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added on 2017-02-16
Demystifying Climate Models : A Users Guide to Earth System Models (2016)
Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, London : SpringerOpen
Keywords: Civil engineering ; Climate change management
Notes: This book demystifies the models we use to simulate present and future climates, allowing readers to better understand how to use climate model results. In order to predict the future trajectory of the Earth’s climate, climate-system simulation models are necessary. When and how do we trust climate model predictions? The book offers a framework for answering this question. It provides readers with a basic primer on climate and climate change, and offers non-technical explanations for how climate models are constructed, why they are uncertain, and what level of confidence we should place in them. It presents current results and the key uncertainties concerning them. Uncertainty is not a weakness but understanding uncertainty is a strength and a key part of using any model, including climate models. Case studies of how climate model output has been used and how it might be used in the future are provided. The ultimate goal of this book is to promote a better understanding of the structure and uncertainties of climate models among users, including scientists, engineers and policymakers.
Pages: XVII, 274 S., 4 schwarz-weiß Abbildungen, 58 Farbabbildungen
ISBN: 978-3-662-48957-4
added on 2017-02-14
Knowledge and Networks (2017)
Cham, Heidelberg, Dordrecht, London, New York : SpringerOpen
Keywords: Humangeographie
Notes: This book discusses a core question in many fields of the social sciences, namely how to create, share and adopt new knowledge. It creates an original space for conversation between two lines of research that have developed largely in parallel for a long time: social network theory and the geography of knowledge. This book considers that relational thinking has become increasingly important for scholars to capture societal outcomes by studying social relations and networks, whereas the role of place, space and spatial scales has been somewhat neglected outside an emergent geography of knowledge. The individual contributions help integrate network arguments of connectivity, geographical arguments of contiguity and contextuality into a more comprehensive understanding of the ways in which people and organizations are constrained by and make use of space and networks for learning and innovation. Experts in the fields of geography, sociology, economics, political science, psychology, management and organizational studies develop conceptual models and propose empirical research that illustrates the ways in which networks and geography play together in processes of innovation, learning, leadership, and power. This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.
Pages: XII, 386 S., 16 schwarz-weiß Abbildungen, 29 Farbabbildungen
ISBN: 978-3-319-45022-3
added on 2017-02-14
The Cellular Automaton Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (2016)
Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London : SpringerOpen
Keywords: quantum mechanics ; quantum theory
Notes: This book presents the deterministic view of quantum mechanics developed by Nobel Laureate Gerard ’t Hooft. Dissatisfied with the uncomfortable gaps in the way conventional quantum mechanics meshes with the classical world, ’t Hooft has revived the old hidden variable ideas, but now in a much more systematic way than usual. In this, quantum mechanics is viewed as a tool rather than a theory. The author gives examples of models that are classical in essence, but can be analysed by the use of quantum techniques, and argues that even the Standard Model, together with gravitational interactions, might be viewed as a quantum mechanical approach to analysing a system that could be classical at its core. He shows how this approach, even though it is based on hidden variables, can be plausibly reconciled with Bell's theorem, and how the usual objections voiced against the idea of "superdeterminism" can be overcome, at least in principle. This framework elegantly explains - and automatically cures - the problems of the wave function collapse and the measurement problem. Even the existence of an "arrow of time" can perhaps be explained in a more elegant way than usual. As well as reviewing the author’s earlier work in the field, the book also contains many new observations and calculations. It provides stimulating reading for all physicists working on the foundations of quantum theory.
Pages: XVIII, 298 S., 2 schwarz-weiß Abbildungen, 19 Farbabbildungen
ISBN: 978-3-319-41284-9
added on 2017-02-14
MARE-WINT : New Materials and Reliability in Offshore Wind Turbine Technology (2016)
Cham, Heidelberg, Dordrecht, London, New York : SpringerOpen
Keywords: renewable ; green ; energy ; environment ; law ; policy
Notes: This book provides a holistic, interdisciplinary overview of offshore wind energy, and is a must-read for advanced researchers. Topics, from the design and analysis of future turbines, to the decommissioning of wind farms, are covered. The scope of the work ranges from analytical, numerical and experimental advancements in structural and fluid mechanics, to novel developments in risk, safety & reliability engineering for offshore wind.The core objective of the current work is to make offshore wind energy more competitive, by improving the reliability, and operations and maintenance (O&M) strategies of wind turbines. The research was carried out under the auspices of the EU-funded project, MARE-WINT. The project provided a unique opportunity for a group of researchers to work closely together, undergo multidisciplinary doctoral training, and conduct research in the area of offshore wind energy generation. Contributions from expert, external authors are also included, and the complete work seeks to bridge the gap between research and a rapidly-evolving industry.
Pages: XI, 432 S., 70 schwarz-weiß Abbildungen, 164 Farbabbildungen
ISBN: 978-3-319-39094-9