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  • 1
    ISSN: 1420-9071
    Keywords: Guinea pig brain ; cardiac output ; morphine ; cerebral blood flow
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Both acute and chronic administration of morphine resulted in an increase in the percent cardiac output received by brain. However, various brain regions were affected differently by the drug treatments. The greatest increases in percent cardiac output received after chronic administration of morphine occurred in pons and cerebellum, while the greatest increases after acute administration occurred in cortex and midbrain. The changes found are in contrast with earlier studies which suggest that morphine has no effect on cerebral blood flow.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1420-9071
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Nachweis, dass rezeptive Kortexfelder der Kaninchen (70% der visuellen Zellen) auf Lichtstimuli bzw. Schärfe-Unschärfe-Änderung mit Amplitudenabfall reagieren.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1420-9071
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Bestimmung der Auswirkung von artefiziellen Refraktionsanomalien auf die Aktivität von Neuren in primären Sehzentren.
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  • 4
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1749-6632
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0886
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Using polytene chromosomes of salivary gland cells of Chironomus tentans, phosphorylation state-sensitive antibodies and the transcription and protein kinase inhibitor 5,6-dichloro-1-β-d-ribofuranosyl-benzimidazole (DRB), we have visualized the chromosomal distribution of RNA polymerase II (pol II) with hypophosphorylated (pol IIA) and hyperphosphorylated (pol IIO) carboxyl-terminal repeat domain (CTD). DRB blocks labeling of the CTD with 32Pi within minutes of its addition, and nuclear pol IIO is gradually converted to IIA; this conversion parallels the reduction in transcription of protein-coding genes. DRB also alters the chromosomal distribution of IIO: there is a time-dependent clearance from chromosomes of phosphoCTD (PCTD) after addition of DRB, which coincides in time with the completion and release of preinitiated transcripts. Furthermore, the staining of smaller transcription units is abolished before that of larger ones. The staining pattern of chromosomes with anti-CTD antibodies is not detectably influenced by the DRB treatment, indicating that hypophosphorylated pol IIA is unaffected by the transcription inhibitor. Microinjection of synthetic heptapeptide repeats, anti-CTD and anti-PCTD antibodies into salivary gland nuclei hampered the transcription of BR2 genes, indicating the requirement for CTD and PCTD in transcription in living cells. The results demonstrate that in vivo the protein kinase effector DRB shows parallel effects on an early step in gene transcription and the process of pol II hyperphosphorylation. Our observations are consistent with the proposal that the initiation of productive RNA synthesis is CTD-phosphorylation dependent and also with the idea that the gradual dephosphorylation of transcribing pol IIO is coupled to the completion of nascent pol II gene transcripts.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-0886
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. Using polytene chromosomes of salivary gland cells of Chironomus tentans, phosphorylation state-sensitive antibodies and the transcription and protein kinase inhibitor 5,6-dichloro-1-β-d-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole (DRB), we have visualized the chromosomal distribution of RNA polymerase II (pol II) with hypophosphorylated (pol IIA) and hyperphosphorylated (pol II0) carboxyl-terminal repeat domain (CTD). DRB blocks labeling of the CTD with 32Pi within minutes of its addition, and nuclear pol II0 is gradually converted to IIA; this conversion parallels the reduction in transcription of protein-coding genes. DRB also alters the chromosomal distribution of II0: there is a time-dependent clearance from chromosomes of phosphoCTD (PCTD) after addition of DRB, which coincides in time with the completion and release of preinitiated transcripts. Furthermore, the staining of smaller transcription units is abolished before that of larger ones. The staining pattern of chromosomes with anti-CTD antibodies is not detectably influenced by the DRB treatment, indicating that hypophosphorylated pol IIA is unaffected by the transcription inhibitor. Microinjection of synthetic heptapeptide repeats, anti-CTD and anti-PCTD antibodies into salivary gland nuclei hampered the transcription of BR2 genes, indicating the requirement for CTD and PCTD in transcription in living cells. The results demonstrate that in vivo the protein kinase effector DRB shows parallel effects on an early step in gene transcription and the process of pol II hyperphosphorylation. Our observations are consistent with the proposal that the initiation of productive RNA synthesis is CTD-phosphorylation dependent and also with the idea that the gradual dephosphorylation of transcribing pol II0 is coupled to the completion of nascent pol II gene transcripts.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-1009
    Keywords: Wetland ; Restoration ; Dredging ; Spoil ; Louisiana
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
    Notes: Abstract The rationale and outline of an implementation plan for restoring coastal wetlands in Louisiana is presented. The rationale for the plan is based on reversing the consequences of documented cause-and-effect relationships between wetland loss and hydrologic change. The main feature is to modify the extensive interlocking network of dredged spoil deposits, or spoil banks, by reestablishing a more natural water flow at moderate flow velocity (<5 cm/sec). Guidelines for site selection from thousands of potential sites are proposed. Examples of suitable sites are given for intermediate marshes. These sites exhibit rapid deterioration following partial or complete hydrologic impoundment, implying a strong hydrologic, rather than sedimentological, cause of wetland deterioration. We used an exploratory hydrologic model to guide determination of the amount of spoil bank to be removed. The results from an economic model indicated a very effective cost-benefit ratio. Both models and practical experience with other types of restoration plans, in Louisiana and elsewhere, exhibit an economy of scale, wherein larger projects are more cost effective than smaller projects. However, in contrast to these other projects, spoil bank management may be 100 to 1000 times more cost effective and useful in wetland tracts <1000 ha in size. Modest spoil bank management at numerous small wetland sites appears to offer substantial positive attributes compared to alternative and more intensive management at a few larger wetland sites.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1573-4838
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: Abstract The need for alternative crosslinking techniques in the processing of bioprosthetic materials is widely recognized. While glutaraldehyde remains the most commonly used crosslinking agent in biomaterial applications there is increasing concern as to its biocompatibility-principally due to its association with enhanced calcification, cytotoxicity, and undesirable changes in the mechanical properties of bioprosthetic materials. Hexamethylene diisocyanate (HMDC), like glutaraldehyde, is a bifunctional molecule which covalently bonds with amino groups of lysine residues to form covalent crosslinks. Evidence within the literature indicates HMDC-treated materials are less cytotoxic than glutaraldehyde-treated materials; however, there is limited characterization of the material properties of HMDC-treated tissue. This study uses a multi-disciplined approach to characterize the mechanical, thermal, and biochemical properties of HMDC-treated bovine pericardial tissue. Further, to facilitate stabilization of the HMDC reagent, non-aqueous solvent environments were investigated. HMDC treatment produced changes in mechanical properties, denaturation temperature, and enzymatic resistance consistent with crosslinking similar to that seen in glutaraldehyde treated tissue. The significantly lower extensibility and stiffness observed under low stresses may be attributed to the effect of the 2-propanol solvent environment during crosslinking. While the overall acceptability of HMDC as a crosslinking agent for biomaterial applications remains unclear, it appears to be an interesting alternative to glutaraldehyde with many similar features.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-203X
    Keywords: Key words Dry cell weight ; Turbidity ; Plant cells ; Optical method
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  An improved optical method was developed to determine cell weight concentrations using a micro-plate reader. Light absorbance was measured by a vertical light beam, which can minimize the cell settling effect found in traditional optical measurements with a horizontal light beam. The use of well plates not only requires very small sample sizes, but also handles a large number of samples at the same time. Absorbance measurements were linearly related to cell weight over the full range of batch culture growth.
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