhea-Fournier and Grizelle González --- Chapter 4: Characterizing Predictability of Fire Occurrence in Tropical Forests and Grasslands: The Case of Puerto Rico by Ana Carolina Monmany, William A. Gould, María José Andrade- Núñez, Grizelle González and Maya Quiñones --- Chapter 5: Remote Sensing and Forest Conservation: Challenges of Illegal Logging in Kursumlija Municipality (Serbia) by Miomir M. Jovanović and Miško M. Milanović --- Chapter 6: From Paper to Carbon Money: Financing Forest Conservation and Offset by Valny Giacomelli Sobrinho
    Pages: 158 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3089-5
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  • Keywords: statistics ; probabilistics
    Notes: In recent years, statistical techniques and methods for data analysis have advanced significantly in a wide range of research areas. These developments enable researchers to analyze increasingly large datasets with more flexibility and also more accurately estimate and evaluate the phenomena they study. We recognize the value of recent advances in data analysis techniques in many different research fields. However, we also note that awareness of these different statistical and probabilistic approaches may vary, owing to differences in the datasets typical of different research fields. This book provides a cross-disciplinary forum for exploring the variety of new data analysis techniques emerging from different fields. | Contents: Chapter 1: Why the Decision-Theoretic Perspective Misrepresents Frequentist Inference: Revisiting Stein’s Paradox and Admissibility by Aris Spanos --- Chapter 2: A Comparison Study on Performance of an Adaptive Filter with Other Estimation Methods for State Estimation in High-Dimensional System by Hong Son Hoang and Remy Baraille --- Chapter 3: Applications of the H-Principle of Mathematical Modelling by Agnar Höskuldsson --- Chapter 4: Signal Optimal Smoothing by Means of Spectral Analysis by Guido Travaglini --- Chapter 5: Information-Theoretic Clustering and Algorithms by Toshio Uchiyama --- Chapter 6: Gamma-Kumaraswamy Distribution in Reliability Analysis: Properties and Applications by Indranil Ghosh and Gholamhossein G. Hamedani --- Chapter 7: Nonlinear Transformations and Radar Detector Design by Graham V. Weinberg --- Chapter 8: Distributions and Composite Models for Size-Type Data by Yves Dominicy and Corinne Sinner --- Chapter 9: Modelling Limit Order Book Volume Covariance Structures by Andrija Mihoci --- Chapter 10: A Practical Approach to Evaluating the Economic and Technical Feasibility of LED Luminaires by Sean Schmidt and Suzanna Long --- Chapter 11: Validation of Instrument Measuring Continuous Variable in Medicine by Rafdzah Zaki --- Chapter 12: On Decoding Brain Electrocorticography Data for Volitional Movement Intention Prediction: Theory and On-Chip Implementation by Mradul Agrawal, Sandeep Vidyashankar and Ke Huang --- Chapter 13: The Usage of Statistical Learning Methods on Wearable Devices and a Case Study: Activity Recognition on Smartwatches by Serkan Balli and Ensar Arif Sağbas --- Chapter 14: A Statistic Method for Anatomical and Evolutionary Analysis by Roqueline Ametila e Gloria Martins de Freitas Aversi-Ferreira, Hisao Nishijo and Tales Alexandre Aversi-Ferreira --- Chapter 15: Descriptive and Inferential Statistics in Undergraduate Data Science Research Projects by Malcolm J. D’Souza, Edward A. Brandenburg, Derald E. Wentzien, Riza C. Bautista, Agashi P. Nwogbaga, Rebecca G. Miller and Paul E. Olsen
    Pages: 324 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3101-4
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  • Keywords: heat transfer ; heat exchange
    Notes: This book presents contributions from renowned experts addressing research and development related to the two important areas of heat exchangers, which are advanced features and applications. This book is intended to be a useful source of information for researchers, postgraduate students, academics, and engineers working in the field of heat exchangers research and development. | Contents: Chapter 1: Introductory Chapter: Advanced Features and Applications of Heat Exchangers–An Outline by S M Sohel Murshed and Manuel L Matos Lopes --- Chapter 2: Pressure Drop and Boiling Heat Transfer Characteristics of R410A in Macro-Scale and Mini-Scale Channels by Jong-Taek Oh, Nguyen Ba Chien, Kwang-Il Choi and Pham Quang Vu --- Chapter 3: Comprehensive Study of Compact Heat Exchangers with Offset Strip Fin by Latife Berrin Erbay, Mehmet Mete Öztürk and Bahadɪr Doɪan --- Chapter 4: Comprehensive Study of Heat Exchangers with Louvered Fins by Latife Berrin Erbay, Bahadır Doğan and Mehmet Mete Öztürk --- Chapter 5: Condensation Heat Transfer on Geometrically Enhanced Horizontal Tube: A Review by Hafiz Muhammad Ali --- Chapter 6: Heat Transfer of Supercritical Fluid Flows and Compressible Flows by Yu Ito --- Chapter 7: Heat Exchangers in the Aviation Engineering by Antonio Carozza --- Chapter 8: Operation and Performance Analysis of Steam Generators in Nuclear Power Plants by Siniša Šadek and Davor Grgić --- Chapter 9: Industrial Heat Exchanger: Operation and Maintenance to Minimize Fouling and Corrosion by Teng Kah Hou, Salimnewaz Kazi, Abu Bakar Mahat, Chew Bee Teng, Ahmed Al-Shamma’a and Andy Shaw
    Pages: 216 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3091-8
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  • Keywords: heat transfer ; heat exchange
    Notes: Presenting contributions from renowned experts in the field, this book covers research and development in fundamental areas of heat exchangers, which include: Design and theoretical development Experiments Numerical modeling and simulations This book is intended to be a useful reference source and guide to researchers, postgraduate students, and engineers in the fields of heat exchangers, cooling, and thermal management. | Contents: Chapter 1: Introductory Chapter: An Overview of Design, Experiment and Numerical Simulation of Heat Exchangers by S M Sohel Murshed and Manuel L Matos Lopes --- Chapter 2: Basic Design Methods of Heat Exchanger by Cüneyt Ezgi --- Chapter 3: Design of Heat Transfer Surfaces in Agitated Vessels by Vitor da Silva Rosa and Deovaldo de Moraes Júnior --- Chapter 4: Heat Exchanger Design with Topology Optimization by Mark Christian E. Manuel and Po Ting Lin --- Chapter 5: A Multi-Period Synthesis Approach to Designing Flexible Heat- Exchanger Networks by Adeniyi Jide Isafiade and Alireza Bahadori --- Chapter 6: Basic Aspects of Gas Turbine Heat Transfer by Shailendra Naik --- Chapter 7: Direct-Contact Heat Exchanger by Hua Wang, Qingtai Xiao and Jianxin Xu --- Chapter 8: Measurement of Transient Fluid Temperature in the Heat Exchangers by Magdalena Jaremkiewicz --- Chapter 9: Transient Effectiveness Methods for the Dynamic Characterization of Heat Exchangers by Tianyi Gao, Bahgat Sammakia and James Geer --- Chapter 10: Unsteady Mixed Convection from Two Isothermal Semicircular Cylinders in Tandem Arrangement by Erick Salcedo, César Treviño, Juan C. Cajas and Lorenzo Martínez- Suástegui --- Chapter 11: Computational Modeling of Vehicle Radiators Using Porous Medium Approach by Barbaros Çetin, Kadir G. Güler and Mehmet Haluk Aksel
    Pages: 270 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3093-2
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  • Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
    Keywords: international development ; rural development ; food security
    Notes: This book brings together leading researchers in the field of international development to examine issues relating to food security, health, rural development, human development, and institutional strengthening in developing countries. Based on empirical research, the book discusses a variety of topics including nutrition-sensitive agricultural development in South Africa, household food security in Tanzania, medical research in Egypt, child mortality in Christian and Islamic countries, spot improvement of rural roads in Asia and Africa, resilience in natural disaster, the relationship between foreign aid and human development in Africa, and finally developing competencies for rural development project management through the creation of local action groups in Argentina. The book is insightful and serves as an important reference material on international development. | Contents: Chapter 1: Nutrition-Sensitive Agricultural Development for Food Security in Africa: A Case Study of South Africa by Hester Carina Schönfeldt, Nicolette Hall and Beulah Pretorius --- Chapter 2: A Study of Household Food security and Adoption of Biofortified Crop Varieties in Tanzania: The Case of Orange- Fleshed Sweetpotato by Julius J. Okello, Kirimi Sindi, Kelvin Shikuku, Margaret McEwan and Jan Low --- Chapter 3: Current Review of Medical Research in Developing Countries: A Case Study from Egypt by Sherif M. Shehata, Nehal M. ElMashad and Azza M. Hassan --- Chapter 4: Comparing GDP Health and Military Expenditure, Poverty and Child Mortality of 71 Countries from Different Regions by Colin Pritchard and Steven Keen --- Chapter 5: Spot Improvement of Rural Roads Using a Local Resource- Based Approach: Case Studies from Asia and Africa by Yoshinori Fukubayashi and Makoto Kimura --- Chapter 6: Natural Disaster and International Development by Luke Strongman --- Chapter 7: A Study of the Relationship between Foreign Aid and Human Development in Africa by Gabriel Staicu and Razvan Barbulescu --- Chapter 8: Developing Competencies for Rural Development Project Management through Local Action Groups: The Punta Indio (Argentina) Experience by Ricardo Stratta Fernández, Ignacio de los Ríos Carmenado and Miriam López González
    Pages: 180 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3103-8
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  • Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
    Keywords: material science ; metamaterials
    Notes: Metamaterials have become one of the most important emerging technologies in the scientific community due to its unusual electromagnetic properties. Consequently, during the last years, a huge deal of efforts has been concentrated in order to design functional components and devices based on metamaterials for many potential applications. The main objective of this book is to present in-depth analysis of the theory, properties, and realizations of novel devices that could be integrated within modern and future communication systems. The book contains 11 chapters written by acknowledged experts, researchers, academics, and microwave engineers, providing comprehensive information and covering a wide range of topics on several aspects of microwaves and optics, including polarization conversion, asymmetric transmission, transmission lines, filters, plasmonic lenses, tunable metamaterials, light manipulation, absorbers, and antennas, among others. This book is suitable for scholars from large scientific domain and therefore given to engineers, scientists, graduates, and other interested professionals as a reference on these artificial materials of tomorrow. | Contents: Chapter 1: Effects of Dielectric Substrate on Polarization Conversion Using Coupled Metasurfaces With and Without Tunneling by Andriy E. Serebryannikov, Mehmet Mutlu and Ekmel Ozbay --- Chapter 2: Active and Tunable Metamaterials by Yongjun Huang, Jian Li and Guangjun Wen --- Chapter 3: Metasurfaces for Spatial Light Manipulation by Jian Wang and Jing Du --- Chapter 4: Development of Metamaterial EBG Absorbers for Application of Wireless Inter/Intrachip Communication Systems by Xin Zheng, Yinchao Chen, Wensong Wang and Shuhui Yang --- Chapter 5: Microwave and THz Metamaterial-Based Devices for Potential Applications in NDE, Chem-Bio Detection and Dielectric Characterization of Complex Oxide Thin Films by Daniel Shreiber --- Chapter 6: Metamaterial Based Ultra-Wideband Antennas for Portable Wireless Applications by Mohammad Alibakhshikenari, Mohammad Naser-Moghadasi, Ramazan Ali Sadeghzadeh, Bal Singh Virdee and Ernesto Limiti --- Chapter 7: Homogenization of Thin and Thick Metamaterials and Applications by Abdelwaheb Ourir, Yao Gao, Agnès Maurel and Jean-Jacques Marigo --- Chapter 8: Compact Metamaterials Induced Circuits and Functional Devices by He-Xiu Xu, Guang-Ming Wang, Tong Cai, Qing PeFng and Ya Qiang Zhuang --- Chapter 9: Polarization State Manipulation of Electromagnetic Waves with Metamaterials and Its Applications in Nanophotonics by Shuqi Chen, Wenwei Liu, Zhancheng Li, Hua Cheng and Jianguo Tian --- Chapter 10: Recent Progress in Far-Field Optical Metalenses by Mahin Naserpour, Mahdieh Hashemi and Carlos J. Zapata- Rodríguez --- Chapter 11: Planar Antennas for Reliable Multiband RF Communications by Mohammad Alibakhshikenari, Mohammad Naser-Moghadasi, Ramazan Ali Sadeghzadeh, Bal Singh Virdee and Ernesto Limiti
    Pages: 290 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3099-4
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