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  • Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
    Keywords: nanotechnology ; nanomaterials
    Notes: Nanoplasmonics is a young topic of research, which is part of nanophotonics and nano-optics. Nanoplasmonics concerns to the investigation of electron oscillations in metallic nanostructures and nanoparticles. Surface plasmons have optical properties, which are very interesting. For instance, surface plasmons have the unique capacity to confine light at the nanoscale. Moreover, surface plasmons are very sensitive to the surrounding medium and the properties of the materials on which they propagate. In addition to the above, the surface plasmon resonances can be controlled by adjusting the size, shape, periodicity, and materials' nature. All these optical properties can enable a great number of applications, such as biosensors, optical modulators, photodetectors, and photovoltaic devices. This book is intended for a broad audience and provides an overview of some of the fundamental knowledges and applications of nanoplasmonics. | Contents: Chapter 1: Graphene and Active Metamaterials: Theoretical Methods and Physical Properties by Marios Mattheakis, Giorgos P. Tsironis and Efthimios Kaxiras --- Chapter 2: Magneto-Plasmonics and Optical Activity in Graphene-Based Nanowires by Dmitry A. Kuzmin, Igor V. Bychkov, Vladimir G. Shavrov and Vasily V. Temnov --- Chapter 3: Nanoplasmonics in Metallic Nanostructures and Dirac Systems by Hari P. Paudel, Alireza Safaei and Michael N. Leuenberger --- Chapter 4: Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Effects of Metal Nanoparticles Composites by Kwang-Hyon Kim, Anton Husakou and Joachim Herrmann --- Chapter 5: Understanding the Physical Behavior of Plasmonic Antennas Through Computational Electromagnetics by Xuezhi Zheng, Guy A.E. Vandenbosch and Victor V. Moshchalkov --- Chapter 6: Plasmonic Field Distribution of Homo- and Hetero Dimeric Ag and Au Nanoparticles by Nasrin Hooshmand --- Chapter 7: Optical Absorption and Thermal Effects of Plasmonic Nanostructures by Jingzhi Wu and Yanhong Wang --- Chapter 8: Infrared Solar Thermal-Shielding Applications Based on Oxide Semiconductor Plasmonics by Hiroaki Matsui and Hitoshi Tabata --- Chapter 9: Surface Plasmonics and Its Applications in Infrared Sensing by Guiru Gu, Xuejun Lu, Thitikorn Kemsri and Yingjie Zhang --- Chapter 10: Equivalent Nanocircuit Theory and Its Applications by Qing Zhang, Jun You and Chengpu Liu --- Chapter 11: Nanoplasmonic Waveguides Filled with Electro-Optical Materials by Montasir Qasymeh --- Chapter 12: Impedance Matching Analysis of Cylindrical Plasmonic Nanoantennas Fed by Optical Transmission Lines by Karlo Queiroz da Costa, Janilson Leão Souza and Victor Dmitriev --- Chapter 13: Tapered Plasmonic Nanoantennas for Energy Harvesting Applications by Youssef Mamdouh El-Toukhy, Mohamed Farhat Othman Hameed, Mohamed Hussein and Salah Sabry Ahmed Obayya --- Chapter 14: Plasmonics Devoted to Photocatalytic Applications in Liquid, Gas, and Biological Environments by Carlos J. Bueno-Alejo, Adriana Arca-Ramos and Jose L. Hueso --- Chapter 15: Plasmonic Nanostructures as Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) Substrate for Protein Biomarker Sensing by Dan Li and Yuling Wang --- Chapter 16: SERS Application for Analysis of Live Single Cell by Waleed Ahmed El-Said, Hyeon-Yeol Cho and Jeong-Woo Choi --- Chapter 17: Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance for Optical Fiber-Sensing Applications by Pedro J. Rivero, Javier Goicoechea and Francisco J. Arregui --- Chapter 18: Laser Annealing as a Platform for Plasmonic Nanostructuring by Nikolaos Kalfagiannis, Demosthenes C. Koutsogeorgis, Elefterios Lidorikis and Panos Patsalas --- Chapter 19: Fabrication of Plasmonic Crystalline Thin Film of Titanium Nitride (TiN) by Pulsed Laser Deposition with Third Harmonic of Nd:YAG Laser and Its Spectroscopic Analyses by Yasushi Oshikane
    Pages: 492 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3277-6
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  • Keywords: fractals ; fractal analysis ; fractal applications
    Notes: Fractal analysis has entered a new era. The applications to different areas of knowledge have been surprising. Let us begin with the fractional calculus-fractal geometry relationship, which allows for modeling with extreme precision of phenomena such as diffusion in porous media with fractional partial differential equations in fractal objects. Where the order of the equation is the same as the fractal dimension, this allows us to make calculations with enormous precision in diffusion phenomena-particularly in the oil industry, for new spillage prevention. Main applications to industry, design of fractal antennas to receive all frequencies and that is used in all cell phones, spacecraft, radars, image processing, measure, porosity, turbulence, scattering theory. Benoit Mandelbrot, creator of fractal geometry, would have been surprised by the use of fractal analysis presented in this book: "Part I: Petroleum Industry and Numerical Analysis"; "Part II: Fractal Antennas, Spacecraft, Radars, Image Processing, and Measure"; and "Part III: Scattering Theory, Porosity, and Turbulence." It's impossible to picture today's research without fractal analysis. | Contents: Chapter 1: Applications of Radial Basis Function Schemes to Fractional Partial Differential Equations by Carlos Alberto Torres Martínez and Carlos Fuentes --- Chapter 2: Application of Fractional Calculus to Oil Industry by Benito F. Martínez-Salgado, Rolando Rosas-Sampayo, Anthony Torres-Hernández and Carlos Fuentes --- Chapter 3: Fractals in Antennas and Metamaterials Applications by Wojciech Jan Krzysztofik --- Chapter 4: ASCCC Fractal and Its Application in Antenna Miniaturization by Zeinab Eskandari, Asghar Keshtkar, Javad Ahmadi-Shokouh and Leila Ghanbari --- Chapter 5: Application of Fractal Analysis While Designing of Family of Spacecraft for Needs of Space Industry by Andrew V. Sedelnokov and Ksenia I. Potienko --- Chapter 6: Specific Emitter Identification Based on Fractal Features by Janusz Dudczyk --- Chapter 7: Application of Fractal Dimension in Industry Practice by Vlastimil Hotař --- Chapter 8: Factors Affecting Accuracy and Precision in Measuring Material Surfaces by Jason A. Griggs --- Chapter 9: On the Indicatrixes of Waves Scattering from the Random Fractal Anisotropic Surface by Alexander A. Potapov --- Chapter 10: Fractal Geometry and Porosity by Oluranti Agboola, Maurice Steven Onyango, Patricia Popoola and Opeyemi Alice Oyewo --- Chapter 11: Analysis and Application of Decaying Turbulence with Initial Fractal Geometry by Hiroki Suzuki, Shinsuke Mochizuki, Yasuhiko Sakai and Koji Nagata
    Pages: 292 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3191-5
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  • Keywords: margins ; boundaries ; plate convergence
    Notes: This book deals with recent developments in evolutionary models for convergent margins. Reflecting transient modes for oceanic plate convergence, such boundaries are sites of varied tectonic processes, which provoke vigorous material recycling and frequent natural disasters such as massive earthquakes and catastrophic volcanism. Therefore, the origin of their diversity has long been one of the most significant themes in Earth science. The important scientific results obtained by prominent researchers who contributed chapters to this book pave the way for further in-depth studies on mobile belt frontiers, where harsh conditions hinder efforts to understand the Earth's spatiotemporal changes. | Contents: Chapter 1: Deposition and Deformation of Modern Accretionary-Type Forearc Basins: Linking Basin Formation and Accretionary Wedge Growth by Atsushi Noda and Ayumu Miyakawa --- Chapter 2: Cenozoic Fault Zone Activity and Geologic Evolution of the Offshore Regions of Fukushima and Miyagi Prefectures, Northeastern Japan, Based on Petroleum Exploration Data by Hiroyuki Arato --- Chapter 3: Three-Dimensional Architecture of the Median Tectonic Line in Southwest Japan Based on Detailed Reflection Seismic and Drilling Surveys by Yasuto Itoh, Tomotaka Iwata and Keiji Takemura --- Chapter 4: Inconsistent Structure and Motion of the Eastern Median Tectonic Line, Southwest Japan, during the Quaternary by Shigekazu Kusumoto, Keiji Takemura and Yasuto Itoh --- Chapter 5: Fission Track Thermochronology of Late Cretaceous Sandstones of the Izumi Group Adjacent to the Median Tectonic Line Active Fault System in Southwest Japan by Yasuto Itoh, Paul F. Green, Keiji Takemura and Tomotaka Iwata --- Chapter 6: Alteration Reaction and Mass Transfer via Fluids with Progress of Fracturing along the Median Tectonic Line, Mie Prefecture, Southwest Japan by Yumi Kaneko, Toru Takeshita, Yuto Watanabe, Norio Shigematsu and Ko-Ichiro Fujimoto --- Chapter 7: Structural Features Along the Median Tectonic Line in Southwest Japan: An Example of Multiphase Deformation on an Arc-Bisecting Fault by Yasuto Itoh and Tomotaka Iwata --- Chapter 8: Paleomagnetic Studies on Miocene Sequences of Hokutan and Tottori Groups in Southwest Japan: Implications for Middle Miocene Rotational Movement of Southwest Japan Block Associated with the Japan Sea Opening by Naoto Ishikawa, Takashi Suzuki and Shiro Ishida --- Chapter 9: Oki-Dozen Dike Swarm: Effect of the Regional Stress Field on Volcano-Tectonic Orientations by Daisuke Miura, Kiyoshi Toshida, Ken-ichi Arai, Takeshi Wachi and Yutaka Wada --- Chapter 10: Effectiveness for Determination of Depositional Age by Detrital Zircon U–Pb Age in the Cretaceous Shimanto Accretionary Complex of Japan by Tetsuya Tokiwa, Makoto Takeuchi, Yusuke Shimura, Kazuho Shobu, Akari Ota, Koshi Yamamoto and Hiroshi Mori
    Pages: 240 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3287-5
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  • Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
    Keywords: Cloud computing ; Internet of Things
    Notes: In the era of Internet of Things and with the explosive worldwide growth of electronic data volume, and associated need of processing, analysis, and storage of such humongous volume of data, it has now become mandatory to exploit the power of massively parallel architecture for fast computation. Cloud computing provides a cheap source of such computing framework for large volume of data for real-time applications. It is, therefore, not surprising to see that cloud computing has become a buzzword in the computing fraternity over the last decade. This book presents some critical applications in cloud frameworks along with some innovation design of algorithms and architecture for deployment in cloud environment. It is a valuable source of knowledge for researchers, engineers, practitioners, and graduate and doctoral students working in the field of cloud computing. It will also be useful for faculty members of graduate schools and universities. | Contents: Chapter 1: State-of-the-Art Antenna Technology for Cloud Radio Access Networks (C-RANs) by Waleed Tariq Sethi, Abdullah Alfakhri, Muhammad Ahmad Ashraf, Amr G. Alasaad and Saleh Alshebeili --- Chapter 2: Cloud Computing for Next-Generation Sequencing Data Analysis by Shanrong Zhao, Kirk Watrous, Chi Zhang and Baohong Zhang --- Chapter 3: Green-Aware Virtual Machine Migration Strategy in Sustainable Cloud Computing Environments by Xiaoying Wang, Guojing Zhang, Mengqin Yang and Lei Zhang --- Chapter 4: M-ary Optical Computing by Jian Wang and Yun Long --- Chapter 5: Networking Solutions for Integrated Heterogeneous Wireless Ecosystem by Roman Florea, Aleksandr Ometov, Adam Surak, Sergey Andreev and Yevgeni Koucheryavy
    Pages: 138 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3243-1
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  • Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
    Keywords: ion implantation ; microelectronics
    Notes: Ion implantation is one of the promising areas of sciences and technologies. It has been observed as a continuously evolving technology. In this book, there is a detailed overview of the recent ion implantation research and innovation along with the existing ion implantation technological issues especially in microelectronics. The book also reviews the basic knowledge of the radiation-induced defects production during the ion implantation in case of a semiconductor structure for fabrication and development of the required perfect microelectronic devices. The improvement of the biocompatibility of biomaterials by ion implantation, which is a hot research topic, has been summarized in the book as well. Moreover, advanced materials characterization techniques are also covered in this book to evaluate the ion implantation impact on the materials. | Contents: Chapter 1: Introductory Chapter: Introduction to Ion Implantation by Ishaq Ahmad and Waheed Akram --- Chapter 2: Metal Ions Implantation-Induced Effects in GaN Thin Films by Ghulam Husnain and Morgan Madhuku --- Chapter 3: MeV Electron Irradiation of Ion-Implanted Si-SiO2 Structures by Sonia B. Kaschieva and Sergey N. Dmitriev --- Chapter 4: Ion-Beam-Induced Defects in CMOS Technology: Methods of Study by Yanina G. Fedorenko --- Chapter 5: Development of Optical Waveguides Through Multiple-Energy Ion Implantations by Heriberto Márquez Becerra, Gloria V. Vázquez, Eder G. Lizárraga- Medina, Raúl Rangel-Rojo, David Salazar and Alicia Oliver --- Chapter 6: Surface Modification of Silicone Rubber by Ion Implantation to Improve Biocompatibility by Xin Zhou, Yiming Zhang, Xiaohua Shi and Dongli Fan
    Pages: 150 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3237-0
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  • Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
    Keywords: perturbation theories ; perturbation methods
    Notes: The book contains seven chapters written by noted experts and young researchers who present their recent studies of both pure mathematical problems of perturbation theories and application of perturbation methods to the study of the important topic in physics, for example, renormalization group theory and applications to basic models in theoretical physics (Y. Takashi), the quantum gravity and its detection and measurement (F. Bulnes), atom-photon interactions (E. G. Thrapsaniotis), treatment of spectra and radiation characteristics by relativistic perturbation theory (A. V. Glushkov et al), and Green's function theory and some applications (Jing Huang). The pure mathematical issues are related to the problem of generalization of the boundary layer function method for bisingularly perturbed differential equations (K. Alymkulov and D. A. Torsunov) and to the development of new homotopy asymptotic methods and some of their applications (Baojian Hong). | Contents: Chapter 1: Perturbed Differential Equations with Singular Points by Keldibay Alymkulov and Dilmurat Adbillajanovich Tursunov --- Chapter 2: Homotopy Asymptotic Method and Its Application by Baojian Hong --- Chapter 3: Green Function by Jing Huang --- Chapter 4: Renormalization Group Theory of Effective Field Theory Models in Low Dimensions by Takashi Yanagisawa --- Chapter 5: Relativistic Perturbation Theory Formalism to Computing Spectra and Radiation Characteristics: Application to Heavy Elements by Alexander V. Glushkov, Olga Yu. Khetselius, Andrey A. Svinarenko, Vasily V. Buyadzhi, Valentin B. Ternovsky, Anna A. Kuznetsova and Petr G. Bashkarev --- Chapter 6: Atoms-Photonic Field Interaction: Influence Functional and Perturbation Theory by Emmanouil G. Thrapsaniotis --- Chapter 7: Detection and Measurement of Quantum Gravity by a Curvature Energy Sensor: H-States of Curvature Energy by Francisco Bulnes
    Pages: 198 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3261-5
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  • Keywords: biodiversité ; COP21 ; climat ; environnement
    Notes: In the prospect of the COP21 held in Paris in December 2015, the French Centre for Ethiopian Studies (CFEE) organised a scientific conference on environmental and climatic changes in the horn of Africa, with a decisive financial support of the Institut français (Fonds d’Alembert), Paris. The conference was part of a larger event, called “the Road to Paris” and organised by the French Embassy to Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa Regional Environment Centre and Network (HoA-REC&N), Addis Ababa University, in HoA-REC&N headquarters at Gullele Botanic Gardens, Addis Ababa, from 7 to 9 April 2015. In this event, our first purpose was to set aside from the pressure of short-term and policy-oriented concerns raised by the international bureaucracies and bilateral donors, as to try to explore diverse, cross-disciplinary dimensions related to environmental change in the region in a wider way, wider in time and also wider in the elements observed. In a way, the Road to Paris event has also showed, with the various stakeholders and speakers it has gathered, that the issue of climate change has “solidified” automatic discourses, supporting wishful intentions and thinking, and clearly embedded in the building of professional opportunities and international careers. These discourses, indeed, are everything but close to the reality observed on the ground. In this new, competitive, social field, priority may not be easily given to scientific exploration that is not directly policy-oriented and that requires a longer time to produce strong data than what the political and bureaucratic agendas allow. One could not state, though, that interest for science is totally absent in these arenas on climate change. But, invariably, public expectations appear to be much too high in scope and in time, compared to what intellectual curiosity and scientific processes and protocols can produce on a day-to-day basis. Improving awareness on environmental changes should start here: to give a better understanding on the complexity and multiplicity of factors involved in the relation between human evolution, societal choices and developments, and natural environments. The French Centre for Ethiopian Studies (CFEE) in Addis Ababa was quite well equipped to initiate, with its partners, such a cross-disciplinary exploration. | Contents: Table of contents: --- David Ambrosetti, Jean-Renaud Boisserie et Thomas Guindeuil: Introduction --- David Ambrosetti: African States, Climate Change and the COP21. Interview with Dr. Wilfran Moufouma-Okia --- Jean-Renaud Boisserie: Environmental Changes and Their Impacts on Life: A Paleontological Approach --- Pierre Sepulchre: Links between Solid Earth, Climate Changes, and Biodiversity through Time: Insights from the Cenozoic --- Deresse Ayenachew: Environmental Descriptions of European Travelers in Ethiopia (16th-19th c.) --- Julia Blocher: Water always Flows Downhill: A Case for Participatory Forest Management (PFM) and Decentralization of Forest Governance in REDD+ Implementation --- Mehdi Labzaé: Investment in the National Park? Encounters between Land Investment and Wildlife Conservation in Gambella Regional State --- Thomas Guindeuil: University Museums and the Promotion of Conservation Policies on the Pre-Revolutionary Campus of Addis Ababa (1950-1974) --- Maxi Domke, Jürgen Pretzsch: Knowledge Management on Climate Change Adaptation. Analysis of Information Exchange Processes and Collaboration Networks in Rural Ethiopia --- Margaux Herman: Women and Climatic Changes in Ethiopia: A Gendered Assessment --- Joachim Gregor Persoon: Indigenous Cosmological Paradigms for Popularizing Ecological Ethics in the Ethiopian Context
    Pages: 144 S.
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  • Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
    Keywords: bearing technology
    Notes: In the twenty-first century, bearings are expected to perform better in the form of various operating conditions, that is from low speed to extremely high speed and from low load to huge load applications. The expectations from the field of bearing technology are great. During the recent years, we have been witnessing the development of a new generation of mechanical systems that are highly miniaturized and very sophisticated, yet extremely robust. Technological progress creates increasingly arduous conditions for rolling mechanisms.
    Pages: 118 S.
    ISBN: 978-953-51-3183-0
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