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1.
E-BOOK
Geological Applications of Wireline Logs (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 354 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-45-1
2.
E-BOOK
The Geometry of Normal Faults (1991)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: During the 1980s the increasing availability of seismic reflection data prompted an upsurge of interest in extensional tectonics, early work concentrating on ‘listric’ thrust-belt type models and the concepts of section balancing. However, earthquake seismology and detailed fault studies have shown recently that faults involved in crustal extension may be essentially planar. This volume concerns the geological setting and interpretation of both listric and planar normal faults. Normal faults are of particular importance in UK hydrocarbon exploration as they are directly or indirectly responsible for the majority of the pre-Tertiary oil and gas accumulations in the North Sea. As the economic size of fields reduces, the modern geologist will require an improved understanding of the origins, geometry and sealing capabilities of these faults. The volume is divided into four sections, dealing with: the geometry and kinematics of large-scale, crustal-stretching faults which typically delimit major hydrocarbon accumulations; case studies ranging from the small-scale fractures associated with the movement of salt to the large-scale intra-plate kinematics of whole fault arrays; studies of detailed displacement patterns shown by individual faults and small fault arrays; and modelling studies of normal fault geometry. The editors believe that this volume will clarify the circumstances in which the diverse models of normal fault geometry might be applicable and thus provide a useful source of reference for both industry- and academia-based research workers. Another volume on extensional tectonics? Yes, but not only is this one very nicely put together, it is also very timely … The editors have wisely placed the emphasis on observations and data … Roberts et al. deserve a great deal of credit for the very high standard of presentation. Most of the contributions contain sensible stuff that is clearly written. Illustrations are excellent … and there are hardly any typos … Ican thoroughly recommend this book to both libraries and individuals.
Pages: 264 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-59-1
3.
E-BOOK
The Hydrogeology of Crystalline Basement Aquifers in Africa (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Basement aquifers are of particular importance in tropical and sub-tropical regions both because of their widespread extent and accessibility and because there is often no alternative source of water supply readily available, particularly for rural populations. The present failure rates, variability of yields and maintenance problems of boreholes and wells in basement aquifers point to the need for greater understanding of the hydrogeological principles involved. It is hoped that this book will go some way towards meeting this need and will become essential reading for those involved in the hydrogeology of basement aquifers in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Although this book concentrates on sub-Saharan Africa, these principles apply equally to Southern Asia, South America and Australia.
Pages: 257 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-77-X
4.
E-BOOK
Himalayan Tectonics (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Himalayan chain has long been recognized as a spectacular example of the result of continent-continent collision, in this case, the result of the closure of Tethys and the subsequent collision and indentation of the Indian plate into the collage of plates or terranes that made up Central Asia some 50 Ma ago. Although the effects of that collision are recognized over a much larger region than that of the Himalaya alone, the Himalayan region forms an excellent field laboratory in which to study the, still continuing, orogenic-related processes of deformation, crustal thickening, metamorphism and melting, and foreland basin evolution. The studies that make up this volume represent all aspects of the geological sciences and have been divided into six regionally and tectonically distinct settings: Karakoram and Afghanistan; North and West Pakistan; Tethyan Himalaya; High Himalaya; Main Central Thrust Zone; Main Boundary Thrust, Lesser Himalaya and beyond.
Pages: 621 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-92-3
5.
E-BOOK
Advances in Reservoir Geology (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Owing to the maturity of exploration in the North Sea Basin, reservoir geology will increasingly focus on the exploitation of smaller and technically more demanding hydrocarbon accumulations and the need to maximize reserves from the established producing fields. More refined geological reservoir interpretation and modelling are therefore required. This book details new methods, and the improved use of existing methods in such areas as sequence stratigraphy, petrography, sedimentology, inorganic geochemistry, production logging, quantitative image analysis of pore structure, the dipmeter tool and permeability imaging; and the integration of data from a variety of these sources, including outcrop-derived data.
Pages: 232 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-84-2
6.
E-BOOK
Hydrocarbon Habitat in Rift Basins (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Provides an overview of the geology and hydrocarbon habitat of rift basins in a variety of geographical settings and of diverse geological ages. It stems from the boom in rift basin exploration which occurred throughout the 1980s, from recognition early in the decade that lacustrine shales can be excellent source rocks, and from some notable exploration successes. This exploration activityled to a substantial increase in the available subsurface data which, in turn,fuelled a rapid expansion in the understanding of rift basin geology, a topic which remains at the forefront of geological research for both academic and petroleum industry workers. Collectively the various papers on models and case studies lead the reader to the inescapable conclusion that each rift basin is a unique geological entity, yet that all are variations on a common theme. The models illustrate the major progress that has been made recently towards defining that theme and in recognizing the variations on it. The case studies clearly demonstrate that it is often those variations which determine the hydrocarbon habitat of a specific rift basin. Future research and continued hydrocarbon exploration in rift basins will further refine the models, define more clearly the general characteristics of all rifts, better delineate the range of possible variations on the common theme and refine and improve exploration strategies. The book will be of interest to petroleum geologists in industry and academia.
Pages: 371 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-15-2
7.
E-BOOK
Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The 47 papers that make up this volume are gathered into eight groups that reflect current research themes: Role of fluid in rock deformation; Fracture and faulting; Instabilities and localization; Flow mechanisms and flow laws; Rock fabrics; Deformation of weak sediments; Experimental modelling using analogue materials; Deformation mechanisms and tectonics. Some of these sections contain review papers, presenting an introductory framework for those new to the subject but the volume is dominated by original research papers.
Pages: 522 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-58-3
8.
E-BOOK
Phanerozoic Ironstones (1989)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Ironstones, particularly ooidal ironstones, have long fascinated sedimentary geologists and have generated an enormous variety of interpretations, but have remained poorly understood. A recent upsurge in interest in this group of rocks has generated much new information derived from many different disciplines within the earth sciences. The first part of this introduction examines recent advances, and attempts to produce a synthesis of them, with particular reference to the genesis of marine ooidal ironstones. Current models for the formation of marine oolitic ironstone-formations are discussed, and a working model based on various lines of recent research is proposed. This model invokes the intrasedimentary formation of berthierine ooids in marine environments during post-oxic diagenesis. The ooids may be mechanically modified and mineralogically transformed by reworking, as well as by later diagenesis. Goethite ooids may be oxidized berthierine ooids, reworked lateritic ooids or primary grains. The formation of oolitic ironstone-formations is favoured by a break in clastic sediment supply, continued supply of iron and physical reworking. Many sedimentary environments may supply these parameters, but changes in sea level leading to the flooding of land masses and the reworking of suitable terrestrial soils may be both an important source for the iron and provide a break in clastic sediment supply. In the second part of this introduction the terminology and classification are discussed, and conventions proposed. The term berthieroid is introduced as a non-specific term for material of undetermined berthierine or chamosite composition. The term ironstone is proposed as a petrological term and as an informal lithostratigraphic term. A deposit composed of ironstones may be termed an ironstone-formation. It is recommended that a ‘Dunham’ style of classification is employed petrographically, with -ironstone replacing the -stone of the original carbonate classification. The nomenclature of allochems in ironstones is also discussed. A glossary of ironstone terminology is provided.
Pages: 244 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-43-5
9.
E-BOOK
Glacimarine Environments : Processes and Sediments (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume examines the processes responsible for sedimentation in modern glacimarine environments, and how such modern studies can be used as analogues in the interpretation of ancient glacimarine sequences. Sediments released from glaciers grounded in tidewater, floating ice shelves, ice tongues, icebergs and sea ice form complex sequences governed by glaciological, oceanographic, sedimentary and biogenic controls. Ten per cent of the world’s oceans and epicontinental seas contain such active glacimarine environments, but during Cenozoic glacial periods this area was doubled. This book will, therefore, be of relevance to all scientists concerned with high and middle latitude marine environments. The early chapters are concerned largely with processes of sedimentation in modern glacimarine environments; examples are drawn from Alaska, the Canadian Arctic, Svalbard and Antarctica. Studies of ancient sequences, both Cenzoic and pre-Cenozoic, from the Barents Sea, Greenland, Sweden, Alaska and the northwest European continental shelf, form the latter part of the book.
Pages: 410 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-54-0
10.
E-BOOK
Classic Petroleum Provinces (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Classic Petroleum Provinces are still the world's major producers of hydrocarbons and will continue to be so well into, and through, the 21st century. In recent years there has been a proliferation of publications on "Future Petroleum Provinces" in the hope that new exploitable hydrocarbon reserves will be discovered. However, the petroleum industry's present and likely future existence will continue to be focussed in the classic petroleum provinces of the world In recent years new data, new understandings, new interpretations, applications of modern concepts and re-evaluation of these new mature areas, fields and basins have resulted in the discovery of major new hydrocarbon accumulations. Many of these basins are not only classic petroleum provinces, but also classic geological provinces but also classic geological provinces
Pages: 557 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-48-6
11.
E-BOOK
Developments in Sedimentary Provenance Studies (1991)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The study of sedimentary provenance requires a multidisciplinary approach and has increasingly drawn both techniques and objectives from fields outside sedimentology. Aspects of igneous and metamorphic petrology, geochemistry, geochronology and isotope geology now complement petrographic methods, with the aim of achieving a deeper understanding of the origins, evolution and significance of sedimentary rocks, the basins in which they reside, and the source terrains which flank them. This volume contains a selection of papers which illustrate the more sophisticated approach to provenance work which is now possible, and some of the benefits to be reaped. The volume will be of interest to both those involved with, or contemplating, provenance work, and the wider audience to whom the results of such studies may provide fresh insight.
Pages: 376 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-56-7
12.
E-BOOK
Origins and Evolution of the Antarctic Biota (1989)
London : The Geological Society
Pages: 313 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-44-3
13.
E-BOOK
The Cadomian Orogeny (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Cadomian orogeny was first defined over 60 years ago to describe the earth movements which resulted in an unconformity between an Upper Proterozoic supracrustal sequence, namely the Brioverian, and Cambrian molasse in the north Armorican region. Since that time the terminology has been extended to encompass an extensive orogenic cycle lasting from approximately 700 - 450 Ma recorded in a belt running from the northern Appalachians to Armorica and the Southern British Isles. This volume is the first to collect together the views of workers from a variety of geological disciplines working on a range of aspects of Cadomian geological evolution. The 27 contributions contained provide both reviews and detailed studies of such topics as basement/cover relationships, nature of supracrustal sequences, deformation, metamorphism and magmatism. Lithological, geochemical, geochronological and palaeomagnetic data presented allow petrogenetic and evolutionary models to be erected and assessed and correlations to be considered within the Cadomian belt so that global geodynamic evolutionary models may be postulated. The Volume thus provides an essential reference to current thinking on the Cadomian orogeny and the date to guide future research. Part 1 is concerned with the Cadomian orogeny in the Armorican Massif Starting with a review of the Cadomian orogeny, the contributors discuss Cadomian magmatism and tectonics of northern France and the Channel Islands. Part 2 examines the Cadomian orogeny in other parts of the world, including the UK, Ireland, Iberia and Canada.
Pages: 423 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-47-8
14.
E-BOOK
Ophiolites and their Modern Oceanic Analogues (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Conventional studies of oceanic structure and evolution are inevitably hampered by the difficulties with sampling the crust in the third dimension. Subsurface studies with deep seismic techniques provide some measure of understanding below the seafloor. Ophiolite studies, however, can provide a vast body of knowledge with regard to the deeper structure and crustal compositions, which is unattainable in the deep sea. In turn, many of the recent regional and detailed structures identified at mid-ocean spreading systems such as ridge segmentation patterns and ridge axis discontinuities, now form a significant contribution to recent studies of ophiolite complexes. The book will be of interest to academics from undergraduates upwards and also to industrial researchers concerned with metal sulphide and platinum group element deposits. Cover illustration: Deep-tow sidescan sonograph of the axial floor of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge around 24°N. Data were recorded using the IOSDL Towed Ocean Bottom Instrument. View is 6×8 km in a water depth of around 3500 m. Cratered seamounts, freshly mounded pillow constructs and linear fault scarps are clearly imaged. These currently active ridge processes compare directly with their ancient analogues discussed in this publication.
Pages: 325 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-69-9
15.
E-BOOK
The Dynamics and Environmental Context of Aeolian Sedimentary Systems (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The past 20 years have seen a major surge of interest in aeolian processes and environments, particularly due to concern about the effects of changes in global climate and sea-level on desert regions and coastal zones. Recent studies of aeolian deposits have made it possible to test hypotheses which relate major phases of aeolian activity to changes in climate and sea-level. Dust deposits in ocean sediments, and thick sequences of aeolian sand, loess and palaeosols have revealed some of the most complete and detailed evidence of the environmental changes which affected continental areas during the Quaternary and earlier. The studies presented here range from short-term experiments on individual grain movement and grain-bed collisions during aeolian transport, to investigations of long-term climatic, eustatic and tectonic controls on the development of sand seas. This book reviews the current understanding of aeolian sedimentology and geomorphology and the relationships between climate, sea-level and aeolian transport and deposition. It will be of interest to sedimentologists, geomorphologists and environmental scientists.
Pages: 323 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-88-5
16.
E-BOOK
Petroleum Migration (1991)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Petroleum Migration follows petroleum from its generation in source rocks through migration to the reservoir or the surface. The book is divided into 4 parts. Part 1 deals with both the generation of petroleum by the thermal breakdown of kerogen and the expulsion of the petroleum from the source rock. Part 2 considers secondary migration: the procesess which control petroleum behaviour during its movement through relatively permeable carrier beds from the mudrock sequences, which contain source intervals, to the reservoir in the structural culmination of the carrier bed or other trap. Part 3 contains case studies which show how understanding of generation, expulsion and secondary migration can be used to explain the distribution of oil and gas in a basin and therefore, to predict the nature of the petoleum in an undrilled prospect. Part 4 examines leakage from accumulations.
Pages: 273 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-66-4
17.
E-BOOK
High Resolution Stratigraphy (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Topics covered range from classical biostratigraphy to molecular biomarkers, by way of trace element and isotope chemostratigraphy, magnetic polarity and susceptibility, and a small number of papers describe some numerical methods. There is no bias here towards deep ocean sediment stratigraphy, and the Mesozoic and Palaeozoic are as well represented as the Tertiary and Quatemary. The reader will certainly gain a good impression of the wide range of stratigraphic activities and subject areas in which improvements to resolution are being actively sought.
Pages: 350 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-86-9
18.
E-BOOK
Modern and Ancient Continental Shelf Anoxia (1991)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume is unique in its consideration of severe oxygen depletion in coastal shelf waters from the perspectives of both marine ecology and geology. Seasonal anoxia is a serious problem in the coastal waters of Europe, North America and Japan. Its drastic impact on environmental quality and on marine inshore fisheries has stimulated intensive research, in particular into the relative roles of biological and meteorological variables and of anthropogenic eutrophication. However, continental shelf anoxia is not a new phenomenon: at many times in the geological past vast areas of extensive shelf seas experienced episodes of severe oxygen depletion that lasted from thousands to millions of years, depositing most of the source beds for the world's hydrocarbon reserves. This fact stimulated intensive research into the sedimentology, palaeoecology and organic and inorganic geochemistry of these sediments. The editors' introductory review highlights the significance of the modern studies for an improved understanding of the ancient oxygen-deficient continental shelf environments. Accounts of modern anoxia are then presented, from areas as diverse as the Gulf of Mexico. New York Bight, Chesape.ake Bay, the Adriatic Sea, SW Africa and Peru-Chile. These are followed by Devonian to Tertiary examples of ancient anoxic facies from the USA, Greenland, Germany, UK, Brazil. France and Hungary. It is hoped that this book will inspire further research into this economically and environmentally important phenomenon.
Pages: 460 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-67-2
19.
E-BOOK
Braided Rivers (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Braided rivers are of considerable importance to the geologist, geomorphologist and engineer and an understanding of their dynamics and deposits holds many key economic applications. This book presents the first interdisciplinary approach to the study of braided rivers, with comprehensive views on their dynamics, sedimentation and economic applications with examples drawn from modern and ancient braided rivers. Braided rivers form some of the world's largest lowland rivers and are common in upland and proglacial settings. They are the agents of substantial erosion, deposition and landscape evolution. For the geomorphologist and engineer, braided rivers often pose considerable problems through their high rates of sediment transport, rapid bank erosion, substantial bed scour and frequent channel shifting. Braidplain behaviour may therefore dictate the design of within-channel structures, such as bridges, as well as those on the floodplain such as roads and flood embankments. Braidplain management becomes especially important in parts of the world where these rivers dominate regions of high population density. Geologically, braided river deposits form some of the largest and most valuable aquifers, hydrocarbon reservoirs, placers and aggregate deposits. An understanding of their facies architecture, heterogeneity and the controls upon deposition is essential for the effective exploitation of resources as well as in the interpretation and reconstruction of ancient sedimentary environments.
Pages: 412 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-93-1
20.
E-BOOK
Basins on the Atlantic Seaboard : Petroleum Geology, Sedimentology and Basin Evolution (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume represents a multi-disciplinary research effort into the development of basins of carboniferous to Tertiary age on the North West Seaboard of the British Isles and includes 30 contributions from oil company personnel, university research groups, consultants and geological surveys. The series of basins which stretches from west of Shetland to the west coast of Ireland constitutes one of the largest basin systems in Europe. Regions covered in this volume include the Hebrides, off-shore N Ireland/SW Scotland, onshore N Ireland, the Porcupine Basin and the Celtic Seas. All of these regions are attracting the attention of hydrocarbon exploration programmes and have already seen drilling activity. This interest is reflected in papers on basin burial and thermal histories, source rock potential, depositional models for reservoir rocks and diagenetic studies. Beyond the British Isles, papers are included on the NE Atlantic Seaway and the Canadian Margin, and several authors make comparisons between the Canadian and European Margins. The models and data reported in the volume will be of value to all concerned with an area which has an important future both in hydrocarbon exploration and in fundamental research into basin evolution.
Pages: 464 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-76-1
21.
E-BOOK
Characterization of Fluvial and Aeolian Reservoirs (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Sedimentological research has traditionally produced geological models primarily relevant to hydrocarbon exploration, focusing predominantly on location and external geometry of sediment bodies and underplaying the importance of the internal reservoir framework. This failure severely inhibits the application of new and sophisticated technologies to improve recovery efficiencies. It-is reservoir architecture, the internal fabric and structure of a reservoir, that ultimately controls the paths of fluid migration during oil and gas emplacement and subsequent extraction. This architecture is, in turn, the product of the depositional and diagenetic processes that created the reservoir. If an understanding of the origin of the reservoir is developed, reservoir architecture, and hence fluid-flow paths, becomes predictable. This volume assesses the current position of predictive geoscience for fluvial and aeolian systems, documents recent advances in methods and understanding and highlights outstanding problems. The authors form a wide spectrum of geoscientists from industry and academia, with leaders in the science providing review papers in their field of specialization. The volume naturally divides into four sections: fluvial reservoirs, aeolian reservoirs, structure and methods.
Pages: 442 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-90-7
22.
E-BOOK
Exploration Britain : Geological Insights for the Next Decade (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: It is estimated that over 43 billion barrels of oil equivalents have been discovered on the UK continental shelf, approximately one third of which have now been produced. The need to replace reserves that will be produced during the 1990s from the much bigger fields that were found during the earlier exploration period is recognized as a tough challenge. This book is desigened to help. The volume is divided into three sections: methods, studies and case histories.
Pages: 305 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-82-6
23.
E-BOOK
Magmatic Processes and Plate Tectonics (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume is a collection of papers to celebrate the life and work of Professor lan Gass. The research themes cover many of the subjects which most interested him, especially processes operating in oceanic crust. The introductory papers examine evolution of magmas from mantle melting to eruption. A central section concerns ophiolite complexes. Several papers focus on different aspects of the Troodos ophiolite complex in Cyprus, where lan first recognized that sheeted dykes within the ophiolite sequence must have formed in an oceanic spreading environment. In addition, ophiolites ,are reviewed and examined in terms of tectonics, magmatic and mantle textures, metallogenesis and hydrothermal alteration. A further section concentrates on tectonics and the genesis of magmas associated with collision and subduction. This contrasts with continental rifting and the effects of mantle plumes. This collection of papers covers a broad range of topics from processes in the mantle to those in the oceanic crust. The volume will be of interest to all scientists concerned with igneous processes and global tectonics.
Pages: 520 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-94-X
24.
E-BOOK
European Coal Geology (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Despite extensive closure of underground mines throughout the European Union, coal remains a major energy source and the growing energy demands of developing countries mean that the world's coal consumption continues to increase. The European Union has long-established coalfields and considerable research experience in coal exploitation and use, all of which will be important in the future development of coal. This volume covers many aspects of European coal geology and illustrates the depth and breadth of research from sedimentological, geochemical and exploration models, to exploration drilling and economic evaluation of coal deposits, on a local and country-wide scale, as well as the environmental aspects of coal burning and disposal of C02. The book will fill a gap in the literature on regional coal deposits, having encouraged papers in which description of such deposits is specifically orientated towards the application of the research in the exploration for, exploitation of and environmental considerations required in the study of coal. The well-balanced content of the book should provide a particularly attractive read for those who seek an update on some of the coal deposits of Europe. Such an extensive spectrum of papers will appeal to a wide audience, ranging from researchers, lecturers and students to professionals in industry.
Pages: 323 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-19-5
25.
E-BOOK
Marine Palaeoenvironmental Analysis from Fossils (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume critically reviews the use of fossils for the analysis of palaeoenvironments. The papers are multi-disciplinary, drawing on a host of geochemical, palaeoecological and palaeontological methods from traditional taxonomic uniformitarianism to more recently developed geochemical isotopic analyses. The approach of the book is analytical rather than taxonomic, concentrating on a range of techniques. The common thread, however, is that it is palaeontological material that is being considered, whether it be identifiable body fossils, trace fossils, distinctive fossil associates, diagenetically unaltered material or organic compounds. Using a number of methods, and comparing their results, allows different environmental controls to be isolated and provides more information on the record of past environmental parameters. The volume focuses on the data obtained from organisms and their remains and will be of importance to sedimentologists, stratigraphers and palaeontolgists who need to maximize their palaeoenvironmental interpretations of depositonal environments, facies models, sequence stratigraphy and palaeoclimates.
Pages: 264 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-21-7
26.
E-BOOK
Geofluids : Origin, Migration and Evolution of Fluids in Sedimentary Basins (1994)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Geological fluids are a central theme linking the petrography and chemistry of all rock types, deformation processes on the microscopic to the continental scale, and the concentration of economic resources. The fundamental importance of fluid migration and evolution to rock composition and structure is reflected in a growing interest in fluid processes, including a series of successful conferences on water-rock interaction. he papers in this volume are intended to give a review of the whole spectrum of current geofluids research. The papers include international case studies and are written by leading experts in the field. - First overview of fluids research - Examples of commercial applications of fluids research - Reviews research for the non-specialist - Up-to-date extensive bibliographies - Promotes methodological transfer between oil and minerals industries - Explains theory behind and consequences of fluid flow processes
Pages: 361 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-05-0
27.
E-BOOK
Volcanism Associated with Extension at Consuming Plate Margins (1994)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Geoscientists need to familiarize themselves with the characteristics of actual plate motions. A popular, current thesis relates the state of stress to the degree of coupling of the two convergent plates. Recent two-dimentional, finite element modelling has demonstrated how the stress in the overriding plate is critically dependent on wether the subduction zone is locked (i.e. high degree of coupling) or unlocked. Thus the compressional stress regime occurs in locked systems, and extensional strees in unlocked systems; a gradient from compression in the fore-arc to extension in the back-arc is said to characterize partially locked system. However, studies of the strain field in real cases (modern arc regions) clearly indicate the prevalence of subhorizontal extension orientated nearly perpendicular to the arc. Implicit in these real observations is the suggestion that stresses resulting from plate coupling are either not transmitted to the volcanic arc, or else locked subduction zones are uncommon and extension may be the normal mode of behaviour. The rationale and evidence for extension and coeval volcanism at consuming plate margins is presented. Using mainly Cenozoic case histories for oceanic and continental margin arcs, structural evidence is presented, which demonstrates that volcanism in most arc systems is contemporaneous with normal faulting and subsidence as a general case. Representive, modern geochemical data sets are provided and integrated in a petrological discussion for each case history. The western Pacific, now widely regard as a type region for the study of convergent plate margin processes, is particularly well represented. Also included is evidence from less commonly insvestigated regions, where subduction has ceased or is no longer obvious but an association with an arc is unequivocal. By these means, it is hoped that this volume contains a representative cross-section of current research on extension-related arc volcanism in broadest sense, and that it will stimulate further discussion and research into the complex tectonics and petrology of covergent plate margins.
Pages: 285 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-17-9
28.
E-BOOK
Mineral Resource Evaluation II : Methods and Case Histories (1994)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The chapters in this volume cover a wide range of activities in the field of mineral resource are described, including exploration drilling, sampling, resource estimation, mine design, financial evaluation and mine sampling and grade control. The volume also gives case histories from all over the world, including Canada, USA, Chile, Ghana, Sweden, Zambia, Ireland and the UK, covering the evaluation of manganese, phosphate, coal, limestone, gold, base metals and kaolin deposits. One notable aspect of this volume is the number of chapters that deal with mineral resource definitions. A mineral resource is a means to an end, not an end in itself. The aim is to develop a mine that will mazimize the Net Present Value for the shareholders. It is therefore important to define resources sufficiently accurately to convince the banks to lend the necessary 75–800f the money required to develop the mine. This volume will be an essential reference for mine and mineral exploration geologists and engineers and financial experts working in mineral commodities and mine financing. It will also be of interest to undergraduate and postgraduate students of mining, geology and environmental sciences.
Pages: 263 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-06-3
29.
E-BOOK
Geological Processes on Continental Margins : Sedimentation, Mass-Wasting and Stability (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: There has lately been a growth in the level of study of continental margins. Apart from increased scientific interest, studies of continental margins have now taken on a much higher commercial profile, largely because of the oil industry’s move off the shelf into increasingly deeper waters world-wide. The variation and disturbance of sediments on slopes make them ideal areas for the generation, migration and entrapment of hydrocarbons. The three topics considered in this volume are of particular significance to continental margin development. The 19 papers provide a sample of recent and current work with an emphasis on processes active beyond the shelf break. Individual researchers have unsurprisingly tended to concentrate on specific types of process, having chosen study areas well suited to the investigation of specific phenomena. The key distinction of processes is that between downslope, alongslope and hemipelagic processes. There is, however, increasing recognition that all these need to be integrated to produce a model of continental margin development. The processes will differ in importance in space and time, but their interrelationship needs to be understood, and background processes must be appreciated. A notable contribution of this volume is an increased awareness of the importance of alongslope processes within this model. It is thought that in ten years’ time as much as 25% of oil will be extracted from deep-water fields. An understanding of continental margin processes is therefore becoming crucial to the safe development of deep-water oilfields. The papers in this volume thus have considerable actual or potential commercial value.
Pages: 350 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-97-7
30.
E-BOOK
Biotic Recovery From Mass Extinction Events (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Containing papers by leading authorities on several of the major extinction events of the geological record, the volume brings together new data on a wide range of floral and faunal groups. Several of the papers describe the recovery and recolonization processes following the extinction events while others discuss the problems of ‘survivor taxa’, ‘disaster taxa’ and ‘progenitor species’. The examples chosen come from geological successions in North America, South America, Europe, Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. The text is essential reading for palaeontologists, palaeobiologists, sedimentary geologists and all those involved in the debate over the cause and nature of extinction events.
Pages: 386 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-45-4
31.
E-BOOK
Petroleum Geology of North Africa (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: North Africa contains some 4% of the world’s remaining oil and gas reserves, and is now one of the most active exploration areas. This volume represents the first attempt at a compilation of the petroleum geology of North Africa, documenting a series of papers collected on the petroleum geology of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and the western part of Egypt. The main objectives of this book are to increase the level of documentation towards that appropriate for such major petroleum provinces and to facilitate the application of analogues between North African countries and beyond.
Pages: 432 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-004-5
32.
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Groundwater Contaminants and Their Migration (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This Special Publication presents a largely UK persperctive on groundwater contamination, 'warts' and all. It gives the international reader an oppurtunity to assess the standing of British contaminant hydrogeology in the world today. There are also international papers on organic contamination at industrial sites in the USA, minewater pollution from France and data, previously unavailable, from the major liquid radioactive waste disposal operation in Tomsk, Central Siberia. We hope that this compilation will enable both the experienced hydrogeologist and the interested scientist to discover how we have polluted, investigated and attempted to clean up mankind's most precious geological resource-groundwater
Pages: 360 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-95-0
33.
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Petroleum Geology of Southeast Asia (1997)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This topical volume gives rapid access to key aspects of the petroleum geology of SE Asia, including economic background, plate tectonic models, petrolium charging and reservoir systems, as well as detailed field amd reservoir studies. It provides substantial new data and interpretations on the oil and gas exploration of the region. There are ten oil and gas provinces in SE Asia, which individually contain more than 3 billion barrels of oil equivalent. This represents a considerable resource that has been actively exploited in the past, and continues to expand with further exploration. All the provinces are within Tertiary basins with Tertiary petroleum systems. Two main reservoir systems contribute to the majority of petroleum reserves in the region: deltaic clastics and carbonates, They were charged by two key source types: Lacustrine source rocks that are associated with 'oily' basins and paralic source rocks that are typical of gas prone basins. Key traps types are inversion anticlines and three-way-dip and fault-controlled in low net/gross clastic reservoirs, often with variable fluid types in stacked reservoirs with over 300 m pay zones. in the carbonate reservoirs, traps are characteristically broad regional drape features that are seldom full to spill.
Pages: 427 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-91-8
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The Development, Evolution and Petroleum Geology of the Wessex Basin (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Wessex Basin consists of a system of post-Variscan sedimentary depocentres and intra-basinal highs that developed across central southern England and adjacent offshore areas. It is part an extensive network of Mesozoic intracratonic basins that covered much of NW Europe. Like many of the other basins around the British Isles, it records the effects of Cenozoic intraplate contraction and structural inversion. The Wessex Basin is volumentrically the most important UK onshore petroleum province and includes the highly productive Wytch Farm oilfield, the largest onshore oilfield in Western Europe. The papers in this book use subsurface data, largely obtained in the successful quest for hydrocarbons, and information from outcrops to provide up-to-date insights into the development, evolution and petroleum geology of this interesting and important region.
Pages: 413 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-99-3
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Notes: This volume is the result of a conference on Alpine Tectonics held in 1987 under the auspices of The Geological Society of London. The conference was the second in a new series of meetings organized by the Society on controversial and topical subjects, and included the 1987 Fermor Lecture given by Professor K.J. Hsu. The Fermor Lecture was supported by 23 other contributions, 11 from non-British geologists, thus giving the meeting a strong international flavour. The volume contains 23 papers divided into three sections: Tectonic evolution of the external zones of the Alps; Internal and southern zones of the Alps; and Models of the development of the Alpine Chain, with the final chapter in the volume being the Fermor Lecture entitled Time and place in Alpine orogenesis. The book aims to represent current views, many of which are controversial, on a fascinating and rapidly-changing topic. The book should not be regarded as a monument, but rather as a milestone.
Pages: 433 S.
ISBN: 0-632-02508-5
36.
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Phosphorite Research and Development (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The aim of this volume is to present the scientific results and ideas that have arisen from research carried out in recent years by geological surveys, universities and other establishments in many parts of the world. The occurrence of phosphorites in a sedimentary succession is almost certainly indicative of dramatic changes in palaeoenvironment and sedimentation. Phosphorites also provide the basis for the World's fertilizer industry forming the backbone of modern intensive agriculture. Few naturally-occurring raw materials have offered such a combination of great socio-economic importance and fundamental scientific significance. This volume starts with a comprehensive review of phosphorite research by the former leaders of International Geological Correlation Project 156 on Phosphorites. 21 papers by an international list of contributors follow. These cover many aspects of phosphorite research and discuss phosphorite occurrences in many parts of the world.
Pages: 320 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-53-2
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The Geology and Tectonics of the Oman Region (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Oman Mountains form probably the world's best exposed deformed continental margin and, as such, the region is an ideal field laboratory for the study of fundamental processes including rifting, passive margin development and thrust tectonics. The contributors discuss the sedimentary and structural evolution of the Mesozoic continental margin which is particularly relevant to oil and gas exploration in Oman. Several papers concentrate on the previously geologically unknown area outside the Oman Mountains following realisation of the major hydrocarbon potential of the Palaeozoic sequences of Southern Oman. Three final papers set the Oman area in its Middle Eastern plate tectonic context, including Iran. This unique synthesis will interest earth scientists concerned with hydrocarbon habitat, structural geology, sedimentology and palaeoceanography.
Pages: 831 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-46-X
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Upwelling Systems : Evolution Since the Early Miocene (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Where winds blow persistently alongshore, surface waters are forced offshore and replaced by highly productive, nutrient-rich water upwelling from below. Because of this high productivity, bottom sediments beneath upwelling systems are enriched in organic matter and microfossils of planktonic organisms, the abundance of which is a signal of upwelling intensity. Changes in climate affect the intensity of upwelling and are recorded in the sediments by strong changes in indicators of upwelling activity. Thus studies of the history of upwelling from sedimentary information can give us a clearer view of local and global changes in climate through time than we might see in other areas of the ocean where the variations in oceanography induced by climate change are more subtle. The authors focus on results from deep ocean drilling expeditions, particularly those off NW and SW Africa, Peru and Saudi Arabia. These have allowed more advanced models to be developed of the temporal and spatial palaeoenvironmental patterns associated with upwelling systems since the Early Miocene. The editors hope that this book will help to identify and explain the causes and characteristics of persistent upwelling systems, how they respond to climatic forcing and the global teleconnection between them; and make this information accessible to a wide community. Upwelling Systems will appeal to marine geologists and geochemists, palaeoceanographers, palaeoclimatologists and petroleum geologists.
Pages: 510 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-78-8
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Tectonic Events Responsible for Britain’s Oil and Gas Reserves (1990)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Offshore UK exploration activities have resulted in the discovery of over 20 x 10 9 barrels of oil reserves and 70 x 10 12 cubic feet of recoverable gas, most of which is located in the North Sea Basin. The majority of papers presented in this volume concentrate on this area, where a particular and favourable tectonic evolution has led to the coincidence of good source rocks sufficiently deeply buried, good reservoir development and timely trap formation in relation to hydrocarbon generation and migration. It is the purpose of this volume to summarize the various tectonic phases which have contributed to the complex geological evolution of the British Isles and surrounding territorial waters and trace their impact upon the development of the hydrocarbon habitat.
Pages: 395 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-55-9
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Geology of the Brent Group (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Middle Jurassic Brent Group sediments, and their correlatives on the Norwegian Shelf are, in economic terms, the most important hydrocarbon reservoir in NW Europe. In 1971 the Brent Field was discovered by Shell/Esso and tested in 1972 with 1.8 billion barrels of recoverable oil. By 1988 discovered Brent hydrocarbons comprised some 490f the UK’s recoverable reserves, totalling 22.5 billion barrels of oil equivalent. Now that the UK Brent Province has reached maturity, this book provides a comprehensive review of the geology and petroleum geology of one of the world’s major petroleum reservoirs. With the contents covering exploration history, structural evolution, sequence stratigraphy, sedimentology, diagenests, palynology, hydrocarbon generation and migration, and petrophysics, the book will be of interest to geoscientists in many fields especially petroleum geologists, sedimentologists, petrophysicists and biostratigraphers.
Pages: 496 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-68-0
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Case Histories and Methods in Mineral Resource Evaluation (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume covers a wide spectrum of activities in the field of mineral resource evaluation ranging from exploration models to exploration drilling and sampling, to ore reserves, to mine design, to financial evaluation, to mine sampling and grade control, and finally to reconciliation between estimated and mill recovered grades. The resources considered show a similarly large range and include precious and base metals, industrial minerals, coal, clay and aggregates. Deposits include examples from Australia, Chile, western USA, Bangladesh, Zimbabwe and the UK. In addition many chapters consider the application of geostatistics as well as discussing the inherent problems with the technique and the need to take more account of the local mine geology. Though many geologists have had their fingers burnt in the past by applying geostatistics without adequate understanding of the method, there is clearly a greater appreciation of its values and greater willingness to experiment further with the technique. Some of the case histories presented in this volume will be of value to those mine geologists who seek more practical guidance. The book will be of interest to geologists in industry and academia especially those concerned with mining and mineral resources.
Pages: 305 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-79-6
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Geological Applications of Wireline Logs II (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Since the publication of Geological Applications of Wireline Logs in 1990, there have been many new developments in the technology of wireline logging tools and in the correlation and interpretation of downhole measurements. This volume provides extensive documentation of the diversity of geological and geophysical problems which can be addressed by wireline log data. High-density/high-resolution log measurements now appear to be an integral part of the characterization of petroleum reservoirs; there is increasing interest in the use of logs for quantitative determinations of the physical properties of rocks; there is also abundant evidence for the importance of integrating geological and geophysical data are different scales and the potential benefits of multidisciplinary approaches to problem solving. The editors hope that Geological Applications of Wireline Logs II will, in common with the earlier volume, act as a milestone in its field.
Pages: 394 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-80-X
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Tectonics and Seismic Sequence Stratigraphy (1993)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Sedimentary basins with a marine connection show significant stratigraphic variations that result from eustatic sea-level fluctuation. Other key factors that control stratigraphy include the availability of sediment and the role of tectonically induced subsidence and uplift. Tectonic activity is important in most sedimentary basins as it is a causal mechanism for the production of certain regionaland local-scale sequence boundaries, generating accommodation space, altering base levels and controlling source areas. This collection of academic and industrial studies addresses the relative roles of tectonics, eustasy and sediment supply in generating stratigraphy. This volume will be of interest to petroleum geologists and researchers in sequence stratigraphy.
Pages: 219 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-87-7
44.
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Magmatism and the Causes of Continental Break-up (1992)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: "...represents a timely and welcome contribution to the field as it comprises semi-review articles dealing with magma generation and break-up processes, as well as syntheses from selected examples of CFB provinces. In addition there are several case studies (both geochemical and geophysical) which examine specific issues in detail. Even in isolation many of these articles are exceptionally useful, either as distillations of current thinking, or as new contributions of ideas and~or data. Together, however, they combine to create a comprehensive volume covering much of our present understanding.., of the causal relationships between lithospheric extension, rifting, thermal anomalies and magmatism. 'Janet Hergt in Chemical Geology, vol. 109, p356 '...should be within reach of all geoscientists seriously interested in continental flood volcanism and mechanisms of continental break-up. It provides a fascinating picture of the current state of knowledge of continental break-up on a global scale and highlights the complexity of the driving forces of break-up and the origins of associated basaltic rocks... In general, this is an important book which provides a solid foundation for developing understanding of modern continental rift tectonics and for the interpretation of continental rift geology and magmatism in the geological record. Every university geology library should buy it.' G. Wheller in Australian Geologist No 88, p41 '...breadth of subject matter, the diversity of the authors and the speed of publication all conspire to make this an excellent 'research in progress' volume. This is not a collection of similar papers reporting a consensual view, but a far more useful picture of the state of the art. In particular, it covers both the well-known examples of continent break-up apparently related to 'plume' magmatism, as well as examples where break-up manifestly has nothing to do with hot upwellings... This book should be in every library of Earth Science.' D. Pyle in Geological Magazine, vol. 131, p732 '...provides a wealth of information and stimulating ideas for geologists interested in breakup tectonics, magmatism and stratigraphy.., should be a required acquisition for university and research libraries.' Warren Manspeizer in Earth Science Reviews, vol. 35, p327
Pages: 393 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-83-4
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Coal and coal-bearing strata as oil-prone source rocks? (1994)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The role of coal and coal-bearing strata in the formation of oil has long been debated. Increasing evidence is being provided, mainly from geochemical data, that coal and coal-bearing strata, at least of some ages and in some places, may give rise to significant quantities of oil. Most arguments concerning oil formation from terrigenous organic matter have been based on an examination of a single source of data (e.g. geochemistry). Many research areas have, however, an impact on the debate including geochemistry, palaeobotany, petroleum and coal geology. The need for a multi- and interdisciplinary approach to the study of the problem is highlighted by this volume. Specific attention is paid to research from different areas and disciplines. Key topics addressed include: • Where do terrigenous-sourced oils exist and what are the limits of our knowledge of them? • Geochemical characterization and interpretation of terrigenous oils. • Evolution of plants and implications for oil generation. • Oil generation and expulsion from coals and coal-bearing strata. These key topics are covered in major review chapters which incorporate significant new data. In addition, case studies highlight specific problems or areas of study. This volume will be of interest to all geologists, geochemists and palaeobotanists with interests in petroleum or coal geology, and to both those in industry and academia. It will act as a focus for future research on the general area of petroleum-source rocks and oil-prone coals, in particular.
Pages: 205 S.
ISBN: 0-903317-99-0
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New Developments in Improved Oil Recovery (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume contains a series of 26 articles presenting new developments in the areas of reservoir characterization, water and gas injection, oil rim developments, chemical recovery and thermal recovery. The results of both laboratory studies and field applications are discussed. The contents of this volume demonstrate that, on the whole, improved oil recovery methods have a bright future, even though some of the more advanced processes are uneconomic at current prices. The contributions in this volume were carefully selected from recent papers on improved oil recovery methods and are written by an international field of authors from both industry and academia.
Pages: 286 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-22-5
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High Resolution Sequence Stratigraphy : Innovations and Applications (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: In recent years there has been a huge expansion in studies using high resolution sequence stratigraphic techniques. Sequence stratigraphy has evolved from the original concepts of seismic stratigraphy to a scale above seismic resolution. Concepts developed at outcrop are now being successfully applied to subsurface data sets and are providing a greatly improved understanding of facies geometries and reservoir architecture. This has resulted in the reappraisal of the geology of regions which have been studied for many decades and sequence stratigraphy has developed into a powerful, predictive facies analysis tool for both the hydrocarbon industry and academic research. The papers in this volume illustrate the depth and breadth of current sequence stratigraphic research. Studies are included on many aspects of sequence stratigraphy, from both outcrop and subsurface data with examples from a wide range of countries. The volume will be of interest to research workers and professional geologists within the petroleum industry. … this book is well worth reading because it gives good examples of the state of the art in application of sequence stratigraphy, and because some new and important concepts are presented. It does not answer all the questions, but is a stepping stone toward a better understanding of the dynamics of sedimentary systems through time. Andre Strasser in Journal of Sedimentary Research, vol. 67, p. 248 The papers in this volume clearly illustrate the usefulness of sequence stratigraphy for interpreting a very wide range of successions. It also contains papers qualifying such usage. It is an essential acquisition
Pages: 365 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-48-9
48.
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Notes: Salt produces some of the most complex and beautiful deformation features on the Earth's surface, although few of these surface exposures have been examined in detail, as they are usually situated in remote hostile regions. However, salt diapirs have become a recent focus of attention because of their strategic importance in controlling hydrocarbon reserves, while their unique physical properties enable storage of hydrocarbons and toxic waste. The volume commences with analyses of outcrop, cave, mine and borehole information which add to our general understanding of internal diapir deformation patterns and overburden tectonics. Seismic imaging has also increased our knowledge of halokinesis, and several papers are presented on regional case studies. Numerical and physical modelling have provided a broader knowledge of geometry and processes. Such studies have led to new insights into what is physically possible. This volume draws on all these different approaches and should be a useful source of reference for both academic and industrial geologists.
Pages: 302 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-44-6
49.
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Modern Developments in Structural Interpretation, Validation and Modelling (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The role and importance of structural geology in exploration and production of hydrocarbons is increasing with the tendency towards the development of smaller, more complex structural prospects and satellite fields. The availability of high-powered computer hardware and sophisticated software has facilitated a quantum leap in the accessibility of structural restoration, modelling and visualization techniques and made the rapid and accurate manipulation of large data sets possible. Many papers in this volume fully reflect use of this latest technology and demonstrate a broad range of capabilities. The book provides anyone wishing to undertake structural interpretation in complex areas with a comprehensive review of the latest techniques available. ... I certainly learned a great deal reading through it. Structural geologists working in or with industry will want a copy for their bookshelves. Basin Research, 9, 88-89. The volume is an excellent mixture of review and research papers that underscore the importance of multidisciplinary approaches to improve interpretations of complex structures. There is a good trade off between academic research and industrial applications, and I recommend this book as a library reference. AAPG Bulletin November 1997. ... I am certain that this Special Publication will be regarded as a valuable source of techniques for structural interpretation and validation of fault geometries. I can certainly recommend this volume as an essential, and indeed, a worthwhile purchase, for academic and industry structural geologists alike. Geological Magazine.
Pages: 362 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-43-8
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Early Precambrian Processes (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume contains a selection of 16 papers written by colleagues and students of the late Professor John Sutton FRS. John Sutton was one of the most eminent geologists of his time. He was interested in every aspect of the Earth Sciences, although his passion was for Precambrian rocks throughout the world, and particularly those of NW Scotland. The papers included in this volume reflect the wide interests of John Sutton and provide the latest ideas and information on the Early Precambrian.
Pages: 289 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-36-5
51.
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Geological Data Management (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The variety, form and volume of data available to geologists have increased significantly over the past few decades. It has become essential to use databases (either analogue or digital) to turn this avalanche of data into usable information. Geologists have built many large and complex digital databases to support their activities. However, not all these database projects have been successful. This book reviews the principle and practice of the creation, management and use of geological databases, from the point of view of geological database designers, managers and users. It is the object of this book to increase the proportion of successful geological database projects by encouraging careful thought about the processes that are involved in the design and management of a database. You don’t have to be a geologist to learn from this book…Lucidly written, with copious line drawings, data diagrams and mono screenshots from GUIs, the book covers geological data management problems by industry sector, ranging from petroleum prospecting to palaeontology…As a one-stop introduction to both data management and the use of IT in an applied science, this book cannot be bettered. Alasdair MacLeod in Computing, 8 Feb 1996 … a very worthy summary of the current state of affairs, with much on recent achievements as well as ideas for the future and the problems that need to be solved…In addition, though, there are also introductions to the principles of database design and the work may also function as an instructional textbook…This book is much more wide ranging and valuable than its title suggests.
Pages: 180 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-39-X
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Characterization of Deep Marine Clastic Systems (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Sandstone deposited in deep marine environments form important hydrocarbon reservoirs in many basins throghout the world. However, despite the phlethora of outcrop studies and the development of numerous submarine fan models and classification schemes, very few applied stidies at a reservoir scale have been published. This publication has arisen from the perceived needs of the academic and industrial communities to understand the controls on the architecture and geometry of deep marine clastic reservoirs. It highlights some of the current avenues and potential ways forward in the study of deep marine clastic systems, particularly with application to hydrocarbon reservoirs.
Pages: 241 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-35-7
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Non-biostratigraphical Methods of Dating and Correlation (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Significant problems have arisen in the past with dating and correlating stratigraphical sequences impoverished in or barren of fossil remains, leaving major questions in stratigraphy for periods dominated by non-marine formations. These problems are exacerbated in dating and correlating barren sequences encountered in offshore exploration and appraisal drilling where the potential of alternative techniques becomes economically extremely important. Brought together in this volume is a wide range of diverse techniques and disciplines, broadly grouped into mineralogical, chemical, isotopic, luminescence and cyclicity analyses, to explore their potential in solving difficulties in stratigraphy. The intention is also to introduce these techniques, already familiar to specialist researchers, to a wider audience of petroleum geologist who may find them useful in resolving their specific correlation problems. The book will be of particular interest to hydrocarbon exploration and production geologists.
Pages: 259 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-30-6
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Fractography : Fracture Topography as a Tool in Fracture Mechanics and Stress Analysis (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume introduces the principles and procedures involved in the description and analysis of fracture surface topographies. It contains a wide range of case studies from core and field samples, as well as from experimentally produced fractures, which illustrate the application of fractography to fracture studies. Fractography is a powerful tool that has been largely neglected by those who deal with fracture characterization. A greater understanding of the subject is essential to the development of oil and gas fields, particularly deep and marginal fields. In addition, incorporating fractographic data into models of rock masses, such as the permeability of hydrocarbon reservoirs and the stability of tunnels or underground nuclear waste repositories, will undoubtedly enhance their feasibility. The book also presents new methods of quantitative measurement of fracture topography, and outlines areas needing further research and development. The volume will be of interest to a broad range of researchers and professionals in fracture mechanics, as well as structural, engineering and petroleum geology, material sciences and mining engineering.
Pages: 233 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-32-2
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The Petroleum Geology of Ireland's Offshore Basins (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: During the past few years, a number of factors have combined to create renewed petroleum exploration interest in the sedimentary basins that virtually surround Ireland. These factors include recent discoveries in contiguous UK offshore basins, the perceived attractiveness of Irish licensing terms and the apparent stabilization of the international oil price, combined with recent advances in drilling and deep-water production technologies and the realization by many oil companies that the Irish basins are only lightly explored. This volume presents a comprehensive review of the results of recent exploration and production data, and points to possible future trends in exploration activity in the area. it includes contributions from most of the major oil companies active in the region, and covers the full geographical and stratigraphical spectrum of the Irish offshore basins, together with some adjacent and geologically related regions; the papers are arranged in a generally clockwise progression around Ireland. Publication of the book coincides with the 25th anniversary of the drilling of the first well in the Irish offshore in 1970. The volume will be of particular interest to oil industry professionals and research workers involved in hydrocarbon exploration or with an interest in the sedimentary basins offshore Ireland and west of the UK.
Pages: 491 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-34-9
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Basin Inversion (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume presents recent work on basin inversion and the causes and effects of inversion tectonics, the increasing recognition and importance of which are highlighted by examples from four continents. The book also features sections on mechanics, dynamics and geometry in inverted basins, on the modelling of inversion tectonics and on the recognition and measurement of basin inversion. Integrated studies require detailed analysis of every available dataset, and conclusions of many of the papers here are based on numerous data types and both surface mapping and sub-surface seismic interpretation. The volume shows that research in recent years has increased understanding of the inversion processes. In many cases inversion tectonics is the controlling factor in hydrocarbon prospectivity and its timing, extent and amount, as well as controls on it, will need to be understood further in order successfully and cost-effectively to explore sedimentary basins. The book brings together work from both academia and the petroleum industry and attempts to forge links between workers in both these areas.
Pages: 587 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-29-2
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Orbital Forcing Timescales and Cyclostratigraphy (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The metronomic variations of the Earth-Moon system and of the Earth-Sun orbital patterns produce gravitational and temperature effects that alter the physical environment on the Earth’s surface. These give an interpenetrating effect of forcing cycles ranging from twice-daily tides, day-night alternations, various tidal patterns and the annual solar pattern. All of these have been used palaeontologically to give precision to short-term age determination in the past. It is cycles of the Milankovitch band that are showing promise of enabling new practical timescales to be established for parts of the geological record. These depend on changes in the Earth-Sun distance and changes in the tilt of the Earth’s axis with respect to the Earth’s orbit round the Sun. There is increasing evidence that small-scale sedimentary rhythmic couplets may represent the effect of such changes. The disentangling of the interpenetrating cycles to produce an orbital forcing timescale is an exciting problem and challenge for palaeobiology and sedimentology. These should enable numerical dates to be given to bio- and chronostratigraphical timescales and eventually enable many Earth processes to be analysed in real time. The papers in this volume represent major new developments in sedimentological, paIaeontological, geochemical and stratigraphical research being undertaken in this field.
Pages: 204 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-23-3
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Permian and Triassic Rifting in Northwest Europe (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Permo-Triassic rifting in Northwest Europe was part of the tectonism which caused Pangaea to disintegrate virtually as soon as it had formed. This rifting, together with associated events elsewhere in Europe, controlled much of the predominantly terrestrial sedimentation which occurred as the continent moved from the equatorial rainbelt in Carboniferous times, through the trade wind desert zone in the Permian to somewhat less arid conditions in the Triassic. To what extent Permo-Triassic rifting influenced sedimentation in the petroleum provinces of the Central and Viking Grabens of the North Sea is still debated. Elsewhere on and around the present-day continental shelf of Northwest Europe the influence of the rifting on Permo-Triassic sedimentation is becoming clearer. The twelve chapters of this volume introduce and discuss the emerging evidence for the differing styles of Permo-Triassic rifting around Northwest Europe. A number go on to discuss how this rifting influenced sedimentation and how it related to igneous activity in some areas.
Pages: 253 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-33-0
59.
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Hydrothermal Vents and Processes (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Hydrothermal venting at mid-ocean ridges has become one of the fastest-growing areas of interest in the marine geosciences since their discovery at the beginning of the 1980s. Marine geologists, geochemists and biologists are beginning to unravel the processes that generate and focus these high-temperature, chemically charged fluid exhalations, and those that control the colonization and ecology of the bizarre gamut of fauna and flora resident at these sites. Researchers, on the edge of understanding how volcanic and tectonic processes interact to control fluid flow, can show how they can predict the likely occurrence of hydrothermal systems throughout the world ridge system, and how the biomass has flourished in such inhospitable settings. Indeed, the very isolation of the communities has led workers to suggest that their restricted evolutionary path has direct significance for studies of the early origins of life itself. Hydrothermal processes are four-dimensional in their character, on a range of time-scales, which are of the order of thousands of years in terms of the of the lifetime of the hydrothermal sites, down to days in terms of the dispersal of plume products in the water column. The papers in this volume represent the latest reviews and reports of the state-of-the-art understanding of an area of marine science that we are only just beginning to recognize the scope and impact of.
Pages: 396 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-25-X
60.
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Petroleum Geology of the Irish Sea and Adjacent Areas (1997)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The exploration for hydrocarbons in the sedimentary basins to the west of mainland Britain has taken something of a backseat role when compared to the more prolific basins of the North Sea. Despite this, significant discoveries have been made over the last 25 or so years by those companies determined to pursue this distinctive hydrocarbon province. The first major reward in the area was the discovery of the giant Morecambe Gas Field in the 1970s, the second added more than a dozen oil and gas fields between 1990 and 1995, including the Lennox and Douglas Oil Fields. It was the improvements in the geological understanding of the area that occurred concomitant with these later discoveries which inspired the Burlington House conference in 1995 from which this volume has resulted. The volume addresses all aspects of the petroleum geology, not only in the East Irish Sea Basin, but in the adjacent Cheshire, Solway, Carlisle and North Channel Basins, as well as dealing with regional aspects of the structure and evolution of the area. It is the hope of the editors that bringing all of this work together in one volume will provide encouragement and inspiration to those currently, or in the future, looking west for their exploration.
Pages: 436 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-84-5
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Petroleum Geology of the Southern North Sea : Future Potential (1997)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume represents a review of the key topics that are important to the continuing successful exploitation of gas from one of Europe's oldest hydrocarbon provinces. In a mature hydrocarbon province such as the southern North Sea, advanced techniques are needed for stratigraphic correlation and for improving the efficiency of production. Exploration in the SNS now aims for subtle traps and satellite structures. Explorers are re-evaluating the economic value of marginal and existing fields, and they are continually searching for, and applying, new techniques and technologies for enhanced productivity. Detailed techniques in diagenesis play an important role. Re-evaluation also includes examination of old plays, using detailed knowledge of the connectivity, spatial extent and correlation of known prospective strata to make reliable predictions.
Pages: 203 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-82-9
62.
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Geology of Siliciclastic Shelf Seas (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: In recent years, enormous progress has been made in our understanding of the geology, geophysics and sedimentology of continental shelves, largely due to the development and application of new concepts such as sequence stratigraphy and of new and powerful investigation techniques. The papers in this volume illustrate this progress, and the detail and multi-disciplinary nature of current research performed around the world on modern shelves and on shelf deposits in the geological record. The book is organized around four major themes: . stratigraphy and sedimentary geology of siliciclastic shelves . modern siliciclastic shelves: architecture, sea level, tectonics and sediment supply . nearshore and coastal environments . new techniques in continental shelf research It contains a number of overview papers, new data and an introduction to new techniques, and provides a unique collection of papers at the forefront of a rapidly developing subject. This volume will be of interest to research workers in the fields of marine geology, sedimentary geology and stratigraphy.
Pages: 338 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-71-3
63.
E-BOOK
Global Continental Changes : the Context of Palaeohydrology (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Palaeohydrology is the study of changes in the waters of the Earth prior to continuous monitoring. Knowledge of these changes is important for the understanding of past and present environmental changes and of the form of the present-day environment. The evolution of the hydrological cycle in response to climatic change produces a chain of environmental and human consequences — factors that are becoming more relevant as climate change is predicted. Evidence of past environmental changes may be used to validate models with which to predict future change — thus the study of rates, mechanisms and processes of Late Quaternary hydrological changes is of critical importance. This volume is designed for all who are interested in the hydrological impacts of climatic change and the contribution that palaeohydrology can make to the study of these changes. It details recent achievements in this important field, and provides for prioritizing and guiding future studies.
Pages: 265 S.
64.
E-BOOK
Palaeoclimatology and Palaeoceanography from Laminated Sediments (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The magnitude and causes of decadal to century-scale changes in climate are major issues of global concern. The separation of anthropogenically driven change from natural 'baseline' variability within the atmosphere/ocean system is a prerequisite to identifying human impact on global climate. An understanding of past climate variability is therefore a key to predicting future climate change. The sedimentary record of the oceans, seas and lakes is produced by a series of depositional events that occur on seasonal timescales but can rarely be resolved due to mixing of the sediment by bottomdwelling organisms. Where they are preserved, laminated sediments act like tree rings to record these seasonal-scale processes, such as plankton blooms and floods, and provide a uniquely high-resolution record of environmental change. In addition, annually laminated or 'varved' sediment sequences act as geochronometers against which other timescales can be tested. Laminated sediments may therefore be used to develop records of interannual and decadal-scale variability which serve to test models of climate change. The authors cover a range of topics that include strategies for study and techniques of analysis. A series of case studies, dealing with a variety of lacustrine and marine records, illustrates the wide potential of laminated sediments as palaeoclimatic and palaeoceanographic indicators. This volume will appeal to a wide range of earth and environmental scientists, geographers, geologists and oceanographers.
Pages: 252 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-67-5
65.
E-BOOK
Tectonic, Magmatic, Hydrothermal and Biological Segmentation of Mid-Ocean Ridges (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: We now recognize that mid-ocean ridges are not simple, two-dimensional features, but are instead partitioned into morphologically distinct segments on a variety of scales. Variations in axial morphology reflect differences in the structure of the magma reservoirs and in the nature of mantle upwelling beneath the ridge. Segment ends may be starved of magma, and spreading accommodated by tectonic stretching as well as by magmatic accretion. The location of the magmatic heat source and the distribution of permeability within the segment strongly control the geometry of seawater circulation in the crust and locus of hydrothermal discharge. In turn, the mechanisms of faunal colonization of vent sites and the evolutionary history of vent organisms depend strongly upon the spatial distribution of black smoker vents and the hydrodynamics of dispersal of the vent fluids. Segmentation, therefore, plays a vital role in the inter-relationship between all tectonic, magmatic, hydrothermal and biological processes at mid-ocean ridges. The recent research presented in this book, much of it carried out under the aegis of the British mid-ocean ridge ‘BRIDGE’ programme, examines this inter-relationship with the aim of furthering our understanding of the causes and consequences of ridge axial segmentation.
Pages: 215 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-72-1
66.
E-BOOK
Palaeosurfaces : Recognition, Reconstruction and Palaeoenvironmental Interpretation (1997)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The study of palaeosurfaces is an area where the geological and geomorphological sciences can combine expertise to provide a more holistic treatment of the processes that have helped shape the face of the Earth. This volume is timely because geologists, geophysicists and geomorphologists are increasingly evaluating the evolution of major landscape components in terms of crustal processes and mantle dynamics and, moreover, are recognizing the benefits of a more unified and integrated treatment of landscape evolution ad sediment depositional systems. With this in mind, the presented research highlights the importance of palaeosurfaces in modern earth science studies. Examples from the Tertiary, Mesozoic and Palaeozonic of Europe, Africa, India, Australia and South America are described using a cross-disciplinary approach that incorporates a wide range of analytical techniques (e. g. geochemical, SEM, palynological, stratigraphical, remote sensing and digital terrain analysis). The research presented details the evolution and reconstruction of different palaeosurface types and evaluates their palaeonenvironmental importance. Topics include the identification and reconstruction of ancient palaeosurface elements within the modern landscape (both glacified and tropical terrains), palaeokarstification and landscape evolution, the geochemistry of rock alteration, the palaeoenvironmental interpretation of palaeosurfaces and associated residual deposits and the use of palaeosurfaces deformation as a method of assessing rates of neotectonic processes.
Pages: 323 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-57-8
67.
E-BOOK
Geology of Humber Group : Central Graben and Moray Firth, UKCS (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The papers in this volume cover a wide range of topics that are central to the exploration and production of hydrocarbons from the Humber Group. The papers fall into two groups - the first seven papers cover regional aspects of hydrocarbon geology and the final eight cover a range of more specific topics that examine ichnofabric, reservoir quality, organic geochemistry and field studies.
Pages: 341 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-70-5
68.
E-BOOK
Precambrian Crustal Evolution in the North Atlantic Region (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This book provides a synthesis of Archaean and Proterozoic crustal evolution in the North Atlantic Region. There is particular reference to Proterozoic collisional tectonics. The main topics include: Archaean crustal growth; Proterozoic crustal growth; orogenic processes during the Proterozic; geochronology of Proterozoic tectono-thermal processes; and provenance of Proterozoic sediments.
Pages: 377 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-62-4
69.
E-BOOK
Environmental Geochemistry and Health : With Special Reference to Developing Countries (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This volume presents a range of papers by geochemists, nutritionists, medical and veterinary researchers that illustrate the relevance of environmental geochemistry to the study of human and animal health problems in developing countries. People in these areas are very dependent on localized sources of food and water, and any geochemical anomaly (enrichment or depletion) within these local environments may have a marked influence on the health of people as well as of wildlife and domesticated animals. Subjects covered in the volume reflect the breadth of the topic, ranging through animal and human health issues related to soil, plant, water and volcanic gas chemistry. The role of natural and anthropogenic influences on the environment are covered, as are the roles of geochemical mapping, monitoring and baseline identification.
Pages: 260 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-64-0
70.
E-BOOK
Tectonic Evolution of Southeast Asia (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: SE Asia is probably the finest natural geological laboratory in the world, yet is still not geologically well known. It is a spectacular region in which the manifestations and processes of plate collision can be observed at present and in which their history is recorded. It is a region that must be understood if we are to understand mountain belts, arc development marginal basin evolution and, more generally, the behaviour of the lithosphere in collision settings. Furthermore, the region is developing rapidly on the economic front, and a major part of this rapid development is built on natural resources. The geological reasons for the distribution of these resources are therefore of major importance for the inhabitants of the region and for any attempts to discover and exploit them. The volume will be of interest to all geologists working in SE Asia, particularly those involved in the petroleum industry.
Pages: 584 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-52-7
71.
E-BOOK
Palaeomagnetism and Tectonics of the Mediterranean Region (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Mediterranean Region represents a complex mosaic of continental, microcontinental and ophiolitic terranes, whose overall evolution has been controlled by relative movements between the African and Eurasian plates. Deciphering the sequence of tectonic events in this region can be likened to attempting to reconstruct all the pictures in a stack of jigsaw puzzles when 90% of the pieces are missing (and the remaining 10% are no longer in their original shape!). Palaeomagnetic studies have played an important part in unravelling this 3D puzzle. The palaeomagnetic technique provides quantitative constraints on our reconstruction, since it can tell us which way each of the remaining pieces should be oriented (using magnetic declinations), their relative position with respect to the top of each picture (using magnetic inclinations), and in some cases which piece belongs to which picture (using magnetic dating). Perhaps more importantly, palaeomagnetism can also tell us something about the processes that led to the present confusion in our puzzle box. The 33 papers in this volume span the full width of the Mediterranean basin and present results from Permian to Quaternary rocks. Together they provide a snap-shot of the current state of palaeomagnetic research in the Mediterranean region. In addition to tectonic and magnetostratigraphic applications of palaeomagnetism, several contributions describe archaeomagnetic studies in the Mediterranean realm.
Pages: 371 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-55-1
72.
E-BOOK
Recent Advances in Lower Carboniferous Geology (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Rocks of Lower Carboniferous age are widely developed across Europe. Apart from their instrinsic geological interest they are hosts to major Zn-Pb-Cu-Ba deposits in Ireland and Au-FeS2 deposits in the Iberian Pyrite Belt. Further, the Upper Palaeozoic rocks of Europe are increasingly becoming the target of oil and gas exploration. The wealth of data on Lower Carboniferous rocks,while not guaranteeing success, will be an invaluable tool for exploration. This book brings together in one volume advances over the last decade in several specialist subdisciplines of geology. It contains papers on carbonate and clastic sedimentology, palaeontology, palaeoecology, stratigraphy and biostratigraphy.
Pages: 448 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-58-6
73.
E-BOOK
Coalbed Methane and Coal Geology (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Resources of coalbed methane (CBM), methane trapped within the porous system of coal, are many times greater than the collective reserves of all the known conventional gas fields. Yet only in the United States has this energy source been tapped. As coal is both the source rock and the reservoir for CBM there is a major paradox whereby, in order for gas sourced by the coal not to have migrated, the coal must either be sealed or possess very low permeability. And yet for the coal bed to be an effective reservoir the gas must readily migrate into the production well. The solution to this paradox lies in a wide-ranging understanding of the geology of coal, and this volume aims to provide some of the answers. The 24 papers in the volume have been written by experts in CBM and coal geology from a range of countries in which CBM is either currently being produced commercially (USA) or in which there is active exploration (Europe and Australia). The CBM industry is relatively young and only now are exploratory wells being sunk in the UK, Europe and elsewhere in the World. There is a dearth of texts describing the geology of CBM and this volume will help to fill this gap. It will appeal to geologists involved with the CBM industry, and also to those connected with coal and conventional hydrocarbon resources, as well as to lecturers and students.
Pages: 338 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-56-X
74.
E-BOOK
Groundwater Pollution, Aquifer Recharge and Vulnerability (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The primary groundwater management issue in many countries today is pollution. This may derive from a point source, perhaps a leaking solvent store at a factory, or it may be diffuse, such as the threat posed by the use of agricultural fertilisers and pesticides. The key to understanding the transport of a pollutant from the ground surface or near surface into a n aquifer is an understanding of recharge. In turn, this allows the vulnerability of aquifers to pollution to be classified and appropriate land zones to be defined. Land zonation of different classes of aquifer vulnerability is a valuable tool for management and planning. In this volume the recent developments within the interlinked areas of groundwater pollution, aquifer recharge and vulnerability are highlighted. The book provides an up-to-date description of the relationship between pollution, recharge and vulnerability set against the current groundwater protection policies of the UK amd Republic Ireland. It also provides keynote overviews for each topic. This Special Publication will be of interest to academic and consulting hydrogeologists and environmental scientist.
Pages: 217 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-98-5
75.
E-BOOK
Geological Evolution of Ocean Basins : Results from the Ocean Drilling Program (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Advances in the field of marine geoscience through the medium of deep-ocean drilling have been rapid. The papers in this volume reflect the excitement of findings from recent legs of the Ocean Drilling Program. The book also provides invaluable syntheses of the vast quantity of drilling information collected over a period of more than 20 years. Together they provide a detailed picture of the evolution of the oceans since the late Mesozoic. The book is dedicated to Robert Kidd, who was Professor of Marine Geology at the University of Wales, Cardiff and was closely involved with both the planning and implementation of the Ocean Drilling Program strategy. The Geological Evolution of Ocean Basins: Results from the Ocean Drilling Program will be of benefit to marine geologists, sedimentologists, palaeoceanographers and structural geologists.
Pages: 316 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-003-7
76.
E-BOOK
European Coal Geology and Technology (1997)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Despite the decline in the coal mining industry across Europe during the last decade, coal continues to supply a major part of the growing global energy requirements, particularly in the developing countries. During this period there has been a shift in coal extraction techniques from deep underground mines to open pit mines, reflecting cheaper production costs in a market economy. It seems probable that the European coal industry is now entering a period of stability. However, the change to opencast mining has highlighted environmental issues and the need to solve these problems. This volume presents 39 papers written by coal scientists in the forefront of European coal research. The papers cover a wide spectrum of coal geology and technology, with sections on regional coal reserves, coal basin tectonics and stratigraphy, coal petrology and palaeontology, mineral matter in coal and the environment, mining geophysics, coal technology and coalbed methane. Many of the studies describe coal deposits from Central and Eastern Europe, some of which are not well known in the west, so that the papers and included references will provide an invaluable data source. This book will be of value to all coal scientists in both the extraction and energy industries and to academics. It will also be a useful reference for students at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
Pages: 440 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-86-1
77.
E-BOOK
Structural Geology in Reservoir Characterization (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The two main aims of this Special Publication are to capture the wide range of rapidly expanding research in this area, which reflects the increasing importance of comprehensive ‘structural characterization’ in static reservoir descriptions, and to help promote synergy between the geosciences and petroleum engineering disciplines. The first aim is addressed by the sixteen papers of the volume, the majority of which cover a range of structural geological features, particularly faulted and fractured reservoirs, fault gouge properties, fault seal potential and fluid flow/simulation modelling in faulted and fractured reservoirs. The papers draw heavily on experience obtained in the North Sea. This volume is for geologists, geophysicists and reservoir simulation/petroleum engineers studying faulted and fractured reservoirs, particularly those interested in studying petroleum traps, predicting fluid flow or modelling structurally heterogeneous reservoirs.
Pages: 261 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-94-2
78.
E-BOOK
Cenozoic Foreland Basins of Western Europe (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The volume provides a modern synthesis of foreland basin stratigraphy and structural geology. It covers the foothills and foreland basins of the northwestern Alps, the Pyrenees and the Betic thrust belt. The multidisciplinary approach includes both sedimentological and structural studies, plus numerical modelling as a tool to quantify and integrate the geological data. This book reults from the Integrated Basin Studies Project, which was funded by the European Commission. More than 200 researchers from 38 institutions in 15 countries have collaborated in the IBS project. Several papers from outside the project have also been included to provide the reader with a more comprehensive overview of Western Europe's Cenozoic foreland basins. This volume concentrates on scientific research, but many oil companies are actively exploring the foothills of thrust belts throughout the world, and this book will be an invaluable reference work for exploration geologists as well as for academics.
Pages: 422 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-015-0
79.
E-BOOK
Sequence Stratigraphy in British Geology (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The papers in this volume cover surface and subsurface rocks from a wide range of stratigraphic ages and sedimentary environment, but in addressing the application of sequence stratigraphy to British geology, this book focuses on diverse aspects of sequence stratigraphy that tend to cut across divisions based on depositional environments or age alone. There are two main themes that run through most of the papers in this volume. (1) Biostratigraphical control is commonly so good in much of Britain that precise correlations are possible within and between basins. For this reasons, many of the British outcrop sections serve as standards that can be compared to the other areas around the world. (2) Many geologists have to work with the rocks they are given, rather than the rocks they would interpret by choice. Many, perhaps all, of the successions described in this volume may rightly be considered as difficult to interpret. However, as is demonstrated, sequence stratigraphical ideas can cast new light on problematic facies, and in return problematic facies can offer critical insights into the sequence stratigraphical model.
Pages: 269 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-49-7
80.
E-BOOK
Correlation of the Early Paleogene in Northwest Europe (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The early Paleogene of northwest Europe has been the subject of intense investigation over the last 25 years, with important stimuli being provided by the search for oil and gas in the offshore basins and by lUGS-sponsored investigations of the onshore historical stage and stratotype sections. The book includes three categories of papers on the Paleocene and Eocene of NW Europe: detailed aspects of local stratigraphy in the North Sea, Denmark, Belgium, SE England and offshore NW Scotland; regional syntheses of the biostratigraphy and sequence stratigraphy in NW Europe; and papers placing the successions of NW Europe in a global context, primarily through correlation with oceanic sections of the eastern Atlantic. Topics covered include: biostratigraphy (foraminifera, calcareous nannofossils, dinoflagellate cysts, diatoms, mammals), isotope stratigraphy, tephrostratigraphy, igneous history, tectonic evolution, and sequence stratigraphy. The reader will have access to substantial amounts of new stratigraphic data and to compilations of existing data that are based on greatly improved regional and global stratigraphic frameworks.
Pages: 472 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-47-0
81.
E-BOOK
Palaeomagnetic Applications in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Paleomagnetism is a relatively young geoscience which incorporates aspects of geomagnetism, rock magnetism and geology. This volume investigates the use of paloenmagnetism in oil exploration and production. It presents various techniques including a newly emerging technique which will be of general interest to the oil industry. The main areas in which paleomagnetic data may be useful to the petroleum geologist are : paleomagnetic dating and magnetostratigraphy; susceptibility logging of cores; magnetic fabric studies for paleocurrent analysis; using remagnetization to date diagenetic events including those associated with hydrocarbon migration; and identification of magnetic anomalies associated with hydrocarbon plumes and oil seeps. Most papers deal with case studies performed on wells from active exploration or production locations worldwide. The book is the first of its kind and presents much previously unpublished data. It will be of particular interest to both academics and professionals in the oil industry.
Pages: 295 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-42-X
82.
E-BOOK
Island Britain : A Quaternary Perspective (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: It is generally believed that Britain last became separated from mainland Europe about 8500 years ago, although earlier stages of the Quaternary are also considered in this book. The evidence for insularity, or otherwise, of both Britain and Ireland is based on a wide range of data, reflecting the multidisciplinary nature of Quaternary research. This volume provides up-to-date reviews of this evidence: physical or geological, and palaeontological data, as well as marine and non-marine organisms, are examined. Also evaluated are the possible biological repercussions of insularity: the fauna and flora of Britain and Ireland are certainly impoverished when compared with neighbouring mainland European countries - see, for example, the spectacular ecological and evolutionary consequences on the red deer populations of Jersey.
Pages: 267 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-40-3
83.
E-BOOK
The Tectonics, Sedimentation and Palaeoceanography of the North Atlantic Region (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The North Atlantic region is an excellent natural laboratory in which to study the tectonics, sedimentation and palaeoceanography of an evolving oceanic rift basin. Sandwiched between the active research communities of North America and Europe, and with its margins targeted for hydrocarbon exploration, it is not surprising that a remarkable level of understanding has been reached of the interplay between these three disciplines. Yet there are still important questions to be addressed - by the active geophysical programmes on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge system and the passive margins, by ongoing Ocean Drilling Program work and by hydrocarbon exploration in frontier areas in more hostile North Atlantic waters. Just one topic that illustrates what the North Atlantic has to offer as a natural laboratory is the research into oceanic gateways, such as the North Atlantic-Arctic Gateway and the Greenland-Scotland Ridge. These features are created by the tectonics of the basin, the sedimentary record documents the history of their development and the palaeoceanography was strongly influenced by the circulation patterns permitted through the gateways. This volume is aimed at a very wide audience. Although there is material in this book of interest to almost all geoscientists working in the North Atlantic region, there is a focus of papers on the basin margins, and on the NW European margin in particular, covering aspects from Mesozoic rifting to Quaternary sedimentation. Papers on the evolution of the Grand Banks and Iberian passive margins, and sedimentation over the Iceland-Scotland Ridge and in the equatorial Atlantic gateway all relate strongly to the Ocean Drilling Program, whilst of interest to the oil industry will be a number of papers on shelf basins, such as the Jeanne D'Arc and the Moray Firth.
Pages: 302 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-27-6
84.
E-BOOK
The Geochemistry of Reservoirs (1995)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This is the first collection of papers to be devoted to reservoir geochemistry, which is an area of growing scientific and economic importance. The main aim of studying reservoir geochemistry is to understand the distributions and origin(s) of the petroleums, waters and minerals in the reservoir, and to account for their possible spatial and compositional variation. This is ideally related to basin history and location and sourcerock kitchens and migration pathways As well as being of interest in its own right, reservoir geochemistry has many important practical applications during petroleum exploration, appraisal and development. The most important uses are related to proving or disproving connectivity between different regions of a particular well or horizon. During exploration, reservoir geochemistry can indicate the direction from which a field filled, pointing the way for future wells. During production, studies of variations in composition with time may also be made, although this is a little-studied area at present. This book gives a snapshot of current academic and industrial into reservoir geochemistry. The volume opens with an introductory chapter by the editors, followed by seven papers on general reviews new techniques and then eight case studies.
Pages: 314 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-26-8
85.
E-BOOK
Development in Petrophysics (1997)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Petrophysics is the study of the physical properties of rocks in the broadest sense. As such it provides the fundamental understanding that enables geologists to describe the physical state of a rock, to predict its behaviour and to interpret geophysical data. Traditionally the emphasis has been on hydrocarbon reservoir evaluation, but it is equally applicable to the evolution of the Earth at all scales. This volume includes developments in pore-scale studies, electrical properties, seismic methods and measurement techniques, as well as reviewing aspects of petrophysical prediction and interpretation.
Pages: 388 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-81-0
86.
E-BOOK
Orogeny Through Time (1997)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This book presents a series of review articles on nine important ancient orogens on Earth. Comparison of these mountain belts provides a wealth of information for the debate on whether there has been a change in mountain-building processes through the history of the Earth. As a precursor to these papers, the rheology of the Earth’s lithosphere through time is reviewed. Theoretical analysis and insight into the behaviour of the lithosphere of other planets constrain mechanical considerations of the Earth’s lithosphere. It is clear from these overviews that geodynamic concepts and modelling, and new techniques such as deep seismic profiling and geochronology are having a profound impact on orogenic studies. It is also clear that orogenesis must not be equated with the Wilson cycle, culminating in continent-continent collision. Subduction-related orogens and intraplate orogens are also significant.
Pages: 264 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-75-6
87.
E-BOOK
Manganese Mineralization : Geochemistry and Mineralogy of Terrestrial and Marine Deposits (1997)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Manganese mineralization is diverse in occurrence, origin, mineralogy and geochemistry. These variations reflect differences in the processes of formation and depositional environments, which in turn are a response to changes in the land — ocean — atmosphere system over geological time. As such, manganese deposits can act as markers of major events in the dynamic evolution of the Earths surface. Modern manganese accumulations provide insights into key factors controlling manganese deposition that cannot readily be determined from examination of ancient ores. A knowledge of oceanic currents, ocean chemistry or small-scale variation in physicochemical patterns of recent basins, for example, may extend our understanding of depositional processes in the past. Equally, the study of Precambrian deposits not only elucidates ancient mechanisms of manganese metallogenesis, but also helps to unravel the impact of comprehensive environmental changes on metal deposition on a scale not realised in younger geological times. The volume includes a review of the range of terrestrial Mn deposits and their relative abundance through geological time. This is followed by six papers on Precambrian deposits that cover the manner in which Mn mineralization reflects changes in planetary and environmental chemistry. Ten papers on Cenozoic deposits show the wide diversity of genetic types of the younger deposits, from nodules, crusts and stratabound layers, to deposits precipitated from hydrothermal fluids. Five papers in the last section consider the geochemistry and mineralogy of Mn deposits. Experimental and modelling approaches to Mn geochemistry and mineralogy can further aid our understanding of the formational and depositional processes involved and thereby our interpretation of deposit metallogenesis.
Pages: 356 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-74-8
88.
E-BOOK
Late Quaternary Palaeoceanography of the North Atlantic Margins (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: This book focuses on ice sheet/ocean interactions, on oceanic climate change during the last deglaciation period and on the high temporal resolution that can be obtained from sediment records at continental margin sites. This is the first time that papers from the northeastern North American continental margin have been included together with papers from the East Greenland margin, the margins of northwest Europe, the northwest European Arctic and the Arctic and North Atlantic Oceans. Many of the papers present high-resolution stratigraphic data, supported by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon dates, which demonstrate the advantages of continental margin records in resolving the palaeoceanography of the North Atlantic Ocean and in regional reconstructions of climate change. Containing new data and details of new approaches, this is a unifying collection of papers, fully indexed, at the forefront of a rapidly developing subject. It will be of interest to palaeoceanographers, marine geologists, climatologists, environmentalists and Quaternary geologists.
Pages: 370 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-61-6
89.
E-BOOK
Weddell Sea Tectonics and Gondwana Break-up (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Weddell Sea, part of the circumpolar Southern Ocean, is probably the most remote, least known and least accessible sea in the world. Difficult ice conditions have limited the acquisition of ship data, although this has been partly offset in recent years by access to satellite radar altimetry data. The Weddell Sea was originally defined by the Admiralty Hydrographic Department in 1932 and redefined by the Antarctic Place Names Committee in 1976 (Hattersley-Smith 1991). It is bounded on the western side by the east coast of the Antarctic Peninsula, on the southern side by the Ronne and Filchner ice fronts, and on the southeastern side by the Dronning Maud Land and Coats Land coasts of East Antarctica (Fig. 1). The South Scotia Ridge separates the Weddell Sea from the Scotia Sea to the north and a line joining Southern Thule in the South Sandwich Islands and Kapp Norvegia in Dronning Maud Land, separates it from the South Atlantic Ocean to the NE. Within this volume, papers relate to the Weddell Sea as defined above, together with part of the adjoining South Atlantic Ocean up to 50°E, and to the geology of the once neighbouring continents of Gondwana. The term Weddell Sea embayment is also used informally throughout this volume to include the embayment area to the south of the Weddell Sea now covered by the Ronne and Filchner ice shelves, including Berkner Island, and the continental shelf north of the Ronne and Filchner ice fronts (Figs 1 & 2).
Pages: 273 S.
90.
E-BOOK
Volcano Instability on the Earth and Other Planets (1996)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Since the eruption of Mount St Helens in 1980, edifice instability and collapse have been recognized at numerous volcanoes, both currently active and within the geological record, and the phenomena are now recognized as normal occurrences within the life-cycle of all types of volcano. This volume contains a selection of papers, which together form a representative cross-section of contemporary research into volcano instability both on Earth and other terrestrial bodies in the Solar System. The papers are broadly grouped, with the first two summarizing contemporary issues and addressing the development of volcano instability within the Solar System. The following five papers focus upon the different ways in which a volcanic edifice may be destabilized and experience structural failure, while the succeeding four papers examine instability monitoring and hazard implications. The bulk of the volume is devoted to the description and discussion of instability-related processes and products at specific volcanoes or volcanic regions, both submarine, subaerial, and on Mars and Venus, while the final paper examines instabilities within the plumbing system of Stromboli volcanf.
Pages: 381 S.
ISBN: 1-897799-60-8
91.
E-BOOK
Uplift, Erosion and Stability : Perspectives on Long-term Landscape Development (1999)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: An interdisciplinary collection of papers related to long-term landscape development, integrating landscape and tectonic processes. The presentations demonstrate that studies of present-day processes can be successfully placed within an evolutionary framework and geological setting, the necessity for which increases as appreciation of the antiquity of many landscapes grows. Coverage includes: British Isles, NW Europe, Mediterranean Basin, Middle East, Himalaya, Andes and Antarctica. The papers highlight the significance of recent advances in analytical technology for improving interpretation of both geologically ‘ancient’ and ‘young’ landscapes. It is hoped that, by demonstrating the benefits of interdisciplinary discourse, a widening of interest in landscape studies will be encouraged.
Pages: 278 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-047-9
92.
E-BOOK
Faulting, Fault Sealing and Fluid Flow in Hydrocarbon Reservoirs (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Compared with many other areas of the petroleum geosciences, studies of the structural controls on fluid flow in hydrocarbon reservoirs are in their infancy. As hydrocarbon reserves have become depleted and the oil industry has become more competitive, the need to cut costs by optimizing production and predicting the occurrence of subtle traps has highlighted the importance of information on the way in which faults and fractures affect fluid flow. Structural geologists are now having to provide answers to questions such as: • Are hydrocarbons likely to have migrated into (or out of) the trap? • What is the likely height of hydrocarbons that a fault can support? • Is it likely that compartments which have not been produced exist ithin a field and will therefore require further drilling? This volume aims to find answers to these questions.
Pages: 312 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-022-3
93.
E-BOOK
Borehole Imaging : Applications and Case Histories (1999)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Borehole images now form a major part of the interpretation strategy for subsurface geological interpretation in a wide variety of scenarios. This volume documents some case histories together with image acquisition and analysis techniques, and includes three major reviews of recent applications and technical developments. The contributions begin with an introduction and review on the technology and applications of the subject, which also includes a sustantial bibliography detailing many of the relevant research papers. A timely and necessary appraisal of the fundamentals of electrical and ultrasonic borehole imaging tools and processing methods forms a second review in this collection. Anyone utilizing borehole images will benefit from studying the third review paper on the recognition of artefacts in these images. The wealth of case histories of borehole imaging in the remainder of this volume provides an up to date glimpse of the wide range of applications and uses. This text is of benefit to geologist and engineers alike, from both academia and industry. It is suitable for newcomers to the field as well as being essential reading for experienced borehole analysts wanting to keep abreast of the latest technological developments and methods.
Pages: 294 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-043-6
94.
E-BOOK
In Sight of the Suture : the Palaeozoic geology of the Isle of Man in its Iapetus Ocean context (1999)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The Isle of Man lies close to the surface trace of one of the most important regional Palaeozoic structures — the lapetus Suture. Evidence suggests that this boundary, between the former Avalonian microcontinent to the south and the Laurentian continent to the north, skirts the northwestern edge of the island. Over most of the British Isles the surface trace of the suture is hidden by Upper Palaeozoic rocks. However, on the Isle of Man, where Lower Palaeozoic rocks crop out at the suture, research promises to substantially augment our knowledge of the geology of the lapetus Suture Zone and of the outboard edge of the Avalonian margin. As well as the providing an overview of a key Caledonide area adjacent to the lapetus Suture, the papers in this volume describe new work on stratigraphy, sedimentology, deformation, metamorphism, geochemistry, plutonism, palaeomagnetism and geophysics. There are descriptions and an analysis of a range of deep-water sedimentary processes on an early Ordovician continental margin and a detailed analysis of the processes occurring in the developing collision zone between Avalonia and Laurentia. Review papers cover the analogous rocks of Eastern Ireland, the Scottish Southern Uplands and the English Lake District. In Sight of the Suture is the first overview of the pre-Carboniferous geology of the Isle of Man since the 1960s. It will be of prime interest to research workers in the geology of the Caledonian/Appalachian orogenic belt, to sedimentologists interested in deep marine processes and to petroleum geologists focusing on exploration in the Irish Sea.
Pages: 361 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-046-0
95.
E-BOOK
Chemical Containment of Waste in the Geosphere (1999)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Chemical Containment of Waste in the Geosphere deals with chemical processes within the geosphere that may be harnessed to contain a wide range of wastes, a topic of major importance for sound environmental management. Both technical and philosophical issues concerning waste containment are considered. The book contains contributions from experts in many waste containment technologies and covers a number of issues, ranging from the regulation of radioactive waste management to the design of liners for landfills and the management of mine wastes. An introductory contribution highlights the underlying chemical principles that are common to all forms of waste management by geological means, and that rely to some extent upon chemical containment. The remainder of the book is divided into six sections: • The place of chemical containment in regulatory frameworks • Chemical containment properties of the deep geosphere • The role of chemical containment in clay barriers • Chemical containment properties of cementitious engineered barriers • Containment of metalliferous wastes • Investigative methods The book will appeal to all those who are concerned with technical aspects of waste management. Established researchers will benefit from the multi-disciplinary character of the volume. Regulators and planners concerned with waste management will be able to gain an overview of major technical issues relevant to waste containment. The volume will also be a useful source for post-graduate level students of environmental science, waste management and geochemistry.
Pages: 280 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-040-1
96.
E-BOOK
The Mediterranean Basins : Tertiary Extension within the Alpine Orogen (1999)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The coexistence in space and time of growing mountain belts and actively extending basins poses a number of yet unsolved questions in terms of mechanics. This problem is particularly crucial in the Mediterranean regions, where all Cenozoic basins opened in the iflternal zones of mountain belts.TheTyrrhenian Sea opened in the back-arc region of the Apennines, the Aegean Sea in the back-arc domain of the Hellenides and Hellenic arc, the Pannonian Basin behind the Carpathians and the Alboran Sea between the Betics and the Rif. In some examples, such as the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Aegean Sea, extension is ongoing while peripheral compression and convergence are active.The Alboran Sea and Pannonian Basin are now in a compression stage. Several models have been proposed to explain this coexistence of compression and extension: slab retreat during subduction process, detachments of a deep lithospheric root under the internal zones leading to radial extension and peripheral compression and slab detachments. This volume brings together contributions from geologists and geophysicists in the quest to solve the complex dynamic problem posed by the Mediterranean region. It presents a wealth of new data on various topics centred on the Mediterranean region from the deep mantle structure to the detailed geometry of sedimentary basins. This book results from the Integrated Basins Studies Project, which was funded by the European Commission and which involved the collaboration of over 200 researchers across Europe.
Pages: 561 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-033-9
97.
E-BOOK
Continental Tectonics (1999)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: The evolution of oceanic plates is very well described by plate tectonic theory, but the study of continental tectonics is more complicated. Continental plates have a different rheology, a greater mean age, a higher heat productivity, and are more heterogeneous in composition. An understanding of continental tectonics requires, therefore, that these effects upon rigid plate behaviour be taken into account. This book brings together a series of papers which explore various aspects of the deformation of continental lithosphere, covering different tectonic settings from the Palaeozoic to the present day.These include the processes of terrane accretion and juxtaposition, the exhumation of high-pressure terrains, and mechanisms of crustal extension and rifting. The book will be of general interest to a broad audience of earth scientists concerned with global tectonics, continental growth processes, and the deformation of the continents during collision, exhumation and extension.
Pages: 338 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-051-7
98.
E-BOOK
Dating and Duration of Fluid Flow and Fluid-Rock Interaction (1998)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Fluid flow is fundamental to many geological processes, including the development of natural resources of hydrocarbons, ore deposits and water. Modelling of these processes requires information on the timing of fluid flow events and the interaction of fluids with surrounding rocks. In addition to isotopic methods, a diversity of approaches has been developed to assess the timing of events, including palaeomagnetism, fission track analysis and fluid inclusion studies. Many techniques also provide information on the duration of fluid flow events. The papers in this volume represent the range of approaches available to determine the dating and duration of fluid flow events and fluid-rock interaction: • first overview of methods of dating fluid flow • examples of commercial application of dating methods • explanations of methodology suitable for advanced teaching • extensive bibliographies This volume will be of interest to geologists in the hydrocarbon and minerals industries and in academia, and to geochemists and hydrogeologists.
Pages: 277 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-019-3
99.
E-BOOK
Floodplains : Interdisciplinary Approaches (1999)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Floodplains are an important functional part of fluvial systems. They absorb and gradually release floodwaters, filter contaminants from run-off, recharge groundwater, provide diverse wildlife habitats and are sites of sediment accumulation and storage. The relatively flat, generally fertile land with a readily available water supply has attracted considerable agricultural and urban development throughout the world; with the result that the natural functions of many floodplains have been lost or damaged. Development and management of floodplains has tended to be rather piecemeal, often with a lack of regard for the critical roles they play in fluvial and ecological systems. To a large extent this has been due to an absence of communication between stakeholders, practitioners and scientists. In the rock record, fluvial sediments are host to economic accumulations of hydrocarbons, gold and other minerals. They also act as aquifers for the storage and transport of freshwater, though because of the filtering functions of the floodplain, contaminants may reach dangerous levels. In order to extract minerals efficiently and to deal with potential pollution problems a better understanding of the whole fluvial system is required and until relatively recently the study of floodplain development has not been integrated. This book brings together papers on current themes by some of those at the forefront of research into the many aspects of modern floodplains, recent and ancient alluvial deposits. It shows the multidisciplinary nature of the subject and the value of interdisciplinary study.
Pages: 325 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-050-9
100.
E-BOOK
Muds and Mudstones : Physical and Fluid-Flow Properties (1999)
London : The Geological Society
Notes: Muds and mudstones are the prime control on fluid flow in sedimentary basins and near-surface environments. As the world's commonest sediment type, they act as aquitards in sedimentary basins, restricting water flow and influencing the development of overpressure. In petroleum systems they act as source rocks for nearly all oil and much gas, determine migration directions between source and trap in most settings, and act as seals to many reservoirs. In near surface environments they not only control natural flow, but have been commonly used to restrict leakage from waste disposal sites. This volume focuses on the previously poorly described physical properties of muds and mudstones in both near-surface and deep basinal settings. Amongst its contents are reviews of the compaction, permeability, thermal conductivity and mechanical properties of mudstones, experimental studies of transport properties, and case studies of the importance of fluid flow in both hydrogeological and petroleum systems.
Pages: 186 S.
ISBN: 1-86239-044-4

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