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Precious Forests - Precious Earth (2015)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: forest ; forestration
Notes: Forests are the dominant terrestrial ecosystem of Earth. They are distributed across the globe. Forests account for 75% of the gross primary productivity of the Earth's biosphere, and contain 80% of the Earth's plant biomass. Human society and forests influence each other in both positive and negative ways. Forests provide ecosystem services to humans. Forests can also impose costs, affect people's health, and interfere with tourist enjoyment. This publication presents reviews and research results on negative and positive human interference on forests, as well as ecology, management, governance, policy and economic issues. The book consists of four sections with 12 chapters derived from around the world.
Pages: 286 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2175-6
Advances in Geothermal Energy (2016)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: geothermal energy ; geothermal resources ; renewable energy ; geothermal exploration
Notes: Geothermal energy means the natural heat energy from the Earth. The geothermal resources of the Earth are huge and unlike other conventional and renewable energy sources, geothermal energy has unique features; namely, it is available, stable at all times throughout the year, independent of weather conditions, and has an inherent storage capability. Geothermal energy is also considered to be an environmentally friendly clean energy source that could significantly contribute to the reduction of GHG emissions. The utilization of geothermal energy is usually divided into the part used for electricity generation and the part used for heating applications. Due to its important utilization and future prospects, various interesting topics of research related to geothermal energy are covered in this book. This book is the result of contributions from several researchers and experts worldwide. It is hoped that the book will become a useful source of information and basis for extended research for researchers, academics, policy makers, and practitioners in the area of geothermal energy.
Pages: 174 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2241-8
Current Air Quality Issues (2015)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: air pollution ; air quality ; urban areas
Notes: Air pollution is thus far one of the key environmental issues in urban areas. Comprehensive air quality plans are required to manage air pollution for a particular area. Consequently, air should be continuously sampled, monitored, and modeled to examine different action plans. Reviews and research papers describe air pollution in five main contexts: Monitoring, Modeling, Risk Assessment, Health, and Indoor Air Pollution. The book is recommended to experts interested in health and air pollution issues.
Pages: 654 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2180-0
Greenhouse Gases (2016)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: greenhouse gases ; global warming ; climate change
Notes: Sustainability should be a key component of every process, safeguarding resources and reserves for future generations. This book shows how a responsible use of resources is possible, offering valid technological alternatives to fight climate change. We offer current technologies and valid methods for a wide range of activities: teaching, investigation, work, business and even daily life. We encourage all our readers to join us and become part of the solution to climate change, rather than the problem. After reading this book, we are certain that you will find justified reasons to start your own personal and social awareness campaign in favour of these effective technologies against climate change.
Pages: 314 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2273-9
Solar Cells : New Approaches and Reviews (2015)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: energy engineering ; renewable resources
Notes: This book contains chapters in which the problems of modern photovoltaics are considered. The majority of the chapters provide an overview of the results of research and development of different types of solar cells. Such chapters are completed by a justification for a new solar cell structure and technology. Of course, highly effective solar energy conversion is impossible without an in-depth examination of the solar cell components as physical materials. The relations between structural, thermodynamic, and optical properties of the physical material without addressing the band theory of solids are of both theoretical and practical interest. Requirements formulated for the material are also to be used for maximally efficient conversion of solar radiation into useful work.
Pages: 396 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2184-8
Biodegradation and Bioremediation of Polluted Systems : New Advances and Technologies (2015)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: pollution ; biodegradation ; bioremediation
Notes: This book contains a collection of research works focused on the biodegradation of different types of pollutants, both in water and solids. The book is divided in three major sections: A) Biodegradation of organic pollutants in solids and wastewater, B) Biodegradation of complex pollutants, and C) Novel technologies in biodegradation and bioremediation.
Pages: 176 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2238-8
Clays, Clay Minerals and Ceramic Materials Based on Clay Minerals (2016)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: clays ; clay minerals ; mineralogy
Notes: This book presents the state-of-the-art results of characterization of clays, clay minerals and ceramic materials based on clay minerals. The main goal of this work is to contribute to the rationalization of some important results obtained in the open area of clays and clay materials characterization. Moreover, this book also provides a comprehensive account on polymer and biopolymer-clay nanocomposites, use of clay as adsorption materials for industrial pollutants, ceramic materials in cultural heritage and physical-chemistry aspects of clay and clay minerals aqueous dispersions. This book will be beneficial for students, teachers and researchers of many areas who are interested to expand their knowledge about clays and its derivates in the fields of Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Environmental Science, Industrial Remediation, Cultural Heritage, etc.
Pages: 192 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2259-3
Recent Advances in Thermo and Fluid Dynamics (2015)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: thermodynamics
Notes: Thermodynamics is a branch of physics concerned with heat and temperature and their relation to energy and work. It defines macroscopic variables, such as internal energy, entropy, and pressure, that partly describe a body of matter or radiation. It states that the behavior of these variables is subject to general constraints that are common to all materials, not to the peculiar properties of particular materials. These general constraints are expressed in the three laws of thermodynamics which had a deep influence on the development of physics and chemistry. The book aims to present novel ideas that are crossing traditional disciplinary boundaries and introducing a wide spectrum of viewpoints and approaches in applied thermodynamics of the third millennium. The book will be of interest to those working in the fields of propulsion systems, power generation systems, chemical industry, quantum systems, refrigeration, fluid flow, combustion, and other phenomena.
Pages: 340 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2239-5
Advances in Petrochemicals (2015)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: petroleum science ; petrochemicals ; petrochemical industry
Notes: The petrochemical industry is an important area in our pursuits for economic growth, employment generation, and basic needs. It is a huge field that encompasses many commercial petrochemical and polymer-enabled products. The book is designed to help the reader, particularly students and researchers of petroleum science and engineering, to understand synthesis, processing, mechanics, and simulation of the petroleum processes. The selection of topics addressed and the examples, tables, and graphs used to illustrate them are governed, to a large extent, by the fact that this book is aimed primarily at petroleum science and engineering technologists. Undoubtedly, this book contains must read materials for students, engineers, and researchers working in the area of petrochemicals and petroleum and provides valuable insights into the related synthesis, processing, mechanisms, and simulation. This book is concise, self-explanatory, informative, and cost-effective.
Pages: 150 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2176-3
Effects of Sediment Transport on Hydraulic Structures (2015)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: sediment transport ; reservoir sedimentation ; reservoirs
Notes: Sediment transport is a significant part of the scientific area of river hydraulics. Therefore, the first section of the present book presents effects of sediment transport on hydraulic structures, that concern alluvial channel hydraulics. The second section refers to a serious consequence of river sediment transport, namely reservoir sedimentation. Sediment transported in a river originates from the corresponding basin, that is eroded by rainfall water. Hence, the quantification of soil erosion is also addressed in the second section. While soil erosion is the original physical process that causes reservoir sedimentation, the latter process may increase coastal erosion in case that the river feeding the reservoir, discharges its water into the sea. So, the effect of reservoir sedimentation on coastal erosion is further treated in the second section. Finally, the third section of the book is dedicated to the phenomenon of local scour around bridge piers, in particular the conditions of ice cover.
Pages: 122 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2231-9
Advanced Materials for Renewable Hydrogen Production, Storage and Utilization (2015)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: hydrogen ; renewable energy
Notes: Hydrogen, as an energy carrier, is widely regarded as a potential cost-effective, renewable, and clean energy alternative to fossil fuels in order to mitigate the energy shortage and environmental pollution that are currently being faced. The rapid development of advanced materials in hydrogen production, storage, and utilization has opened up a new avenue for the conversion and utilization of hydrogen energy. This book summarizes the current research progress in these areas and is expected to aid in the development and design of advanced materials to improve hydrogen production, storage, and utilization.
Pages: 144 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2219-7
Mass Transfer : Advancement in Process Modelling (2015)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: engineering ; heat and mass transfer
Notes: This book covers a wide variety of topics related to advancements in different stages of mass transfer modelling processes. Its purpose is to create a platform for the exchange of recent observations, experiences, and achievements. It is recommended for those in the chemical, biotechnological, pharmaceutical, and nanotechnology industries as well as for students of natural sciences, technical, environmental and employees in companies which manufacture machines for the above-mentioned industries. This work can also be a useful source for researchers and engineers dealing with mass transfer and related issues.
Pages: 288 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2192-3
New Perspectives in Fluid Dynamics (2015)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: fluid dynamics ; wave propagation
Notes: This book contains five chapters detailing significant advances in and applications of new turbulence theory and fluid dynamics modeling with a focus on wave propagation from arbitrary depths to shallow waters, computational modeling for predicting optical distortions through hypersonic flow fields, wind strokes over highway bridges, optimal crop production in a greenhouse, and technological appliance and performance concerns in wheelchair racing. We hope this book to be a useful resource to scientists and engineers who are interested in the fundamentals and applications of fluid dynamics.
Pages: 132 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2228-9