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Copper-cobalt Flora of Upper Katanga and Copperbelt : Field guide; Over 400 plants, 1,000 photographs and 500 drawings (2016)
Liège : Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux
Notes: The copper-cobalt outcrops of Upper Katanga and north-western Zambia host a particular flora which comprises an estimated 750 species of which more than 400 are treated in this copper-cobalt field guide. The aim of this book, resulting from several years of intensive field work and study, is to bring together the basic knowledges permitting an easy approach to the identification of a great number of the species to be encountered. More than 400 species are illustrated with color photographs and/or drawings together with comments concerning synonyms, habit, description, ecology and distribution. Plant species are listed and colour-coded according to classification: Cyanoprocaryota, lichenized Fungi, Anthocerophyta, Marchantiophyta and Bryophyta (red edge), Lycophyta and Monilophyta (green edge), Magnoliopsida (blue edge) and Liliopsida (yellow edge). An index allows easy location either according to genus and species. An account of the research on copper-cobalt ecosystems carried out during the last ten years in southeastern D.R. Congo is also presented. The editors have spent more than twenty years in the area concerned and have collected more than 8,500 voucher specimens, including eleven species new to science (holotypes).
Pages: 422 S.
ISBN: 978-2-87016-080-0
Daten und Phänomene : Ein Beitrag zur wissenschaftstheoretischen Realismusdebatte (2011)
Frankfurt/M., Paris, Lancaster, New Brunswick : ontos
Notes: Was sind naturwissenschaftliche Phänomene und inwiefern kann die Beantwortung dieser Frage zu einer besseren philosophischen Einschätzung der wissenschaftlichen Praxis beitragen? Dieses Buch untersucht die wissenschaftstheoretische Unterscheidung zwischen Daten und Phänomenen, um ihre Bedeutung für die Debatte um den Wissenschaftlichen Realismus zu klären. Ausgehend von einer Analyse des Phänomenbegriffs werden sowohl realistische als auch antirealistische Anwendungen der Unterscheidung auf ihre Überzeugungskraft geprüft. Auf Grundlage der Ergebnisse dieser Untersuchung wird für ein realistisches Phänomenverständnis plädiert und erörtert, wie exakt Wissenschaftstheoretiker die wissenschaftliche Praxis beschreiben müssen, um zutreffende philosophische Schlussfolgerungen ziehen zu können.
Pages: 257 S.
ISBN: 978-3-86838-110-8
Terraforming : Ecopolitical Transformations and Environmentalism in Science Fiction (2016)
Liverpool : Liverpool University Press
Keywords: astrobiology ; science fiction ; extraterrestrial life ; environment
Notes: Terraforming is the process of making other worlds habitable for human life. Its counterpart on Earth – geoengineering – is receiving serious consideration as a way to address climate change. Contemporary environmental awareness and our understanding of climate change is influenced by science fiction, and terraforming in particular has offered scientists, philosophers, and others a motif for thinking in complex ways about our impact on planetary environments. This book asks how science fiction has imagined how we shape both our world and other planets and how stories of terraforming reflect on science, society and environmentalism. It traces the growth of the motif of terraforming in science fiction from H.G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds (1898) to James Cameron’s blockbuster Avatar (2009), in stories by such writers as Olaf Stapledon, Ray Bradbury, Robert Heinlein, Arthur C. Clarke, Frank Herbert, Ursula K. Le Guin, Ernest Callenbach, Pamela Sargent, Frederick Turner and Kim Stanley Robinson. It argues for terraforming as a nexus for environmental philosophy, the pastoral, ecology, the Gaia hypothesis, and the politics of colonisation and habitation. Amidst contemporary anxieties about climate change, terraforming offers an important vantage from which to consider the ways humankind shapes and is shaped by their world.
Pages: X, 250 S.
ISBN: 978-1-78138-284-4
Sustainability Science for Strong Sustainability (2014)
Cheltenham : Edgar Elger
Keywords: environment ; ecological economics ; politics and public policy ; environmental governance and regulation
Notes: The dynamism of science has been catalytic for human prosperity in recent history. Conventional perspectives of the ivory tower model of modern science are, however, rivalled by the failure of humanity to tackle global crises of an economic, environmental and social nature. Operational solutions to these pressures have grown and exposed pitfalls of modern science to date. Sustainability Science for Strong Sustainability investigates core concepts, tools and institutional strategies of transdisciplinary sustainability science. Prominent research programs within heterodox economics, the environmental sciences and transition theory are explored through diverse case studies, revealing challenges and advancements for transdisciplinary research. In this book, the reform of modern science is facilitated by the consideration of action points to overcome the institutional barriers of putting sustainability science into practice. Researchers, students and policy practitioners will benefit from up to date knowledge on the practice of transdisciplinary research for sustainability.
Pages: X, 167 S.
ISBN: 978-1-78347-455-4
Supercontinent Cycles Through Earth History (2016)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The supercontinent-cycle hypothesis attributes planetary-scale episodic tectonic events to an intrinsic self-organizing mode of mantle convection, governed by the buoyancy of continental lithosphere that resists subduction during the closure of old ocean basins, and the consequent reorganization of mantle convection cells leading to the opening of new ocean basins. Characteristic timescales of the cycle are typically 500 to 700 million years. Proposed spatial patterns of cyclicity range from hemispheric (introversion) to antipodal (extroversion), to precisely between those end members (orthoversion). Advances in our understanding can arise from theoretical or numerical modelling, primary data acquisition relevant to continental reconstructions, and spatiotemporal correlations between plate kinematics, geodynamic events and palaeoenvironmental history. The palaeogeographic record of supercontinental tectonics on Earth is still under development. The contributions in this Special Publication provide snapshots in time of these investigations and indicate that Earth's palaeogeographic record incorporates elements of all three end-member spatial patterns.
Pages: 297 S.
ISBN: 978-1-86239-733-0
Mesozoic Biotas of Scandinavia and its Arctic Territories (2016)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Scandinavia and its Arctic territories of Svalbard and Greenland represent geographical regions with a long history of Mesozoic palaeontology. However, the last few decades have witnessed a surge of new discoveries. Especially famous are the Triassic and Late Jurassic Lagerstätten of East Greenland and Spitsbergen in the Svalbard Archipelago, together with the Late Cretaceous strata of southern Sweden and the UNESCO World Heritage locality at Stevns Klint in Denmark. The latter records one of the most complete terminal Mesozoic rock successions known globally. Collectively, these deposits encompass the spectrum of Mesozoic biotic evolution, including the explosive radiation of marine faunas after the Permian–Triassic extinction, seminal specialization of amniotes for life in the sea, Late Triassic–Jurassic domination of the land by dinosaurs and the Cretaceous development of modern terrestrial floras and marine ecosystems. This volume, authored by leading experts in the field, encapsulates key aspects of the latest research and will provide a benchmark for future investigations into the Scandinavian Mesozoic world.
Pages: 336 S.
ISBN: 978-1-86239-748-4
Geohazards in Indonesia: Earth Science for Disaster Risk Reduction (2016)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: With dense urban populations located in one of the most active tectonic belts in the world, Indonesia is a hotspot for natural hazard risk. This volume documents some of the recent advances made by Earth scientists that contribute towards a better understanding of the geological hazards in the region.
Edition: online first
14th CIRIAF National Congress – Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development (2015)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: sustainability
Notes: CIRIAF (Inter-University Research Center on Pollution and Environment “Mauro Felli” is a research center, based at the University of Perugia, which promotes interdisciplinary research activities in the fields of environmental pollution and its health and socio-economic effects, sustainable development, renewable and alternative energy, energy planning, and sustainable mobility. One hundred professors from fourteen different Italian universities are involved in the activities of the center. The CIRIAF National Congress (e.g., the fourteenth one in 2014), has become, over time, an important event for researchers and experts (engineers, physicists, chemists, architects, doctors, and economists). These individuals are not simply academics; they also hail from ministries, environmental agencies, and local authorities. The annual meeting in Perugia is an opportunity to discuss the issues related to energy, environment and sustainable development. The Special Issue will include the best papers presented at the Congress. These were selected by the Scientific Committee with the help of the various Chairmen of the Sessions. The papers cover all the various aspects of sustainability, from an interdisciplinary point of view, with a strong emphasis on the link between energy production, use and conservation, and environmental impact.
Pages: IX, 162 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Sustainability
ISBN: 978-3-03842-097-2
Selected Papers from the 13th Estuarine and Coastal Modeling Conference (2016)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: cohesive sediment ; inundation ; effluent mixing ; shoaling waves ; water quality
Notes: This special issue contains selected papers from the 13th International Conference on Estuarine and Coastal Modeling (ECM13), held Nov 4-6, 2013. The conference brings modelers from academic institutions, government and private industry together to present and discuss the latest developments in the field of marine environmental modeling. Begun in 1989 by Dr. Malcolm Spaulding, the conference is held every other year in a retreat-like setting with a maximum of about 125 people to encourage interaction and help strengthen ties between modeling communities. A wide range of modeling issues are encouraged, including advances in physical understanding, numerical algorithm development, model applications, and better tools. A wide range of modeling topics are encouraged as well, including storm surge, eutrophication, larval transport, search and rescue, oil spills, fisheries issues, coastal erosion and contaminated sediment transport. Many conferences also have special themes. The special theme of ECM13 was modeling related to Hurricane Sandy which in late October 2012 devastated the Caribbean and the US East Coast, including record flooding in New York City. The 22 papers presented here cover a broad spectrum of topics, including simulations of cohesive sediment, inundation, effluent mixing, shoaling waves, and water quality and with modeling applications from Alaska to New Zealand.
Pages: VII, 424 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Journal of Marine Science and Engineering
ISBN: 978-3-03842-046-0
Medical Geology: Impacts of the Natural Environment on Public Health (2016)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: medical geology
Notes: All living organisms are composed of major, minor, and trace elements, given by nature and supplied by geology. Medical geology is a rapidly growing discipline dealing with the influence of natural geological and environmental risk factors on the distribution of health problems in humans and animals. As a multi-disciplinary scientific field, medical geology has the potential of helping medical and public health communities all over the world in the pursuit of solutions to a wide range of environmental and naturally induced health issues. The natural environment can impact health in a variety of ways. The composition of rocks and minerals are imprinted on the air that we breathe, the water that we drink, and the food that we eat. For many people this transference of minerals and the trace elements they contain is beneficial as it is the primary source of nutrients (such as calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, and about a dozen other elements) that are essential for a healthy life. However, sometimes the local geology can cause significant health problems because there is an insufficient amount of an essential element or an excess of a potentially toxic element (such as arsenic, mercury, lead, fluorine, etc.), or a harmful substance such as methane gas, dust-sized particles of asbestos, quartz or pyrite, or certain naturally occurring organic compounds. Current and future medical geology concerns include: dangerous levels of arsenic in drinking water in dozens of countries including the USA; mercury emissions from coal combustion and its bioaccumulation in the environment; the impacts of mercury and lead mobilizations in regions were artisanal gold mining is conducted; the residual health impacts of geologic processes such as volcanic emissions, earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, and geogenic dust; exposure to fibrous minerals such as asbestos and erionite; and the health impacts of global climate change. Billions of people, most in developing countries, are afflicted by these and other environmental health issues that can be avoided, prevented, mitigated or minimized through research and educational outreach. This Special Issue of Geosciences discusses recent advances in medical geology, providing examples from research conducted all over the world. Among the topics to be discussed are: - Health effects from trace elements, metals and metalloids - Regional and global impacts of natural dust (including the study of nanoparticles) - Chemical and environmental pathology of diseases associated with natural environment - Novel analytical approaches to the study of natural geochemical and environmental agents - Research on beneficial health aspects of natural geological materials - Risk management, risk communication and risk mitigation on medical geology - Remote sensing and GIS applications on medical geology - Epidemiology and public health studies on medical geology - Climate change and medical geology - Clinical and toxicological research on biomarkers of exposure - Veterinary medical geology - Biosurveillance and biomonitoring studies on medical geology
Pages: XIV, 238 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Geosciences
ISBN: 978-3-03842-197-9
Earth Observation for Water Resource Management in Africa (2016)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: water resource management ; drought ; precipitation ; evapotranspiration ; flood mapping ; surface water hydrology ; soil moisture ; water quality ; hydrological modeling
Notes: Reliable access to water, managing the spatial and temporal variability of water availability, ensuring the quality of freshwater and responding to climatological changes in the hydrological cycle are prerequisites for the development of countries in Africa. Water being an essential input for biomass growth and for renewable energy production (e.g. biofuels and hydropower schemes) plays an integral part in ensuring food and energy security for any nation. Water, as a source of safe drinking water, is furthermore the basis for ensuring the health of citizens and plays an important role in urban sanitation. The concept of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) is seen as an opportunity to help manage water variability and the wide spread water scarcity in Africa. One key component missing from IWRM in Africa is the limited knowledge of the available extent and quality of water resources at basin level. Earth Observation (EO) technology can help fill this information gap by assessing and monitoring water resources at adequate temporal and spatial scales. The goal of this Special Issue is to understand and demonstrate the contribution which satellite observations, consistent over space and time, can bring to improve water resource management in Africa. Possible EO products and applications range from catchment characterization, water quality monitoring, soil moisture assessment, water extent and level monitoring, irrigation services, urban and agricultural water demand modeling, evapotranspiration estimation, ground water management, to hydrological modeling and flood mapping/forecasting. Some of these EO applications have already been developed by African scientists within the 10 year lifetime of the TIGER initiative: Looking after Water in Africa (, whose contributions are intended to be the starting point of this Special Issue and is only one example of the wide range of activities in the field. Contributions from the entire African and international scientific community dealing with the challenges of water resource management in Africa are the target of the special issue. In the years to come, an ever increasing number of international EO missions, such as the Landsat, ALOS, CBERS and RESOURCESAT mission suites, the family of Sentinel missions and the SMAP mission, will provide an unprecedented capacity to observe and monitor the different components of the water cycle. This Special Issue aims also at reviewing the latest developments in terms of new missions as well as related EO products and techniques that will be available in the near future to face some of the major challenges for IWRM in Africa.
Pages: XXVII, 535 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Remote Sensing
ISBN: 978-3-03842-153-5
Geothermal Energy: Delivering on the Global Potential (2015)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: geothermics ; development ; EGS ; energy ; exploration ; geothermal ; heat ; monitoring ; modeling ; power ; renewable ; resource ; supercritical
Notes: Geothermal energy has been harnessed for recreational uses for millennia, but only for electricity generation for a little over a century. Although geothermal is unique amongst renewables for its baseload and renewable heat provision capabilities, uptake continues to lag far behind that of solar and wind. This is mainly attributable to (i) uncertainties over resource availability in poorly-explored reservoirs and (ii) the concentration of full-lifetime costs into early-stage capital expenditure (capex). Recent advances in reservoir characterization techniques are beginning to narrow the bounds of exploration uncertainty, both by improving estimates of reservoir geometry and properties, and by providing pre-drilling estimates of temperature at depth. Advances in drilling technologies and management have potential to significantly lower initial capex, while operating expenditure is being further reduced by more effective reservoir management—supported by robust models—and increasingly efficient energy conversion systems (flash, binary and combined-heat-and-power). Advances in characterization and modelling are also improving management of shallow low-enthalpy resources that can only be exploited using heat-pump technology. Taken together with increased public appreciation of the benefits of geothermal, the technology is finally ready to take its place as a mainstream renewable technology, exploited far beyond its traditional confines in the world’s volcanic regions.
Pages: XXX, 398 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Energies
ISBN: 978-3-03842-133-7
Renewable Energy : Utilisation and System Integration (2016)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: renewable energy
Notes: The development of renewable energy technologies (such as wind, solar, and biomass) has accelerated the establishment of a low-carbon society. This book provides a glimpse of some recent advancements in modelling, control, electrical generators and power converters, and social and political aspects of utilising these renewable sources of energy. It is aimed to provide some latest references for the readers who are interested in research work, energy policies, and social dimensions of renewable energy.
Pages: 322 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2407-8
Water Resources in a Variable and Changing Climate (2015)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: climate change ; water resources management ; uncertainty ; meteorological variables ; hydrological models ; climate models
Notes: Climate change will bring about significant changes to the capacity of, and the demand on, water resources. The resulting changes include increasing climate variability that is expected to affect hydrologic conditions. The effects of climate variability on various meteorological variables have been extensively observed in many regions around the world. Of these, rainfall is one of the most important variables. Understanding the effects of climate variability on spatial and temporal rainfall characteristics is of special interest to water resource policy makers. Investigating rainfall variability at the regional scale is essential for understanding potential impacts on humans and the natural environment. Atmospheric circulation, topography, land use and other regional features modify global changes to produce unique patterns of change at the regional scale. As the future changes to these water resources cannot be measured in the present, hydrological models are critical in the planning required to adapt our water resource management strategies to future climate conditions. Such models include catchment runoff models, reservoir management models, flood prediction models, groundwater recharge and flow models, and crop water balance models. In water-scarce regions such as Australia, urban water systems are particularly vulnerable to rapid population growth and climate change. In the presence of climate change induced uncertainty, urban water systems need to be more resilient and multi-sourced. Decreasing volumetric rainfall trends have an effect on reservoir yield and operation practices. Severe intensity rainfall events can cause failure of drainage system capacity and subsequent urban flood inundation problems. Policy makers, end users and leading researchers need to work together to develop a consistent approach to interpreting the effects of climate variability and change on water resources.
Pages: XI, 328 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Water
ISBN: 978-3-03842-083-5
ZEMCH Research Initiatives: Mass Customisation and Sustainability (2015)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: zero energy mass custom homes ; mass customisation and personalisation ; sustainable housing development ; energy efficiency measurement ; design and construction management ; user behaviour and choice ; renewable energy technology ; housing affordability and inclusiveness ; value analysis in design decision making ; ZEMCH Network
Notes: The earth is experiencing the adverse effect of climate change. In response to growing global warming issues and the constant increase of energy prices, house-builders and housing manufacturers today are becoming more responsive to the delivery of net zero energy and carbon dioxide emission sustainable homes than ever. Within this context, the sustainability may embrace housing economy and adequacy beyond the legitimacy in which the quality barely coincides with individuals' dynamic various needs, desires and expectations. In this special issue, "mass customisation" is reviewed being considered as a paradoxical concept which has been recognised as a means to lessen production costs of end-user products whilst achieving the customisability through economies of scope rather than economies of scale. Nevertheless, the housing industry's business operation tends to follow routines and the close system mode of operation often hinders the enterprises from adopting unfamiliar inn ovations which may be inevitable in realising the delivery and operation of socially, economically and environmentally sustainable homes. In order to deliver a marketable and replicable zero energy/emission mass custom home, or ZEMCH, the strategic balance between the optional and standard features seems to be critical. The optional features may be provided with the aim to enhance design quality (or customizability) that helps contribute to satisfying desires and expectations of individual stakeholders. The standard equipment, on the other hand, needs to be installed in buildings as it aims to exceed product quality whose levels can be adjusted in conjunction with societal demands and requirements. This edition encompasses a wide spectrum of hopes and fears around the design, production and marketing approaches to the ZEMCH delivery and operation, and showcases some exemplars budding out in different climates around the globe.
Pages: XI, 239 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Sustainability
ISBN: 978-3-03842-111-5
Polar Microbiology: Recent Advances and Future Perspectives (2016)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: biodiversity ; biogeochemistry ; biogeography ; biotechnology ; evolutionary biology ; genetics, genomics and proteomics ; microbiology ; molecular biology ; molecular ecology ; physiology and metabolism
Notes: Polar microbiology is a promising field of research that can tell us much about the fundamental features of life. The microorganisms that inhabit Arctic and Antarctic environments are important not only because of the unique species they represent, but also because of their diverse and unusual physiological and biochemical properties. Furthermore, microorganisms living in Polar Regions provide useful models for general questions in ecology and evolutionary biology given the reduced complexity of their ecosystems, the relative absence of confounding effects associated with higher plants or animals, and the severe biological constraints imposed by the polar environment. In terms of applied science, the unique cold-adapted enzymes and other molecules of polar microorganisms provide numerous opportunities for biotechnological development. Another compelling reason to study polar microbial ecosystems is the fact that they are likely to be among the ecosystems most strongly affected by global change. For these reasons, polar microbiology is a thriving branch of science with the potential to provide new insights into a wide range of basic and applied issues in biological science. In this context, it is timely to review and highlight the progress so far and discuss exciting future perspectives. In this special issue, some of the leaders in the field describe their work, ideas and findings.
Pages: XIII, 449 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Biology
ISBN: 978-3-03842-175-7
Energy Policy and Climate Change (2016)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: climate change ; climate ; demand ; energy ; financing ; geopolitical ; incentives ; infrastructures ; intergovernmental ; investments ; legislation ; management ; public ; stakeholders ; supply ; sustainability ; taxation ; technology
Notes: The priorities of energy policy, such as security of supply, efficient demand side management, the impacts on the environment, and the economic consequences of global warming, have not substantially changed in the last decade. However, the recent financial turmoil and geopolitical conflicts in sensitive areas, as well as technological innovation and the costs reductions of renewable technologies, have altered the basic conditions and constraints under which solutions are to be searched for. This Special Issue of Energies is dedicated to the analysis of strategies, scenarios, and technical developments that will affect the energy policies of regional and national governments, the work of supranational and intergovernmental institutions, and the investment decisions of the private sector in the near future. This issue will encompass the following fields, which are to be regarded as broad thematic areas, each of which may include more specialized topics: • Public policy options in the energy sector • Impact of climate policies on the sustainable development of energy systems • Analysis of global warming containment measures apt to increase international consensus • New geopolitical scenarios for security of supply • Development and innovation of infrastructures in the energy sector • Technical advances in energy generation and use • Strategies for the diffusion of energy saving technologies, including corporate investment decisions • Innovative models of demand side management • Financing of energy projects • Analysis of the adequacy of national and international legal frameworks for energy policy • Role of public opinions and of other key stakeholders
Pages: XXIII, 623 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Energies
ISBN: 978-3-03842-157-3
The Potential Role for Community Monitoring in MRV and in Benefit Sharing in REDD+ (2015)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: community based monitoring ; benefit sharing ; REDD+ ; monitoring, reporting and verification ; results-based financing ; forest inventories
Notes: Since the early design of activities to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD+) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the need to engage local communities and indigenous groups in monitoring and reporting has been recognized. REDD+ has advanced under the UNFCCC negotiations, but most countries still need to define formally what the role of communities in their national monitoring systems will be. Previous research and experiences have shown that local communities can effectively contribute in the monitoring of natural resources. This editorial introduces a Special Issue of Forests which discusses the implications of and potential for including community based monitoring (CBM) in monitoring and benefit-sharing systems in REDD+. It outlines the main points of the nine contributions to the Special Issue which cover a wide geographical area and report on projects and research which engages more than 150 communities from eight different countries from Africa, Asia and Latin America. The editorial summarizes how the articles and reports build further understanding of the potential of CBM to contribute to the implementation, monitoring and distribution of benefits in REDD+. It also discusses the results of an on-going opinion survey on issues related to CBM and its relation to benefit sharing, which indicates that there is still disagreement on a number of key elements.
Pages: XVI, 213 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Forests
ISBN: 978-3-03842-064-4
Policy and Economics of Managed Aquifer Recharge and Water Banking (2015)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: recharge ; aquifers ; MAR ; water banking ; economics ; policy
Notes: Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) and water banking are of increasing importance to water resources management. MAR can be used to buffer against drought and changing or variable climate, as well as provide water to meet demand growth, by making use of excess surface water supplies and recycled waters. Along with hydrologic and geologic considerations, economic and policy analyses are essential to a complete analysis of MAR and water banking opportunities. The papers included in this Special Issue fill a gap in the literature by revealing the range of economic and policy considerations relevant to the development and implementation of MAR programs. They illustrate novel techniques that can be used to select MAR locations and the importance and economic viability of MAR in semi-arid to arid environments. The studies explain how MAR can be utilized to meet municipal and agricultural water demands in water-scarce regions, as well as assist in the reuse of wastewater. Some papers demonstrate how stakeholder engagement, ranging from consideration of alternatives to monitoring, and multi-disciplinary analyses to support decision-making are of high value to development and implementation of MAR programs. The approaches discussed in this collection of papers, along with the complementary and necessary hydrologic and geologic analyses, provide important inputs to water resource managers.
Pages: XII, 271 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Water
ISBN: 978-3-03842-093-4