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1.
E-BOOK
Démographie, climat et alimentation mondiale : Réduire les vulnérabilités des systèmes écologiques et sociaux (2011)
Les Ulis : EDP Open
Notes: L’humanité trouvera-t-elle de quoi nourrir 9 milliards d’hommes en 2050, dans un contexte climatique probablement plus difficile ? L’inquiétude n’est pas nouvelle, mais la croissance démographique s’est emballée dans la seconde moitié du XXe siècle, et la crainte d’une crise alimentaire mondiale est réapparue. Certes, les progrès des technologies agricoles ont permis, au plan global, de maintenir le niveau nutritionnel moyen pendant les années de la "Révolution verte", mais la situation restait loin d’être satisfaisante, puisque environ 850 millions de personnes étaient sousalimentées au début du XXIe siècle. Or de nouvelles inquiétudes se font jour : les surfaces cultivables ne sont plus guère extensibles, la productivité des sols atteint des niveaux qui risquent de les endommager de façon irréversible, les prix de l’énergie et des intrants indispensables à l’agriculture moderne sont à la hausse... Et les perspectives de changements climatiques ne sont pas rassurantes. De nouveaux progrès technologiques permettront-ils de dépasser, une fois encore, les contraintes naturelles et démographiques ? Cet ouvrage rappelle d’abord ces contraintes démographiques, climatiques et environnementales qui pèseront sur la disponibilité de ressources à l’horizon 2050, et traite ensuite des facteurs d’évolution de la demande alimentaire, des moyens techniques et économiques d’y faire face, et enfin des conditions d’un équilibre possible. Une synthèse est proposée en début de volume. Des recommandations y sont faites, destinées aux pouvoirs publics français pour les éclairer sur leur politique nationale et internationale, mais aussi à la société civile, qui est concernée car les problèmes ne sont pas seulement scientifiques ou technologiques : ils mettent aussi en jeu les comportements individuels des producteurs et des consommateurs. Trois domaines où il faut agir sans tarder sont mis en valeur : la nutrition et les habitudes alimentaires, puis la démographie, et enfin l’économie mondiale et le commerce international. Les recommandations portent ensuite sur la production agricole et les questions d’environnement, puis sur la prévention, l’anticipation et la gestion des situations de crise, hélas quasi inévitables.
Pages: LXXXIV, 313 S.
ISBN: 978-2-7598-0581-5
2.
E-BOOK
Evénements climatiques extrêmes : Réduire les vulnérabilités des systèmes écologiques et sociaux (2010)
Les Ulis : EDP Open
Notes: Dans le monde d’aujourd’hui, presque tous les événements naturels extrêmes pourraient être qualifiés de désastre. Sur les 25 catastrophes les plus couteuses depuis 1970, toutes sont survenues après 1987 et 23 d’entre elles sont liées aux conditions climatiques. Et cela n’arrive pas qu’aux autres. La France, elle non plus, n’est pas épargnée : 88 morts et 9 milliards d’euros de dégats pour les tempêtes de décembre 1999, près de 15000 décès pour la canicule du 1er au 20 aout 2003. La récente tempête Xynthia, avec ses ruptures de digues, a provoqué 53 morts, s’ajoutant à tant d’autres tragédies survenues dans des zones inondables, et nous interrogeant. Sommes-nous prêts par exemple à affronter une crue comparable à celle de 1910 dans le Paris de demain? Dans le contexte actuel de changement climatique, nous savons que nous devons nous préparer à des événements extrêmes plus dangereux, quelquefois inédits. Ces événements voient leurs effets amplifiés par le développement urbain, le surpeuplement des zones littorales et l’anthropisation des milieux naturels. Ils représentent de véritables « trappes à pauvreté » pour les pays les plus pauvres de la Planète. C’est l’objet de ce rapport de l’Académie des Sciences qui analyse la question de ces événements climatiques extrêmes et de leurs conséquences prévisibles sur les systèmes économiques, sociaux, sanitaires et de sécurité. Un réel besoin d’anticipation existe donc : notre pays est-il prêt à y répondre? Participe-t-il suffi samment aux actions internationales visant à réduire les risques? Dispose-t-il d’une information scientifique appropriée?
Pages: XLIV, 194 S.
ISBN: 978-2-7598-0508-2
3.
E-BOOK
Report on Global Environmental Competitiveness (2013) (2014)
Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London : SpringerOpen
Notes: Since the 1970s, environmental issues have gradually transcended national boundaries, and evolved into regional and global issues from local issues, also caused great concern in the international community. Especially in recent years, in the face of the global financial crisis, countries around the world view the green transformation of economic development as a breakthrough point, and actively participate in and promote international negotiations on environmental issues and global cooperation to ensure the sustainable development of economy, society, and environment for our planet and future generations. Global environmental competitiveness is a whole new way to measure the competitiveness in the context of the contradiction between world economic development and environmental protection has become increasingly intensified. Global environment competitiveness covers five aspects of ecological environment, resources environment, environmental management, environmental impacts and environmental harmony, highlighting the environment as a basic element of human production and life, paying attention to the coordinated development between human and the environment. At the same time, it also gives full consideration to the economic system and social system’s impact on the environment, comprehensively reflecting and embodying a country’s development ability of environment through a variety of means such as economy and administrative. In a word, global environment competitiveness is an important content to measure the competitiveness of a country. This book uses longitudinal study and horizontal analysis, combining qualitative and quantitative analysis methods, so as to conduct in-depth study of theoretical, empirical and methodological issues of the global environmental competitiveness. This book includes three main parts. The first part is divided into the theory and method, which expounds comprehensively the important significance, the main content and the technical route of global environmental competitiveness research, and then according to the characteristics of global environmental competitiveness it establishes the global environmental competitiveness evaluation index system and the mathematics model, forming a relatively comprehensive global environmental competitiveness analysis framework. The second part is the total report which selects the global 133 representative countries as evaluation objects, analyzing the development status of global environmental competitiveness as a whole, revealing the strengths and weakness of each country’s environmental competitiveness and providing the basic paths and strategies of enhancing the competitiveness level. It will provide valuable analysis basis and policy reference for all countries in the world to realize sustainable development. The third part is sub-report, which evaluates environmental competitiveness respectively for 133 countries around the world, revealing the characteristics and relative differences of environmental competitiveness of different development types and levels of the countries around the world, in order to provide important decision-making reference for making environmental economic policies, accelerating the green economic transformation and enhancing the environmental competitiveness.
Pages: XXXI, 846 S.
ISBN: 978-3-642-54677-8
4.
E-BOOK
Understanding Society and Natural Resources : Forging New Strands of Integration Across the Social Sciences (2014)
Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London : SpringerOpen
Keywords: Climate change and society ; Emerging infectious diseases ; Environmental problem solving ; Facilitating social science integration ; Human sustainability ; Humanity and the biosphere (MAHB) ; Land change research and modelling ; Land degradation and desertification ; Livelihoods, poverty and conservation ; Natural resource social science integration ; Representing human individuals ; Resouce challenges and conflicts ; Risk governance research ; Science during crisis ; Social ecological systems ; Social science integration opportunities and challenges ; Solving sustainability challenges ; Status of integration ; The social-ecological system framework ; Water managing
Notes: In this edited volume leading scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds wrestle with social science integration opportunities and challenges. This book explores the growing concern of how best to achieve effective integration of the social science disciplines as a means for furthering natural resource social science and environmental problem solving. The chapters provide an overview of the history, vision, advances, examples, and methods that could lead to integration. The quest for integration among the social sciences is not new. Some argue that the social sciences have lagged in their advancements and contributions to society due to their inability to address integration related issues. Integration merits debate for a number of reasons. First, natural resource issues are complex and are affected by multiple proximate driving social factors. Single disciplinary studies focused at one level are unlikely to provide explanations that represent this complexity and are limited in their ability to inform policy recommendations. Complex problems are best explored across disciplines that examine social-ecological phenomenon from different scales. Second, multi-disciplinary initiatives such as those with physical and biological scientists are necessary to understand the scope of the social sciences. Too frequently there is a belief that one social scientist on a multi-disciplinary team provides adequate social science representation. Third, more complete models of human behavior will be achieved through a synthesis of diverse social science perspectives.
Pages: XXV, 261 S.
ISBN: 978-94-017-8958-5
5.
E-BOOK
Beyond the Limits to Growth : New Ideas for Sustainability from Japan (2014)
Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London : SpringerOpen
Keywords: Consumer demand ; Platinum society ; Sustainability ; Technological innovation ; Climate Change Management and Policy ; Energy Efficiency
Notes: At a time when contemporary challenges seem to many to be insurmountable, this book offers an optimistic view of the future and provides a road map for societies to get there. Drawing upon extensive research and many years as a thought leader in environmental and sustainability issues in Japan and internationally, Hiroshi Komiyama analyzes the most pressing challenges to the attainment of sustainability of economically advanced nations and argues forcefully for Japan to lead them out of the present dilemma through active promotion of creative consumer and societal demand. He shows how an active industry–government–academic partnership can provide the environment needed to promote such new creative demand and illustrates its potential through presentation of a Platinum Society Network that was launched on a regional basis in Japan in 2010 to facilitate the solution of common issues through the exchange of information and ideas. What is perhaps most surprising about the text is its unwavering optimism supported by hard evidence, history, and insightful observation. Problems arising from new paradigms of the 21st century (what the author refers to as “exploding knowledge, limited Earth resources, and aging societies“) thwart sustainable development in advanced and developing countries alike. All countries will struggle with issues that evolve from these paradigms including diminishing resources, expanding budget deficits, and growing global environmental problems. This window on potential practical pathways and solutions should be of interest to all those engaged in seeking ways to meet these contemporary challenges.
Pages: XXIX, 103 S.
ISBN: 978-4-431-54558-3
6.
E-BOOK
Energy Technology Perspectives 2014 : Harnessing Electricity’s Potential (2014)
Paris : OECD/IEA (Please request login data at the PIK library)
Keywords: energy ; energy economics
Notes: Starting from the premise that electricity will be an increasingly important vector in energy systems of the future, Energy Technology Perspectives 2014 (ETP 2014) takes a deep dive into actions needed to support deployment of sustainable options for generation, distribution and consumption. In addition to modelling the global outlook to 2050 under different scenarios for more than 500 technology options, ETP 2014 explores the possibility of “pushing the limits” in six key areas: - Solar Power: Possibly the Dominant Source by 2050 - Natural Gas in Low-Carbon Electricity Systems - Electrifying Transport: How Can E-mobility Replace Oil? - Electricity Storage: Costs, Value and Competitiveness - Attracting Finance for Low-Carbon Generation - Power Generation in India Since it was first published in 2006, ETP has evolved into a suite of publications that sets out pathways to a sustainable energy future in which optimal policy support and technology choices are driven by economics, energy security and environmental factors. - Topic-specific books and papers explore particularly timely subjects or cross-cutting challenges. - Tracking Clean Energy Progress provides a yearly snapshot of advances in diverse areas, while also showing the interplay among technologies. - Supported by the ETP analysis, IEA Technology Roadmaps assess the potential for transformation across various technology areas, and outline actions and milestones for deployment. Collectively, this series lays out the wide range of necessary and achievable steps that can be taken in the near and medium terms to set the stage for long-term energy policy objectives, clearly identifying the roles of energy sector players, policy makers and industry. Next editions will examine the role of technology innovation to meet climate goals (2015) and urban energy systems (2016). Who will benefit from using ETP 2014? Past experience shows that ETP publications attract wide and varied audiences, including experts in the energy field (e.g. technology analysts and academics), policy makers and heads of governments, as well as business leaders and investors. This reflects the value of the series’ detailed and transparent quantitative modelling analysis and well–rounded commentary, which ultimately support high-level policy messages.
Pages: 382 S.
ISBN: 978-92-64-20800-1
7.
E-BOOK
Ecological Risk Assessment for Chlorpyrifos in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems in the United States (2014)
Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London : SpringerOpen
Keywords: Aquatic systems ; Chlorpyrifos ; Ecological risk assessment ; Terrestrial systems
Pages: XVI, 269 S.
ISBN: 978-3-319-03864-3
8.
E-BOOK
Global Heritage Stone: Towards International Recognition of Building and Ornamental Stones (2014)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This first publication of the Heritage Stone Task Group, established by the IUGS and the IAEG, contains articles discussing a new international designation to recognize natural stone resources of importance to human culture and to safeguard their future supply. It includes examples of stones that might qualify for special status.
Edition: online first
9.
E-BOOK
Rock Deformation from Field, Experiments and Theory: A Volume in Honour of Ernie Rutter (2014)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The volume focuses on the marrying of field studies, experimental studies and modelling in the field of rock deformation, which has been Professor Rutter’s approach throughout his career. It also reflects on where we have come over the past 40 years, and where approaches in the field should go in the future.
Edition: online first
10.
E-BOOK
The Role of Volatiles in the Genesis, Evolution and Eruption of Arc Magmas (2014)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The volatile cycle at subduction zones exerts strong control on the petrogenesis, transport, storage, evolution and eruption of arc magmas. This volume highlights recent progress on understanding aspects of this cycle, including its bearing on eruption triggering and volatile release into the atmosphere, through case studies and comprehensive reviews.
Edition: online first
11.
E-BOOK
Organic Agriculture Towards Sustainability (2014)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: agricultural and biological sciences
Notes: Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promotes fair relationships and a good quality of life. This book is a compilation of 11 chapters focused on development of organic agriculture, the role of sustainability in ecosystem and social community, analysis of environmental impacts of the organic farming system and its comparison with the conventional one, crop growing and weed control technologies, organic production, effective microorganisms technology. Continuously, a wide range of research experiments focus on organic agriculture technologies, quality of production, environmental protection and non-chemical, ecologically acceptable alternative solutions. In the book Organic Agriculture Towards Sustainability, contributing researchers cover multiple topics respecting modern, precious organic agriculture research.
Pages: 282 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-1340-9
12.
E-BOOK
Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination (2014)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: environmental sciences ; soil sciences
Notes: Soil is an irreplaceable resource that sustains life on the planet, challenged by food and energy demands of an increasing population. Therefore, soil contamination constitutes a critical issue to be addressed if we are to secure the life quality of present and future generations. Integrated efforts from researchers and policy makers are required to develop sound risk assessment procedures, remediation strategies and sustainable soil management policies. Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination provides a wide depiction of current research in soil contamination and risk assessment, encompassing reviews and case studies on soil pollution by heavy metals and organic pollutants. The book introduces several innovative approaches for soil remediation and risk assessment, including advances in phytoremediation and implementation of metabolomics in soil sciences.
Pages: 918 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-1235-8
13.
E-BOOK
ICT - Energy - Concepts Towards Zero - Power Information and Communication Technology (2014)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: energy engineering
Notes: A sustainable future for our information society relies on bridging the gap between the energy required to operate portable ICT devices with the energy available from portable/mobile sources. The only viable solution is attacking the gap from both sides, i.e. to reduce the amount of energy dissipated during computation and to improve the efficiency in energy harvesting technologies. This requires deeper and broader knowledge of fundamental processes and thorough understanding of how they apply to materials and engineering at the nanoscale, all the way up to the design of energy-efficient electronics. This textbook is a first attempt to discuss such concepts towards Zero-Power ICT. The content is accessible to advanced undergraduates and early year researchers fascinated by this topic. The book is realized through the EU-funded ZEROPOWER project.
Pages: 252 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-1218-1
14.
E-BOOK
Integrated Environmental Modelling to Solve Real World Problems: Methods, Vision and Challenges (2014)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The capability to produce integrated environmental models by coupling together existing models allows researchers to contribute to key challenges affecting the environment, such as climate change. The volume explores all aspects of this technology – the vision of leading proponents, application to practical problems, development of enabling software and the challenges to be faced.
Edition: online first
15.
E-BOOK
Fundamental Controls on Fluid Flow in Carbonates: Current Workflows to Emerging Technologies (2014)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume reviews existing workflows that are perceived as state-of-the-art and share novel scientific and technical approaches that offer new ways to approach "old" problems in carbonate reservoirs. This approach could benefit many established areas in geoscience that have become entrenched and struggle to find promising new research directions.
Edition: online first
16.
E-BOOK
Mitigation of Ionospheric Threats to GNSS: an Appraisal of the Scientific and Technological Outputs of the TRANSMIT Project (2014)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: earth and planetary sciences ; ionosphere ; GNSS
Notes: TRANSMIT (Training Research and Applications Network to Support the Mitigation of Ionospheric Threats) is an initiative funded by the European Commission through a Marie Curie Initial Training Network. It provided a coordinated program of academic and industrial training, focused on atmospheric phenomena that can significantly impair a wide range of systems and applications that are at the core of several activities embedded in our daily life. TRANSMIT deals with the harmful effects of the ionosphere on these systems. Main aim of the project has been to develop a web based prototype demonstrator aiming to showcase the project research outcomes in a user friendly manner, through a series of model outputs and tools that could serve as the blueprint for a future service to assist users and industry to mitigate the effects of ionospheric threats to GNSS. This book is concerned with the TRANSMIT 2014 Workshop Appraisal of Scientific and Technological Output that took place in Torino (Italy) on February 2014, where a full update on the status of the prototype development and the next steps leading to its full implementation were provided.
Pages: 236 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-1642-4
17.
E-BOOK
Land Applications of Radar Remote Sensing (2014)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: earth and planetary sciences ; remote sensing ; SAR ; radar
Notes: The aim of this book is to demonstrate the use of SAR data in three application domains, i.e. land cover (Part II), topography (Part III), and land motion (Part IV). These are preceded by Part I, where an extensive and complete review on speckle and adaptive filtering is provided, essential for the understanding of SAR images. Part II is dedicated to land cover mapping. Part III is devoted to the generation of Digital Elevation Models based on radargrammetry and on a wise fusion (by considering sensor characteristic and acquisition geometry) of interferometric and photogrammetric elevation data. Part IV provides a contribution to three applications related to land motion.
Pages: 318 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-1589-2
18.
E-BOOK
Biodiversity : The Dynamic Balance of the Planet (2014)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: environmental sciences ; biodiversity
Notes: The current world biodiversity consists of an inestimable amount of living forms, that at all levels, from genes to biomes, from individuals to populations, from species to communities, are in constant pursuit of the best strategies to react to the natural and anthropic environmental changes. The arrangement of new and dynamic ecosystems balanced by the formation and the vanishing of species, is the direct consequence of these changes. This book contains comprehensive overviews and original studies focused on ecological and ecosystem functioning studies, hazards and conservation management, assessment of environmental variables affecting species diversity, also considering species richness and distribution, in order to identify the best management strategies to face and solve the conservation problems.
Pages: 378 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-1315-7
19.
E-BOOK
Technology and Application of Microbial Fuel Cells (2014)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: engineering
Notes: Faced with the upcoming serious deficiency of energy, food and water, along with inevitable environmental pollution, much related research has been on the upsurge because Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) seem to be one of the solutions to these concerns in the future. The aim of this book is to describe and consider some concepts regarding MFC application designs for interested colleagues. Five topics regarding the technology of flow control, biocatalysts, biofilms, removal of chemical oxygen demand and biochemical fields are addressed in the book. Considering the low power density and short life span of MFCs, there has been a dramatic increase in funding and research that has led to a greater understanding of the fundamental science behind MFC study. This is driving significant improvements in both the reliability and efficiency of MFCs and hence their future use.
Pages: 96 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-1627-1
20.
E-BOOK
Advanced Geoscience Remote Sensing (2014)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: remote sensing
Notes: Nowadays advanced remote sensing technology plays tremendous roles in building a quantitative and comprehensive understanding of how the Earth system works. The advanced remote sensing technology is also used widely to monitor and survey the natural disasters and man-made pollution. Besides, telecommunication is considered as an accuracy remote sensing advanced technology tool. Precise usage of remote sensing and telecommunication cannot be built without comprehensive understanding of mathematics and physics. This book has three parts (i) microwave remote sensing applications, (ii) nuclear, geophysics and telecommunication; and (iii) environment remote sensing investigations.
Pages: 280 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-1581-6
21.
E-BOOK
A Stratigraphical Basis for the Anthropocene (2014)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Humankind has pervasively influenced the Earth's atmosphere, biosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere and cryosphere, arguably to the point of fashioning a new geological epoch, the Anthropocene. To constrain the Anthropocene as a potential formal unit within the Geological Time Scale, a spectrum of indicators of anthropogenically-induced environmental change is considered, and shown as stratigraphical signals that may be used to characterize an Anthropocene unit, and to recognize its base. This volume describes a range of evidence that may help to define this potential new time unit and details key signatures that could be used in its definition. These signatures include lithostratigraphical (novel deposits, minerals and mineral magnetism), biostratigraphical (macro- and micro-palaeontological successions and human-induced trace fossils) and chemostratigraphical (organic, inorganic and radiogenic signatures in deposits, speleothems and ice and volcanic eruptions). We include, finally, the suggestion that humans have created a further sphere, the technosphere, that drives global change.
Pages: VI, 321 S.
ISBN: 978-1-86239-628-9
22.
E-BOOK
Deformation Structures and Processes within the Continental Crust (2014)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume presents a selection of papers showing the current focus of studies of deformation structures and processes within the continental crust. The selected contributions use a large range of analytical techniques suited to the full range of structure sizes and fine-tuned to the physical process that controls the deformation, from the grain boundary at the micro-scale, the lithological contact at the meso-scale to the plate boundary at the global scale. The papers in the volume are grouped into three sections relating to specific lines of research within the analysis of rock deformation structures and processes, in particular in respect to the continental crust: structures within shear zones and faults; magmatic structures, and microstructures and rheology. These sections include papers describing field studies, experimental rock deformation and numerical modelling of deformation processes.
Pages: VI, 239 S.
ISBN: 978-1-86239-627-2
23.
E-BOOK
Notes: Naturally fractured reservoirs constitute a substantial percentage of remaining hydrocarbon resources; they create exploration targets in otherwise impermeable rocks, including under-explored crystalline basement; and they can be used as geological stores for anthropogenic carbon dioxide. Their complex behaviour during production has traditionally proved difficult to predict, causing a large degree of uncertainty in reservoir development. The applied study of naturally fractured reservoirs seeks to constrain this uncertainty by developing new understanding, and is necessarily a broad, integrated, interdisciplinary topic. This book addresses some of the challenges and advances in knowledge, approaches, concepts, and methods used to characterize the interplay of rock matrix and fracture networks, relevant to fluid flow and hydrocarbon recovery. Topics include: describing, characterizing and identifying controls on fracture networks from outcrops, cores, geophysical data, digital and numerical models; geomechanical influences on reservoir behaviour; numerical modelling and simulation of fluid flow; and case studies of the exploration and development of carbonate, siliciclastic and metamorphic naturally fractured reservoirs.
Pages: VI, 425 S.
ISBN: 978-1-86239-355-4
24.
E-BOOK
Sediment-Body Geometry and Heterogeneity: Analogue Studies for Modelling the Subsurface (2014)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Over the past 20 years there has been a major growth in efforts to quantify the geometry and dimensions of sediment bodies from analogues to provide quantitative input to geological models. The aim of this volume is to examine the current state of the art, from both an industry and an academic perspective. Contributions discuss the challenges of extracting relevant data from different types of sedimentary analogue (outcrop, process models, seismic) and the application and significance of such information for improving predictions from subsurface static and dynamic models. Special attention is given to modelling reservoir properties and gridding issues for predicting subsurface fluid flow. As such, the volume is expected to be of interest to both the geoscience community concerned with the fundamentals of sedimentary architecture as well as geological modellers and engineers interested in how these characteristics are modelled and influence subsurface predictions.
Pages: VII, 299 S.
ISBN: 978-1-86239-372-1
25.
E-BOOK
Hydrocarbon Exploration to Exploitation West of Shetlands (2014)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume addresses the challenges facing explorers and developers alike in a region that is becoming a major focus of the petroleum industry in the United Kingdom, Faroes and North Norway. Several West of Shetland fields are still in the appraisal phase almost a decade after discovery. Sub-volcanic exploration risks remain high: sub-volcanic structural traps are imaged poorly, and so the geophysical community is responding with the application of latest technology. The more simple reservoirs might not be large enough to prompt informed and speedy development decisions; larger fields might have a combination of complexities, requiring a phased approach to the development. Infrastructure has been slow to arrive and planned developments have been subject to dramatic swings in fiscal regime ranging from special allowances to unexpected tax increases. Environmental challenges are significant when moving into more remote, deeper water. The perception of these challenges by the third parties has become much more acute. To sustain its right to operate, the industry has to demonstrate safe drilling operations and appropriate response capability with government agencies.
Pages: 229 S.
ISBN: 978-1-86239-652-3
26.
E-BOOK
Sediment Provenance Studies in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production (2014)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Sediment provenance studies concern the origin, composition, transportation and deposition of detritus and therefore are an important part of understanding the links between basinal sedimentation, and hinterland tectonics and unroofing. Such studies can add value at many stages of hydrocarbon exploitation, from identifying regional-scale crustal affinities and sediment dispersal patterns during the earliest stages of exploration, to detailed correlation in producing reservoirs and understanding the impact of mineralogy on reservoir diagenesis. The volume showcases the wide variety of techniques available, using examples and applications from all aspects of sediment provenance research. The papers are organized into four sets around the following themes: Overview: applications of provenance information in hydrocarbon reservoir sandstones Provenance, diagenesis and reservoir quality Provenance studies linking sediment to source Looking forward: development of techniques and data handling This book is dedicated to the memory of Maria Mange and Robert A. Scott.
Pages: VIII, 420 S.
ISBN: 978-1-86239-370-7
27.
BOOK
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The bubble economy : is sustainable growth possible? (2014)
Cambridge [u.a.] : MIT Press
Call number: PIK B 160-14-0147
Location: PIK
Branch Library: PIK Library
Keywords: Power resources -- History ; Financial crises -- History ; Sustainable development -- History
Notes: Contents: Background -- On the role(s) of energy in the economy -- A brief history of bubbles and busts through 1933 -- Post World War II -- After the end of Glass-Steagall -- The role of misbehavior -- Where do we stand today? -- A policy agenda for stabilization -- Economic growth -- Concluding thoughts about bubbles and energy.
Pages: XIV, 370 S. : graph. Darst.
ISBN: 978-0-262-02743-4
28.
BOOK
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Handbuch Energiewende (2013)
Essen : etv, Energieverl.
Call number: PIK P 120-14-0145
Location: PIK
Branch Library: PIK Library
Keywords: Deutschland ; Energiepolitik ; Erneuerbare Energien ; Elektrizitätsversorgung ; Elektrizitätsmarkt
Notes: Contents: Netze und Infrastruktur ; Erneuerbare Energien ; Energieeffizienz ; Wettbewerb und Marktdesign ; Industrie, Preise und Finanzierung ; Energieträger und Versorgungssicherheit ; Die Energiewende aus der Sicht des Auslands ; Querschnittsthemen und Herausforderungen
Pages: 940 S. : Ill., graph. Darst.
ISBN: 978-3-942370-40-0
29.
BOOK
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Strategic facilitation of complex decision-making : how process and context matter in global climate change negotiations (2014)
Cham [u.a.] : Springer
Call number: PIK B 160-14-0144
Location: PIK
Branch Library: PIK Library
Keywords: Economics ; Climatic changes ; Environmental law ; Environmental economics ; Operations research ; Economics/Management Science ; Conflict Management ; Decision-Making ; Negotiation ; Path Dependence ; Simulation Games
Notes: Contents: Part I Introduction ; 1 Introduction: Decision-Making, Global Negotiations and Climate Change: The Making of a Decision Framework ; Part II The Climate Change Negotiations: The Value of Context and Modeled Experience ; 2 Contextualization of Multilateral Climate Change Negotiations: Understanding the Meaning of Path Dependency for Decision-Making ; 3 Negotiation Re-visited: Understanding Decision-making ; 4 Simulation as Method of Research: Learning from Experiences of the COP15 Games ; 5 Complexities in Global Climate Talks: Stumbling Blocks to Decision Making ; Part III Understanding the Conflictual Relations in the Global Climate Talks ; 6 The Entanglement of Global Climate Talks in North-South Relations: Identity Politics in the Trajectories of Relations ; 7 Rethinking Paradigms in Global Climate Talks: Conceptualizing Equitable Access to Sustainable Development (EASD) ; Part IV Strategic Facilitation of Global Climate Negotiations: Opportunities and Intervention ; 8 Strategic Facilitation of the Climate Decision Making Process: Leadership and Coordination as Basis for Long-Term Cooperation ; 9 Managing the Bargaining Table Through Flexibility Mechanisms: The Benefits of Coalitions and Sequencing ; Part V Conclusion ; 10 Conclusion: Decision-Making, Global Negotiations and Climate Change - Lessons for Theory and for Practice
Pages: XVII, 266 S. : Ill., graph. Darst.
ISBN: 978-3-319-06196-2
30.
BOOK
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Architekten der Arbeit : Positionen, Entwürfe, Kontroversen (2014)
Hamburg : Ed. Körber-Stiftung
Additional Authors: Nietmann, Ralf [Ill.]
Call number: PIK B 410-14-0146
Location: PIK
Branch Library: PIK Library
Notes: Contents: Die Arbeit der Zukunft braucht uns alle! ; ARBEIT IN DEUTSCHLAND, EUROPA UND DER WELT ; Richard Sennett: Über neue Organisationsmodelle im flexiblen Kapitalismus ; Richard B. Freeman: Über soziale Ungleichheit und Mitarbeiterbeteiligung ; Peter A. Hall: Über die Zukunftschancen der sozialen Marktwirtschaft ; MEGATRENDS, ARBEITSCLÜCK UND DIE STILLE REVOLUTION ; Matthias Horx: Über Zukunftsforschung und Megatrends ; Tim Hagemann: Über Arbeitszufriedenheit und psychische Belastungen ; Mercedes Bunz: Über die schleichende Digitalisierung aller Lebensbereiche ; INNENANSICHTEN UND PRAKTISCHE PERSPEKTIVEN ; Thomas Satteiberger: Über die Demokratisierung der Arbeitswelt ; Günter Wallraff: Über Arbeit im freien Fall ; Henning Kagermann: Über das Internet der Dinge, Daten und Dienste ; Detlef Wetzel: Über den Kurswechsel für ein gutes Leben ; Brigitte Ederer: Über die Vereinbarkeit von Beruf und Familie ; Michael Sommer: Über die Humanisierung der Arbeit ; POLITISCHE REFLEXION UND GESTALTUNG ; Franz Müntefering: Über eine Arbeitswelt ohne Altersschranken ; Rita Süssmuth: Über Frauen, Zuwanderung und Integration ; Kurt Biedenkopf: Über Zukunftsvorsorge und Reformfähigkeit ; Katrin Göring-Eckardt: Über den ökologischen Umbau der Wirtschaft ; Christian Lindner: Über die liberale Chancengesellschaft ; Katja Kipping: Über das bedingungslose Grundeinkommen
Pages: 310 S. : Ill.
ISBN: 978-3-89684-156-8
31.
BOOK
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Projektfinanzierung : Risikomanagement und Finanzierung (2013)
München : Oldenbourg
Call number: PIK B 522-14-0143
Location: PIK
Branch Library: PIK Library
Keywords: Projektfinanzierung
Notes: Contents: 1 Problemstellung ; 2 Begriffliche Abgrenzungen ; 3 Marktversagenstatbestände bei Projektfinanzierungen ; 4 Risikomanagement bei Projektfinanzierungen ; 5 Moderne Projektfinanzierung: Das magische Dreieck von Rendite, Risiko und Liquidität ; 6 Moderne Projektfinanzierung: Agenten- und Transaktionskosten ; 7 Resümee
Pages: VI, 270 S. : graph. Darst.
Edition: 3., überarb. Aufl.
ISBN: 978-3-486-59814-8
32.
BOOK
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INTERACT station catalogue (2012)
Aarhus : DCE - Danish Centre for Enviroment and Energy, Aarhus University
Call number: M 14.0154
Location: Building A17
Location: AWI
Branch Library: GFZ Library
Branch Library: AWI Library
Keywords: Arktis
Pages: 192 S. : überw. farb. Ill., graph. Darst.
Edition: 1st ed.
ISBN: 978-87-92825-58-2
33.
BOOK
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An introduction to coastal processes and geomorphology (2010)
Cambridge [u.a.] : Cambridge University Press
Call number: AWI 14-0041
Location: AWI
Branch Library: AWI Library
Keywords: Küstenmorphologie ; Geomorphogenese
Notes: Contents: Preface. - Acknowledgements. - PART 1 INTRODUCTION. - 1 Introduction. - 1.1 Humans and the coastal zone. - 1.2 Approaches to the study of coasts. - 1.3 Information sources. - 1.4 Approach and organisation. - References. - 2. Coastal geomorphology. - 2.1 Definition and scope of coastal geomorphology. - 2.2 The coastal zone: definition and nomenclature. - 2.3 Factors influencing coastal morphology and processes. - References. - PART 2 COASTAL PROCESSES. - 3. Sea level fluctuations and changes. - 3.1 Synopsis. - 3.2 Mean sea level, the geoid, and changes in mean sea level. - 3.3 Changes in mean sea level. - 3.4 Astronomical tides. - 3.5 Short-term dynamic changes in sea level. - 3.6 Climate change and sea level rise. - References. - 4. Wind-generated waves. - 4.1 Synopsis. - 4.2 Definition and characteristics of waves. - 4.3 Measurement and description of waves. - 4.4 Wave generation. - 4.5 Wave prediction. - 4.6 Wave climate. - Further reading. - Preferences. - 5. Waves - wave theory and wave dynamics. - 5.1 Synopsis. - 5.2 Wave theories. - 5.3 Wave shoaling and refraction. - 5.4 Wave breaking. - 5.5 Wave groups and low-frequency energy in the surf and swash zones. - Further reading. - References. - 6. Surf zone circulation. - 6.1 Synopsis. - 6.2 Undertow. - 6.3 Rip cells. - 6.4 Longshore currents. - 6.5 Wind and tidal currents. - Further reading. - References. - 7. Coastal sediment transport. - 7.1 Synopsis. - 7.2 Sediment transport mechanisms, boundary layers and bedforms. - 7.3 On-offshore sand transport. - 7.4 Longshore sand transport. - 7.5 Littoral sediment budget and littoral drift cells. - Further reading. - References. - PART 3 COASTAL SYSTEMS. - 8. Beach and nearshore systems. - 8.1 Synopsis. - 8.2 Beach and nearshore sediments and morphology. - 8.3 Nearshore morphodynamics. - 8.4 Beach morphodynamics. - References. - 9. Coastal sand dunes. - 9.1 Synopsis. - 9.2 Morphological components of coastal dunes and dune fields. - 9.3 Plant communities of coastal dunes. - 9.4 Aeolian processes in coastal dunes. - 9.5 Sand deposition. - 9.6 Beach / dune interaction and foredune evolution. - 9.7 Management of coastal dunes. - References. - 10. Barrier systems. - 10.1 Synopsis. - 10.2 Barrier types and morphology. - 10.3 Barrier dynamics: overwash and inlets. - 10.4 Barrier spit morphodynamics. - 10.5 Barrier islands. - 10.6 Management of barrier systems. - References. - 11. Salt marshes and mangroves. - 11.1 Synopsis. - 11.2 Saltmarsh and mangrove ecosystems. - 11.3 Salt marshes. - 11.4 Mangroves. - 11.5 Conservation and management of saltmarshes and mangroves. - Further reading. - References. - 12. Coral reefs and atolls. - 12.1 Synopsis. - 12.2 Corals and reef formation. - 12.3 Geomorphology and sedimentology of coral reefs. - 12.4 Impacts of disturbance on coral reefs. - Further reading. - References. - 13. Cliffed and rocky coasts. - 13.1 Synopsis. - 13.2 Cliffed coast morphology. - 13.3 Cliffed coast erosion system. - 13.4 Cohesive bluff coasts. - 13.5 Rock coasts. - 13.6 Shore platforms. - 13.7 Management of coastal cliff shorelines. - Further reading. - References. - Index.
Pages: xiii, 442 S. : Ill., graph. Darst., Kt.
Edition: 1. publ.
ISBN: 978-0-521-69671-5
DDC: 551.457
34.
BOOK
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The empire of value : a new foundation for economics (2014)
Cambridge [u.a.] : MIT Press
Additional Authors: DeBevoise, M. B. [Übers.]
Call number: PIK B 140-14-0148
Location: PIK
Branch Library: PIK Library
Notes: Contents: Introduction ; Part 1 Critique of Political Economy ; 1 Substance value ; 2 Market objectivity ; 3 Scarcity and status ; Part 2 The Institution of Value ; 4 Money ; 5 A new approach to value ; Part 3 Market Finance ; 6 Financial valuation ; 7 Liquidity and speculation ; Part IV Self-referential Finance and the Subprime Crisis ; 8 Euphoria: 2003 to 2007 ; 9 The crisis: 2007 to 2008 ; Conclusion
ISBN: 978-0-262-02697-0
35.
BOOK
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Call number: PIK N 071-14-0142
Location: PIK
Branch Library: PIK Library
Notes: Contents: Introduction ; 1. A Climate-Constrained World ; 2. Shifting the Boundary: The Role of Innovation ; 3. Getting to Yes ; 4. Coping with Uncertainty ; 5. Climate Policy and the Forestry Sector: The Role of Non-energy Emissions ; 6. Adaptation and Mitigation: What is the Optimal Balance? ; 7. A Focus on the Latest Developments in the Modelling of Mitigation Options ; 8. Conclusions ; 9. Complete List of Publications that Use WITCH
Pages: XIII, 199 S. : graph. Darst.
ISBN: 978-1-84980-949-8
36.
BOOK
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Climate time series analysis : classical statistical and bootstrap methods (2014)
Cham [u.a.] : Springer
Call number: AWI S2-14-0040
Location: AWI
Branch Library: AWI Library
Notes: Contents: PART 1 FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS. - 1 Introduction. - 1.1 Climate archives, variables and dating. - 1.2 Noise and statistical distribution. - 1.3 Persistence. - 1.4 Spacing. - 1.5 Aim and structure of this book. - 1.6 Background material. - 2 Persistence models. - 2.1 First-Order Autoregressive Model. - 2.1.1 Even spacing. - 2.1.2 Uneven Spacing. - 2.2 Second-Order Autoregressive Model. - 2.3 Mixed Autoregressive Moving Average Model. - 2.4 Other models. - 2.4.1 Long-memory process. - 2.4.2 Nonlinear and non-gaussian models. - 2.5 Climate theory. - 2.5.1 Stochastic climate models. - 2.5.2 Long memory of temperature fluctuations?. - 2.5.3 Long memory of river runoff. - 2.6 Background material. - 2.7 Technical issues. - 3 Bootstrap confidence intervals. - 3.1 Error bars and confidence intervals. - 3.1.1 Theoretical example: Mean estimation of Gaussian White Noise. - 3.1.2 Theoretical example: Standard deviation estimation of Gaussian White Noise. - 3.1.3 Real world. - 3.2 Bootstrap principle. - 3.3 Bootstrap resampling. - 3.3.1 Nonparametric: Moving block bootstrap. - 3.3.2 Parametric: Autoregressive Bootstrap. - 3.3.3 Parametric: Surrogate Data. - 3.4 Bootstrap Confidence Intervals. - 3.4.1 Normal confidence interval. - 3.4.2 Student's t confidence interval. - 3.4.3 Percentile confidence interval. - 3.4.4 BCa Confidence Interval. - 3.5 Examples. - 3.6 Bootstrap hypothesis tests. - 3.7 Notation. - 3.8 Background material. - 3.9 Technical issues. - PART 2 UNIVARIATE TIME SERIES. - 4 Regression I. - 4.1 Linear regression. - 4.1.1 Weighted least-squares and ordinary least-squares estimation. - 4.1.2 Generalized least-squares estimation. - 4.1.3 Other estimation types. - 4.1.4 Classical confidence intervals. - 4.1.5 Bootstrap confidence intervals. - 4.1.6 Monte Carlo Experiments: Ordinary least-squares estimation. - 4.1.7 Timescale errors. - 4.2 Nonlinear regression. - 4.2.1 Climate Transition Model: Ramp. - 4.2.2 Trend-Change Model: Break. - 4.3 Nonparametric regression or smoothing. - 4.3.1 Kernel estimation. - 4.3.2 Bootstrap confidence intervals and bands. - 4.3.3 Extremes or outlier detection. - 4.4 Background material. - 4.5 Technical issues. - 5 Spectral analysis. - 5.1 Spectrum. - 5.1.1 Example: AR(1) process, discrete time. - 5.1.2 Example: AR(2) process, discrete time. - 5.1.3 Physical meaning. - 5.2 Spectral estimation. - 5.2.1 Periodogram. - 5.2.2 Welch's overlapped segment averaging. - 5.2.3 Multitaper estimation. - 5.2.4 Lomb-Scargle estimation. - 5.2.5 Peak detection: red-noise hypthesis. - 5.2.6 Example: Peaks in monsoon spectrum. - 5.2.7 Aliasing. - 5.2.8 Timescale errors. - 5.2.9 Example: Peaks in monsoon spectrum (continued). - 5.3 Background material. - 5.4 Technical Issues. - 6 Extreme value time series. - 6.1 Data types. - 6.1.1 Event times. - 6.1.2 Peaks over threshold. - 6.1.3 Block extremes. - 6.1.4 Remarks on data selection. - 6.2 Stationary models. - 6.2.1 Generalized extreme value distribution. - 6.2.2 Generalized pareto distribution. - 6.2.3 Bootstrap confidence intervals. - 6.2.4 Example: Elbe summer floods, 1852-2002. - 6.2.5 Persisitence. - 6.2.6 Remark: Tail estimation. - 6.2.7 Remark: Optimal estimation. - 6.3 Nonstationary models. - 6.3.1 Time-dependent generalized extreme value distribution. - 6.3.2 Inhomogenous poisson process. - 6.3.3 Hybrid: Poisson-Extreme value distribution. - 6.4 Sampling and time spacing. - 6.5 Background material. - 6.6 Technical issues. - PART 3 BIVARIATE TIME SERIES. - 7. Correlation. - 7.1 Pearson's Correlation Coefficient. - 7.1.1 Remark: Alternative correlation measures. - 7.1.2 Classical confidence intervals, nonpersistent processes. - 7.1.3 Bivariate time series models. - 7 .1.4 Classical Confidence Intervals, Persistent Processes. - 7.1.5 Bootstrap Confidence Intervals. - 7.2 Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficient. - 7.2.1 Classical Confidence Intervals, Nonpersistent Processes. - 7.2.2 Classical Confidence Intervals, Persistent Processes. - 7.2.3 Bootstrap Confidence Intervals. - 7.3 Monte Carlo Experiments. - 7.4 Example: Elbe Runoff Variations. - 7.5 Unequal Timescales. - 7.5.1 Binned Correlation. - 7.5.2 Synchrony Correlation. - 7.5.3 Monte Carlo Experiments. - 7.5.4 Example: Vostok Ice Core Records. - 7.6 Background Material. - 7. 7 Technical Issues. - 8 Regression II. - 8.1 Linear Regression. - 8.1.1 Ordinary Least-Squares Estimation. - 8.1.2 Weighted Least-Squares for Both Variables Estimation. - 8.1.3 Wald-Bartlett Procedure. - 8.2 Bootstrap Confidence lntervals. - 8.2.1 Simulating Incomplete Prior Knowledge. - 8.3 Monte Carlo Experiments. - 8.3.1 Easy Setting. - 8.3.2 Realistic Setting: Incomplete Prior Knowledge. - 8.3.3 Dependence on Accuracy of Prior Knowledge. - 8.3.4 Mis-Specified Prior Knowledge. - 8.4 Example: Climate Sensitivity. - 8.5 Prediction. - 8.5.1 Example: Calibration of a Proxy Variable. - 8.6 Lagged Regression. - 8.6.1 Example: CO2 and Temperature Variations in the Pleistocene. - 8.7 Background Material. - 8.8 Technical Issues. - PART 4 OUTLOOK. - 9 Future Directions. - 9 .1 Timescale Modeling. - 9.2 Novel Estimation Problems. - 9.3 Higher Dimensions. - 9.4 Climate Models. - 9.4.1 Fitting Climate Models to Observations. - 9.4.2 Forecasting with Climate Models. - 9.4.3 Design of the Cost Function. - 9.4.4 Climate Model Bias. -9.5 Optimal Estimation. - 9.6 Background Material. - References. - Author Index. - Subject Index.
Pages: xxxii, 454 S. : Ill., graph. Darst.
Edition: 2nd ed.
ISBN: 978-3-319-04449-1
37.
BOOK
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Meteorologische Arbeiten aus Leipzig/18.: Meteorologische Arbeiten ... und Jahresbericht 2012 des Instituts für Meteorologie der Universität Leipzig (2013)
Leipzig : Inst. für Meteorologie der Univ.
(...)  
Call number: ZS-265(51)
Location: PIK
Branch Library: PIK Library
Pages: 106 S. : graph. Darst.
ISBN: 978-3-9814401-1-9
Classification: Meteorology and Climatology
DDC: 551.5
38.
BOOK
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Call number: AWI G2-13-0057
Location: AWI
Branch Library: AWI Library
Keywords: Meeresgeologie ; Meeresboden ; Mittelozeanischer Rücken ; Submarin-hydrothermale Lagerstätte ; Metallogenese ; Erzlagerstätte ; Hydrothermalgebiet ; Riftsystem ; Subduktion ; Submariner Vulkanismus ; Lagerstättenbildung
Pages: 527 S. : zahlr. Ill., graph. Darst.
ISBN: 5-02-033746-3
39.
BOOK
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Arctic climate and water change : Information relevance for assessment and adaptation (2013)
Stockholm : Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University
Call number: AWI 13-0052
Location: AWI
Branch Library: AWI Library
Keywords: Hydrology ; Monitoring ; Climate Change ; Adaptatation ; Arctic ; Arktis
Notes: The Arctic is subject to growing economic and political interest. Meanwhile, its water and climate systems are in rapid transformation. Relevant and accessible information about water and climate is therefore vital to detect, understand and adapt to the changes. This thesis investigates hydrological monitoring systems, climate model data, and our understanding of hydro-climatic change, for adaptation to water system changes in the Arctic. Results indicate a lack of harmonized water chemistry data, which may impede efforts to understand transport and origin of key waterborne constituents. Further development of monitoring cannot rely only on a reconciliation of observations and projections on where climate change will be the most severe, as they diverge in this regard. Climate model simulations of drainage basin temperature and precipitation have improved between two recent model generations, but large inaccuracies remain for precipitation projections. Late 20th-century discharge changes in major Arctic rivers generally show excess of water relative to precipitation changes. This indicates a possible contribution of stored water from permafrost or groundwater to sea level rise. The river contribution to the increasing Arctic Ocean freshwater inflow matches that of glaciers, which underlines the importance of considering all sources when assessing change. To provide adequate information for research and policy, Arctic hydrological and hydrochemical monitoring needs to be extended, better integrated and made more accessible. This especially applies to hydrochemistry monitoring, where a more complete set of monitored basins is motivated, including a general extension for the large unmonitored areas close to the Arctic Ocean. Improvements in climate model parameterizations are needed, in particular for precipitation projections. Finally, further water-focused data and modeling efforts are required to resolve the source of excess discharge in Arctic rivers.
ISBN: 978-91-7447-638-5

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