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1.
E-BOOK
What are Qualitative Research Ethics? (2013)
London : Bloomsbury Academic
Notes: There has been an increasing interest in research ethics over the last decade given the increasing ethical regulation of social research. "Ethical literacy" encourages researchers to understand and engage with the ethical issues that emerge in the process of research. This book provides a short, succinct and accessible overview of the field, highlighting the key issues and everyday ethical dilemmas that researchers are likely to face in different contexts. Covering a range of methods, the book provides clear guidance for researchers on how to identify an approach that fits with their moral and intellectual framework. It explores ethical issues relating to "traditional" research methods as well as to new and emerging methods and approaches - particularly visual and online methods. Illustrated throughout with real-world examples, this book also includes an annotated bibliography of key texts and other helpful resources. What are Qualitative Research Ethics? will be a vital resource for social science researchers across a range of disciplines.
Pages: X, 111 S.
ISBN: 978-1-7809-3850-9
2.
E-BOOK
Environmental Networks and Social Movement Theory (2013)
London : Bloomsbury Academic
Notes: Clare Saunders’ book is an important contribution to the literature on social movements and environmentalism. Using the concept of "environmental networks", it explores the extent to which social movement theory helps us understand how a broad range of environmental organizations interact. It considers the practicalities of social movement theories and it goes on to relate them to the practices of environmental networks. Theoretically and empirically rich, the book draws on extensive survey material with 144 UK environmental organizations, as diverse as not-in-my-backyard (NIMBY) groups, reformists, conservationists and radicals; interviews with more than 40 key campaigners and extensive participant-observation, particularly in London. Focussing particularly on the crucial question of networking dynamics, the book reveals that there are broad ranging network links across the movements’ spatial and ideological dimensions. Combined with inevitable ideological clashes and a degree of sectarian rivalry, these links helps produce vibrant environmental networks that together work to protect and/or preserve the environment. This book is an invaluable resource for anyone concerned with environmental issues, politics and movements.
Pages: XII, 256 S.
ISBN: 978-1-8496-6052-5
3.
E-BOOK
What is Qualitative Research? (2013)
London : Bloomsbury Academic
Notes: This book invites readers to explore the nature of qualitative research, and to recognise the varied and conflicting forms it can take. It examines how these contrast with quantitative work, as well as how they differ from journalism and imaginative literature. The book describes various methodological philosophies that have shaped qualitative work, as well as different types of orientation to be found within it today. It offers clear definitions of key terms and concepts, and also a detailed exploration of recent disputes among qualitative researchers, with a view to showing how differences in practice relate to underlying commitments. This book will be a vital resource for both new and experienced researchers.
Pages: X, 125 S.
ISBN: 978-1-7809-3335-1
4.
E-BOOK
What is Discourse Analysis? (2013)
London : Bloomsbury Academic
Notes: What is Discourse Analysis? is an accessible introduction to an empirical research approach which is widely used in the social sciences and related disciplines. This book explores the idea of how meaning is socially constructed and how "talk" and text can be interpreted. The challenges of discourse analysis are outlined as well as helpful ways to approach them - from finding the right starting point, processing and interpreting data through to building an argument. Discourse analysts work with language data, including talk, documents and broadcast material. Researchers in different traditions study interactions and social practices, meaning-making and larger meaning systems, and contests and conflicts around collective identities, social norms and subjectification. What is Discourse Analysis? addresses new researchers and other academics interested in language and its associated practices. The book outlines the history of discourse analysis, its key concepts and theorists and its uses and challenges. Discussions of published studies illustrate the use of the approach to investigate a range of research topics, such as gender, health and national identities. The book also addresses the practical aspects of discourse analysis, providing clear guidance on data collection and data processing, including transcription and selection. Covering important topics, What is Discourse Analysis? draws from recent articles to show how discourse analysis works in action. Common questions about discourse analysis are presented in a lively and accessible Q&A format. This book will be an essential resource for all researchers working with discourse analysis.
Pages: X, 114 S.
ISBN: 978-1-4411-2476-0
5.
E-BOOK
Climate Protection and Development (2012)
London : Bloomsbury Academic
Notes: Writing about climate change often falls into one of two opposite traps - predicting either calamity or apathy - both of which this book avoids. This is not a story of gloom and doom, of inevitable climate catastrophe. On the contrary, this book spells out, in more detail than usual, what can and should be done to avert the real risks of disaster. Nor is it one of complacent congratulation for "win-win" initiatives, cautiously incremental steps, and "green" consumer choices. Climate Protection and Development summons us to an endeavour worthy of the resources and ingenuity of the twenty-first century - towards bold initiatives with big costs, and much bigger benefits. This book explores the interconnected issues of climate and development, laying the groundwork for just such a new deal. It presents a challenging agenda, and highlights the needs and perspectives of developing countries which may be unfamiliar or uncomfortable to readers in high-income countries. The unfortunate truth is that any large country, or group of mid-sized countries, can veto any global climate solution by refusing to participate, so a solution will only work if it works for everyone.
Pages: XVI, 182 S.
ISBN: 978-1-7809-3173-9
6.
E-BOOK
Globalization and Economic Diversification : Policy Challenges for Economies in Transition (2011)
London : Bloomsbury Academic
Notes: This volume brings together new contributions from renowned academic scholars, from experts on economies in transition and from the United Nations, the European Union, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development as well as other international agencies. It aims to answer fundamental questions and spell out policy options to address the challenges for economies in transition. The volume includes comparative studies focusing on all transition economies, including Central and Eastern Europe, as well as regions such as Western Balkans and the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Pages: XII, 250 S.
ISBN: 978-1-8496-6532-2
7.
E-BOOK
Alternative Development Strategies for the Post-2015 Era (2014)
London : Bloomsbury Academic
Notes: The global economic crisis of 2008-2009 exposed systemic failings at the core of economic policy making worldwide. The crisis came on top of several other crises, including skyrocketing and highly volatile world food and energy prices and climate change. This book argues that new policy approaches are needed to address such devastating global development challenges and to avoid the potentially catastrophic consequences to livelihoods worldwide that would result from present approaches. The contributors to the book are independent development experts, brought together by the UN to identify a development strategy capable of promoting a broad-based economic recovery and at the same time guaranteeing social equity and environmental sustainability both within countries and internationally. This new development approach seeks to promote the reforms needed to improve global governance, providing a more equitable distribution of global public goods. The contributors offer a critical evaluation of past development experiences and report on their creative search for new and well-thought out answers for the future. They suggest that economic progress, fairer societies and environmental sustainability can be compatible objectives, but only when pursued simultaneously by all.
Pages: XLIV, 406 S.
ISBN: 978-1-47253-240-4
8.
E-BOOK
Gold-Transporting Hydrothermal Fluids in the Earth's Crust (2014)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Hydrothermal ore deposits that are exploited for gold include both gold-only deposits, such as orogenic deposits, and gold-bearing examples of the common hydrothermal deposits types that are formed around upper-crustal magmatic centres, in particular porphyry and epithermal deposits. Fluid-inclusion data have shown that ore fluids of gold-only deposits are compositionally distinct compared to fluids of other deposit types. This Special Publication includes an up-to-date summary of thermodynamic parameters of aqueous Au species at high temperatures and pressures; a dataset of fluid inclusion properties and compositions from orogenic deposits of different parts of the world; several comprehensive case studies of different types of gold deposits and their fluids from USA, Brazil, Egypt, Slovakia and Bulgaria; and numerical modelling aimed to define key parameters that affect fluid flow and gold deposition at a range of scales.
Pages: 263 S.
ISBN: 978-1-86239-657-9
9.
BOOK
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Die Tundra : die Einzellandschaften der Tundra, ihre Landschaftstypen, ihre Entwicklung und Besonderheiten (1931)
Dillingen a. Donau : Schwäb. Verlagsdr.
Call number: AWI P7-14-0051
Location: AWI
Branch Library: AWI Library
Keywords: Tundra ; Arktis ; Antarktis
Notes: Inhaltsverzeichnis: Lage und Verbreitung. - A. Die verschiedenen Tundrengebiete. - Das Obgebiet. - Die Halbinsel Jamal. - Der polare Ural. - Hoch- und Niedertundra. - Das Gebiet zwischen Ural und Eismeer. - Der Paechoi. - Waigatsch und Novoja Semlja. - Nordrußland. - Hügeltundra. - Die Halbinsel Kola. - Das Taimyrland. - Kümmertundra. - Das Gebiet zwischen Chatanga- und Lenamündung. - Kurze Übersicht über die Pflanzen- und Tierwelt der Tundra. - Das Gebiet östlich der Lenamündung bis zum Beringsmeer. - Alaska. - Die Barren Grounds. - Labrador. - Die nördlichsten Inseln des Atlantischen Ozeans. - Rückblick auf die einzelnen Tundrentypen und ihre Übergangsgebiete. - B. Ursachen der Tundrenbildung und Besonderheiten der Tundrenlandschaft. - Tundrenklima und Baumwuchs. - Die Gefrornis. - Die Winde. - Die Pflanzen der Tundra. - Bodenbildung in der Tundra. - Tundra und Arktis. - Tundra und Steppe. - Tundra und Alpine. - C. Begriffsbestimmung der Tundra. - Der Mensch in der Tundra.
Pages: 136 S.
Dissertation note: München, Univ., Diss., 1931
10.
BOOK
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Geschichte der russischen geographischen Entdeckungen : gesammelte Aufsätze (1954)
Leipzig : Bibliogr. Inst.
Additional Authors: Ulbrich, Rolf
Call number: AWI E4-14-0052
Location: AWI
Branch Library: AWI Library
Keywords: Entdeckungsreise ; Russland
Notes: Inhalt: Vorwort. - 1. Lomonossow und die erste russische Expedition zur Entdeckung einer nordöstlichen Durchfahrt. - 2. Die ersten russischen Auslandsreisen. - 3. Die ersten Russen in England. - 4. Die ersten russischen Nachrichten über Amerika. - 5. Die frühesten Nachrichten über den äußersten Norden von Sibirien. - 6. Die Entdeckung der Beringstraße durch Semen Deshnew (1648). - 7. S. P. Krascheninnikows Reisen durch Kamtschatka (1737-1741). - 8. Die ersten russischen Weltreisenden. - 9. Die russischen Entdeckungen im Stillen Ozean. - 10. Die russischen Entdeckungen in der Antarktis. - 11. A. I. Butakow, der Erforscher des Aralsees. - 12. Die Forschungen Miklucho-Maklais in Neuguinea. - 13. A. I. Wojeikow. - 14. W. L. Komarows Reisen auf Kamtschatka. - 15. Die ersten russischen Karten des Kaspischen Meeres und ihr Zusammenhang mit den Schwankungen des Meeresspiegels. - 16. Iwan Kirilows Atlas des ganzen Russischen Reiches. - 17. P. A. Slowzow und das Baersche Gesetz. - 18. Atlantis und Ägäis. - 19. Peter Petrowitsch Semjonow-Tjanschanski als Geograph. - 20. N. M. Prshewalski als Reisender. - 21. W. W. Dokutschajew und die Lehre von den geographischen Zonen. - 22. Die Bedeutung der Arbeiten W. I. Wernadskis für die Geographie. - 23. Dmitri Nikolajewitsch Anutschin. - 24. Über die geographischen Forschungen an der Akademie der Wissenschaften der UdSSR. - 25. Die geographischen Entdeckungen der Sowjetzeit. - Verzeichnis der Personennamen. - Verzeichnis der Völkernamen.
Pages: 283 S. : Ill., Kt.
11.
BOOK
Atlas der Diatomaceen-Kunde (1972 - )
Koenigstein / Taunus [u.a.] : Koeltz [u.a.]
Additional Authors: Schmidt, Martin
Call number: AWI Atl-14-0044
Location: AWI
Branch Library: AWI Library
Keywords: Kieselalgen
Edition: Nachdruck der Originalausgabe 1874 - 1959
12.
BOOK
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The globalization paradox : why global markets, states, and democracy can't coexist (2012)
Oxford : Oxford Univ. Press
Call number: PIK B 311-14-0155
Branch Library: PIK Library
Keywords: Globalisierung ; Globalization ; Political aspects
Notes: Contents: Introduction: Recasting Globalization's Narrative ; 1: Of States and Markets: Globalization in History's Mirror ; 2: The Rise and Fall of the First Great Globalization ; 3: Why Doesn't Everyone Get the Case for Free Trade? ; 4: Bretton Woods, GATT, and the WTO: Trade in a Politicized World ; 5: Financial Globalization Follies ; 6: The Foxes and Hedgehogs of Finance ; 7: Poor Countries in a Rich World ; 8: Trade Fundamentalism in the Tropics ; 9: The Political Trilemma of the World Economy ; 10: Is Global Governance Feasible? Is It Desirable? ; 11: Designing Capitalism ; 12: A Sane Globalization ; Afterword: A Bedtime Story for Grown-ups
Pages: XXII, 346 S. : graph. Darst.
Edition: 1. publ. pbk.
ISBN: 978-0-19-965252-5
13.
BOOK
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Geomechanics applied to the petroleum industry (2011)
Paris : Éditions Technip
Call number: M 14.0180
Location: Building A17
Branch Library: GFZ Library
Keywords: oil well drilling ; rock mechanics ; Felsmechanik
Notes: Contents: 1. Elements of Rock Mechanics Fundamentals. Basics Notions. Geomechanical Characterisation of Rocks in the Laboratory. Modelling Rock Behaviour. Determination of in situ stresses. Geomechanical Modelling Elements. 2. Geomechanics, drilling and Production. Drilling Performance. Borehole Stability during Drilling. Sand Production. Well Stimulation by Hydraulic Fracturing. Induced Thermal Fracturing. 3. Geomechanics and Reservoir. Modelling the Geomechanical and Reservoir coupling. Environmental Aspects. Geomechanical Monitoring of Reservoirs.
Pages: XVI, 198 S. : farb. Ill.+ graph. Darst.
ISBN: 978-2-7108-0932-6
Classification: Geophysical Exploration, Geophysical Prospecting
DDC: 622
14.
BOOK
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Klimagerechtigkeit : ethische, rechtliche, ökonomische und transdisziplinäre Zugänge (2012)
Marburg : Metropolis-Verl.
Call number: PIK N 071-14-0151
Location: PIK
Branch Library: PIK Library
Notes: Contents: Zum Geleit: Sozialwissenschaftliche Nachhaltigkeitsforschung ; Grundlagen einer geisteswissenschaftlichen Klimadebatte ; Klimaschutz im Gestrüpp der Interessen ; Klimawandel und historische Gerechtigkeit ; Klimaschutz aus Sorge um die Benachteiligten ; Klimakatastrophe und Apokalypseblindheit ; Klimagerechtigkeit: Neue universalistische Diskursethik, neue Freiheitstheorie, neue Abwägungstheorie ; Klimavölkerrecht und das Problem historischer Emissionen ; Restriktionen der "Generationengerechtigkeit" ; Wird der individualistische Ansatz zur intergenerationellen Gerechtigkeit durch das Non-Identity-Argument blockiert? ; Kosten und Nutzen der Anpassung an den Klimawandel - ein Verteilungsproblem
Pages: 299 S. : graph. Darst.
ISBN: 978-3-89518-901-2
15.
BOOK
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Chancen und Grenzen kommunaler Klimaschutzkonzepte : Grundprobleme und Beispiele (2014)
Marburg : Metropolis-Verl.
Call number: PIK N 071-14-0152
Location: PIK
Branch Library: PIK Library
Notes: Contents: Zusammenfassung und Vorwort ; 1 Aufgabenstellung und Methodik ; 2 Anforderungen an (kommunalen) Klimaschutz und Grundprobleme der (kommunalen) Klimasteuerung ; 3 Kommunale Klimaschutzkonzepte am Beispiel einiger Großstädte ; 4 Klimaschutzpolitik auf Landesebene
Pages: 148 S.
ISBN: 978-3-7316-1066-3
16.
BOOK
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Influence of carbon dioxide on underground gas storage : literature study ; [duration of project: May 2012 - January 2013] (2014)
Hamburg : DGMK
Call number: S 97.0506(754)
Location: Building A17
Branch Library: GFZ Library
Pages: Getr. Zählung : Ill., graph. Darst., Kt.
Edition: Als Ms. gedr.
ISBN: 978-3-941721-46-3
17.
BOOK
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An introduction to coastal processes and geomorphology (2010)
Cambridge [u.a.] : Cambridge University Press
Call number: AWI G1-14-0041
Location: AWI
Branch Library: AWI Library
Keywords: Küstenmorphologie ; Geomorphogenese
Notes: Contents: Preface. - Acknowledgements. - PART 1 INTRODUCTION. - 1 Introduction. - 1.1 Humans and the coastal zone. - 1.2 Approaches to the study of coasts. - 1.3 Information sources. - 1.4 Approach and organisation. - References. - 2. Coastal geomorphology. - 2.1 Definition and scope of coastal geomorphology. - 2.2 The coastal zone: definition and nomenclature. - 2.3 Factors influencing coastal morphology and processes. - References. - PART 2 COASTAL PROCESSES. - 3. Sea level fluctuations and changes. - 3.1 Synopsis. - 3.2 Mean sea level, the geoid, and changes in mean sea level. - 3.3 Changes in mean sea level. - 3.4 Astronomical tides. - 3.5 Short-term dynamic changes in sea level. - 3.6 Climate change and sea level rise. - References. - 4. Wind-generated waves. - 4.1 Synopsis. - 4.2 Definition and characteristics of waves. - 4.3 Measurement and description of waves. - 4.4 Wave generation. - 4.5 Wave prediction. - 4.6 Wave climate. - Further reading. - Preferences. - 5. Waves - wave theory and wave dynamics. - 5.1 Synopsis. - 5.2 Wave theories. - 5.3 Wave shoaling and refraction. - 5.4 Wave breaking. - 5.5 Wave groups and low-frequency energy in the surf and swash zones. - Further reading. - References. - 6. Surf zone circulation. - 6.1 Synopsis. - 6.2 Undertow. - 6.3 Rip cells. - 6.4 Longshore currents. - 6.5 Wind and tidal currents. - Further reading. - References. - 7. Coastal sediment transport. - 7.1 Synopsis. - 7.2 Sediment transport mechanisms, boundary layers and bedforms. - 7.3 On-offshore sand transport. - 7.4 Longshore sand transport. - 7.5 Littoral sediment budget and littoral drift cells. - Further reading. - References. - PART 3 COASTAL SYSTEMS. - 8. Beach and nearshore systems. - 8.1 Synopsis. - 8.2 Beach and nearshore sediments and morphology. - 8.3 Nearshore morphodynamics. - 8.4 Beach morphodynamics. - References. - 9. Coastal sand dunes. - 9.1 Synopsis. - 9.2 Morphological components of coastal dunes and dune fields. - 9.3 Plant communities of coastal dunes. - 9.4 Aeolian processes in coastal dunes. - 9.5 Sand deposition. - 9.6 Beach / dune interaction and foredune evolution. - 9.7 Management of coastal dunes. - References. - 10. Barrier systems. - 10.1 Synopsis. - 10.2 Barrier types and morphology. - 10.3 Barrier dynamics: overwash and inlets. - 10.4 Barrier spit morphodynamics. - 10.5 Barrier islands. - 10.6 Management of barrier systems. - References. - 11. Salt marshes and mangroves. - 11.1 Synopsis. - 11.2 Saltmarsh and mangrove ecosystems. - 11.3 Salt marshes. - 11.4 Mangroves. - 11.5 Conservation and management of saltmarshes and mangroves. - Further reading. - References. - 12. Coral reefs and atolls. - 12.1 Synopsis. - 12.2 Corals and reef formation. - 12.3 Geomorphology and sedimentology of coral reefs. - 12.4 Impacts of disturbance on coral reefs. - Further reading. - References. - 13. Cliffed and rocky coasts. - 13.1 Synopsis. - 13.2 Cliffed coast morphology. - 13.3 Cliffed coast erosion system. - 13.4 Cohesive bluff coasts. - 13.5 Rock coasts. - 13.6 Shore platforms. - 13.7 Management of coastal cliff shorelines. - Further reading. - References. - Index.
Pages: xiii, 442 S. : Ill., graph. Darst., Kt.
Edition: 1. publ.
ISBN: 978-0-521-69671-5
DDC: 551.457
18.
BOOK
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Paraglaciaire et changements climatiques (2008)
Paris : Assoc. de Géographes Fran~ais
Call number: AWI G3-14-0032
Location: AWI
Branch Library: AWI Library
Keywords: Periglazial ; Klimaänderung ; Geomorphologie ; Geographie ; Relief
Pages: 296 S. : Ill., graph. Darst., Kt.
19.
BOOK
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La recherche fran~aise actuelle dans les milieux polaires et subpolaires : [séance organisée le 11 mai 2002 à Paris] (2003)
Paris : Association de géographes fran~ais
Call number: AWI P7-14-0033
Location: AWI
Branch Library: AWI Library
Pages: S. 343-456 : Ill., graph. Darst., Kt.
20.
BOOK
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Finding equilibrium : Arrow, Debreu, McKenzie and the problem of scientific credit (2014)
Princeton [u.a.] : Princeton Univ. Press
Call number: PIK B 160-14-0158
Location: PIK
Branch Library: PIK Library
Notes: Contents: Part I - People ; 1 Arrow's Ambitions ; 2 McKenzie's Frustrations ; 3 Debreu's Silence ; Part II - Context ; 4 Sites ; 5 Community ; Part III - Credit ; 6 Three Proofs ; 7 Aftermath ; 8 The Proofs Become History ; Conclusion ; Coda
Pages: XXV, 276 S. : Ill.
ISBN: 978-0-691-15664-4
21.
BOOK
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Climate change 2013 : the physical science basis ; Working Group I contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2014)
New York, NY [u.a.] : Cambridge Univ. Press
Call number: PIK N 071-14-0124
Location: PIK
Location: AWI
Branch Library: PIK Library
Branch Library: AWI Library
Keywords: Klimaänderung
Notes: Contents: Summary for policy makers ; Technical summary ; 1. Introduction ; 2. Observations: atmosphere and surface ; 3. Observations: ocean ; 4. Observations: cryosphere ; 5. Information from paleoclimate archives ; 6. Carbon and other biogeochemical cycles ; 7. Clouds and aerosols ; 8. Anthropogenic and natural radiative forcing ; 9. Evaluation of climate models ; 10. Detection and attribution of climate change: from global to regional ; 11. Near-term climate change: projections and predictability ; 12. Long-term climate change: projections, commitments and irreversibility ; 13. Sea level change ; 14. Climate phenomena and their relevance for future regional climate change ; Annex I. Atlas of global and regional climate projections ; Annex II. Climate system scenario tables ; Annex III. Glossary ; Annex IV. Acronyms ; Annex V. Contributors ; Annex VI. Expert reviewers
Pages: XI, 1535 S. : Ill., graph. Darst., Kt.
ISBN: 978-1-107-66182-0
22.
BOOK
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Muscheln und Rostroconchien aus dem mittelrheinischen Unterdevon und den angrenzenden Regionen (2014)
Mainz : Naturhistor. Museum
Call number: S 93.1022(34)
Location: Building A17
Branch Library: GFZ Library
Keywords: Mittelrhein-Gebiet ; Unterdevon ; Muscheln ; Devon ; Stratigraphie
Pages: 229 S. : Ill., graph. Darst.
Classification: Historical Geology
DDC: 551.7
23.
BOOK
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Abstracts CD : 6-9 April, Houston, TX, George R. Brown Convention Center (2014)
[Tulsa, Okla.]
Call number: NBM 14.0148
Pages: 1 CD-ROM
Classification: Petrophysics
24.
BOOK
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Meteorologische Arbeiten aus Leipzig/18.: Meteorologische Arbeiten ... und Jahresbericht 2012 des Instituts für Meteorologie der Universität Leipzig (2013)
Leipzig : Inst. für Meteorologie der Univ.
(...)  
Call number: ZS-265(51)
Location: PIK
Branch Library: PIK Library
Pages: 106 S. : graph. Darst.
ISBN: 978-3-9814401-1-9
Classification: Meteorology and Climatology
DDC: 551.5
25.
BOOK
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Call number: AWI G2-13-0057
Location: AWI
Branch Library: AWI Library
Keywords: Meeresgeologie ; Meeresboden ; Mittelozeanischer Rücken ; Submarin-hydrothermale Lagerstätte ; Metallogenese ; Erzlagerstätte ; Hydrothermalgebiet ; Riftsystem ; Subduktion ; Submariner Vulkanismus ; Lagerstättenbildung
Pages: 527 S. : zahlr. Ill., graph. Darst.
ISBN: 5-02-033746-3
26.
BOOK
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Arctic climate and water change : Information relevance for assessment and adaptation (2013)
Stockholm : Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University
Call number: AWI 13-0052
Location: AWI
Branch Library: AWI Library
Keywords: Hydrology ; Monitoring ; Climate Change ; Adaptatation ; Arctic ; Arktis
Notes: The Arctic is subject to growing economic and political interest. Meanwhile, its water and climate systems are in rapid transformation. Relevant and accessible information about water and climate is therefore vital to detect, understand and adapt to the changes. This thesis investigates hydrological monitoring systems, climate model data, and our understanding of hydro-climatic change, for adaptation to water system changes in the Arctic. Results indicate a lack of harmonized water chemistry data, which may impede efforts to understand transport and origin of key waterborne constituents. Further development of monitoring cannot rely only on a reconciliation of observations and projections on where climate change will be the most severe, as they diverge in this regard. Climate model simulations of drainage basin temperature and precipitation have improved between two recent model generations, but large inaccuracies remain for precipitation projections. Late 20th-century discharge changes in major Arctic rivers generally show excess of water relative to precipitation changes. This indicates a possible contribution of stored water from permafrost or groundwater to sea level rise. The river contribution to the increasing Arctic Ocean freshwater inflow matches that of glaciers, which underlines the importance of considering all sources when assessing change. To provide adequate information for research and policy, Arctic hydrological and hydrochemical monitoring needs to be extended, better integrated and made more accessible. This especially applies to hydrochemistry monitoring, where a more complete set of monitored basins is motivated, including a general extension for the large unmonitored areas close to the Arctic Ocean. Improvements in climate model parameterizations are needed, in particular for precipitation projections. Finally, further water-focused data and modeling efforts are required to resolve the source of excess discharge in Arctic rivers.
ISBN: 978-91-7447-638-5

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