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added on 2017-02-20
Rare Earth and Actinide Complexes (2017)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: Organometallic chemistry ; Reactivity ; Catalysis ; Theoretical studies ; Health and medical applications ; Electronic and magnetic properties ; Environmental aspects ; Understanding products generated in the nuclear industry
Notes: As the fields of organometallic and coordination chemistry of the transition metals has grown more mature, the under-explored chemistry of the rare-earths and actinides has drawn the attention of research groups from across the globe looking for new fundamental discoveries and access to compounds with unique properties. The rare earths – the group 3 metals and the 4f lanthanide series – have long shown many interesting properties in the solid state which exploit their unique electronic configurations. However, it is the molecular chemistry of these metals that has expanded dramatically in recent years as researchers identify the differences between – and unique features of – their molecular compounds. Recent highlights include the identification of new oxidation states and patterns of reactivity as well as applications in medical imaging and health care which represent new and exciting areas of research. The actinides show a wide range of different properties as a consequence of their radioactivity and radiochemistry, but this has not stopped recent rapid progress into the exploration of their unique chemistry. Uranium, in particular, shows huge potential with its transition metal like range of oxidation states (+2 to +6), and in specialised laboratories, the heavier actinides are also beginning to show their unique chemistry as well. This Special Issue aims to bring together these strands of research in an openly-accessible way to allow better communication of these advances to a wider audience. This is necessary as despite these exciting advances, the rare earths and actinides are still much neglected topics in both school and undergraduate curriculums.
Pages: X, 254 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Inorganics
ISBN: 978-3-03842-328-7
added on 2017-02-20
Hydrides: Fundamentals and Applications (2017)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: metal hydride ; complex hydride ; hydrogen storage ; hydrogen sensor ; electrochemical application ; ionic conductors ; energy storage
Notes: The reversible elimination of hydrogen from metal hydrides serves as the basis for unique methods of energy transformation. This technology has found widespread practical utilization in applications such as hydrogen compressors, storage, and sensors, as well as batteries. Moreover, it is plausible that metal hydride technology could be utilized to provide practically viable solutions to the challenges of energy storage. For nearly two decades, an extensive, worldwide research effort has been devoted to complex metal hydrides possessing high volumetric and/or gravimetric hydrogen densities with the goal of their practical utilization as onboard hydrogen storage materials. Additionally, a significant and growing number of efforts have been devoted to developing metal hydrides as advanced sensors and ionic conductors, and for electrochemical and stationary energy storage. This Special Issue will provide a sampling of on-going, state-of-art research on metal hydrides, ranging from fundamental investigations to practical applications with a concentration on topics which are currently of high interest.
Pages: XVI, 252 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Energies
ISBN: 978-3-03842-208-2
added on 2017-02-16
Raman Spectroscopy and Applications (2017)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: Raman spectroscopy
Notes: Raman spectroscopy has a number of applications in various fields including material science, physics, chemistry, biology, geology, and medicine. This book illustrates necessary insight and guidance in the field of Raman spectroscopy with detailed figures and explanations. This presents deep understanding of new techniques from basic introduction to the advance level for scientists and engineers. The chapters cover all major aspects of Raman spectroscopy and its application in material characterization with special emphasis on both the theoretical and experimental aspects. This book is aimed to provide solid foundation of Raman spectroscopy to the students, scientists, and engineers working in various fields as mentioned above.
Pages: 362 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2907-3
added on 2017-02-16
Messung von Ressourceneffizienz mit der ESSENZ-Methode : Integrierte Methode zur ganzheitlichen Bewertung (2016)
Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, London : Springer
Keywords: Ressourceneffizienz ; Aggregation ; Natural resources
Notes: Eine belastbare Methode zu entwickeln, um den Ressourceneinsatz zu bewerten, ist das Ziel dieses Buches. Notwendig ist dies, da das starke Wirtschaftswachstum der letzten Jahrzehnte zu einer intensiven Beanspruchung natürlicher Ressourcen geführt hat. Mit ihrer steigenden Nutzung gehen auch zusätzliche Belastungen der Umwelt sowie Restriktionen der Verfügbarkeit von Ressourcen einher. Aus diesen Gründen ist ein effizienter Einsatz von Ressourcen als wichtiger Beitrag zu einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung erforderlich. Die ESSENZ-Methode (Integrierte Methode zur ganzheitlichen Berechnung/Messung von Ressourceneffizienz) wurde in einer Kooperation der Technischen Universität Berlin mit den Industriepartnern Daimler AG, Deutsches Kupferinstitut Berufsverband e. V., Evonik Industries AG, Siemens AG, ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe AG und Wissenschaftlicher Gerätebau Dr. Ing. Herbert Knauer GmbH entwickelt. Sie unterstützt die umfassende Messung und Bewertung von Ressourceneffizienz innerhalb der vier Dimensionen „Verfügbarkeit“, „Gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz“, „Umweltauswirkungen“ und „Nutzen“. Um diese vier Dimensionen wissenschaftlich abzubilden, werden 21 anwendbare Indikatoren entwickelt und vorgestellt. Die ESSENZ-Methode kann sowohl für die Analyse und Optimierung eines einzelnen Produktes als auch für den Vergleich mehrerer Produktalternativen verwendet werden. Ihre Anwendbarkeit ist für Metalle, und fossile Rohstoffe bereits erprobt.
Pages: XII, 161 S.
ISBN: 978-3-662-49263-5
added on 2017-02-16
Optical Interferometry (2017)
Rijeka, Croatia : InTech
Keywords: optics ; lasers ; interferometry
Notes: Optical methods of measurements are the most sensitive techniques of noncontact investigations, and at the same time, they are fast as well as accurate which increases reproducibility of observed results. In recent years, the importance of optical interferometry methods for research has dramatically increased, and applications range from precise surface testing to finding extrasolar planets. This book covers various aspects of optical interferometry including descriptions of novel apparatuses and methods, application interferometry for studying biological objects, surface qualities, materials characterization, and optical testing. The book includes a series of chapters in which experts share recent progress in interferometry through original research and literature reviews.
Pages: 258 S.
ISBN: 978-953-51-2955-4
added on 2017-02-16
Demystifying Climate Models : A Users Guide to Earth System Models (2016)
Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, London : SpringerOpen
Keywords: Civil engineering ; Climate change management
Notes: This book demystifies the models we use to simulate present and future climates, allowing readers to better understand how to use climate model results. In order to predict the future trajectory of the Earth’s climate, climate-system simulation models are necessary. When and how do we trust climate model predictions? The book offers a framework for answering this question. It provides readers with a basic primer on climate and climate change, and offers non-technical explanations for how climate models are constructed, why they are uncertain, and what level of confidence we should place in them. It presents current results and the key uncertainties concerning them. Uncertainty is not a weakness but understanding uncertainty is a strength and a key part of using any model, including climate models. Case studies of how climate model output has been used and how it might be used in the future are provided. The ultimate goal of this book is to promote a better understanding of the structure and uncertainties of climate models among users, including scientists, engineers and policymakers.
Pages: XVII, 274 S., 4 schwarz-weiß Abbildungen, 58 Farbabbildungen
ISBN: 978-3-662-48957-4
added on 2017-02-14
Knowledge and Networks (2017)
Cham, Heidelberg, Dordrecht, London, New York : SpringerOpen
Keywords: Humangeographie
Notes: This book discusses a core question in many fields of the social sciences, namely how to create, share and adopt new knowledge. It creates an original space for conversation between two lines of research that have developed largely in parallel for a long time: social network theory and the geography of knowledge. This book considers that relational thinking has become increasingly important for scholars to capture societal outcomes by studying social relations and networks, whereas the role of place, space and spatial scales has been somewhat neglected outside an emergent geography of knowledge. The individual contributions help integrate network arguments of connectivity, geographical arguments of contiguity and contextuality into a more comprehensive understanding of the ways in which people and organizations are constrained by and make use of space and networks for learning and innovation. Experts in the fields of geography, sociology, economics, political science, psychology, management and organizational studies develop conceptual models and propose empirical research that illustrates the ways in which networks and geography play together in processes of innovation, learning, leadership, and power. This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.
Pages: XII, 386 S., 16 schwarz-weiß Abbildungen, 29 Farbabbildungen
ISBN: 978-3-319-45022-3
added on 2017-02-14
The Cellular Automaton Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (2016)
Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London : SpringerOpen
Keywords: quantum mechanics ; quantum theory
Notes: This book presents the deterministic view of quantum mechanics developed by Nobel Laureate Gerard ’t Hooft. Dissatisfied with the uncomfortable gaps in the way conventional quantum mechanics meshes with the classical world, ’t Hooft has revived the old hidden variable ideas, but now in a much more systematic way than usual. In this, quantum mechanics is viewed as a tool rather than a theory. The author gives examples of models that are classical in essence, but can be analysed by the use of quantum techniques, and argues that even the Standard Model, together with gravitational interactions, might be viewed as a quantum mechanical approach to analysing a system that could be classical at its core. He shows how this approach, even though it is based on hidden variables, can be plausibly reconciled with Bell's theorem, and how the usual objections voiced against the idea of "superdeterminism" can be overcome, at least in principle. This framework elegantly explains - and automatically cures - the problems of the wave function collapse and the measurement problem. Even the existence of an "arrow of time" can perhaps be explained in a more elegant way than usual. As well as reviewing the author’s earlier work in the field, the book also contains many new observations and calculations. It provides stimulating reading for all physicists working on the foundations of quantum theory.
Pages: XVIII, 298 S., 2 schwarz-weiß Abbildungen, 19 Farbabbildungen
ISBN: 978-3-319-41284-9
added on 2017-02-14
MARE-WINT : New Materials and Reliability in Offshore Wind Turbine Technology (2016)
Cham, Heidelberg, Dordrecht, London, New York : SpringerOpen
Keywords: renewable ; green ; energy ; environment ; law ; policy
Notes: This book provides a holistic, interdisciplinary overview of offshore wind energy, and is a must-read for advanced researchers. Topics, from the design and analysis of future turbines, to the decommissioning of wind farms, are covered. The scope of the work ranges from analytical, numerical and experimental advancements in structural and fluid mechanics, to novel developments in risk, safety & reliability engineering for offshore wind.The core objective of the current work is to make offshore wind energy more competitive, by improving the reliability, and operations and maintenance (O&M) strategies of wind turbines. The research was carried out under the auspices of the EU-funded project, MARE-WINT. The project provided a unique opportunity for a group of researchers to work closely together, undergo multidisciplinary doctoral training, and conduct research in the area of offshore wind energy generation. Contributions from expert, external authors are also included, and the complete work seeks to bridge the gap between research and a rapidly-evolving industry.
Pages: XI, 432 S., 70 schwarz-weiß Abbildungen, 164 Farbabbildungen
ISBN: 978-3-319-39094-9
added on 2017-02-13
CleanEra : A Collection of Research Projects for Sustainable Aviation (2015)
Amsterdam : IOS Press
Keywords: aircraft ; civil aviation ; resources ; emissions ; sustainability
Notes: The CleanEra project was initiated with the goal of developing revolutionary ideas for civil aviation. These ideas were to offer solutions which would limit and reduce some of the negative aspects of aviation, namely: emissions and the use of resources. This book presents you with the highlights of this journey in search of new technologies for a revolutionary aircraft; an aircraft that not only offers a future of comfortable air travel for the passenger, but a future of sustainable aviation for the planet as well.
Pages: 192 S.
ISBN: 978-1-61499-590-6
added on 2017-02-13
Deep Crustal Seismic Reflection Profiling : Australia 1978-2015 (2016)
Canberra : ANU Press
Keywords: seismology ; reflection profiles ; seismic waves ; seismic tomography ; Australia
Notes: Deep Crustal Seismic Reflection Profiling: Australia 1978–2015 presents the full suite of reflection profiles penetrating the whole crust carried in Australia by Geoscience Australia and various partners. The set of reflection data comprises over 16,000 km of coverage across the whole continent, and provides an insight into the variations in crustal architecture in the varied geological domains. Each reflection profile is presented at approximately true scale with up to 220 km of profile per page and overlap between pages. Each reflection section is accompanied by a geological strip map showing the configuration of the line superimposed on 1:1M geology. The compilation includes a suite of large-scale reflection transects groups of 1,000 km or more that link across major geological provinces, and an extensive bibliography of reports and relevant publications.
Pages: V, 224 S.
Edition: 2nd ed.
ISBN: 9781760460846
added on 2017-02-13
Sustainable Agriculture - Beyond Organic Farming (2016)
Basel, Beijing, Wuhan : MDPI
Keywords: sustainability ; sustainable agriculture ; organic farming ; food systems ; agroecology ; green supply chains ; local ; diet ; animal welfare ; third-party certification ; ecolabelling ; fair trade ; ethical consumerism ; humane
Notes: The current conception of organic farming—as a production system based on ecological understanding and management—is the result of nearly a century of intellectual thought and dialogue, field observations and experiences, systematic experimentation, and codification of rules. Today, organic production is widely recognized as a viable alternative to conventional production under many conditions and increasingly sought out by consumers concerned about environmental issues, such as agricultural pollution, the loss of biodiversity, and soil conservation. Considerable research supports the validity of such value-based consumer choices, but there are other areas in which inherent trade-offs exist because the current performance of organic systems often does not match that of conventional systems, such as in yield per unit of land, labor efficiency and costs of production. Further, organic standards may not explicitly or sufficiently address important concerns about climate change, animal welfare and the quality of life provided to farmers, farm workers and others in the supply chain. As our understanding of the agroecology and food systems develops how is organic farming changing and evolving? Additionally, what role can organic farming and related movements play in addressing the many and complicated food-system challenges facing society?
Pages: XVI, 341 S.
Edition: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Sustainability
ISBN: 978-3-03842-304-1
added on 2017-02-10
Geotechnical Safety and Risk V (2015)
Amsterdam, Berlin, Tokyo, Washington, DC : IOS Press
Keywords: geotechnical safety ; geotechnical risk
Notes: Geotechnical Risk and Safety V contains contributions presented at the 5th International Symposium on Geotechnical Safety and Risk (5th ISGSR, Rotterdam, 13-16 October 2015) which was organized under the auspices of the Geotechnical Safety Network (GEOSNet) and the following technical committees of the of the International Society of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSGME): TC304 Engineering Practice of Risk Assessment & Management TC205 Safety and Serviceability in Geotechnical Design TC212 Deep Foundations TC302 Forensic Geotechnical Engineering Geotechnical Risk and Safety V covers seven themes: Geotechnical Risk Management and Risk Communication Variability in Ground Conditions and Site Investigation Reliability and Risk Analysis of Geotechnical Structures Limit-state design in Geotechnical Engineering Assessment and Management of Natural Hazards Contractual and Legal Issues of Foundation and (Under)Ground Works Case Studies, Monitoring and Observational Method The 5th ISGSR is the continuation of a series of symposiums and workshops on geotechnical risk and reliability, starting with LSD2000 (Melbourne, Australia), IWS2002 (Tokyo and Kamakura, Japan), LSD2003 (Cambridge, USA), Georisk2004 (Bangalore, India), Taipei2006 (Taipei, Taiwan), the 1st ISGSR (Shanghai, China, 2007), the 2nd ISGSR (Gifu, Japan, 2009), the 3rd ISGSR (Munich, Germany, 2011) and the 4th ISGSR (Hong Kong, 2013).
Pages: XX, 1006 S.
ISBN: 978-1-61499-579-1