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1.
E-BOOK
The Phanerozoic Time-scale : A Symposium (1964)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Geological Society of London was founded in 1807 and its Quarterly Journal first appeared in 1845. The Quarterly Journal is primarily a medium for the publication of the results of original research, but it also contains important reviews, such as Presidential Addresses and William Smith Lectures. Its subject-matter covers the whole field of geology and is world-wide in scope. Discussions are published with most papers.
Pages: 442 S.
2.
E-BOOK
Mesozoic Orogenic : Cenozoic Belts: Data for Orogenic Studies (1974)
London : The Geological Society
3.
E-BOOK
Time and Place in Orogeny (1969)
London : The Geological Society
4.
E-BOOK
5.
E-BOOK
The Pleistocene palaeomagnetic time-scale : A supplement (1971)
London : The Geological Society
6.
E-BOOK
The Caledonian-Appalachian Orogen (1988)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 626 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01796-1
7.
E-BOOK
Lacustrine Petroleum Source Rocks (1988)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Lacustrine Petroleum Source Rocks is a collection of papers arising from a meeting held at the Geology Society, London, in September 1985. The meeting was organized by the IGCP Project 219, ‘Comparative lacustrine sedimentology in space and time’, and the Petroleum Group of the Geological Society. Organic-rich lacustrine sediments, potential sources of oil and/or gas, represent a group of lacustrine sediments whose interpretation is not only intellectually challenging but whose subsurface prediction, in terms of location, nature and lateral variation, is economically important. The papers in this volume represent an attempt to bring together synthesized concepts, techniques and real examples in order to provide ideas for both interpretation and prediction. Petroleum source rocks deposited in lakes have come more into focus over recent years as petroleum exploration has shifted to new areas and as more detailed analysis of known petroleum provinces has become an exploration necessity. New areas include the multifarious basins of onshore China, for instance as described in this volume by Fu Jiamo et al., Brassell et al., Wang Tieguan et al. and Luo Binjie et al, and the rift basins of Africa (e.g. Sudan: Schull 1984; Frostick et al. 1986). Lacustrine sources of petroleum must also be accounted for in some established petroleum provinces ranging from passive margin sequences, such as offshore Gabon (e.g. Brice et al. 1980), to the North Sea (e.g. Duncan & Hamilton, this volume). Lacustrine source rocks are often unsampled, being among the first deposits of a syn-rift sequence, in which case evidence for
Pages: 374 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01803-8
8.
E-BOOK
Early Tertiary Volcanism and the Opening of the NE Atlantic (1988)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: A conference dealing with ‘Early Tertiary volcanism and the opening of the NE Atlantic’ was held at the Geological Society of London, Burlington House, London, on 18 and 19 March 1987. The meeting was supported and promoted by three of the specialist groups of the Society (Volcanic Studies, Marine Studies and Petroleum groups), and carried the endorsement of the Norsk Petroleumsforening. This broad-based support reflects the truly multidisciplinary nature of the meeting, which saw contributions from geophysicists, geochemists, geochronologists, volcanologists, petroleum geologists, structural geologists, petrologists, sedimentologists and biostratigraphers. The conference was attended by over 180 delegates from throughout the N Atlantic borderlands, who enjoyed the presentation of 34 papers and five posters, and contributed to a number of lively and spirited discussion periods. This volume contains 37 papers, four of which appear as extended abstracts, and some in forms very different to that presented at the meeting. For practical reasons some authors have combined manuscripts, some contributions presented at the meeting were not available for inclusion in this publication, and some papers have been included despite not being presented at the meeting. The papers have been grouped into six categories, essentially on the basis of structural and geographic setting, but these categories also serve to emphasize the multidisciplinary approach of the current research. Volcanic and tectonic framework The first group of papers deals with the volcanic and tectonic framework on which the subsequent regional studies are based. These papers deal not only with the regional plate-tectonic setting during the Palaeogene
Pages: 453 S.
ISBN: 0-632-02171-3
9.
E-BOOK
Inversion Tectonics (1989)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume contains a collection of papers which were presented at the Inversion Tectonics Meeting held at the Royal Society in March, 1987. The book provides a very broad spectrum of examples of Inversion Tectonics which goes beyond the traditional usage of the term. Divided into four sections: Modelling and theoretical concepts; Inversion in the Alps and Alpine Foreland; Inversion on the European Continental Shelf; and Inversion in other geological environments, the contents of the volume reflect the wide range of research on Inversion problems and, whilst this generates some controversy, the editorial consideration is that there is considerable value in illustrating the whole spectrum of current usage.
Pages: 356 S.
ISBN: 0-632-02502-6
10.
E-BOOK
Magmatism in the Ocean Basins (1989)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The ocean basins provide a unique opportunity to investigate magmatic processes and mantle composition. The absence of continental crust as a potential contaminant provides an untarnished sample of the deep earth although a full understanding of the messages carried in the sample is still far away. In 1987, a meeting was convened by The Geological Society at Leicester University to review recent advances and research, and this volume contains nineteen of the papers presented at the meeting. The volume is intended primarily for research workers and final-year undergraduate students specializing in igneous petrology and geochemistry. The papers represent aspects of ocean basin magmatism not previously collected within one cover, and many of them are state-of-theart studies of this highly topical subject, which is now being further explored by the OceanDrilling Program.
Pages: 377 S.
ISBN: 0-632-02384-8
11.
E-BOOK
Deltas : Sites and Traps for Fossil Fuels (1989)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume contains twenty-three papers which were presented at a meeting convened at the Geological Society of London in April. 1987. The book fills a gap in publications on deltaic systems since the flurry of conferences on deltaic sedimentation that took place in the early and mid-1970s, and covers the significant advances that have been made in our understanding of deltas but which have not, until now, been collated into one useful reference source. Many aspects of modern and ancient deltaic sedimentary systems are covered in both marine and freshwater environments including processes, facies models, petroleum-, gas- and coal-related environments, together with general case studies. This volume will be of particular interest to researchers, teachers and students of sedimentology, economic and petroleum geology and those who seek a detailed, state-of-the-art overview of this large and ever-expanding subject area.
Pages: 344 S.
ISBN: 0-632-02385-6
12.
E-BOOK
Alkaline Igneous Rocks (1987)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Alkaline igneous rocks may be defined as those which have higher concentrations of alkalis than can be accommodated in feldspars alone, the excess appearing as feldspathoids, sodic pyroxenes, sodic amphiboles and other alkali-rich phases. These rocks are, therefore, deficient in silica and/or alumina with respect to alkalis and will have nepheline and/or acmite in their norms. In practice the term ‘alkaline’ is used to encompass a wide range of igneous rocks, not all of which conform to this rigid definition. Carbonatites, for example, are certainly silica-deficient but are rarely alkali-rich. True (nepheline-normative) alkali basalts grade into hypersthene-normative transitional basalts without any obvious change in mineralogy. Since transitional basalts are often closely associated with alkali basalts in the field, they are traditionally regarded as alkaline. It is now usual practice to define alkaline igneous rocks simply in terms of their alkali (Na2O + K2O) and silica contents (see, for example, Le Bas et al. 1986). We have not attempted to review the classification of alkaline igneous rocks in this volume as this has been dealt with elsewhere (e.g. Sørensen 1974; Streckeisen 1967, 1980). The only alkaline rocks not covered in previous reviews are those hydrous mafic to ultramafic hypabyssal rocks known as the lamprophyres. The present volume includes three papers on this group. A comprehensive overview of lamprophyres is given by Rock and of the sub-group of lamproites by Bergman. The relationship between lamproites and kimberlites (which arguably belong to the lamprophyres) is discussed by Dawson.
Pages: 544 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01616-7
13.
E-BOOK
Diagenesis of Sedimentary Sequences (1987)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The meeting on ‘The Diagenesis of Sedimentary Sequences’ was held in Liverpool on 30 September and 1 October 1986 under the auspices of the British Sedimentological Research Group (BSRG), a Specialist Group of the Geological Society. The aim of the meeting was to bring together an international group of research workers on carbonate and clastic sediments, to discuss the major controls on sediment diagenesis from deposition to deep-burial. This book contains a number of the papers presented at the meeting, together with one that was offered but which the authors were unable to present. I believe that these papers are a good reflection of the proceedings of a lively and diverse meeting, attended by around 150 representatives of universities, governmental organizations and industry from nine different countries. I leave readers to delve into the papers for themselves but would like to take this opportunity to reiterate some of the points that I raised at the meeting concerning diagenesis and the way in which it is approached. Diagenesis is an integral part of the history of the fill of a sedimentary basin and needs to be treated as such. In order to understand the post-depositional history of a sedimentary rock or, in an industrial context, to understand the evolution of its reservoir properties, we must use information from more general geological studies. A knowledge of depositional setting, facies architecture and burial history are all invaluable in the deduction of a well-constrained diagenetic history. Similarly, quantitative diagenetic investigations may contribute information, particularly about pore-fluid evolution
Pages: 353 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01939-5
14.
E-BOOK
Desert Sediments : Ancient and Modern (1987)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Tropical deserts have existed sporodically on our planet from the Precambrian to the Present, and seem not to have been a permanent feature of its surface (Glennie 1987). Depending on their definition, tropical deserts and semi-deserts currently occupy between approximately one fifth and one third of the Earth’s land surface, of which only about 4% is covered by that popular concept of what a desert consists of—sand dunes. The remaining area comprises barren rock (both hill and plateau) with a variable cover of sediments transported by ephemeral streams (wadis, arroyos) to form the deposits at the terminal points of these streams. Varying with the ratio of water supply to the annual potential rate of evaporation, those terminal areas may be occupied by desert lakes that are generally of a temporary nature (permanent only if the water is provided from beyond the margins of the desert or is fed by groundwater), and become more saline as they become desiccated. The end product of such a situation is a salina or sabkha (area of sand, silt or clay, commonly encrusted with halite). There is no universally accepted definition of a desert. In its simplest form it can be defined as a barren tract of land over which rainfall is too limited or spasmodic to support vegetation adequately. Very few desert areas are completely devoid of vegetation, and many areas that fall within a desert in terms of average annual rainfall may have an even though sparse cover of plants that have adapted to the relatively arid environment in which they live. In this context, some writers define deserts as areas that have an average upper limit of 250 mm of annual rainfall, even though it may all fall in one storm and rainfall may not recur for several years. Perhaps more important than the rainfall itself is the ratio between it and the potential rate of evaporation—the aridity or desiccation factor. This is about 1:10 in some parts of the Australian Desert and up to 1:500 in areas of the Sahara (Cooke & Warren 1973).
Pages: 381 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01905-0
15.
E-BOOK
The English Zechstein and Related Topics (1986)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume is the printed record of EZ 82, a workshop on the results of recent research on strata of the English Zechstein and related topics. The workshop comprised a six-day field study meeting on Permian rocks at outcrop in northeast England and a three-day indoor discussion meeting in the Department of Geology at the University of Nottingham. Twenty-one research and review papers were presented at this meeting. Most of these were written up for this volume which has been further supplemented by the inclusion of papers submitted by two Polish workers who were unable to attend the workshop. The field meeting commenced with visits to the classic exposures of Upper Permian reef-margin and slope carbonate rocks in County Durham and adjoining areas and continued to exposures of nearshore and shelf carbonates and continental sediments in Yorkshire, Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire. A guide to the exposures visited, which also included background information on their stratigraphical, environmental and palaeogeographical significance, was prepared for the participants; copies of this guide may be obtained from The Secretary, Department of Geology, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD (1986 price £3.50 including postage).
Pages: 232 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01067-3
16.
E-BOOK
Sedimentation in the African Rifts (1986)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 372 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01534-9
17.
E-BOOK
Habitat of Palaeozoic Gas in N.W. Europe (1986)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 273 S.
ISBN: 0-7073-0491-1
18.
E-BOOK
Collision Tectonics (1986)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 404 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01211-0
19.
E-BOOK
Continental Extensional Tectonics (1987)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 619 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01605-1
20.
E-BOOK
Evolution of the Lewisian and Comparable Precambrian (1987)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 305 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01683-3
21.
E-BOOK
Deformation of Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks (1987)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: In recognition of the increasing interest in the subject of deformation of sediments and sedimentary rocks shown by Earth scientists in recent years, a major international conference with this theme was held at University College London in April 1985. This volume contains the texts of those contributions to the Conference that were submitted for publication. The collection of papers presented is not a complete record of the proceedings, as some contributors chose not to submit a manuscript. However, most important subject areas are represented, and the papers provide both a review of the present state of the art and pointers for future investigation. The articles have been grouped into three main divisions: experimental and theoretical, process orientated, and descriptive of particular areas or localities. Within those groupings there is no particular significance in the order of printing except that articles with aspects in common have been placed near to one another. Studies of naturally deformed sedimentary rocks repeatedly indicate that much of the observed deformation resulted from processes active before the rock was lithified. An understanding of the origins of these structures cannot be established using the principles of rock mechanics and crystal physics commonly employed in ‘hard-rock’ structural geology (Rutter 1976; White 1976), the principles of the engineering discipline of soil mechanics being more appropriate. Alternatively, the post-lithification deformation of sediments is a typical rock mechanics problem and may involve an understanding of elasticity (Jaeger & Cook 1969), fracturing (Price 1966; Barton 1976), crystal plasticity (Turcotte & Schubert 1982) and diffusion based deformation mechanisms (Rutter 1976, 1983). The student of sediment deformation must therefore be conversant with all aspects of rock and soil deformation. The Conference, with its contributions by structural geologists, sedimentologists, geotechnical engineers and those conversant with specific aspects of rock and soil mechanics, provided a coverage of this very wide subject area. This is reflected in the contents of the volume.
Pages: 342 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01733-3
22.
E-BOOK
Ophiolites and Oceanic Lithosphere (1984)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 413 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01219-6
23.
E-BOOK
Variscan Tectonics of the North Atlantic Region (1984)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 263 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01203-X
24.
E-BOOK
Marginal Basin Geology : Volcanic and Associated Sedimentary and Tectonic Processes in Modern and Ancient arginal Basins (1984)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 322 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01073-8
25.
E-BOOK
Trench-Forearc Geology : Sedimentation and Tectonics on Modern and Ancient Active Plate Margins (1982)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 576 S.
ISBN: 0-632-00708-7
26.
E-BOOK
Sedimentology Recent Developments and Applied Aspects (1985)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: In December 1982 the British Sedimentological Research Group celebrated its 21st anniversary at its annual meeting, held at the University of Liverpool. To mark the occasion twelve speakers were invited to review progress in various aspects of sedimentology. This book is the collection of those reviews. The founding meeting of the BSRG took place at Reading on 16–17 November 1962, when the Geology Department was celebrating its occupation of the new Sedimentology Research Laboratory. The occasion was attended by about ninety guests, including the laboratory’s benefactors from geology-based industries and by soft-rock geologists and geo-administrators from most U.K. universities (all research students were invited) and relevant public bodies and consulting firms. Active British sedimentologists, virtually all of whom came, formed a minority, such was the state of our science at the time. The celebrations comprised demonstrations (with demonstrators) of research in progress, an informal social evening, addresses by three distinguished visitors from overseas, and a winding-up session. The three ‘keynote speakers’ (a novel buzz-word then) symbolized the major areas of sedimentology in which the new laboratory would work: Al Fischer (non-clastic and geochemical sedimentology), spoke on the Capitan reef-complex, Ake Sundborg (clastic and experimental), on fluvial deposits and Adolf Seilacher (palaeoecology), on his trace-fossil depth-zone model.
Pages: 338 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01192-0
27.
E-BOOK
Residual Deposits : Surface Related Weathering Processes and Materials (1983)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 258 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01072-X
28.
E-BOOK
Thrust and Nappe Tectonics (1981)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: An International Conference on Thrust and Nappe Tectonics was held, 9–11th April 1979, at Imperial College, London under the aegis of the Geological Society of London and the Geology Department of Imperial College. The conference, which was convened by the editors of this volume, was attended by over 320 participants, of whom less than half came from Britain. The remaining participants came from, or had worked in, every continent in the world (except, as far as we know, Antarctica) so the conference was truly international. This book contains the proceedings of that conference, the 44 papers given here representing more than 80% of the material presented. The order of the papers in this volume is somewhat different from that in which they were presented at the conference because of the restrictions imposed by having Lecture and Poster Sessions during the meeting. At the beginning of the conference, it was considered that an attempt should be made to define the structures which were to be the topic of discussion. Consequently, John Dennis took his courage in his hands and proposed, for the consideration of the participants, a definition of the words ‘Thrust’ and ‘Nappe’. The ensuing discussion was lively and entertaining. An edited version of this discussion and the written contributions which followed are collected by K. R. McClay and presented as the first paper in this volume and deals, in addition to the definition of thrusts and nappes, with other terminology used in this volume.
Pages: 528 S.
ISBN: 0-632-00614-5
29.
E-BOOK
Petroleum Geochemistry and Exploration of Europe (1983)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Although the search for oil and gas in Europe, particularly in the North Sea, has been very successful, it has become progressively more difficult and costly in recent years. The need for continuing exploration success in finding accumulations of hydrocarbons has created a climate which favours the use of modern scientific and technological methods and techniques. Amongst these is petroleum geochemistry. Applications of petroleum geochemistry (integrated with petroleum geology) in petroleum exploration has drastically changed in recent years from a post-mortem science to a widely accepted exploration predictive tool. The oil industry, in its search for hydrocarbons, has in recent years extended its exploration activity to take in the entire continent of Europe, both on- and offshore basins. In addition to proving substantial oil and gas reserves, these studies have provided a vast amount of new geological and geochemical information from many different areas of Europe. These advances and applications are reflected in this present volume. The proceedings of Petroleum Geochemistry and Exploration of Europe contains papers by experts in geology, geochemistry, sedimentology, data analysis, petroleum exploration and U.K. government policy that were presented at an International Conference held within the British Isles Geological Congress at the University of Glasgow in September 1982. Brief history of European petroleum exploration Exploration of oil and gas has a long and varied history in Europe, but it is only during the last few decades that geological understanding of North-west Europe and its extensive continental shelves has been more fully understood.
Pages: 373 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01076-2
30.
E-BOOK
Geology and Geochemistry of Abyssal Plains (1987)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: In this publication is assembled a set of 14 papers from the presentations at a meeting of the Marine Studies Group of the Geological Society, held on the 29th and 30th January 1986. The papers cover various aspects of the geophysics, sedimentology, geochemistry and geotechnics of abyssal-plain sediments. Abyssal plains are among the least studied areas of the earth’s surface. They are poorly preserved in the sedimentary record because they tend to be consumed by subduction in the long term. They were not recognized as distinct physiographic features of the present sea-floor until the late 1940s, and systematic investigations of relatively few examples have been made. During the late 1970s an international research programme began to examine selected areas of the N Atlantic and Pacific Ocean seabeds to assess the feasibility of disposal of radioactive waste in deep-sea sediments. This work was coordinated through the Seabed Working Group of the Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD, 1984). The considerations of sea-floor properties required for such studies (Laine et al. 1983; Searle 1984) had the result that some of the N Atlantic study areas were in abyssal plains. The availability of new geological information from this programme provided the impetus for convening this meeting, but the papers are not restricted to those deriving from such studies. The first paper by Pilkey sets the scene by summarizing the sedimentological work which has been carried out at Duke University on 13 abyssal plains. 12 factors controlling the formation and development of abyssal plains are discussed.
Pages: 236 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01744-9
31.
E-BOOK
Geological Background to Fossil Man : Recent Research in the Gregory Rift Valley, East Africa (1978)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: In relation to modern lines of communication it seems surprising that the Gregory Rift Valley was the last part of the system to become known. Much of the earlier exploration had however been centred on the problem of the sources of the Nile, and in consequence the Western or Albertine Rift was explored by Samuel Baker as early as 1862/63 (Baker 1866). Additionally there was a strong tendency to use the convenient base at Zanzibar Island for journeys inland by the Arab slave trading routes from Pangani and Bagamoyo; these led to the Tanganyika Rift and Nyasaland rather than to the area of modern Kenya. The first penetrations into the Gregory Rift area were in 1883; Joseph Thomson made an extensive journey into Central Kenya which he described in his book of I887, ‘Through Masai Land’ which had as a subtitle, ‘a journey of exploration among the snowclad volcanic mountains and strange tribes of Eastern Equatorial Africa—being the narrative of the Royal Geographical Society’s Expedition to Mount Kenya and Lake Victoria Nyanza 1883–84’. In his classic journey Thomson practically encircled the lower slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro and reached the Gregory Rift wall near the Ngong Hills. He then went north to Lake Baringo and westwards to Lake Victoria, before returning to his starting point at Mombasa. His observations on the geology were of good standard for the time.
Pages: 564 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-086-X
32.
E-BOOK
Volcanic Processes in Ore Genesis (1977)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 174 S.
ISBN: 0-900488-33-6
33.
E-BOOK
The Caledonides of the British Isles — Reviewed (1979)
London : The Geological Society
34.
E-BOOK
Palaeoecology and Biostratigraphy of Graptolites (1986)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 269 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01071-1
35.
E-BOOK
North Atlantic Palaeoceanography (1986)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 462 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01516-0
36.
E-BOOK
The Geological Evolution of the Eastern Mediterranean (1984)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Eastern Mediterranean is an excellent ‘field laboratory’ for the study of fundamental processes of continental rifting, passive margin development, ophiolite generation and emplacement and the tectonic, magmatic and sedimentary effects of continental collision. Since its publication in 1984, The Geological Evolution of the Eastern Mediterranean has proved to be an invaluable aid to research in this important region. Many of the papers are classics that report basic data and tectonic interpretations that still remain valid today. The individual papers summarize a large amount of international research that was carried out in the Eastern Mediterranean region during the previous decade. This volume was the first integrated overview of one of the world’s most complex orogenic areas. The editors have added an outline of the main research developments since 1984 and key references to the more recent literature; several figures have been redrawn and the volume is now fully indexed.
Pages: 824 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-66-7
37.
E-BOOK
Fine-grained Sediments : Deep-water Processes and Facies (1984)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: To introduce this collection of papers presented at an international research workshop in Halifax, Canada (1982), we highlight briefly three aspects of deep-water fine-grained sediments that are alluded to throughout the volume but never discussed specifically. These are: (a) an historical outline of the research that has made both possible and necessary the workshop and the volume; (b) a review of the methodology currently used in the study of fine-grained sediments; and (c) an assessment of the state of terminology as applied to this class of rocks.
Pages: 646 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01075-4
38.
E-BOOK
Evolution of Metamorphic Belts (1989)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 562 S.
ISBN: 0-632-02503-4
39.
E-BOOK
Gondwana and Tethys (1988)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 311 S.
ISBN: 0-19-854448-0
40.
E-BOOK
Coal and coal-bearing strata: Recent advances (1987)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Recent advances in coal geology are highlighted. The increase in our knowledge of peat formation is emphasized and the application of hydrological models of mire systems to coal-bearing strata is advocated. The importance of coalification studies to the geological community as a whole should not be underestimated. Consideration of the original peat-forming vegetation by coal geologists is advocated. Both conceptual and technical advances in coal geology are reviewed. Integration of different disciplines is likely to yield further insights into the study of coal and coal-bearing strata.
Pages: 310 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01906-9
41.
E-BOOK
Geochemistry and Mineralization of Proterozoic Volcanic Suites (1987)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 552 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01806-2
42.
E-BOOK
Fluid Flow in Sedimentary Basins and Aquifers (1987)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 218 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01804-6
43.
E-BOOK
Marine Petroleum Source Rocks (1987)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Organic-rich marine sediments are the source of most of the world’s oil. The need for an understanding of actual and potential marine source rocks is therefore of vital economic importance, but also poses many fascinating 'academic’ questions. This introduction attempts to outline and link the papers on actual and potential marine petroleum source rocks which make up this volume. These papers were originally presented at a Geological Society meeting in London in May 1983. The volume is divided into three main parts. The first deals with concepts and methods of study, the second with depositional processes and environments, and the last with the stratigraphic record. Four topics merit discussion in many of the papers: the roles of primary productivity and stratification, or restricted circulation, in controlling organic matter preservation; the relationship between sedimentation rate and the organic content of potential source rocks; the palaeo-oceanographic characteristics of past oceans in contrast to those of the Plio-Pleistocene ones; and the need for a multidisciplinary approach to the study of organic-rich and associated sediments.
Pages: 434 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01137-8
44.
E-BOOK
The Nature of the Lower Continental Crust (1986)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 374 S.
ISBN: 0-632-01561-6
45.
E-BOOK
Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The 47 papers that make up this volume are gathered into eight groups that reflect current research themes: Role of fluid in rock deformation; Fracture and faulting; Instabilities and localization; Flow mechanisms and flow laws; Rock fabrics; Deformation of weak sediments; Experimental modelling using analogue materials; Deformation mechanisms and tectonics. Some of these sections contain review papers, presenting an introductory framework for those new to the subject but the volume is dominated by original research papers.
Pages: 522 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-58-3
46.
E-BOOK
Tectonic Events Responsible for Britain’s Oil and Gas Reserves (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Offshore UK exploration activities have resulted in the discovery of over 20 x 10 9 barrels of oil reserves and 70 x 10 12 cubic feet of recoverable gas, most of which is located in the North Sea Basin. The majority of papers presented in this volume concentrate on this area, where a particular and favourable tectonic evolution has led to the coincidence of good source rocks sufficiently deeply buried, good reservoir development and timely trap formation in relation to hydrocarbon generation and migration. It is the purpose of this volume to summarize the various tectonic phases which have contributed to the complex geological evolution of the British Isles and surrounding territorial waters and trace their impact upon the development of the hydrocarbon habitat.
Pages: 395 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-55-9
47.
E-BOOK
The Geometry of Normal Faults (1991)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: During the 1980s the increasing availability of seismic reflection data prompted an upsurge of interest in extensional tectonics, early work concentrating on ‘listric’ thrust-belt type models and the concepts of section balancing. However, earthquake seismology and detailed fault studies have shown recently that faults involved in crustal extension may be essentially planar. This volume concerns the geological setting and interpretation of both listric and planar normal faults. Normal faults are of particular importance in UK hydrocarbon exploration as they are directly or indirectly responsible for the majority of the pre-Tertiary oil and gas accumulations in the North Sea. As the economic size of fields reduces, the modern geologist will require an improved understanding of the origins, geometry and sealing capabilities of these faults. The volume is divided into four sections, dealing with: the geometry and kinematics of large-scale, crustal-stretching faults which typically delimit major hydrocarbon accumulations; case studies ranging from the small-scale fractures associated with the movement of salt to the large-scale intra-plate kinematics of whole fault arrays; studies of detailed displacement patterns shown by individual faults and small fault arrays; and modelling studies of normal fault geometry. The editors believe that this volume will clarify the circumstances in which the diverse models of normal fault geometry might be applicable and thus provide a useful source of reference for both industry- and academia-based research workers. Another volume on extensional tectonics? Yes, but not only is this one very nicely put together, it is also very timely … The editors have wisely placed the emphasis on observations and data … Roberts et al. deserve a great deal of credit for the very high standard of presentation. Most of the contributions contain sensible stuff that is clearly written. Illustrations are excellent … and there are hardly any typos … Ican thoroughly recommend this book to both libraries and individuals.
Pages: 264 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-59-1
48.
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Glacimarine Environments : Processes and Sediments (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume examines the processes responsible for sedimentation in modern glacimarine environments, and how such modern studies can be used as analogues in the interpretation of ancient glacimarine sequences. Sediments released from glaciers grounded in tidewater, floating ice shelves, ice tongues, icebergs and sea ice form complex sequences governed by glaciological, oceanographic, sedimentary and biogenic controls. Ten per cent of the world’s oceans and epicontinental seas contain such active glacimarine environments, but during Cenozoic glacial periods this area was doubled. This book will, therefore, be of relevance to all scientists concerned with high and middle latitude marine environments. The early chapters are concerned largely with processes of sedimentation in modern glacimarine environments; examples are drawn from Alaska, the Canadian Arctic, Svalbard and Antarctica. Studies of ancient sequences, both Cenzoic and pre-Cenozoic, from the Barents Sea, Greenland, Sweden, Alaska and the northwest European continental shelf, form the latter part of the book.
Pages: 410 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-54-0
49.
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Petroleum Migration (1991)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Petroleum Migration follows petroleum from its generation in source rocks through migration to the reservoir or the surface. The book is divided into 4 parts. Part 1 deals with both the generation of petroleum by the thermal breakdown of kerogen and the expulsion of the petroleum from the source rock. Part 2 considers secondary migration: the procesess which control petroleum behaviour during its movement through relatively permeable carrier beds from the mudrock sequences, which contain source intervals, to the reservoir in the structural culmination of the carrier bed or other trap. Part 3 contains case studies which show how understanding of generation, expulsion and secondary migration can be used to explain the distribution of oil and gas in a basin and therefore, to predict the nature of the petoleum in an undrilled prospect. Part 4 examines leakage from accumulations.
Pages: 273 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-66-4
50.
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Ophiolites and their Modern Oceanic Analogues (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Conventional studies of oceanic structure and evolution are inevitably hampered by the difficulties with sampling the crust in the third dimension. Subsurface studies with deep seismic techniques provide some measure of understanding below the seafloor. Ophiolite studies, however, can provide a vast body of knowledge with regard to the deeper structure and crustal compositions, which is unattainable in the deep sea. In turn, many of the recent regional and detailed structures identified at mid-ocean spreading systems such as ridge segmentation patterns and ridge axis discontinuities, now form a significant contribution to recent studies of ophiolite complexes. The book will be of interest to academics from undergraduates upwards and also to industrial researchers concerned with metal sulphide and platinum group element deposits. Cover illustration: Deep-tow sidescan sonograph of the axial floor of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge around 24°N. Data were recorded using the IOSDL Towed Ocean Bottom Instrument. View is 6×8 km in a water depth of around 3500 m. Cratered seamounts, freshly mounded pillow constructs and linear fault scarps are clearly imaged. These currently active ridge processes compare directly with their ancient analogues discussed in this publication.
Pages: 325 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-69-9
51.
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Geology of the Brent Group (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Middle Jurassic Brent Group sediments, and their correlatives on the Norwegian Shelf are, in economic terms, the most important hydrocarbon reservoir in NW Europe. In 1971 the Brent Field was discovered by Shell/Esso and tested in 1972 with 1.8 billion barrels of recoverable oil. By 1988 discovered Brent hydrocarbons comprised some 490f the UK’s recoverable reserves, totalling 22.5 billion barrels of oil equivalent. Now that the UK Brent Province has reached maturity, this book provides a comprehensive review of the geology and petroleum geology of one of the world’s major petroleum reservoirs. With the contents covering exploration history, structural evolution, sequence stratigraphy, sedimentology, diagenests, palynology, hydrocarbon generation and migration, and petrophysics, the book will be of interest to geoscientists in many fields especially petroleum geologists, sedimentologists, petrophysicists and biostratigraphers.
Pages: 496 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-68-0
52.
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Origins and Evolution of the Antarctic Biota (1989)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 313 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-44-3
53.
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Geological Applications of Wireline Logs (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 354 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-45-1
54.
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Notes: This volume is the result of a conference on Alpine Tectonics held in 1987 under the auspices of The Geological Society of London. The conference was the second in a new series of meetings organized by the Society on controversial and topical subjects, and included the 1987 Fermor Lecture given by Professor K.J. Hsu. The Fermor Lecture was supported by 23 other contributions, 11 from non-British geologists, thus giving the meeting a strong international flavour. The volume contains 23 papers divided into three sections: Tectonic evolution of the external zones of the Alps; Internal and southern zones of the Alps; and Models of the development of the Alpine Chain, with the final chapter in the volume being the Fermor Lecture entitled Time and place in Alpine orogenesis. The book aims to represent current views, many of which are controversial, on a fascinating and rapidly-changing topic. The book should not be regarded as a monument, but rather as a milestone.
Pages: 433 S.
ISBN: 0-632-02508-5
55.
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Phanerozoic Ironstones (1989)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Ironstones, particularly ooidal ironstones, have long fascinated sedimentary geologists and have generated an enormous variety of interpretations, but have remained poorly understood. A recent upsurge in interest in this group of rocks has generated much new information derived from many different disciplines within the earth sciences. The first part of this introduction examines recent advances, and attempts to produce a synthesis of them, with particular reference to the genesis of marine ooidal ironstones. Current models for the formation of marine oolitic ironstone-formations are discussed, and a working model based on various lines of recent research is proposed. This model invokes the intrasedimentary formation of berthierine ooids in marine environments during post-oxic diagenesis. The ooids may be mechanically modified and mineralogically transformed by reworking, as well as by later diagenesis. Goethite ooids may be oxidized berthierine ooids, reworked lateritic ooids or primary grains. The formation of oolitic ironstone-formations is favoured by a break in clastic sediment supply, continued supply of iron and physical reworking. Many sedimentary environments may supply these parameters, but changes in sea level leading to the flooding of land masses and the reworking of suitable terrestrial soils may be both an important source for the iron and provide a break in clastic sediment supply. In the second part of this introduction the terminology and classification are discussed, and conventions proposed. The term berthieroid is introduced as a non-specific term for material of undetermined berthierine or chamosite composition. The term ironstone is proposed as a petrological term and as an informal lithostratigraphic term. A deposit composed of ironstones may be termed an ironstone-formation. It is recommended that a ‘Dunham’ style of classification is employed petrographically, with -ironstone replacing the -stone of the original carbonate classification. The nomenclature of allochems in ironstones is also discussed. A glossary of ironstone terminology is provided.
Pages: 244 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-43-5
56.
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The Cadomian Orogeny (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Cadomian orogeny was first defined over 60 years ago to describe the earth movements which resulted in an unconformity between an Upper Proterozoic supracrustal sequence, namely the Brioverian, and Cambrian molasse in the north Armorican region. Since that time the terminology has been extended to encompass an extensive orogenic cycle lasting from approximately 700 - 450 Ma recorded in a belt running from the northern Appalachians to Armorica and the Southern British Isles. This volume is the first to collect together the views of workers from a variety of geological disciplines working on a range of aspects of Cadomian geological evolution. The 27 contributions contained provide both reviews and detailed studies of such topics as basement/cover relationships, nature of supracrustal sequences, deformation, metamorphism and magmatism. Lithological, geochemical, geochronological and palaeomagnetic data presented allow petrogenetic and evolutionary models to be erected and assessed and correlations to be considered within the Cadomian belt so that global geodynamic evolutionary models may be postulated. The Volume thus provides an essential reference to current thinking on the Cadomian orogeny and the date to guide future research. Part 1 is concerned with the Cadomian orogeny in the Armorican Massif Starting with a review of the Cadomian orogeny, the contributors discuss Cadomian magmatism and tectonics of northern France and the Channel Islands. Part 2 examines the Cadomian orogeny in other parts of the world, including the UK, Ireland, Iberia and Canada.
Pages: 423 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-47-8
57.
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Phosphorite Research and Development (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The aim of this volume is to present the scientific results and ideas that have arisen from research carried out in recent years by geological surveys, universities and other establishments in many parts of the world. The occurrence of phosphorites in a sedimentary succession is almost certainly indicative of dramatic changes in palaeoenvironment and sedimentation. Phosphorites also provide the basis for the World's fertilizer industry forming the backbone of modern intensive agriculture. Few naturally-occurring raw materials have offered such a combination of great socio-economic importance and fundamental scientific significance. This volume starts with a comprehensive review of phosphorite research by the former leaders of International Geological Correlation Project 156 on Phosphorites. 21 papers by an international list of contributors follow. These cover many aspects of phosphorite research and discuss phosphorite occurrences in many parts of the world.
Pages: 320 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-53-2
58.
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The Geology and Tectonics of the Oman Region (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Oman Mountains form probably the world's best exposed deformed continental margin and, as such, the region is an ideal field laboratory for the study of fundamental processes including rifting, passive margin development and thrust tectonics. The contributors discuss the sedimentary and structural evolution of the Mesozoic continental margin which is particularly relevant to oil and gas exploration in Oman. Several papers concentrate on the previously geologically unknown area outside the Oman Mountains following realisation of the major hydrocarbon potential of the Palaeozoic sequences of Southern Oman. Three final papers set the Oman area in its Middle Eastern plate tectonic context, including Iran. This unique synthesis will interest earth scientists concerned with hydrocarbon habitat, structural geology, sedimentology and palaeoceanography.
Pages: 831 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-46-X
59.
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Tectonics and Seismic Sequence Stratigraphy (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Sedimentary basins with a marine connection show significant stratigraphic variations that result from eustatic sea-level fluctuation. Other key factors that control stratigraphy include the availability of sediment and the role of tectonically induced subsidence and uplift. Tectonic activity is important in most sedimentary basins as it is a causal mechanism for the production of certain regionaland local-scale sequence boundaries, generating accommodation space, altering base levels and controlling source areas. This collection of academic and industrial studies addresses the relative roles of tectonics, eustasy and sediment supply in generating stratigraphy. This volume will be of interest to petroleum geologists and researchers in sequence stratigraphy.
Pages: 219 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-87-7
60.
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Characterization of Fluvial and Aeolian Reservoirs (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Sedimentological research has traditionally produced geological models primarily relevant to hydrocarbon exploration, focusing predominantly on location and external geometry of sediment bodies and underplaying the importance of the internal reservoir framework. This failure severely inhibits the application of new and sophisticated technologies to improve recovery efficiencies. It-is reservoir architecture, the internal fabric and structure of a reservoir, that ultimately controls the paths of fluid migration during oil and gas emplacement and subsequent extraction. This architecture is, in turn, the product of the depositional and diagenetic processes that created the reservoir. If an understanding of the origin of the reservoir is developed, reservoir architecture, and hence fluid-flow paths, becomes predictable. This volume assesses the current position of predictive geoscience for fluvial and aeolian systems, documents recent advances in methods and understanding and highlights outstanding problems. The authors form a wide spectrum of geoscientists from industry and academia, with leaders in the science providing review papers in their field of specialization. The volume naturally divides into four sections: fluvial reservoirs, aeolian reservoirs, structure and methods.
Pages: 442 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-90-7
61.
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The Dynamics and Environmental Context of Aeolian Sedimentary Systems (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The past 20 years have seen a major surge of interest in aeolian processes and environments, particularly due to concern about the effects of changes in global climate and sea-level on desert regions and coastal zones. Recent studies of aeolian deposits have made it possible to test hypotheses which relate major phases of aeolian activity to changes in climate and sea-level. Dust deposits in ocean sediments, and thick sequences of aeolian sand, loess and palaeosols have revealed some of the most complete and detailed evidence of the environmental changes which affected continental areas during the Quaternary and earlier. The studies presented here range from short-term experiments on individual grain movement and grain-bed collisions during aeolian transport, to investigations of long-term climatic, eustatic and tectonic controls on the development of sand seas. This book reviews the current understanding of aeolian sedimentology and geomorphology and the relationships between climate, sea-level and aeolian transport and deposition. It will be of interest to sedimentologists, geomorphologists and environmental scientists.
Pages: 323 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-88-5
62.
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Exploration Britain : Geological Insights for the Next Decade (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: It is estimated that over 43 billion barrels of oil equivalents have been discovered on the UK continental shelf, approximately one third of which have now been produced. The need to replace reserves that will be produced during the 1990s from the much bigger fields that were found during the earlier exploration period is recognized as a tough challenge. This book is desigened to help. The volume is divided into three sections: methods, studies and case histories.
Pages: 305 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-82-6
63.
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Braided Rivers (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Braided rivers are of considerable importance to the geologist, geomorphologist and engineer and an understanding of their dynamics and deposits holds many key economic applications. This book presents the first interdisciplinary approach to the study of braided rivers, with comprehensive views on their dynamics, sedimentation and economic applications with examples drawn from modern and ancient braided rivers. Braided rivers form some of the world's largest lowland rivers and are common in upland and proglacial settings. They are the agents of substantial erosion, deposition and landscape evolution. For the geomorphologist and engineer, braided rivers often pose considerable problems through their high rates of sediment transport, rapid bank erosion, substantial bed scour and frequent channel shifting. Braidplain behaviour may therefore dictate the design of within-channel structures, such as bridges, as well as those on the floodplain such as roads and flood embankments. Braidplain management becomes especially important in parts of the world where these rivers dominate regions of high population density. Geologically, braided river deposits form some of the largest and most valuable aquifers, hydrocarbon reservoirs, placers and aggregate deposits. An understanding of their facies architecture, heterogeneity and the controls upon deposition is essential for the effective exploitation of resources as well as in the interpretation and reconstruction of ancient sedimentary environments.
Pages: 412 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-93-1
64.
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Magmatic Processes and Plate Tectonics (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume is a collection of papers to celebrate the life and work of Professor lan Gass. The research themes cover many of the subjects which most interested him, especially processes operating in oceanic crust. The introductory papers examine evolution of magmas from mantle melting to eruption. A central section concerns ophiolite complexes. Several papers focus on different aspects of the Troodos ophiolite complex in Cyprus, where lan first recognized that sheeted dykes within the ophiolite sequence must have formed in an oceanic spreading environment. In addition, ophiolites ,are reviewed and examined in terms of tectonics, magmatic and mantle textures, metallogenesis and hydrothermal alteration. A further section concentrates on tectonics and the genesis of magmas associated with collision and subduction. This contrasts with continental rifting and the effects of mantle plumes. This collection of papers covers a broad range of topics from processes in the mantle to those in the oceanic crust. The volume will be of interest to all scientists concerned with igneous processes and global tectonics.
Pages: 520 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-94-X
65.
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Coal and coal-bearing strata as oil-prone source rocks? (1994)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The role of coal and coal-bearing strata in the formation of oil has long been debated. Increasing evidence is being provided, mainly from geochemical data, that coal and coal-bearing strata, at least of some ages and in some places, may give rise to significant quantities of oil. Most arguments concerning oil formation from terrigenous organic matter have been based on an examination of a single source of data (e.g. geochemistry). Many research areas have, however, an impact on the debate including geochemistry, palaeobotany, petroleum and coal geology. The need for a multi- and interdisciplinary approach to the study of the problem is highlighted by this volume. Specific attention is paid to research from different areas and disciplines. Key topics addressed include: • Where do terrigenous-sourced oils exist and what are the limits of our knowledge of them? • Geochemical characterization and interpretation of terrigenous oils. • Evolution of plants and implications for oil generation. • Oil generation and expulsion from coals and coal-bearing strata. These key topics are covered in major review chapters which incorporate significant new data. In addition, case studies highlight specific problems or areas of study. This volume will be of interest to all geologists, geochemists and palaeobotanists with interests in petroleum or coal geology, and to both those in industry and academia. It will act as a focus for future research on the general area of petroleum-source rocks and oil-prone coals, in particular.
Pages: 205 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-99-0
66.
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European Coal Geology (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Despite extensive closure of underground mines throughout the European Union, coal remains a major energy source and the growing energy demands of developing countries mean that the world's coal consumption continues to increase. The European Union has long-established coalfields and considerable research experience in coal exploitation and use, all of which will be important in the future development of coal. This volume covers many aspects of European coal geology and illustrates the depth and breadth of research from sedimentological, geochemical and exploration models, to exploration drilling and economic evaluation of coal deposits, on a local and country-wide scale, as well as the environmental aspects of coal burning and disposal of C02. The book will fill a gap in the literature on regional coal deposits, having encouraged papers in which description of such deposits is specifically orientated towards the application of the research in the exploration for, exploitation of and environmental considerations required in the study of coal. The well-balanced content of the book should provide a particularly attractive read for those who seek an update on some of the coal deposits of Europe. Such an extensive spectrum of papers will appeal to a wide audience, ranging from researchers, lecturers and students to professionals in industry.
Pages: 323 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-19-5
67.
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Marine Palaeoenvironmental Analysis from Fossils (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume critically reviews the use of fossils for the analysis of palaeoenvironments. The papers are multi-disciplinary, drawing on a host of geochemical, palaeoecological and palaeontological methods from traditional taxonomic uniformitarianism to more recently developed geochemical isotopic analyses. The approach of the book is analytical rather than taxonomic, concentrating on a range of techniques. The common thread, however, is that it is palaeontological material that is being considered, whether it be identifiable body fossils, trace fossils, distinctive fossil associates, diagenetically unaltered material or organic compounds. Using a number of methods, and comparing their results, allows different environmental controls to be isolated and provides more information on the record of past environmental parameters. The volume focuses on the data obtained from organisms and their remains and will be of importance to sedimentologists, stratigraphers and palaeontolgists who need to maximize their palaeoenvironmental interpretations of depositonal environments, facies models, sequence stratigraphy and palaeoclimates.
Pages: 264 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-21-7
68.
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New Developments in Improved Oil Recovery (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume contains a series of 26 articles presenting new developments in the areas of reservoir characterization, water and gas injection, oil rim developments, chemical recovery and thermal recovery. The results of both laboratory studies and field applications are discussed. The contents of this volume demonstrate that, on the whole, improved oil recovery methods have a bright future, even though some of the more advanced processes are uneconomic at current prices. The contributions in this volume were carefully selected from recent papers on improved oil recovery methods and are written by an international field of authors from both industry and academia.
Pages: 286 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-22-5
69.
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Geofluids : Origin, Migration and Evolution of Fluids in Sedimentary Basins (1994)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Geological fluids are a central theme linking the petrography and chemistry of all rock types, deformation processes on the microscopic to the continental scale, and the concentration of economic resources. The fundamental importance of fluid migration and evolution to rock composition and structure is reflected in a growing interest in fluid processes, including a series of successful conferences on water-rock interaction. he papers in this volume are intended to give a review of the whole spectrum of current geofluids research. The papers include international case studies and are written by leading experts in the field. - First overview of fluids research - Examples of commercial applications of fluids research - Reviews research for the non-specialist - Up-to-date extensive bibliographies - Promotes methodological transfer between oil and minerals industries - Explains theory behind and consequences of fluid flow processes
Pages: 361 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-05-0
70.
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Mineral Resource Evaluation II : Methods and Case Histories (1994)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The chapters in this volume cover a wide range of activities in the field of mineral resource are described, including exploration drilling, sampling, resource estimation, mine design, financial evaluation and mine sampling and grade control. The volume also gives case histories from all over the world, including Canada, USA, Chile, Ghana, Sweden, Zambia, Ireland and the UK, covering the evaluation of manganese, phosphate, coal, limestone, gold, base metals and kaolin deposits. One notable aspect of this volume is the number of chapters that deal with mineral resource definitions. A mineral resource is a means to an end, not an end in itself. The aim is to develop a mine that will mazimize the Net Present Value for the shareholders. It is therefore important to define resources sufficiently accurately to convince the banks to lend the necessary 75–800f the money required to develop the mine. This volume will be an essential reference for mine and mineral exploration geologists and engineers and financial experts working in mineral commodities and mine financing. It will also be of interest to undergraduate and postgraduate students of mining, geology and environmental sciences.
Pages: 263 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-06-3
71.
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Hydrocarbon Habitat in Rift Basins (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Provides an overview of the geology and hydrocarbon habitat of rift basins in a variety of geographical settings and of diverse geological ages. It stems from the boom in rift basin exploration which occurred throughout the 1980s, from recognition early in the decade that lacustrine shales can be excellent source rocks, and from some notable exploration successes. This exploration activityled to a substantial increase in the available subsurface data which, in turn,fuelled a rapid expansion in the understanding of rift basin geology, a topic which remains at the forefront of geological research for both academic and petroleum industry workers. Collectively the various papers on models and case studies lead the reader to the inescapable conclusion that each rift basin is a unique geological entity, yet that all are variations on a common theme. The models illustrate the major progress that has been made recently towards defining that theme and in recognizing the variations on it. The case studies clearly demonstrate that it is often those variations which determine the hydrocarbon habitat of a specific rift basin. Future research and continued hydrocarbon exploration in rift basins will further refine the models, define more clearly the general characteristics of all rifts, better delineate the range of possible variations on the common theme and refine and improve exploration strategies. The book will be of interest to petroleum geologists in industry and academia.
Pages: 371 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-15-2
72.
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Volcanism Associated with Extension at Consuming Plate Margins (1994)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Geoscientists need to familiarize themselves with the characteristics of actual plate motions. A popular, current thesis relates the state of stress to the degree of coupling of the two convergent plates. Recent two-dimentional, finite element modelling has demonstrated how the stress in the overriding plate is critically dependent on wether the subduction zone is locked (i.e. high degree of coupling) or unlocked. Thus the compressional stress regime occurs in locked systems, and extensional strees in unlocked systems; a gradient from compression in the fore-arc to extension in the back-arc is said to characterize partially locked system. However, studies of the strain field in real cases (modern arc regions) clearly indicate the prevalence of subhorizontal extension orientated nearly perpendicular to the arc. Implicit in these real observations is the suggestion that stresses resulting from plate coupling are either not transmitted to the volcanic arc, or else locked subduction zones are uncommon and extension may be the normal mode of behaviour. The rationale and evidence for extension and coeval volcanism at consuming plate margins is presented. Using mainly Cenozoic case histories for oceanic and continental margin arcs, structural evidence is presented, which demonstrates that volcanism in most arc systems is contemporaneous with normal faulting and subsidence as a general case. Representive, modern geochemical data sets are provided and integrated in a petrological discussion for each case history. The western Pacific, now widely regard as a type region for the study of convergent plate margin processes, is particularly well represented. Also included is evidence from less commonly insvestigated regions, where subduction has ceased or is no longer obvious but an association with an arc is unequivocal. By these means, it is hoped that this volume contains a representative cross-section of current research on extension-related arc volcanism in broadest sense, and that it will stimulate further discussion and research into the complex tectonics and petrology of covergent plate margins.
Pages: 285 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-17-9
73.
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Classic Petroleum Provinces (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Classic Petroleum Provinces are still the world's major producers of hydrocarbons and will continue to be so well into, and through, the 21st century. In recent years there has been a proliferation of publications on "Future Petroleum Provinces" in the hope that new exploitable hydrocarbon reserves will be discovered. However, the petroleum industry's present and likely future existence will continue to be focussed in the classic petroleum provinces of the world In recent years new data, new understandings, new interpretations, applications of modern concepts and re-evaluation of these new mature areas, fields and basins have resulted in the discovery of major new hydrocarbon accumulations. Many of these basins are not only classic petroleum provinces, but also classic geological provinces but also classic geological provinces
Pages: 557 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-48-6
74.
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Groundwater Pollution, Aquifer Recharge and Vulnerability (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The primary groundwater management issue in many countries today is pollution. This may derive from a point source, perhaps a leaking solvent store at a factory, or it may be diffuse, such as the threat posed by the use of agricultural fertilisers and pesticides. The key to understanding the transport of a pollutant from the ground surface or near surface into a n aquifer is an understanding of recharge. In turn, this allows the vulnerability of aquifers to pollution to be classified and appropriate land zones to be defined. Land zonation of different classes of aquifer vulnerability is a valuable tool for management and planning. In this volume the recent developments within the interlinked areas of groundwater pollution, aquifer recharge and vulnerability are highlighted. The book provides an up-to-date description of the relationship between pollution, recharge and vulnerability set against the current groundwater protection policies of the UK amd Republic Ireland. It also provides keynote overviews for each topic. This Special Publication will be of interest to academic and consulting hydrogeologists and environmental scientist.
Pages: 217 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-98-5
75.
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Modern and Ancient Continental Shelf Anoxia (1991)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume is unique in its consideration of severe oxygen depletion in coastal shelf waters from the perspectives of both marine ecology and geology. Seasonal anoxia is a serious problem in the coastal waters of Europe, North America and Japan. Its drastic impact on environmental quality and on marine inshore fisheries has stimulated intensive research, in particular into the relative roles of biological and meteorological variables and of anthropogenic eutrophication. However, continental shelf anoxia is not a new phenomenon: at many times in the geological past vast areas of extensive shelf seas experienced episodes of severe oxygen depletion that lasted from thousands to millions of years, depositing most of the source beds for the world's hydrocarbon reserves. This fact stimulated intensive research into the sedimentology, palaeoecology and organic and inorganic geochemistry of these sediments. The editors' introductory review highlights the significance of the modern studies for an improved understanding of the ancient oxygen-deficient continental shelf environments. Accounts of modern anoxia are then presented, from areas as diverse as the Gulf of Mexico. New York Bight, Chesape.ake Bay, the Adriatic Sea, SW Africa and Peru-Chile. These are followed by Devonian to Tertiary examples of ancient anoxic facies from the USA, Greenland, Germany, UK, Brazil. France and Hungary. It is hoped that this book will inspire further research into this economically and environmentally important phenomenon.
Pages: 460 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-67-2
76.
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Groundwater Contaminants and Their Migration (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This Special Publication presents a largely UK persperctive on groundwater contamination, 'warts' and all. It gives the international reader an oppurtunity to assess the standing of British contaminant hydrogeology in the world today. There are also international papers on organic contamination at industrial sites in the USA, minewater pollution from France and data, previously unavailable, from the major liquid radioactive waste disposal operation in Tomsk, Central Siberia. We hope that this compilation will enable both the experienced hydrogeologist and the interested scientist to discover how we have polluted, investigated and attempted to clean up mankind's most precious geological resource-groundwater
Pages: 360 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-95-0
77.
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The Development, Evolution and Petroleum Geology of the Wessex Basin (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Wessex Basin consists of a system of post-Variscan sedimentary depocentres and intra-basinal highs that developed across central southern England and adjacent offshore areas. It is part an extensive network of Mesozoic intracratonic basins that covered much of NW Europe. Like many of the other basins around the British Isles, it records the effects of Cenozoic intraplate contraction and structural inversion. The Wessex Basin is volumentrically the most important UK onshore petroleum province and includes the highly productive Wytch Farm oilfield, the largest onshore oilfield in Western Europe. The papers in this book use subsurface data, largely obtained in the successful quest for hydrocarbons, and information from outcrops to provide up-to-date insights into the development, evolution and petroleum geology of this interesting and important region.
Pages: 413 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-99-3
78.
E-BOOK
Upwelling Systems : Evolution Since the Early Miocene (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Where winds blow persistently alongshore, surface waters are forced offshore and replaced by highly productive, nutrient-rich water upwelling from below. Because of this high productivity, bottom sediments beneath upwelling systems are enriched in organic matter and microfossils of planktonic organisms, the abundance of which is a signal of upwelling intensity. Changes in climate affect the intensity of upwelling and are recorded in the sediments by strong changes in indicators of upwelling activity. Thus studies of the history of upwelling from sedimentary information can give us a clearer view of local and global changes in climate through time than we might see in other areas of the ocean where the variations in oceanography induced by climate change are more subtle. The authors focus on results from deep ocean drilling expeditions, particularly those off NW and SW Africa, Peru and Saudi Arabia. These have allowed more advanced models to be developed of the temporal and spatial palaeoenvironmental patterns associated with upwelling systems since the Early Miocene. The editors hope that this book will help to identify and explain the causes and characteristics of persistent upwelling systems, how they respond to climatic forcing and the global teleconnection between them; and make this information accessible to a wide community. Upwelling Systems will appeal to marine geologists and geochemists, palaeoceanographers, palaeoclimatologists and petroleum geologists.
Pages: 510 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-78-8
79.
E-BOOK
Developments in Sedimentary Provenance Studies (1991)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The study of sedimentary provenance requires a multidisciplinary approach and has increasingly drawn both techniques and objectives from fields outside sedimentology. Aspects of igneous and metamorphic petrology, geochemistry, geochronology and isotope geology now complement petrographic methods, with the aim of achieving a deeper understanding of the origins, evolution and significance of sedimentary rocks, the basins in which they reside, and the source terrains which flank them. This volume contains a selection of papers which illustrate the more sophisticated approach to provenance work which is now possible, and some of the benefits to be reaped. The volume will be of interest to both those involved with, or contemplating, provenance work, and the wider audience to whom the results of such studies may provide fresh insight.
Pages: 376 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-56-7
80.
E-BOOK
Basins on the Atlantic Seaboard : Petroleum Geology, Sedimentology and Basin Evolution (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume represents a multi-disciplinary research effort into the development of basins of carboniferous to Tertiary age on the North West Seaboard of the British Isles and includes 30 contributions from oil company personnel, university research groups, consultants and geological surveys. The series of basins which stretches from west of Shetland to the west coast of Ireland constitutes one of the largest basin systems in Europe. Regions covered in this volume include the Hebrides, off-shore N Ireland/SW Scotland, onshore N Ireland, the Porcupine Basin and the Celtic Seas. All of these regions are attracting the attention of hydrocarbon exploration programmes and have already seen drilling activity. This interest is reflected in papers on basin burial and thermal histories, source rock potential, depositional models for reservoir rocks and diagenetic studies. Beyond the British Isles, papers are included on the NE Atlantic Seaway and the Canadian Margin, and several authors make comparisons between the Canadian and European Margins. The models and data reported in the volume will be of value to all concerned with an area which has an important future both in hydrocarbon exploration and in fundamental research into basin evolution.
Pages: 464 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-76-1
81.
E-BOOK
Case Histories and Methods in Mineral Resource Evaluation (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume covers a wide spectrum of activities in the field of mineral resource evaluation ranging from exploration models to exploration drilling and sampling, to ore reserves, to mine design, to financial evaluation, to mine sampling and grade control, and finally to reconciliation between estimated and mill recovered grades. The resources considered show a similarly large range and include precious and base metals, industrial minerals, coal, clay and aggregates. Deposits include examples from Australia, Chile, western USA, Bangladesh, Zimbabwe and the UK. In addition many chapters consider the application of geostatistics as well as discussing the inherent problems with the technique and the need to take more account of the local mine geology. Though many geologists have had their fingers burnt in the past by applying geostatistics without adequate understanding of the method, there is clearly a greater appreciation of its values and greater willingness to experiment further with the technique. Some of the case histories presented in this volume will be of value to those mine geologists who seek more practical guidance. The book will be of interest to geologists in industry and academia especially those concerned with mining and mineral resources.
Pages: 305 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-79-6
82.
E-BOOK
Geological Applications of Wireline Logs II (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Since the publication of Geological Applications of Wireline Logs in 1990, there have been many new developments in the technology of wireline logging tools and in the correlation and interpretation of downhole measurements. This volume provides extensive documentation of the diversity of geological and geophysical problems which can be addressed by wireline log data. High-density/high-resolution log measurements now appear to be an integral part of the characterization of petroleum reservoirs; there is increasing interest in the use of logs for quantitative determinations of the physical properties of rocks; there is also abundant evidence for the importance of integrating geological and geophysical data are different scales and the potential benefits of multidisciplinary approaches to problem solving. The editors hope that Geological Applications of Wireline Logs II will, in common with the earlier volume, act as a milestone in its field.
Pages: 394 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-80-X
83.
E-BOOK
Himalayan Tectonics (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Himalayan chain has long been recognized as a spectacular example of the result of continent-continent collision, in this case, the result of the closure of Tethys and the subsequent collision and indentation of the Indian plate into the collage of plates or terranes that made up Central Asia some 50 Ma ago. Although the effects of that collision are recognized over a much larger region than that of the Himalaya alone, the Himalayan region forms an excellent field laboratory in which to study the, still continuing, orogenic-related processes of deformation, crustal thickening, metamorphism and melting, and foreland basin evolution. The studies that make up this volume represent all aspects of the geological sciences and have been divided into six regionally and tectonically distinct settings: Karakoram and Afghanistan; North and West Pakistan; Tethyan Himalaya; High Himalaya; Main Central Thrust Zone; Main Boundary Thrust, Lesser Himalaya and beyond.
Pages: 621 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-92-3
84.
E-BOOK
The Hydrogeology of Crystalline Basement Aquifers in Africa (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Basement aquifers are of particular importance in tropical and sub-tropical regions both because of their widespread extent and accessibility and because there is often no alternative source of water supply readily available, particularly for rural populations. The present failure rates, variability of yields and maintenance problems of boreholes and wells in basement aquifers point to the need for greater understanding of the hydrogeological principles involved. It is hoped that this book will go some way towards meeting this need and will become essential reading for those involved in the hydrogeology of basement aquifers in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Although this book concentrates on sub-Saharan Africa, these principles apply equally to Southern Asia, South America and Australia.
Pages: 257 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-77-X
85.
E-BOOK
Advances in Reservoir Geology (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Owing to the maturity of exploration in the North Sea Basin, reservoir geology will increasingly focus on the exploitation of smaller and technically more demanding hydrocarbon accumulations and the need to maximize reserves from the established producing fields. More refined geological reservoir interpretation and modelling are therefore required. This book details new methods, and the improved use of existing methods in such areas as sequence stratigraphy, petrography, sedimentology, inorganic geochemistry, production logging, quantitative image analysis of pore structure, the dipmeter tool and permeability imaging; and the integration of data from a variety of these sources, including outcrop-derived data.
Pages: 232 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-84-2
86.
E-BOOK
High Resolution Stratigraphy (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Topics covered range from classical biostratigraphy to molecular biomarkers, by way of trace element and isotope chemostratigraphy, magnetic polarity and susceptibility, and a small number of papers describe some numerical methods. There is no bias here towards deep ocean sediment stratigraphy, and the Mesozoic and Palaeozoic are as well represented as the Tertiary and Quatemary. The reader will certainly gain a good impression of the wide range of stratigraphic activities and subject areas in which improvements to resolution are being actively sought.
Pages: 350 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-86-9
87.
E-BOOK
Magmatism and the Causes of Continental Break-up (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: "...represents a timely and welcome contribution to the field as it comprises semi-review articles dealing with magma generation and break-up processes, as well as syntheses from selected examples of CFB provinces. In addition there are several case studies (both geochemical and geophysical) which examine specific issues in detail. Even in isolation many of these articles are exceptionally useful, either as distillations of current thinking, or as new contributions of ideas and~or data. Together, however, they combine to create a comprehensive volume covering much of our present understanding.., of the causal relationships between lithospheric extension, rifting, thermal anomalies and magmatism. 'Janet Hergt in Chemical Geology, vol. 109, p356 '...should be within reach of all geoscientists seriously interested in continental flood volcanism and mechanisms of continental break-up. It provides a fascinating picture of the current state of knowledge of continental break-up on a global scale and highlights the complexity of the driving forces of break-up and the origins of associated basaltic rocks... In general, this is an important book which provides a solid foundation for developing understanding of modern continental rift tectonics and for the interpretation of continental rift geology and magmatism in the geological record. Every university geology library should buy it.' G. Wheller in Australian Geologist No 88, p41 '...breadth of subject matter, the diversity of the authors and the speed of publication all conspire to make this an excellent 'research in progress' volume. This is not a collection of similar papers reporting a consensual view, but a far more useful picture of the state of the art. In particular, it covers both the well-known examples of continent break-up apparently related to 'plume' magmatism, as well as examples where break-up manifestly has nothing to do with hot upwellings... This book should be in every library of Earth Science.' D. Pyle in Geological Magazine, vol. 131, p732 '...provides a wealth of information and stimulating ideas for geologists interested in breakup tectonics, magmatism and stratigraphy.., should be a required acquisition for university and research libraries.' Warren Manspeizer in Earth Science Reviews, vol. 35, p327
Pages: 393 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-83-4
88.
E-BOOK
Geological Processes on Continental Margins : Sedimentation, Mass-Wasting and Stability (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: There has lately been a growth in the level of study of continental margins. Apart from increased scientific interest, studies of continental margins have now taken on a much higher commercial profile, largely because of the oil industry’s move off the shelf into increasingly deeper waters world-wide. The variation and disturbance of sediments on slopes make them ideal areas for the generation, migration and entrapment of hydrocarbons. The three topics considered in this volume are of particular significance to continental margin development. The 19 papers provide a sample of recent and current work with an emphasis on processes active beyond the shelf break. Individual researchers have unsurprisingly tended to concentrate on specific types of process, having chosen study areas well suited to the investigation of specific phenomena. The key distinction of processes is that between downslope, alongslope and hemipelagic processes. There is, however, increasing recognition that all these need to be integrated to produce a model of continental margin development. The processes will differ in importance in space and time, but their interrelationship needs to be understood, and background processes must be appreciated. A notable contribution of this volume is an increased awareness of the importance of alongslope processes within this model. It is thought that in ten years’ time as much as 25% of oil will be extracted from deep-water fields. An understanding of continental margin processes is therefore becoming crucial to the safe development of deep-water oilfields. The papers in this volume thus have considerable actual or potential commercial value.
Pages: 350 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-97-7
89.
E-BOOK
Geological Evolution of Ocean Basins : Results from the Ocean Drilling Program (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Advances in the field of marine geoscience through the medium of deep-ocean drilling have been rapid. The papers in this volume reflect the excitement of findings from recent legs of the Ocean Drilling Program. The book also provides invaluable syntheses of the vast quantity of drilling information collected over a period of more than 20 years. Together they provide a detailed picture of the evolution of the oceans since the late Mesozoic. The book is dedicated to Robert Kidd, who was Professor of Marine Geology at the University of Wales, Cardiff and was closely involved with both the planning and implementation of the Ocean Drilling Program strategy. The Geological Evolution of Ocean Basins: Results from the Ocean Drilling Program will be of benefit to marine geologists, sedimentologists, palaeoceanographers and structural geologists.
Pages: 316 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-003-7
90.
E-BOOK
Petroleum Geology of Southeast Asia (1997)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This topical volume gives rapid access to key aspects of the petroleum geology of SE Asia, including economic background, plate tectonic models, petrolium charging and reservoir systems, as well as detailed field amd reservoir studies. It provides substantial new data and interpretations on the oil and gas exploration of the region. There are ten oil and gas provinces in SE Asia, which individually contain more than 3 billion barrels of oil equivalent. This represents a considerable resource that has been actively exploited in the past, and continues to expand with further exploration. All the provinces are within Tertiary basins with Tertiary petroleum systems. Two main reservoir systems contribute to the majority of petroleum reserves in the region: deltaic clastics and carbonates, They were charged by two key source types: Lacustrine source rocks that are associated with 'oily' basins and paralic source rocks that are typical of gas prone basins. Key traps types are inversion anticlines and three-way-dip and fault-controlled in low net/gross clastic reservoirs, often with variable fluid types in stacked reservoirs with over 300 m pay zones. in the carbonate reservoirs, traps are characteristically broad regional drape features that are seldom full to spill.
Pages: 427 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-91-8
91.
E-BOOK
Structural Geology in Reservoir Characterization (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The two main aims of this Special Publication are to capture the wide range of rapidly expanding research in this area, which reflects the increasing importance of comprehensive ‘structural characterization’ in static reservoir descriptions, and to help promote synergy between the geosciences and petroleum engineering disciplines. The first aim is addressed by the sixteen papers of the volume, the majority of which cover a range of structural geological features, particularly faulted and fractured reservoirs, fault gouge properties, fault seal potential and fluid flow/simulation modelling in faulted and fractured reservoirs. The papers draw heavily on experience obtained in the North Sea. This volume is for geologists, geophysicists and reservoir simulation/petroleum engineers studying faulted and fractured reservoirs, particularly those interested in studying petroleum traps, predicting fluid flow or modelling structurally heterogeneous reservoirs.
Pages: 261 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-94-2
92.
E-BOOK
Petroleum Geology of North Africa (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: North Africa contains some 4% of the world’s remaining oil and gas reserves, and is now one of the most active exploration areas. This volume represents the first attempt at a compilation of the petroleum geology of North Africa, documenting a series of papers collected on the petroleum geology of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and the western part of Egypt. The main objectives of this book are to increase the level of documentation towards that appropriate for such major petroleum provinces and to facilitate the application of analogues between North African countries and beyond.
Pages: 432 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-004-5
93.
E-BOOK
European Coal Geology and Technology (1997)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Despite the decline in the coal mining industry across Europe during the last decade, coal continues to supply a major part of the growing global energy requirements, particularly in the developing countries. During this period there has been a shift in coal extraction techniques from deep underground mines to open pit mines, reflecting cheaper production costs in a market economy. It seems probable that the European coal industry is now entering a period of stability. However, the change to opencast mining has highlighted environmental issues and the need to solve these problems. This volume presents 39 papers written by coal scientists in the forefront of European coal research. The papers cover a wide spectrum of coal geology and technology, with sections on regional coal reserves, coal basin tectonics and stratigraphy, coal petrology and palaeontology, mineral matter in coal and the environment, mining geophysics, coal technology and coalbed methane. Many of the studies describe coal deposits from Central and Eastern Europe, some of which are not well known in the west, so that the papers and included references will provide an invaluable data source. This book will be of value to all coal scientists in both the extraction and energy industries and to academics. It will also be a useful reference for students at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
Pages: 440 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-86-1
94.
E-BOOK
Cenozoic Foreland Basins of Western Europe (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The volume provides a modern synthesis of foreland basin stratigraphy and structural geology. It covers the foothills and foreland basins of the northwestern Alps, the Pyrenees and the Betic thrust belt. The multidisciplinary approach includes both sedimentological and structural studies, plus numerical modelling as a tool to quantify and integrate the geological data. This book reults from the Integrated Basin Studies Project, which was funded by the European Commission. More than 200 researchers from 38 institutions in 15 countries have collaborated in the IBS project. Several papers from outside the project have also been included to provide the reader with a more comprehensive overview of Western Europe's Cenozoic foreland basins. This volume concentrates on scientific research, but many oil companies are actively exploring the foothills of thrust belts throughout the world, and this book will be an invaluable reference work for exploration geologists as well as for academics.
Pages: 422 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-015-0
95.
E-BOOK
High Resolution Sequence Stratigraphy : Innovations and Applications (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: In recent years there has been a huge expansion in studies using high resolution sequence stratigraphic techniques. Sequence stratigraphy has evolved from the original concepts of seismic stratigraphy to a scale above seismic resolution. Concepts developed at outcrop are now being successfully applied to subsurface data sets and are providing a greatly improved understanding of facies geometries and reservoir architecture. This has resulted in the reappraisal of the geology of regions which have been studied for many decades and sequence stratigraphy has developed into a powerful, predictive facies analysis tool for both the hydrocarbon industry and academic research. The papers in this volume illustrate the depth and breadth of current sequence stratigraphic research. Studies are included on many aspects of sequence stratigraphy, from both outcrop and subsurface data with examples from a wide range of countries. The volume will be of interest to research workers and professional geologists within the petroleum industry. … this book is well worth reading because it gives good examples of the state of the art in application of sequence stratigraphy, and because some new and important concepts are presented. It does not answer all the questions, but is a stepping stone toward a better understanding of the dynamics of sedimentary systems through time. Andre Strasser in Journal of Sedimentary Research, vol. 67, p. 248 The papers in this volume clearly illustrate the usefulness of sequence stratigraphy for interpreting a very wide range of successions. It also contains papers qualifying such usage. It is an essential acquisition
Pages: 365 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-48-9
96.
E-BOOK
Biotic Recovery From Mass Extinction Events (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Containing papers by leading authorities on several of the major extinction events of the geological record, the volume brings together new data on a wide range of floral and faunal groups. Several of the papers describe the recovery and recolonization processes following the extinction events while others discuss the problems of ‘survivor taxa’, ‘disaster taxa’ and ‘progenitor species’. The examples chosen come from geological successions in North America, South America, Europe, Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. The text is essential reading for palaeontologists, palaeobiologists, sedimentary geologists and all those involved in the debate over the cause and nature of extinction events.
Pages: 386 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-45-4
97.
E-BOOK
Sequence Stratigraphy in British Geology (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The papers in this volume cover surface and subsurface rocks from a wide range of stratigraphic ages and sedimentary environment, but in addressing the application of sequence stratigraphy to British geology, this book focuses on diverse aspects of sequence stratigraphy that tend to cut across divisions based on depositional environments or age alone. There are two main themes that run through most of the papers in this volume. (1) Biostratigraphical control is commonly so good in much of Britain that precise correlations are possible within and between basins. For this reasons, many of the British outcrop sections serve as standards that can be compared to the other areas around the world. (2) Many geologists have to work with the rocks they are given, rather than the rocks they would interpret by choice. Many, perhaps all, of the successions described in this volume may rightly be considered as difficult to interpret. However, as is demonstrated, sequence stratigraphical ideas can cast new light on problematic facies, and in return problematic facies can offer critical insights into the sequence stratigraphical model.
Pages: 269 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-49-7
98.
E-BOOK
Notes: Salt produces some of the most complex and beautiful deformation features on the Earth's surface, although few of these surface exposures have been examined in detail, as they are usually situated in remote hostile regions. However, salt diapirs have become a recent focus of attention because of their strategic importance in controlling hydrocarbon reserves, while their unique physical properties enable storage of hydrocarbons and toxic waste. The volume commences with analyses of outcrop, cave, mine and borehole information which add to our general understanding of internal diapir deformation patterns and overburden tectonics. Seismic imaging has also increased our knowledge of halokinesis, and several papers are presented on regional case studies. Numerical and physical modelling have provided a broader knowledge of geometry and processes. Such studies have led to new insights into what is physically possible. This volume draws on all these different approaches and should be a useful source of reference for both academic and industrial geologists.
Pages: 302 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-44-6
99.
E-BOOK
Orogeny Through Time (1997)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This book presents a series of review articles on nine important ancient orogens on Earth. Comparison of these mountain belts provides a wealth of information for the debate on whether there has been a change in mountain-building processes through the history of the Earth. As a precursor to these papers, the rheology of the Earth’s lithosphere through time is reviewed. Theoretical analysis and insight into the behaviour of the lithosphere of other planets constrain mechanical considerations of the Earth’s lithosphere. It is clear from these overviews that geodynamic concepts and modelling, and new techniques such as deep seismic profiling and geochronology are having a profound impact on orogenic studies. It is also clear that orogenesis must not be equated with the Wilson cycle, culminating in continent-continent collision. Subduction-related orogens and intraplate orogens are also significant.
Pages: 264 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-75-6
100.
E-BOOK
Correlation of the Early Paleogene in Northwest Europe (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The early Paleogene of northwest Europe has been the subject of intense investigation over the last 25 years, with important stimuli being provided by the search for oil and gas in the offshore basins and by lUGS-sponsored investigations of the onshore historical stage and stratotype sections. The book includes three categories of papers on the Paleocene and Eocene of NW Europe: detailed aspects of local stratigraphy in the North Sea, Denmark, Belgium, SE England and offshore NW Scotland; regional syntheses of the biostratigraphy and sequence stratigraphy in NW Europe; and papers placing the successions of NW Europe in a global context, primarily through correlation with oceanic sections of the eastern Atlantic. Topics covered include: biostratigraphy (foraminifera, calcareous nannofossils, dinoflagellate cysts, diatoms, mammals), isotope stratigraphy, tephrostratigraphy, igneous history, tectonic evolution, and sequence stratigraphy. The reader will have access to substantial amounts of new stratigraphic data and to compilations of existing data that are based on greatly improved regional and global stratigraphic frameworks.
Pages: 472 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-47-0

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