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Scientific Freedom : An Anthology on Freedom of Scientific Research (2012)
London, UK : Bloomsbury Academic
Keywords: Sociology ; Cultural Sociology ; Ethics ; Research Methods and Methodology
Notes: Scientific Freedom is the first comprehensive collection covering both the state of scientific progress and the ethics, law and history of scientific research. The book gives readers a fascinating range of perspectives on matters of scientific research that directly affect all of us. Examining the ethical, legal, social, economic and political issues surrounding freedom of scientific research, the book evaluates ways in which national and international policies can impact upon individuals’ access to potentially life-saving treatment, cures and technologies, and can therefore affect human life and death. With contributions from Nobel Laureates, representatives of patients’ associations, scientists, scholars and politicians, this book provides a concise and comprehensive view of the limitations and dangers facing the future of innovation and scientific progress. | Table of Contents: Introduction / John Coggon, Simona Giordano and Marco Cappato, pp. 1–14 --- Chapter 1. Can Research Be Forbidden? / Carl Djerassi, Professor of Chemistry, pp. 17–30 --- Chapter 2. Is Science Dangerous? / Lewis Wolpert, Emeritus Professor, pp. 31–41 --- Chapter 3. The Cosmos Above Me, and the Moral Maze Within Me : Astrophysics and Basic Research – Some Reflections / Lucio Piccirillo, Professor of Radio Astronomy Technology, pp. 42–49 --- Chapter 4. Can Freedom Help to Tackle Global Climate Warming? : A View from Biogeochemical Research / Luca Belelli Marchesini, Post Doctoral Fellow, pp. 50–59 --- Chapter 5. Scientific Freedom in an Evolving World / Jim Falk, Professorial Fellow, pp. 60–70 --- Chapter 6. Freedom of Research and Constitutional Law : Some Critical Points / Amedeo Santosuosso, Professor of Law, Science, New Technologies European Center for Law, pp. 342–344 --- Chapter 7. Legal Methodologies for Maximizing Freedom of Scientific Research / Charles H. Baron, Professor of Law Emeritus, pp. 83–89 --- Chapter 8. Human Tissue Providers for Stem Cell Research : Freedom, Fairness and Financial Recompense / Sarah Devaney, pp. 90–95 --- Chapter 9. Ideology, Fundamentalism and Scientific Research / Lord Dick Taverne, pp. 96–101 --- Chapter 10. The Future of Scientific Research : Compromises or Ways Forward? / Emma Bonino, Vice-President, Italian Senate; former European Commissioner and former Minister for International Trade and European Affairs; member of the Nonviolent Radical Party, transnational and transparty and Simona Giordano, Reader in Bioethics The University of Manchester, pp. 102–110 --- Chapter 11. Science, Society and Democracy : Freedom of Science as a Catalyzer of Liberty / Gilberto Corbellini, Professor of Bioethics and History of Medicine Sapienza University of Rome and Elisabetta Sirgiovanni, Research Fellow in Neuroethics ISGI-CNR, pp. 113–127 --- Chapter 12. Religion and Scientific Freedom / Søren Holm, Professor of Bioethics, pp. 128–140 --- Chapter 13. Should We Strive for Total Scientific Freedom? / Malcolm Oswald, PhD Student in Bioethics and Medical Jurisprudence, pp. 141–148 --- Chapter 14. The Ethical Limitations on Scientific Research / Michael Boylan, Professor of Philosophy, pp. 149–161 --- Chapter 15. What’s Special about Scientific Freedom? / John Coggon, Research Fellow, Institute for Science, Ethics, and Innovation, pp. 162–176 --- Conclusion : A Short History of This Anthology / Marco Cappato, Secretary-General of Luca Coscioni Association, former Member of the European Parliament, Simona Giordano, Reader in Bioethics The University of Manchester and John Coggon, Research Fellow in Interdisciplinary Bioethics The University of Manchester, pp. 177–183
Pages: XVI, 319 S.
ISBN: 978-1-8496-6899-6
The Public Value of the Humanities (2011)
London, UK : Bloomsbury Academic
Keywords: Humanities ; Research Methods and Methodology ; Creative Industries ; Governance ; Higher Education
Notes: Recession is a time for asking fundamental questions about value. At a time when governments are being forced to make swingeing savings in public expenditure, why should they continue to invest public money funding research into ancient Greek tragedy, literary value, philosophical conundrums or the aesthetics of design? Does such research deliver "value for money" and "public benefit"? Such questions have become especially pertinent in the UK in recent years, in the context of the drive by government to instrumentalize research across the disciplines and the prominence of discussions about "economic impact" and "knowledge transfer". In this book a group of distinguished humanities researchers, all working in Britain, but publishing research of international importance, reflect on the public value of their discipline, using particular research projects as case-studies. Their essays are passionate, sometimes polemical, often witty and consistently thought-provoking, covering a range of humanities disciplines from theology to architecture and from media studies to anthropology.
Pages: XVI, 319 S.
ISBN: 978-1-8496-6471-4
Literature as Cultural Ecology : Sustainable Texts (2016)
London, UK : Bloomsbury Academic
Keywords: Ecocriticism ; Literature and the Environment ; Literary Studies ; Literary Theory ; Comparative Literature
Notes: Drawing on the latest debates in ecocritical theory and sustainability studies, Literature as Cultural Ecology: Sustainable Texts outlines a new approach to the reading of literary texts. Hubert Zapf considers the ways in which literature operates as a form of cultural ecology, using language, imagination and critique to challenge and transform cultural narratives of humanity’s relationship to nature. In this way, the book demonstrates the important role that literature plays in creating a more sustainable way of life. Applying this approach to works by writers such as Emily Dickinson, Edgar Allen Poe, Herman Melville, William Faulkner, Toni Morrison, Zakes Mda, and Amitav Ghosh, Literature as Cultural Ecology is an essential contribution to the contemporary environmental humanities.
Pages: X, 302 S.
ISBN: 978-1-4742-7465-4
Financing for Overcoming Economic Insecurity (2015)
London, UK : Bloomsbury Academic
Keywords: Politics ; Politics and International Relations ; Insurance ; Economic Insecurity
Notes: The world is witnessing the paradox of simultaneous increase in income and insecurity. According to available data, global average per capita income has increased in recent decades, while at the same time actual and perceived insecurity has also increased. This paradox is true for both developed and developing countries. However, the concrete form and causes of insecurity differs across these two groups of countries. To the extent that income levels in many developing countries are very low, economic insecurity in these countries takes a starker and chronic form. In Financing for Overcoming Economic Insecurity, leading experts examine the causes and consequences of rising economic insecurity and policy measures that can be adopted to overcome insecurity. The volume contains papers addressing issues of economic insecurity pertaining to both developed and developing countries and caused by both economic factors and natural hazards. It also discusses the issues at both macro and micro levels. The volume’s focus on policy measures, such as redistribution and reinvestment of profit income in developed countries and imposition of capital control and promotion of micro insurance in developing countries, should be of much help to policymakers as well as researchers.
Pages: XI, 248 S.
ISBN: 978-1-8496-6533-9
Democracy and Revolutionary Politics (2015)
London, UK : Bloomsbury Academic
Keywords: Political Theory and Philosophy (Politics) ; Asian Politics ; Politics and International Relations
Notes: Democracy and political violence can hardly be considered conceptual siblings, at least at first sight. Democracy allows people to route their aspirations, demands, and expectations of the state through peaceful methods; violence works outside these prescribed and institutionalized channels in public spaces, in the streets, in the forests and in inhospitable terrains. But can committed democrats afford to ignore the fact that violence has become a routine way of doing politics in countries such as India? By exploring the concept of political violence from the perspective of critical political theory, Neera Chandhoke investigates its nature, justification and contradictions. She uses the case study of Maoist revolutionaries in India to globalize and relocate the debate alongside questions of social injustice, exploitation, oppression and imperfect democracies. As such, this is an important and much-needed contribution to the dialogue surrounding revolutionary violence.
Pages: X, 182 S.
ISBN: 978-1-4742-2400-0
Ecocriticism and Italy : Ecology, Resistance, and Liberation (2016)
London, UK : Bloomsbury Academic
Keywords: Ecocriticism ; Earthquake ; Italy ; Literary Studies ; Literary Theory ; Comparative Literature ; European Literature
Notes: Naples and the porous landscapes of ecomafia and volcanic eruptions; death in Venice as a literary trope and a petrochemical curse; earthquakes and political moves that shake territories, people, and ideas cross-country; the slow pace of wine, food and environmental violence in Piedmont: these are some of the texts that this book narrates and analyses. Here stories of justice, cultural visions, society and politics interlace with stories of land and life, ecosystems and body cells, pollution and redemption. Ecocriticism and Italy reads Italy as a text - a compound text made of matter and imagination - always keeping in mind the link between the horizon of this country and the world’s larger ecology of ideas and matter. Challenging stereotypes and ambivalent clichés, this book uses ecocriticism as a way to give voice to the forces, wounds, and messages of creativity dispersed on Italy’s body, arguing that a literature, an art, and a criticism that are able to transform these unexpressed voices into stories - into our stories - are not only ways to resist. They are a practice of liberation. | Table of Contents: Introduction, pp. 1–12 --- Chapter 1. Bodies of Naples : A Journey in the Landscapes of Porosity, pp. 13–46 --- Chapter 2. Cognitive Justice and the Truth of Biology : Death (and Life) in Venice, pp. 47–82 --- Chapter 3. Three Earthquakes : Wounds, Signs, and Resisting Arts in Belice, Irpinia, and L’Aquila, pp. 83–124 --- Chapter 4. Slow : Stories of Landscapes, Resistance, and Liberation, pp. 125–156
Pages: VI, 184 S.
ISBN: 978-1-4725-7165-6
Radioactive Waste Confinement: Clays in Natural and Engineered Barriers (2016)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This Special Publication provides insight into work currently being undertaken internationally on a range of clays in relation to natural and engineered barriers for radioactive waste confinement. In particular, it focuses on aspects of repository engineering, coupled hydro-mechanical processes and contaminant transport as relevant to geological disposal. It will be of interest to Earth scientists outside of geological disposal as well as to specialists.
Edition: online first
The NE Atlantic Region: A Reappraisal of Crustal Structure, Tectonostratigraphy and Magmatic Evolution (2016)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume presents contributions from the NAG-TEC Tectonostratigraphic Atlas project. Seven European geological surveys and collaborators have compiled a comprehensive overview of the geophysical and geological information available in the North Atlantic region. The papers present some of the key findings and analysis based on the Atlas.
Edition: online first
Sedimentology of Paralic Reservoirs: Recent Advances (2016)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Paralic reservoirs reflect a range of depositional environments including deltas, shoreline–shelf systems and estuaries. They provide the backbone of production in many mature basins around the world, and contribute significantly to global conventional hydrocarbon production. This volume presents new research and developments in established approaches to exploration and production of paralic reservoirs.
Edition: online first
The Environment in the Age of the Internet : Activists, Communication, and the Digital Landscape (2016)
Cambridge, UK : Open Book Publishers
Keywords: environment ; Internet ; ecology ; communication ; media studies ; blogs ; ecological activism
Notes: How do we talk about the environment? Does this communication reveal and construct meaning? Is the environment expressed and foregrounded in the new landscape of digital media? The Environment in the Age of the Internet is an interdisciplinary collection that draws together research and answers from media and communication studies, social sciences, modern history, and folklore studies. Edited by Heike Graf, its focus is on the communicative approaches taken by different groups to ecological issues, shedding light on how these groups tell their distinctive stories of "the environment". This book draws on case studies from around the world and focuses on activists of radically different kinds: protestors against pulp mills in South America, resistance to mining in the Sámi region of Sweden, the struggles of indigenous peoples from the Arctic to the Amazon, gardening bloggers in northern Europe, and neo-Nazi environmentalists in Germany. Each case is examined in relation to its multifaceted media coverage, mainstream and digital, professional and amateur. Stories are told within a context; examining the "what" and "how" of these environmental stories demonstrates how contexts determine communication, and how communication raises and shapes awareness. These issues have never been more urgent, this work never more timely. The Environment in the Age of the Internet is essential reading for everyone interested in how humans relate to their environment in the digital age.
Pages: XIV, 175 S.
ISBN: 978-1-78374-244-8
Sustainable Use of Traditional Geomaterials in Construction Practice (2016)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Geomaterials derived from the Earth's crust and used in construction after appropriate processing are among the earliest raw materials exploited, processed and used by humans. Their numerous functional properties include accessibility, workability and serviceability, and these are explored within this volume. In modern society, sustainable use of raw materials, specifically those exploited in large volumes such as geomaterials for construction, raises questions of reducing extraction of primary resources and thus minimizing impacts on natural systems, and also employment of materials and technologies to lower emissions of deleterious substances into the atmosphere. This will be possible only if we fully understand the properties, processing and mode of use of traditional geomaterials. Although most of the papers within this volume were written by geologists, the contributions will also be of interest to those working in cultural heritage, monument conservation, civil engineering and architecture.
Pages: VII, 311 S.
ISBN: 978-1-86239-725-5
Dull Disasters? : How planning ahead will make a difference (2016)
Oxford : Oxford University Press
Keywords: Natural disaster ; Extreme event ; Pandemic ; Disaster risk finance ; Time inconsistency ; Commitment device ; Planning ; Behavioural psychology ; Politics of disaster relief ; Risk management
Notes: In recent years, typhoons have struck the Philippines and Vanuatu; earthquakes have rocked Haiti, Pakistan, and Nepal; floods have swept through Pakistan and Mozambique; droughts have hit Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia; and more. All led to loss of life and loss of livelihoods, and recovery will take years. One of the likely effects of climate change is to increase the likelihood of the type of extreme weather events that seems to cause these disasters. But do extreme events have to turn into disasters with huge loss of life and suffering? Dull Disasters? harnesses lessons from finance, political science, economics, psychology, and the natural sciences to show how countries and their partners can be far better prepared to deal with disasters. The insights can lead to practical ways in which governments, civil society, private firms, and international organizations can work together to reduce the risks to people and economies when a disaster looms. Responses to disasters then become less emotional, less political, less headline-grabbing, and more business as usual and effective. The book takes the reader through a range of solutions that have been implemented around the world to respond to disasters. It gives an overview of the evidence on what works and what doesn't and it examines the crucial issue of disaster risk financing. Building on the latest evidence, it presents a set of lessons and principles to guide future thinking, research, and practice in this area.
Pages: XIV, 139 S.
ISBN: 978-0-19-878557-6