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  • Keywords: Agriculture Engineering ; Mechatronic ; Sensors ; Safety Engineering ; Precision farming
    Notes: The introduction of "smart machines" for agricultural operations will allow several advantages, such as an increase in their efficiencies, a reduction in environmental impacts and a reduction of work injuries. There are partially- and fully-automatic devices for most aspects of agricultural functions, from seeding and planting to harvesting, from spraying to livestock management, and so on. Moreover "precision farming", using sensors and robotic technologies are applied to existing systems. Work health and safety are also linked to the use of modern technologies, e.g., the protection of machinery operators from crush, entanglement, and shearing by means of mechatronic solutions. Another aspect is the use of robots and smart automation, which can also benefit from the gathering of operational data, such as machine condition and fleet monitoring, allowing preventive maintenance and improved fleet management. Considerable advances in sensing hardware, information technologies, smart systems, and software algorithms, have led to significant new developments in the areas of equipment health monitoring, fault diagnosis, and prognosis. These advances enable industries to undergo a fundamental shift towards condition-based maintenance to improve equipment availability and readiness at reduced operating costs throughout the system life-cycle. The emergence of sensor networks is also bringing the possibility of collective learning algorithms and decision-theoretic approaches to facilitate effective and scalable diagnostic/prognostic technology for widespread deployment of condition-based maintenance. The mentioned technological development is applicable to the relevant context of safety engineering. Furthermore, energy, safety and agriculture have an important role in reducing environmental emissions. All the systems aimed at the management of energy, safety, and environment are performed and optimized by means of innovative technologies, materials, processes, and methods.
    Pages: VIII, 256 Seiten : Illustrationen, Diagramme
    Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Agriculture
    ISBN: 978-3-03842-865-7
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  • Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
    Keywords: Air Quality and atmospheric composition modeling ; Atmospheric chemical observation and monitoring ; Air quality forecasting ; Air pollutant related epidemiology and exposure studies ; Climate impact on air quality forecasting
    Notes: Forecasting is a vital tool for local health and air quality managers to make informed short-term decisions on remedial and mitigation measures to reduce exposure risks for their residents. Forecasting tools enable them to issue air quality advisories to curb pollution by limiting vehicular traffic by encouraging car-pooling and offering free public transportation. Air quality monitoring from the perspective of air managers serves a dual purpose of evaluating the skill of their forecasting tools and deriving long-term trends of major air pollutants that impact their constituents. Epidemiologists also use long term monitored data to understand air pollution related diseases and mortality rates to support public health policy decisions. This Special Issue reinforces the importance of these tools by leveraging their collective strengths. Public health is under a constant threat by air pollution across the world in various degrees and manifestations. In some countries with rapid economic growth the abrupt increased occurrences of poor air quality over cities and their downwind regions are attracting worldwide attention. The adverse health effects suffered by the public are reflected in billions of dollars in lost productivity, hospital admissions due to contraction and exacerbation of respiratory, asthmatic and cardiovascular diseases, and increases in mortality rates. This is especially true in rapidly developing countries. On the other hand, many cities in developed countries are seeing changes in their atmospheric chemical regimes from nitrogen oxide (NOx) saturated regimes towards NOx limiting regimes. Furthermore, ozone and ozone precursors transported from areas upwind become important source of “background ozone” as local generation of ozone plays a lesser role due to reduced NOx emissions in the developed countries. It is now clear that air pollution is a global problem and that air quality monitoring, forecasting and mitigation should be a local effort conducted in concert with global partners.
    Pages: VI, 204 Seiten : Illustrationen, Diagramme
    Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Atmosphere
    ISBN: 978-3-03842-839-8
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  • Keywords: seismische Bohrungen ; akustische Messungen ; seismic drilling ; acoustic logging
    Notes: Approaches that are typically applied in deep exploration geophysics, combining different seismic and logging methods, can be technically adapted for certain geotechnical or hydrogeological surveys or some site characterizations in the framework of seismic hazard studies. Currently it is entirely feasible to implement this type of geophysical surveying if the situation requires. After reviewing the current state of knowledge regarding borehole measurements of subsurface shear velocities applied to the geotechnical field, this book illustrates the feasibility of carrying out vertical seismic profiles (VSPs) and logs in this field. This approach also illustrates the value of combining velocity measurements of formations provided by borehole seismic tools (VSP) and acoustic (sonic) tools. An innovative example of the application of borehole seismic and logging methods is then presented in the case study of a relatively near-surface (from 20 to 130 m) karst carbonate aquifer. It shows how a multi-scale description of the reservoir can be carried out by integrating the information provided by different 3D-THR surface seismic methods, full waveform acoustic logging, VSP with hydrophones, borehole optical televiewer and flow measurements. In this book the authors provide readers with guidelines to carry out these operations, in terms of acquisitions as well as processing and interpretation. Thus, users will be able to draw inspiration to continue transferring petroleum techniques and other innovative methods for use in near-surface studies. | Contents: Forward. DOI: 10.1051/978-2-7598-2263-8.c001 --- Introduction. DOI: 10.1051/978-2-7598-2263-8.c002 --- Chapitre 1: Shear velocity measurement in boreholes. DOI: 10.1051/978-2-7598-2263-8.c003 --- Chapitre 2: Well seismic surveying. DOI: 10.1051/978-2-7598-2263-8.c004 --- Chapitre 3: Acoustic logging. DOI: 10.1051/978-2-7598-2263-8.c005 --- Chapitre 4: Tying surface seismic data. DOI: 10.1051/978-2-7598-2263-8.c006 --- Chapitre 5: Contribution of seismic and acoustic methods to the characterization of karstic formations. DOI: 10.1051/978-2-7598-2263-8.c007 --- Conclusion. DOI: 10.1051/978-2-7598-2263-8.c008
    Pages: 137 Seiten : Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten
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  • Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
    Keywords: water and wastewater management ; sediment pollution ; soil ; air quality ; LCA ; environmental assessment ; environmental materials
    Notes: Environmental quality is crucial to our health, our economy and our living. However, it faces several serious challenges, not least those of climate change, unsustainable consumption and production, as well as various forms of pollution. This Special Issue invites research papers aimed at a wide range of environmental issues: Water and wastewater management, water and sediment pollution control and remediation, soil degradation, conservation and remediation, waste management, landscape management, air quality and indoor environment, environmental impacts of buildings and materials, and LCA (Life-cycle assessment).
    Pages: X, 150 Seiten : Illustrationen, Diagramme
    Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Environments
    ISBN: 978-3-03897-001-9
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  • Call number: IASS 18.91670/1 ; IASS 18.91670/2
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: XLI, 971 Seiten
    Edition: 92., neu bearbeitete Auflage, Stand: 1. Januar 2018, Sonderausgabe
    ISBN: 9783423050067 , 9783406723452
    Series Statement: dtv 5006
    Language: German
    Branch Library: IASS Library
    Branch Library: IASS Library
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  • Call number: IASS 18.91671/1 ; IASS 18.91671/2
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 749 Seiten , 18.8 cm x 11.5 cm
    ISBN: 3766366181 , 9783766366184
    Series Statement: Auf den Punkt
    Language: German
    Branch Library: IASS Library
    Branch Library: IASS Library
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  • Monograph available for loan
    New York [u.a.] : Oxford Univ. Press
    Call number: PIK N 456-11-0196
    Description / Table of Contents: Contents: Part 1. Mountain Climates ; 1. Four Factors that Determine Climate ; 2. Mountain Climates of North America ; Part 2. An Introduction to the Atmosphere ; 3. Atmospheric Scales of Motion and Atmospheric Composition ; 4. Atmospheric Structure and the Earth's Boundary Layer ; 5. Pressure and Winds ; 6. Air masses and Fronts ; 7. Clouds and Fogs ; 8. Precipitation ; 9. Weather Maps, Forecasts and Data ; Part 3. Mountain Winds ; 10. Terrain-Forced Flows ; 11. Diurnal Mountain Winds ; Part 4. Selected Applications of Mountain Meteorology ; 12. Air Pollution Dispersion ; 13. Fire Weather and Smoke Management ; 14. Aerial Spraying
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: XIII, 355 S. : Ill., graph. Darst., Kt.
    ISBN: 0195132718
    Branch Library: PIK Library
    Branch Library: IASS Library
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  • Call number: G 8616 ; AWI G6-18-91644
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 62 Seiten , Diagramme, Tabellen, Karten
    Language: German
    Note: Göttingen, Univ., Diss, 1974 , Inhalt: 1. Einführung in die Problemstellung. - 2. Schwefel-Analysen. - 2.1 Röntgenspektrometrisch. - 2.2 Coulometrisch. - 3. Schwefelisotopen-Analyse. - 3.1 Extraktion des Schwefels. - 3.2 Messungen am Massenspektrometer. - 4. Ergebnisse. - 4.1 Schwefelgehalte von Referenzproben. - 4.2 Schwefelgehalte und δ34S von Graniten, Syeniten und Metamorphiten. - 5. Diskussion der Ergebnisse. - 5.1 Schwefelgehalte. - 5.2 Übersicht der δ34S-Werte. - 5.3 Der Einfluß der Metamorphose. - 5.4 Vergleich von δ34S mit 87Sr/86Sr. - 6. Zusammenfassung. - 7. Literatur.
    Location: Upper compact magazine
    Location: AWI Reading room
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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  • Monograph available for loan
    Regensgurg : Walhalla und Praetoria Verlag GmbH
    Call number: IASS 18.91597
    Type of Medium: Monograph available for loan
    Pages: 1279 Seiten , 16.5 cm x 12 cm
    Edition: Stand: 1. Juni 2018
    ISBN: 9783802979262 , 3802979265
    Series Statement: TVöD-Jahrbuch Kommunen 2018
    Language: German
    Branch Library: IASS Library
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  • Call number: AWI G6-18-91645
    Type of Medium: Dissertations
    Pages: 125 Seiten , Diagramme, Tabellen
    Language: German
    Note: Frankfurt a. M., Univ., Diss., 1975 , Inhalt: Zusammenfassung. - 1.0 Einleitung. - 2.0 Hydrothermale Experimente zur Frage eines S-Isotopenaustausches zwischen Sulfiden und Sulfid-Ionen. - 2.1 Apparatur und Meßtechnik. - 2.11 Apparatur. - 2.12 Temperatur- und Druck-Messung. - 2.13 S-Isotopen-Messung. - 2.2 Experimentelles Verfahren. - 2.21 Probenbehandlung. - 2.22 Versuchsbeschreibung. - 2.23 Auswertung. - 2.3 S-Isotopenaustausch zwischen synthetisiertem ZnS bzw. PbS und einer NaHS-Lösung mit hohem NaCl-Gehalt in Abhängigkeit von der Versuchsdauer. - 2.31 Vorbemerkung. - 2.32 Apparatur und Reagenzien. - 2.33 Experimentelles Verfahren. - 2.331 Probenbehandlung. - 2.332 Versuchsbeschreibung und Auswertung. - 2.34 Diskussion der Meßwerte. - 2.4 S-Isotopenaustausch zwischen natürlichem Sphalerit bzw. Galenit und einer NaHS-Lösung in Abhängigkeit von Versuchsdauer und NaCl-Zusatz. - 2.41 Vorbemerkung. - 2.42 Apparatur und Reagenzien. - 2.43 Experimentelles Verfahren. - 2.431 Probenbehandlung. - 2.432 Versuchsbeschreibung und Auswertung. - 2.44 Diskussion der Meßwerte. - 3.0 Experimente zur Frage des S-Isotopenaustausches zwischen einer NaHS-Löaung und der Gasphase. - 3.1 Apparatur und Meßtechnik. - 3.11 Versuche unter niedrigen p-T-Bedingungen. - 3.111 Apparatur. - 3.112 Temperatur- und pH-Wert-Messung. - 3.113 Experimentelles Verfahren. - 3.1131 Probenbehandlung. - 3.1132 Versuchsbeschreibung. - 3.1133 Auswertung. - 3.12 Versuche unter erhöhten P-T-Bedingungen. - 3.121 Apparatur. - 3.122 Temperatur-, Druck- und pH-Wert-Messung 3.123 Experimentelles Verfahren. - 3.1231 Probenbehandlung. - 3.1232 Versuchsbeschreibung. - 3.1233 Auswertung. - 3.2 S-Isotopenaustausch zwischen Lösung und Gasphase bei Raumtemperatur in Abhängigkeit vom PH-Wert. - 3.21 Vorbemerkung. - 3.22 Apparatur und Reagenzien. - 3.23 Experimentelles Verfahren. - 3.231 Versuchsbeschreibung und Auswertung. - 3.24 Diskussion der Meßwerte. - 3.3 S-Isotopenaustausch zwischen Lösung und Gasphase bei Raumtemperatur und mit NaCl-Zusatz in Abhängigkeit vom PH-Wert. - 3.31 Vorbemerkung. - 3.32 Apparatur und Reagenzien. - 3.33 Experimentelles Verfahren. - 3.331 Versuchsbeschreibung und Auswertung. - 3.34 Diskussion der Meßwerte. - 3.4 S-Isotopenaustausch zwischen Lösung und Gasphase bei Raumtemperatur und gleichzeitiger Fällung von ZnS bzw. PbS in Abhängigkeit vom PH-Wert. - 3.41 Vorbemerkung. - 3.42 Apparatur und Reagenzien. - 3.43 Experimentelles Verfahren. - 3.431 Versuchsbeschreibung und Auswertung. - 3.44 Diskussion der Meßwerte. - 3.5 S-Isotopenaustausch zwischen Lösung und Gasphase bei einer Temperaturerhöhung bis 60°C in Abhängigkeit vom PH-Wert. - 3.51 Vorbemerkung. - 3.52 Apparatur und Reagenzien. - 3.53 Experimentelles Verfahren. - 3.531 Versuchsbeschreibung und Auswertung. - 3.54 Diskussion der Meßwerte. - 3.6 S-Isotopenaustausch zwischen Lösung und Gasphase unter höheren p-T-Bedingungen in Abhängigkeit vom PH-Wert. - 3.61 Vorbemerkung. - 3.62 Apparatur und Reagenzien. - 3.63 Experimentelles Verfahren. - 3.631 Versuchsbeschreibung und Auswertung. - 3.64 Diskussion der Meßwerte. - 4.0 S-Isotopenaustausch zwischen natürlichem Sphalerit und einer NaHS-Lösung bzw. zwischen der Lösung und der Gasphase. - 4.1 Apparatur und Meßtechnik. - 4.2 S-Isotopenaustausch zwischen isotopisch leichtem Sphalerit und schwerer Lösung in Abhängigkeit von Versuchsdauer und NaCl-Zusatz. - 4.21 Vorbemerkung. - 4.22 Apparatur und Reagenzien. - 4.23 Experimentelles Verfahren. - 4.231 Probenbehandlung. - 4.231 Versuchsbeschreibung und Auswertung. - 4.24 Diskussion der Meßwerte. - 4.3 S-Isotopenaustausch zwischen isotopisch schwerem Sphalerit und leichter Lösung in Abhängigkeit von Versuchsdauer und NaCl-Zusatz. - 4.31 Vorbemerkung. - 4.32 Apparatur und Reagenzien. - 4.33 Experimentelles Verfahren. - 4.331 Probenbehandlung. - 4.332 Versuchsbeschreibung und Auswertung. - 4.34 Diskussion der Meßwerte. - 5.0 S-Isotopenfraktionierung bei Lösung und Fällung von Sulfiden. - 5.1 Vorbemerkung. - 5.2 Lösungsversuch an einem natürlichen Sphalerit unter erhöhten p-T-Bedingungen. - 5.3 Lösungsversuch an Sphalerit und Galenit in einer Sulfid-Umsetzungs-Apparatur. - 5.4 Fällung von CdS aus einer verd. Cd-Formiat-Lösung durch Einleiten von H2S. - 5.41 Vorbemerkung. - 5.42 Fällung von CdS bei unbegrenzter H2S-Zufuhr. - 5.43 Fällung von CdS bei begrenzter H2S-Zufuhr. - 5.44 Diskussion der Meßwerte. - 6.0 Schlußfolgerungen. - Literaturverzeichnis.
    Location: AWI Reading room
    Branch Library: AWI Library
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