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  • Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
    Keywords: mobile devices ; wireless devices ; MANET
    Notes: A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a collection of two or more wireless devices with the capability to communicate with each other without the aid of any centralized administrator. Ad hoc networks have no fixed routers, these nodes can be connected dynamically in an arbitrary manner. MANETs, due to their operational characteristics, the dynamics of their changes and the precariousness of their resources, offer huge challenges due to the architecture and service nature in the next generation of mobile communications. MANETs play an important role in the future of next-generation networks. This special collection identifies and studies the most important concerns in MANETs, and includes contributions from researchers, academics, etc. | Contents: Chapter 1: Data-Gathering and Aggregation Protocol for Networked Carrier Ad Hoc Networks: The Optimal and Heuristic Approach by Chao Gao, Guorong Zhao and Jianhua Lu --- Chapter 2: A Composite Trust Model for Secure Routing in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks by Rutvij H. Jhaveri, Narendra M. Patel and Devesh C. Jinwala --- Chapter 3: Performance Analysis of Three Routing Protocols in MANET Using the NS-2 and ANOVA Test with Varying Speed of Nodes by Subhrananda Goswami, Subhankar Joardar, Chandan Bikash Das, Samarajit Kar and Dibyendu Kumar Pal --- Chapter 4: Cooperative Routing in Multi-Radio Multi-Hop Wireless Network by Kun Xie, Shiming He, Xin Wang, Dafang Zhang and Keqin Li --- Chapter 5: MANET Network in Internet of Things System by Rasa Bruzgiene, Lina Narbutaite and Tomas Adomkus --- Chapter 6: Radio Frequency-Based Indoor Localization in Ad-Hoc Networks by Mehdi Golestanian, Joshua Siva and Christian Poellabauer
    Pages: 146 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3109-0
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  • Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
    Keywords: gamma rays ; gamma radiation
    Notes: Gamma radiation has been discovered since more than a century and contributed in many achievements in human life. Continuous developments make it necessary to have more understandings and more discussions about well-established concepts as well as newly implemented hypothesis and applications of gamma rays. This book presents new visions of gamma ray spectrometry and applications. I hope this book can present part of the useful applications of gamma rays. | Contents: Chapter 1: Gamma-Ray Spectrometry and the Investigation of Environmental and Food Samples by Markus R. Zehringer --- Chapter 2: Dead Time in the Gamma-Ray Spectrometry by Salih Mustafa Karabıdak --- Chapter 3: Pseudo-gamma Spectrometry in Plastic Scintillators by Matthieu Hamel and Frédérick Carrel --- Chapter 4: Gamma Rays from Space by Carlos Navia and Marcel Nogueira de Oliveira --- Chapter 5: Extragalactic Gamma-Ray Background by Houdun Zeng and Li Zhang --- Chapter 6: Applications of Ionizing Radiation in Mutation Breeding by Özge Çelik and Çimen Atak --- Chapter 7: Neutron-Stimulated Gamma Ray Analysis of Soil by Aleksandr Kavetskiy, Galina Yakubova, Stephen A. Prior and Henry Allen Torbert --- Chapter 8: Effects of Gamma Radiation on Essential Oils: A Review by Clináscia Rodrigues Rocha Araújo, Geone Maia Corrêa, Viviane Gomes da Costa Abreu, Thiago de Melo Silva, Aura María Blandón Osorio, Patrícia Machado de Oliveira and Antônio Flávio de Carvalho Alcântara --- Chapter 9: Gamma Rays’ Effect on Food Allergen Protein by Marcia Nalesso Costa Harder and Valter Arthur
    Pages: 222 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3161-8
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  • Keywords: graphene ; graphite
    Notes: Graphene is, basically, a single atomic layer of graphite, an abundant mineral that is an allotrope of carbon that is made up of very tightly bonded carbon atoms organized into a hexagonal lattice. What makes graphene so special is its sp2 hybridization and very thin atomic thickness (of 0.345 Nm). These properties are what enable graphene to break so many records in terms of strength, electricity, and heat conduction (as well as many others). This book gathers valuable information about the surface chemistry of graphene, some of its properties (electrical, mechanical, etc.), and many of its modifications that can be taken into account. | Contents: Chapter 1: A Novel Grafting of Polymers onto the Surface of Graphene Oxide by Norio Tsubokawa, Takeshi Yamauchi, Kazuhiro Fujiki and Shingo Tamesue --- Chapter 2: Photoinduced Pseudospin Dynamical Effects in Graphene-Like Systems by Alexander López and Benjamin Santos --- Chapter 3: Bilayer Graphene as the Material for Study of the Unconventional Fractional Quantum Hall Effect by Janusz Edward Jacak --- Chapter 4: Graphene Derivatives: Controlled Properties, Nanocomposites, and Energy Harvesting Applications by Ulises Antonio Méndez Romero, Miguel Ángel Velasco Soto, Liliana Licea Jiménez, Jaime Álvarez Quintana and Sergio Alfonso Pérez García --- Chapter 5: Growth Study and Characterization of Single-Layer Graphene Structures Deposited on Copper Substrate by Chemical Vapour Deposition by Stefanos Chaitoglou, Enric Bertran and Jose Luis Andujar --- Chapter 6: Green Routes for Graphene Oxide Reduction and Self- Assembled Graphene Oxide Micro- and Nanostructures Production by Rebeca Ortega-Amaya, Yasuhiro Matsumoto, Esteban Díaz-Torres, Claudio Davet Gutierrez-Lazos, Manuel Alejandro Pérez-Guzmán and Mauricio Ortega-López --- Chapter 7: Tribological Aspects of Graphene-Aluminum Nanocomposites by Prashantha Kumar H.G. and Anthony Xavior M. --- Chapter 8: Controlled Functionalization of Graphene Layers by Maurizio Galimberti, Vincenzina Barbera and Annalisa Sironi --- Chapter 9: Synthesis of Graphene on Metal/SiC Structure by Petr Machac --- Chapter 10: Self-Assembly of Graphene Nanoribbons Induced by the Carbon Nanotube by Hui Li, Yifan Li and Wei Chen
    Pages: 256 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3139-7
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  • Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
    Keywords: signal processing ; antenna ; beam formation
    Notes: Spatial processing and smart antenna beam formation are considered as completely essential approaches to be employed for forthcoming progress in the standards and implementation of the wireless communication systems. The book aims, besides introducing up-to-date contributions that are not readily available in the related literature, to present and demonstrate the recent research ideas in the field of antenna array design and beam-forming algorithms in a synthetic, coherent, and unified manner for the interested researchers. The presented topics range from relatively straightforward mathematical analysis and derivations to simulation and empirical results. The book is designed to serve as an informative reference for the researcher involved in the analysis of the spatial signal processing techniques for smart antenna systems. The book will help the readers, in particular wireless communication researchers, to have wider futuristic and innovative visions for the advances in the field. | Contents: Chapter 1: Introductory Chapter: Smart Antennas and Beam-formation by Modar Shbat, Francisco C. Ordaz-Salazar and Javier S. González- Salas --- Chapter 2: The Design of a 360°-Switched-Beam-Base Station Antenna by Mohamed Aymen El Cafsi, Mourad Nedil, Lotfi Osman and Ali Gharsallah --- Chapter 3: Compressive Reflector Antenna Phased Array by Ali Molaei, Juan Heredia Juesas and Jose Angel Martinez Lorenzo --- Chapter 4: Detect and Pointing Algorithms Performance for a 2D Adaptive Antenna Array by Tiago Varum, João N. Matos and Pedro Pinho --- Chapter 5: Beamformer Based on Quaternion Processes by Jian-wu Tao and Wen-xiu Chang
    Pages: 108 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3145-8
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  • Keywords: geomechanics
    Notes: Geomechanics seeks to characterize present-day crustal stresses, to understand the geological processes that control them and to predict the impact of stress systems on rock deformation. This volume presents a rich diversity of case studies that showcase applications of geomechanics to hydrocarbon exploration and field development, reservoir stimulation, contemporary tectonics and subsurface fluid flow.
    Edition: online first
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  • Keywords: Antarctica
    Notes: The last decade has seen an unprecedented increase in data relating to the bed of the Antarctic ice sheet and the crustal material beneath, primarily through airborne geophysical profiling, ground-based studies and satellite image analysis. This volume showcases successful past missions, discusses new results and presents plans for future work.
    Edition: online first
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  • Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
    Keywords: evapotranspiration ; water flux ; moisture evaporation ; climate change
    Notes: Evapotranspiration is the largest outgoing water flux from the Earth's surface; its accurate quantification is critical for the crop development in conditions of the climate changes from recent decades, and it can contribute to a greater understanding of a range of agricultural ecosystem processes. To evaluate the hydric requirements of the crops, it was agreed that they should be reported to a maximum global evapotranspiration called potential evapotranspiration. To estimate this variable, a variety of methods were developed, each with its benefits as well as trade-offs. Their use, however, is laborious due to their complexity and of the large number of parameters required. In this book, specialists' concerns worldwide to develop simple but reliable methodologies - with less data requirement - which will give accurate and appropriate results - are presented. In addition, a study of the physics of the moisture evaporation process from porous media to elucidate what are the mechanisms of moisture migration from granular biopesticides is presented in the last chapter. | Contents: Chapter 1: Comparison of Evapotranspiration Methods Under Limited Data by Hsin-Fu Yeh --- Chapter 2: Assessment and Prediction of Evapotranspiration Based on Scintillometry and Meteorological Datasets by Antonin Poisson, Angel Fernandez, Dario G. Gomez, Régis Barillé and Benoit Chorro --- Chapter 3: Sensitivity of Evapotranspiration Models to Onsite and Offsite Meteorological Data for a Poderosa Pine Forest by Wonsook Ha, Abraham E. Springer, Frances C. O'Donnell and Thomas E. Kolb --- Chapter 4: Evapotranspiration in Northern Agro-Ecosystems: Numerical Simulation and Experimental Comparison by Watcharee Ruairuen, Gilberto J. Fochesatto, Marco Bittelli, Elena B. Sparrow, Mingchu Zhang and William Schnabel --- Chapter 5: Moisture Evaporation from Granular Biopesticides Containing Quiescent Entomopathogenic Nematodes by Carlos Inocencio Cortés-Martínez, Jaime Ruiz-Vega and Gabino Alberto Martínez-Gutiérrez
    Pages: 114 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3173-1
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  • Keywords: graphene ; graphite
    Notes: Graphene is, basically, a single atomic layer of graphite, an abundant mineral that is an allotrope of carbon that is made up of very tightly bonded carbon atoms organized into a hexagonal lattice. What makes graphene so special is its sp2 hybridization and very thin atomic thickness (of 0.345 Nm). These properties are what enable graphene to break so many records in terms of strength, electricity, and heat conduction (as well as many others). This book gathers valuable information about many advanced applications of graphene (electrical, optical, environmental, cells, capacitors, etc). | Contents: Chapter 1: Degradation of Toxic Organic Contaminants by Graphene Cathode in an Electro-Fenton System by Liu Shuan, Zhao Xia, Jiang Xin, Zhao Xiaorong, Pu Jibin, Wang Liping and Zhou Kaihe --- Chapter 2: Graphene Oxide–Antimony Nanocomposite Sensor for Analysis of Platinum Group Metals in Roadside Soil Samples by Bongiwe Silwana, Charlton van der Horst, Emmanuel Iwuoha and Vernon Somerset --- Chapter 3: Fundamentals of Chemical Vapor Deposited Graphene and Emerging Applications by Golap Kalita and Masaki Tanemura --- Chapter 4: Solution-Processed Graphene-Based Transparent Conductive Electrodes as Ideal ITO Alternatives for Organic Solar Cells by Minas M. Stylianakis, Dimitrios Konios, Konstantinos Petridis and Emmanuel Kymakis --- Chapter 5: Chemical, Thermal, and Light-Driven Reduction of Graphene Oxide: Approach to Obtain Graphene and its Functional Hybrids by Mohammad Razaul Karim and Shinya Hayami --- Chapter 6: Reduced Graphene Oxide–Based Microsupercapacitors by Zhi Jiang, Yang Wang and Cheng Yang --- Chapter 7: Adsorption of Metal Clusters on Graphene and Their Effect on the Electrical Conductivity by Roxana M. Del Castillo and Luis E. Sansores Cuevas --- Chapter 8: Graphene-Enhanced Optical Signal Processing by Jian Wang and Xiao Hu --- Chapter 9: Graphene against Other Two-Dimensional Materials: A Comparative Study on the Basis of Photonic Applications by Rafael Vargas-Bernal --- Chapter 10: Surface-Modified Graphene for Mid-Infrared Detection by Mehrdad Siahsar, Mahboubeh Dolatyari, Ali Rostami and Ghasem Rostami --- Chapter 11: Fluorinated Graphene Dielectric and Functional Layers for Electronic Applications by Irina V. Antonova and Nadezhda A. Nebogatikova
    Pages: 238 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3141-0
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