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Notes: This volume presents new research on small-scale basaltic volcanism and provides a ‘state of the art’ review of our understanding of the nature, origin and global significance of monogenetic volcanism. It would also appeal to anyone interested in exploring the enigma of monogenetic volcanism in geological, volcanological, geomorphological volcanic hazard and geoconservation point of view.
Edition: online first
Tsunami (2016)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: tsunami ; warning system ; risk reduction ; tsunami propagation ; meteo-tsunami ; tsunami generation
Notes: This book is a collection of contribution from experts involved in tsunami study for the purpose of covering its different aspects from generation to warning system to be applied in tsunami risk reduction. The presented chapters have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. The content of the book consists of information on tsunami propagation from the open sea to the coast and coastal tsunami warning using deployed HF radar systems in different parts of North America and Japan. In this book, tsunami propagation, preliminary methods for evaluating the suitability of radar sites for tsunami detection using simulated tsunami velocities and factors affecting tsunami detectability are discussed and methods for reducing the false alarms are described. It further covers multi-scale meteorological systems resulted in meteo-tsunami and tsunami generation due to a landslide or a submarine volcanic eruption, where few case studies have been presented. The occurrence and characteristics of tsunami in Sweden, using paleo-tsunami events from different parts of the Scandinavia and finally challenges and opportunities for reducing losses to fast-arriving tsunamis in remote villages along Pakistan coast, with few examples are also discussed.
Pages: 142 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2676-8
Agent-Based Modelling and Landscape Change (2016)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: landscape change ; agent-based models ; simulation ; modelling ; spatial ; interdisciplinary ; innovation
Notes: The use of agent-based models (ABMs) and modelling for understanding landscape change and dynamics continues to grow. One reason for the popularity of ABMs is that they provide a framework to represent multiple, discrete, multi-faceted, heterogeneous actors (human or otherwise) and their relationships and interactions between one another and their environment, through time and across space. This special issue seeks to showcase innovative uses of ABMs for investigating and explaining landscape change and dynamics and to explore and identify how researchers in different disciplines can learn from one another to further innovate. Thus, this special issue will emphasise multidisciplinary dialogue between researchers using ABM in physical geography, hydrology, ecology, land change science, economics, alternative histories, archaeology, sociology, psychology and others. Innovation may come in the form of computational, conceptual, analytical, participatory or epistemological advances in the use of ABM for a range of aims and motivations associated with landscape change and dynamics. Modelling advances may include new ways of representing agent decisions and/or interactions, establishing and evaluating model structures and rules, presenting and visualising change, multi-scale analysis, comparative techniques, narrative methods, and more. The presentation of innovative agent-based modelling from diverse research backgrounds and perspectives will demonstrate opportunities for learning and enable dialogue to enhance future use of ABMs for understanding landscape change.
Pages: XII, 314 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Land
ISBN: 978-3-03842-280-8